Exodus 12:9
New International Version
Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water, but roast it over a fire--with the head, legs and internal organs.

New Living Translation
Do not eat any of the meat raw or boiled in water. The whole animal—including the head, legs, and internal organs—must be roasted over a fire.

English Standard Version
Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted, its head with its legs and its inner parts.

Berean Study Bible
Do not eat any of the meat raw or cooked in boiling water, but only roasted over the fire—its head and legs and inner parts.

King James Bible
Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.

New King James Version
Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire—its head with its legs and its entrails.

New American Standard Bible
Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with its entrails.

NASB 1995
Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with its entrails.

NASB 1977
‘Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with its entrails.

Amplified Bible
Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted in fire—both its head and its legs, along with its inner parts.

Christian Standard Bible
Do not eat any of it raw or cooked in boiling water, but only roasted over fire—its head as well as its legs and inner organs.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not eat any of it raw or cooked in boiling water, but only roasted over fire--its head as well as its legs and inner organs.

American Standard Version
Eat not of it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roast with fire; its head with its legs and with the inwards thereof.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You will not eat from it when living raw, also not by boiling in water, but roasted in fire, and its head, its legs and its insides.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Ye shall not eat of it raw nor sodden in water, but only roast with fire, the head with the feet and the appurtenances.

Contemporary English Version
Don't eat the meat raw or boiled. The entire animal, including its head, legs, and insides, must be roasted.

Douay-Rheims Bible
You shall not eat thereof any thing raw, nor boiled in water, but only roasted at the fire: you shall eat the head with the feet and entrails thereof.

English Revised Version
Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; its head with its legs and with the inwards thereof.

Good News Translation
Do not eat any of it raw or boiled, but eat it roasted whole, including the head, the legs, and the internal organs.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Don't eat any of it raw or boiled but roast the whole animal over a fire.

International Standard Version
Don't eat any of it raw or boiled in water. Instead, roast it over the fire, with its head, legs, and internal organs.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; its head with its legs and with the inwards thereof.

Literal Standard Version
you do not eat of it raw, or boiled in water at all, but a roast with fire, its head with its legs, and with its innards;

NET Bible
Do not eat it raw or boiled in water, but roast it over the fire with its head, its legs, and its entrails.

New Heart English Bible
Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire; with its head, its legs and its inner parts.

World English Bible
Don't eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted with fire; with its head, its legs and its inner parts.

Young's Literal Translation
ye do not eat of it raw, or boiled at all in water, but roast with fire, its head with its legs, and with its inwards;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The First Passover
8They are to eat the meat that night, roasted over the fire, along with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 9Do not eat any of the meat raw or cooked in boiling water, but only roasted over the fire— its head and legs and inner parts. 10Do not leave any of it until morning; before the morning you must burn up any part that is left over.…

Cross References
Exodus 12:8
They are to eat the meat that night, roasted over the fire, along with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.

Exodus 29:13
Take all the fat that covers the entrails and the lobe of the liver, and both kidneys with the fat on them, and burn them on the altar.

Exodus 29:17
Cut the ram into pieces, wash the entrails and legs, and place them with its head and other pieces.

Leviticus 1:9
The entrails and legs must be washed with water, and the priest shall burn all of it on the altar as a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a pleasing aroma to the LORD.

2 Chronicles 35:13
They roasted the Passover animals on the fire according to the regulation, and they boiled the other holy offerings in pots, kettles, and bowls and quickly brought them to all the people.


Treasury of Scripture

Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the entrails thereof.

but roast with fire

Exodus 12:8
And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Deuteronomy 16:7
And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.

Lamentations 1:13
From above hath he sent fire into my bones, and it prevaileth against them: he hath spread a net for my feet, he hath turned me back: he hath made me desolate and faint all the day.









(9) His head with his legs . . . --The lamb was to be roasted whole: "not a bone of it was to be broken" (Exodus 12:46). Justin Martyr says that it was prepared for roasting by means of two wooden spits, one perpendicular and the other transverse, which extended it on a sort of cross, and made it aptly typify the Crucified One.

The purtenance thereof.--Heb., its inside. The entrails were taken out, carefully cleansed, and then replaced.

Verse 9. - Eat not of it raw. The injunction appears to moderns superfluous; but an ὠμοφαγία, or eating of the raw flesh of victims sacrificed, seems to have been practised by several heathen nations in ancient times, more especially in the worship of Dionysus or Bacchus. Its head with its legs. The lamb was to be roasted whole - according to some, as a symbol of the unity of Israel, and especially of the political unit which they were to become so soon as they quitted Egypt; but, as we learn from St. John (John 19:36), still more to prefigure the unbroken body of Him whom the lamb especially represented, the true propitiation and atonement and deliverer of His people from the destroyer, our Lord Jesus Christ. The purtenance thereof. Rather, "the intestines thereof." The Jewish commentators say that the intestines were first taken out, washed, and cleansed, after which they were replaced, and the lamb roasted in a sort of oven.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Do not
אַל־ (’al-)
Adverb
Strong's 408: Not

eat
תֹּאכְל֤וּ (tō·ḵə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's 398: To eat

any of
מִמֶּ֙נּוּ֙ (mim·men·nū)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's 4480: A part of, from, out of

[the meat] raw
נָ֔א (nā)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 4995: Tough, uncooked

or cooked
מְבֻשָּׁ֖ל (mə·ḇuš·šāl)
Verb - Pual - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 1310: To boil up, cooking, to ripen

in boiling
וּבָשֵׁ֥ל (ū·ḇā·šêl)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 1311: Cooked, boiled

water,
בַּמָּ֑יִם (bam·mā·yim)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen

but only
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

roasted
צְלִי־ (ṣə·lî-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6748: Roasted, a roast

over the fire—
אֵ֔שׁ (’êš)
Noun - common singular
Strong's 784: A fire

its head
רֹאשׁ֥וֹ (rō·šōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7218: The head

and
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

legs
כְּרָעָ֖יו (kə·rā·‘āw)
Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3767: The leg, of men, locusts

and inner parts.
קִרְבּֽוֹ׃ (qir·bōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7130: The nearest part, the center


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OT Law: Exodus 12:9 Don't eat it raw nor boiled at (Exo. Ex)
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