Exodus 12:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats.

King James Bible
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

Darby Bible Translation
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a yearling male; ye shall take [it] from the sheep, or from the goats.

World English Bible
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You shall take it from the sheep, or from the goats:

Young's Literal Translation
a lamb, a perfect one, a male, a son of a year, let be to you; from the sheep or from the goats ye do take it.

Exodus 12:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Without blemish - Having no natural imperfection, no disease, no deficiency or redundancy of parts. On this point the rabbins have trifled most egregiously, reckoning fifty blemishes that render a lamb or kid, or any animal, improper to be sacrificed: five in the ear, three in the eyelid, eight in the eye, three in the nose, six in the mouth, etc., etc.

A male of the first year - That is, any age in the first year between eight days and twelve months.

From the sheep, or from the goats - The שה seh means either; and either was equally proper if without blemish. The Hebrews however in general preferred the lamb to the kid.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

be without

Leviticus 1:3,10 If his offering be a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish...

Leviticus 22:19-24 You shall offer at your own will a male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats...

Deuteronomy 17:1 You shall not sacrifice to the LORD your God any bullock, or sheep, wherein is blemish, or any bad reputation...

Malachi 1:7,8,14 You offer polluted bread on my altar; and you say, Wherein have we polluted you? In that you say...

Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;

Hebrews 9:13,14 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies to the purifying of the flesh...

1 Peter 1:18,19 For as much as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold...

a male of the first year. Heb. son of a year

Leviticus 23:12 And you shall offer that day when you wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering to the LORD.

1 Samuel 13:1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,

Library
The Passover: an Expiation and a Feast, a Memorial and a Prophecy
'And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2. This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3. Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 4. And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Blood
Now, at the time of which this Book of Exodus speaks, Egypt was exposed to a terrible peril. Jehovah himself was about to march through the streets of all the cities of Egypt. It was not merely a destroying angel, but Jehovah himself; for thus it is written, "I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the first-born in the land of Egypt, both man and beast." No one less than I AM, the great God, had vowed to "cut Rahab" with the sword of vengeance. Tremble, ye inhabitants
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 5: 1859

Appendix xii. The Baptism of Proselytes
ONLY those who have made study of it can have any idea how large, and sometimes bewildering, is the literature on the subject of Jewish Proselytes and their Baptism. Our present remarks will be confined to the Baptism of Proselytes. 1. Generally, as regards proselytes (Gerim) we have to distinguish between the Ger ha-Shaar (proselyte of the gate) and Ger Toshabh (sojourner,' settled among Israel), and again the Ger hatstsedeq (proselyte of righteousness) and Ger habberith (proselyte of the covenant).
Alfred Edersheim—The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah

Hope for the Heathen
Throughout his ministry Isaiah bore a plain testimony concerning God's purpose for the heathen. Other prophets had made mention of the divine plan, but their language was not always understood. To Isaiah it was given to make very plain to Judah the truth that among the Israel of God were to be numbered many who were not descendants of Abraham after the flesh. This teaching was not in harmony with the theology of his age, yet he fearlessly proclaimed the messages given him of God and brought hope
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
Hebrews 9:14
How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!

1 Peter 1:19
but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect.

Exodus 12:4
If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having taken into account the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat.

Leviticus 1:3
"'If the offering is a burnt offering from the herd, you are to offer a male without defect. You must present it at the entrance to the tent of meeting so that it will be acceptable to the LORD.

Leviticus 1:10
"'If the offering is a burnt offering from the flock, from either the sheep or the goats, you are to offer a male without defect.

Leviticus 22:18
"Speak to Aaron and his sons and to all the Israelites and say to them: 'If any of you--whether an Israelite or a foreigner residing in Israel--presents a gift for a burnt offering to the LORD, either to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering,

Leviticus 23:12
On the day you wave the sheaf, you must sacrifice as a burnt offering to the LORD a lamb a year old without defect,

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