Genesis 9:4
New International Version
"But you must not eat meat that has its lifeblood still in it.

New Living Translation
But you must never eat any meat that still has the lifeblood in it.

English Standard Version
But you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood.

Berean Study Bible
But you must not eat meat with its lifeblood still in it.

New American Standard Bible
"Only you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood.

King James Bible
But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

Christian Standard Bible
However, you must not eat meat with its lifeblood in it.

Contemporary English Version
But life is in the blood, and you must not eat any meat that still has blood in it.

Good News Translation
The one thing you must not eat is meat with blood still in it; I forbid this because the life is in the blood.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
However, you must not eat meat with its lifeblood in it.

International Standard Version
However, you are not to eat meat with its life—that is, its blood—in it!

NET Bible
But you must not eat meat with its life (that is, its blood) in it.

New Heart English Bible
But flesh with its life, its blood, you shall not eat.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"But you are not to eat meat with blood in it. (Blood is life.)

JPS Tanakh 1917
Only flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

New American Standard 1977
“Only you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But flesh with the soul (or life) thereof, which is its blood, ye shall not eat.

King James 2000 Bible
But flesh with its life, which is its blood, shall you not eat.

American King James Version
But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall you not eat.

American Standard Version
But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Saving that flesh with blood you shall not eat.

Darby Bible Translation
Only, the flesh with its life, its blood, ye shall not eat.

English Revised Version
But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

Webster's Bible Translation
But flesh with the life of it, which is its blood, shall ye not eat.

World English Bible
But flesh with its life, its blood, you shall not eat.

Young's Literal Translation
only flesh in its life -- its blood -- ye do not eat.
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Covenant of the Rainbow
3Every living creature will be food for you; just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you all things. 4But you must not eat meat with its lifeblood still in it. 5And surely I will require the life of any man or beast by whose hand your lifeblood is shed. I will demand an accounting from anyone who takes the life of his fellow man:…
Cross References
Acts 15:20
Instead, we should write and tell them to abstain from food polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from the meat of strangled animals, and from blood.

Acts 15:29
You must abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat of strangled animals, and from sexual immorality. You will do well to avoid these things. Farewell."

Leviticus 7:26
You must not eat the blood of any bird or animal in any of your dwellings.

Leviticus 17:10
If anyone from the house of Israel or foreigner living among them eats any blood, I will set My face against that person and cut him off from among his people.

Leviticus 17:11
For the life of a creature is in the blood, and I have given it to you to make an atonement for your souls upon the altar, since it is the lifeblood that makes atonement.

Leviticus 17:14
For the life of all flesh is its blood. Therefore I have told the Israelites: You must not eat the blood of any living thing, because the life of all flesh is its blood; whoever eats it must be cut off.

Leviticus 19:26
You must not eat anything with blood still in it. You must not practice divination or sorcery.

Deuteronomy 12:16
but you must not eat the blood; pour it on the ground like water.

Deuteronomy 12:23
Only be sure not to eat the blood, because the blood is the life, and you must not eat the life with the meat.

Deuteronomy 15:23
But you must not eat the blood; pour it on the ground like water.

1 Samuel 14:32
So they rushed greedily to the plunder, taking sheep, cattle, and calves. They slaughtered them on the ground and ate meat with the blood still in it.

1 Samuel 14:34
Then he said, "Go among the troops and tell them, 'Each man must bring me his ox or his sheep, slaughter them in this place, and then eat. Do not sin against the LORD by eating meat with the blood still in it.'" So that night everyone brought his ox and slaughtered it there.

Treasury of Scripture

But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall you not eat.

the life.

Leviticus 3:17 It shall be a perpetual statute for your generations throughout all …

Leviticus 7:26 Moreover you shall eat no manner of blood, whether it be of fowl …

Leviticus 17:10-14 And whatever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers …

Leviticus 19:26 You shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall you use …

Deuteronomy 12:16,23 Only you shall not eat the blood; you shall pour it on the earth as water…

Deuteronomy 14:21 You shall not eat of anything that dies of itself: you shall give …

Deuteronomy 15:23 Only you shall not eat the blood thereof; you shall pour it on the …

1 Samuel 14:34 And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and say to them, …

Acts 15:20,25,29 But that we write to them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, …

1 Timothy 4:4 For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if …







Lexicon
But
אַךְ־ (’aḵ-)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 389: A particle of affirmation, surely

you must not
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

eat
תֹאכֵֽלוּ׃ (ṯō·ḵê·lū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

meat
בָּשָׂ֕ר (bā·śār)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1320: Flesh, body, person, the pudenda of a, man

with its lifeblood
בְּנַפְשׁ֥וֹ (bə·nap̄·šōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

[still] in it.
דָמ֖וֹ (ḏā·mōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1818: Blood, of man, an animal, the juice of the grape, bloodshed
(4) But flesh. . . . --The words are remarkable. "Only flesh in its soul, its blood, ye shall not eat." The Authorised Version is probably right in taking blood as in apposition to soul, which word means here the principle of animation, or that which causes an animal to live. This is God's especial gift; for He alone can bestow upon that aggregation of solids and fluids which we call a body the secret principle of life. Of this hidden life the blood is the representative, and while man is permitted to have the body for his food, as being the mere vessel which contains this life, the gift itself must go back to God, and the blood as its symbol be treated with reverence.

Verse 4. - But - אַך, an adverb of limitation or exception, as in Leviticus 11:4, introducing a restriction on the foregoing precept - flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof. Literally, with its soul, its blood; the blood being regarded as the seat of the soul, or life principle (Leviticus 17:11), and even as the soul itself (Leviticus 17:14). The idea of the unity of the soul and the blood, on which the prohibition of blood is based, comes to light everywhere in Scripture. In the blood of one mortally wounded his soul flows forth (Lamentations 2:12), and he who voluntarily sacrifices himself pours out his soul unto death (Isaiah 53:12). The murderer of the innocent slays the soul of the blood of the innocent (ψυχὴν αἵματος ἀθώου, Deuteronomy 27:25), which also cleaves to his (the murderer's) skirts (Jeremiah 2:34; cf. Proverbs 28:17, blood of a soul; cf. Genesis 4:10 with Hebrews 12:24; Job 24:12 with Revelation 6:9; vide also Psalm 94:21; Matthew 23:35). Nor can it be said to be exclusively peculiar to Holy Scripture. In ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics the hawk, which feeds on bloods, represents the soul. Virgil says of a dying person, "purpuream vomit ille animam" ('AEneid,' 9:349). The Greek philosophers taught that the blood was either the soul (Critias), or the soul s food (Pythagoras), or the soul's seat (Empedocles), or the soul's producing cause (the Stoics); but only Scripture reveals the true relation between them both when it declares the blood to be not the soul absolutely, but the means of its self-attestation (vide Delitzsch s ' Bib. Psychology,' div. 4. sec. 11.). Shall ye not eat. Not referring to, although certainly forbidding, the eating of flesh taken from a living animal (Raschi, Cajetan, Delitzsch, Luther, Peele, Jamieson) - a fiendish custom which may have been practiced among the antediluvians, as, according to travelers, it is, or was, among modern Abyssinians; rather interdicting the flesh of slaughtered animals from which the blood has not been properly drained (Calvin, Keil, Kalisch, Murphy, Wordsworth). The same prohibition (commonly regarded by the Hebrew doctors as the seventh of the Noachic precepts which were enjoined upon all nations; vide infra, ver. 6) was afterwards incorporated in the Mosaic legislation (cf. Leviticus 3:17; Leviticus 7:26, 27; Leviticus 17:10-14; Leviticus 19:26; Deuteronomy 12:16, 23, 24; Deuteronomy 15:23), and subsequently imposed upon the Gentile converts in the Christian Church by the authority of the Holy Ghost and the apostles (Acts 15:28, 29). Among other reasons, doubtless, for the original promulgation of this law were these: -

1. A desire to guard against the practice of cruelty to animals (Chrysostom, Calvin, 'Speaker's Commentary').

2. A design to hedge about human life by showing the inviolability which in God s eye attached to even the lives of the lower creatures (Calvin, Willet, Peele, Kalisch, Murphy).

3. The intimate connection which even in the animal creation subsisted between the blood and the life (Kurtz, 'Sacr. Worship,' I. A.V.).

4. Its symbolic use as an atonement for sin (Peele, Delitzsch, ' Bib. Psy.' 4:11; Keil, Wordsworth, Murphy). That the restriction continues to the present day may perhaps be argued from its having been given to Noah, but cannot legitimately be inferred from having been imposed on the Gentile converts to Christianity as one τῶν ἐπάναγκες τούτων, from the burden of which they could not be excused (Clarke), as then, by parity of reasoning, meat offered to idols would be equally forbidden, which it is not, except when the consciences of the weak and ignorant are endangered (Calvin). 9:4-7 The main reason of forbidding the eating of blood, doubtless was because the shedding of blood in sacrifices was to keep the worshippers in mind of the great atonement; yet it seems intended also to check cruelty, lest men, being used to shed and feed upon the blood of animals, should grow unfeeling to them, and be less shocked at the idea of shedding human blood. Man must not take away his own life. Our lives are God's, and we must only give them up when he pleases. If we in any way hasten our own death, we are accountable to God for it. When God requires the life of a man from him that took it away unjustly, the murderer cannot render that, and therefore must render his own instead. One time or other, in this world or in the next, God will discover murders, and punish those murders which are beyond man's power to punish. But there are those who are ministers of God to protect the innocent, by being a terror to evil-doers, and they must not bear the sword in vain, Ro 13:4. Wilful murder ought always to be punished with death. To this law there is a reason added. Such remains of God's image are still upon fallen man, that he who unjustly kills a man, defaces the image of God, and does dishonour to him.
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