Exodus 12:8
New International Version
That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast.

New Living Translation
That same night they must roast the meat over a fire and eat it along with bitter salad greens and bread made without yeast.

English Standard Version
They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Berean Study Bible
They are to eat the meat that night, roasted over the fire, along with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

New American Standard Bible
They shall eat the flesh that same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

King James Bible
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Christian Standard Bible
They are to eat the meat that night; they should eat it, roasted over the fire along with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

Contemporary English Version
That night the animals are to be roasted and eaten, together with bitter herbs and thin bread made without yeast.

Good News Translation
That night the meat is to be roasted, and eaten with bitter herbs and with bread made without yeast.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They are to eat the meat that night; they should eat it, roasted over the fire along with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

International Standard Version
That very night they're to eat the meat, roasted over the fire, with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

NET Bible
They will eat the meat the same night; they will eat it roasted over the fire with bread made without yeast and with bitter herbs.

New Heart English Bible
They shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread. They shall eat it with bitter herbs.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The meat must be eaten that same night. It must be roasted over a fire and eaten with bitter herbs and unleavened bread.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

New American Standard 1977
‘And they shall eat the flesh that same night, roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

King James 2000 Bible
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

American King James Version
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

American Standard Version
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they shall eat the flesh in this night roast with fire, and they shall eat unleavened bread with bitter herbs.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they shall eat the flesh that night roasted at the fire, and unleavened bread with wild lettuce.

Darby Bible Translation
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter [herbs] shall they eat it.

English Revised Version
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted with fire; and unleavened bread, and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

World English Bible
They shall eat the flesh in that night, roasted with fire, and unleavened bread. They shall eat it with bitter herbs.

Young's Literal Translation
'And they have eaten the flesh in this night, roast with fire; with unleavened things and bitters they do eat it;
Study Bible
The First Passover
7They are to take some of the blood and put it on the two sideposts and tops of the doorframes of the houses in which they eat the lambs. 8They are to eat the meat that night, roasted over the fire, along with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 9Do not eat any of the meat raw or cooked in boiling water, but only roasted over the fire—its head and legs and inner parts.…
Cross References
1 Corinthians 5:8
Therefore let us keep the feast, not with the old bread, leavened with malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and of truth.

Exodus 12:9
Do not eat any of the meat raw or cooked in boiling water, but only roasted over the fire--its head and legs and inner parts.

Exodus 34:25
Do not offer the blood of My sacrifice along with anything leavened, and do not let any of the sacrifice from the Passover Feast remain until morning.

Numbers 9:11
Such people are to observe it at twilight on the fourteenth day of the second month. They are to eat the lamb, together with unleavened bread and bitter herbs;

Numbers 9:12
they may not leave any of it until morning or break any of its bones. They must observe the Passover according to all its statutes.

Deuteronomy 16:3
You must not eat leavened bread with it; for seven days you are to eat with it unleavened bread, the bread of affliction, because you left the land of Egypt in haste--so that you may remember for the rest of your life the day you left the land of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 16:4
No yeast is to be found in all your land for seven days, and none of the meat you sacrifice in the evening of the first day shall remain until morning.

Deuteronomy 16:7
And you shall roast and eat it in the place the LORD your God will choose, and in the morning you shall return to your tents.

2 Chronicles 35:13
They roasted the Passover animals on the fire according to regulation, and they boiled the other holy offerings in pots, kettles, and bowls and quickly brought them to the lay people.

Treasury of Scripture

And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

eat the

Matthew 26:26
And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.

John 6:52-57
The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat? …

roast

Deuteronomy 16:7
And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.

Psalm 22:14
I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.

Isaiah 53:10
Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.

unleavened

Exodus 13:3,7
And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten…

Exodus 34:25
Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left unto the morning.

Numbers 9:11
The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

with bitter

Exodus 1:14
And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

Numbers 9:11
The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

Zechariah 12:10
And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.







Lexicon
They are to eat
וְאָכְל֥וּ (wə·’ā·ḵə·lū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

the meat
הַבָּשָׂ֖ר (hab·bā·śār)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1320: Flesh, body, person, the pudenda of a, man

that
הַזֶּ֑ה (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2088: This, that

night,
בַּלַּ֣יְלָה (bal·lay·lāh)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3915: A twist, night, adversity

roasted
צְלִי־ (ṣə·lî-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6748: Roasted, a roast

over the fire,
אֵ֣שׁ (’êš)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 784: A fire

along with unleavened bread
וּמַצּ֔וֹת (ū·maṣ·ṣō·wṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4682: Sweetness, sweet, an unfermented cake, loaf, the festival of Passover

and bitter herbs.
מְרֹרִ֖ים (mə·rō·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4844: Bitter thing, bitter herb
(8) Roast with fire.--Roasting is the simplest, the easiest, and the most primitive mode of cooking meat. It was also the only mode open to all the Hebrews, since the generality would not possess cauldrons large enough to receive an entire lamb. Further, the requirement put a difference between this and other victims, which were generally cut up and boiled (1Samuel 2:14-15).

Unleavened bread . . . bitter herbs.--As partaking of the lamb typified feeding on Christ, so the putting away of leaven and eating unleavened bread signified the putting away of all defilement and corruption ere we approach Christ to feed on Him (1Corinthians 5:8). As for the bitter herbs, they probably represented "self-denial" or "repentance"--fitting concomitants of the holy feast, where the Lamb of God is our food. At any rate, they were a protest against that animalism which turns a sacred banquet into a means of gratifying the appetite (1Corinthians 11:20-22).

Verse 8. - Roast with fire. The meat of sacrificial meals was commonly boiled by the Hebrews (1 Samuel 2:14, 15). The command to roast the Paschal lamb is accounted for:

1. By its being a simpler and quicker process than boiling;

2. By a special sanctity being regarded as attaching to fire;

3. By the difficulty of cooking the animal whole unless it were roasted. Justin Martyr's statement that for roasting two wooden spits were required, placed at right angles the one to the other, and thus extending the victim on a cross, will seem to many a better ground for the direction than any of these. And unleavened bread. See below, ver. 18. With bitter herbs. Literally, "with bitternesses." That herbs, or vegetables of some kind, are intended, there is no reasonable doubt. The Mishna enumerates endive, chicory, wild lettuce, and nettles among the herbs that might be eaten. It is a strange notion of Kurtz's, that the bitter herbs were a condiment, and "communicated a more agreeable flavour to the food." Undoubtedly they were a disagreeable accompaniment, and represented at once the bitterness of the Egyptian bondage (Exodus 1:14) and the need of self-denial, if we would feed on Christ. 12:1-20 The Lord makes all things new to those whom he delivers from the bondage of Satan, and takes to himself to be his people. The time when he does this is to them the beginning of a new life. God appointed that, on the night wherein they were to go out of Egypt, each family should kill a lamb, or that two or three families, if small, should kill one lamb. This lamb was to be eaten in the manner here directed, and the blood to be sprinkled on the door-posts, to mark the houses of the Israelites from those of the Egyptians. The angel of the Lord, when destroying the first-born of the Egyptians, would pass over the houses marked by the blood of the lamb: hence the name of this holy feast or ordinance. The passover was to be kept every year, both as a remembrance of Israel's preservation and deliverance out of Egypt, and as a remarkable type of Christ. Their safety and deliverance were not a reward of their own righteousness, but the gift of mercy. Of this they were reminded, and by this ordinance they were taught, that all blessings came to them through the shedding and sprinkling of blood. Observe, 1. The paschal lamb was typical. Christ is our passover, 1Co 5:7. Christ is the Lamb of God, Joh 1:29; often in the Revelation he is called the Lamb. It was to be in its prime; Christ offered up himself in the midst of his days, not when a babe at Bethlehem. It was to be without blemish; the Lord Jesus was a Lamb without spot: the judge who condemned Christ declared him innocent. It was to be set apart four days before, denoting the marking out of the Lord Jesus to be a Saviour, both in the purpose and in the promise. It was to be slain, and roasted with fire, denoting the painful sufferings of the Lord Jesus, even unto death, the death of the cross. The wrath of God is as fire, and Christ was made a curse for us. Not a bone of it must be broken, which was fulfilled in Christ, Joh 19:33, denoting the unbroken strength of the Lord Jesus. 2. The sprinkling of the blood was typical. The blood of the lamb must be sprinkled, denoting the applying of the merits of Christ's death to our souls; we must receive the atonement, Ro 5:11. Faith is the bunch of hyssop, by which we apply the promises, and the benefits of the blood of Christ laid up in them, to ourselves. It was to be sprinkled on the door-posts, denoting the open profession we are to make of faith in Christ. It was not to be sprinkled upon the threshold; which cautions us to take heed of trampling under foot the blood of the covenant. It is precious blood, and must be precious to us. The blood, thus sprinkled, was a means of preserving the Israelites from the destroying angel, who had nothing to do where the blood was. The blood of Christ is the believer's protection from the wrath of God, the curse of the law, and the damnation of hell, Ro 8:1. 3. The solemn eating of the lamb was typical of our gospel duty to Christ. The paschal lamb was not to be looked upon only, but to be fed upon. So we must by faith make Christ our own; and we must receive spiritual strength and nourishment from him, as from our food, see Joh 6:53,55. It was all to be eaten; those who by faith feed upon Christ, must feed upon a whole Christ; they must take Christ and his yoke, Christ and his cross, as well as Christ and his crown. It was to be eaten at once, not put by till morning. To-day Christ is offered, and is to be accepted while it is called to-day, before we sleep the sleep of death. It was to be eaten with bitter herbs, in remembrance of the bitterness of their bondage in Egypt; we must feed upon Christ with sorrow and brokenness of heart, in remembrance of sin. Christ will be sweet to us, if sin be bitter. It was to be eaten standing, with their staves in their hands, as being ready to depart. When we feed upon Christ by faith, we must forsake the rule and the dominion of sin; sit loose to the world, and every thing in it; forsake all for Christ, and reckon it no bad bargain, Heb 13:13,14. 4. The feast of unleavened bread was typical of the Christian life, 1Co 5:7,8. Having received Christ Jesus the Lord, we must continually delight ourselves in Christ Jesus. No manner of work must be done, that is, no care admitted and indulged, which does not agree with, or would lessen this holy joy. The Jews were very strict as to the passover, so that no leaven should be found in their houses. It must be a feast kept in charity, without the leaven of malice; and in sincerity, without the leaven of hypocrisy. It was by an ordinance for ever; so long as we live we must continue feeding upon Christ, rejoicing in him always, with thankful mention of the great things he has done for us.
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