John 19:30
New International Version
When he had received the drink, Jesus said, "It is finished." With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

New Living Translation
When Jesus had tasted it, he said, "It is finished!" Then he bowed his head and released his spirit.

English Standard Version
When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

Berean Study Bible
When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished.” And bowing His head, He yielded up His spirit.

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore when Jesus took the sour wine, He said "It has been finished." And having bowed the head, He yielded up the spirit.

New American Standard Bible
Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, "It is finished!" And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.

King James Bible
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

Christian Standard Bible
When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished.” Then bowing his head, he gave up his spirit.

Contemporary English Version
After Jesus drank the wine, he said, "Everything is done!" He bowed his head and died.

Good News Translation
Jesus drank the wine and said, "It is finished!" Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, "It is finished!" Then bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.

International Standard Version
After Jesus had taken the wine, he said, "It is finished." Then he bowed his head and released his spirit.

NET Bible
When he had received the sour wine, Jesus said, "It is completed!" Then he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

New Heart English Bible
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, "It is finished." He bowed his head, and gave up his spirit.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
When he took the vinegar, Yeshua said, “Behold, it is finished.” And he bowed his head and gave up his Spirit.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After Jesus had taken the vinegar, he said, "It is finished!" Then he bowed his head and died.

New American Standard 1977
When Jesus therefore had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head, and gave up His spirit.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished, and he bowed his head and gave the Spirit.

King James 2000 Bible
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up his spirit.

American King James Version
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

American Standard Version
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up his spirit.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jesus therefore, when he had taken the vinegar, said: It is consummated. And bowing his head, he gave up the ghost.

Darby Bible Translation
When therefore Jesus had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished; and having bowed his head, he delivered up his spirit.

English Revised Version
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up his spirit.

Webster's Bible Translation
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and expired.

Weymouth New Testament
As soon as Jesus had taken the wine, He said, "It is finished." And then, bowing His head, He yielded up His spirit.

World English Bible
When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, "It is finished." He bowed his head, and gave up his spirit.

Young's Literal Translation
when, therefore, Jesus received the vinegar, he said, 'It hath been finished;' and having bowed the head, gave up the spirit.
Study Bible
The Death of Jesus
29A jar of sour wine was sitting there. So they soaked a sponge in the wine, put it on a stalk of hyssop, and lifted it to His mouth. 30When Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished.” And bowing His head, He yielded up His spirit. 31It was the day of Preparation, and the next day was a High Sabbath. In order that the bodies would not remain on the cross during the Sabbath, the Jews asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies removed.…
Cross References
Matthew 27:50
When Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, He yielded up His spirit.

Mark 15:37
But Jesus let out a loud cry and breathed His last.

Luke 22:37
For I tell you that this Scripture must be fulfilled in Me: 'And He was numbered with the transgressors.' For what is written about Me is reaching its fulfillment."

Luke 23:46
Then Jesus called out in a loud voice, "Father, into Your hands I commit My Spirit." And when He had said this, He breathed His last.

John 4:34
Jesus explained, "My food is to do the will of Him who sent Me and to finish His work.

John 17:4
I have glorified You on earth by accomplishing the work You gave Me to do.

Treasury of Scripture

When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

It is.

John 19:28
After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.

John 4:34
Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work.

John 17:4
I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do.

and he.

John 10:11,18
I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep…

Matthew 20:28
Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

Matthew 27:50
Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.







Lexicon
When
ὅτε (hote)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3753: When, at which time. From hos and te; at which too, i.e. When.

Jesus
Ἰησοῦς (Iēsous)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2424: Of Hebrew origin; Jesus, the name of our Lord and two other Israelites.

had received
ἔλαβεν (elaben)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2983: (a) I receive, get, (b) I take, lay hold of.

the
τὸ (to)
Article - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

sour wine,
ὄξος (oxos)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3690: Vinegar, sour wine mixed with water, a common drink of Roman soldiers. From oxus; vinegar, i.e. Sour wine.

He said,
εἶπεν (eipen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

“It is finished.”
Τετέλεσται (Tetelestai)
Verb - Perfect Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 5055: (a) I end, finish, (b) I fulfill, accomplish, (c) I pay. From telos; to end, i.e. Complete, execute, conclude, discharge.

And
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

bowing
κλίνας (klinas)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2827: A primary verb; to slant or slope, i.e. Incline or recline.

[His]
τὴν (tēn)
Article - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

head,
κεφαλὴν (kephalēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2776: From the primary kapto; the head, literally or figuratively.

He yielded up
παρέδωκεν (paredōken)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3860: From para and didomi; to surrender, i.e yield up, intrust, transmit.

[His]
τὸ (to)
Article - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

spirit.
πνεῦμα (pneuma)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4151: Wind, breath, spirit.
(30) It is finished.--That is (comp. John 19:28, and John 17:4), the work which God had given Him to do. (Comp. Notes on Matthew 27:50, and Luke 23:46.) This word is the expression by Jesus Himself of what St. John had expressed by saying, "Jesus knowing that all things were now finished, that the Scriptures should be fulfilled."

The order of the seven words of the cross will be, (1) "Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do" (Luke 23:34); (2) "Verily I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be with Me in Paradise" (Luke 23:43); (3) "Woman, behold thy son," "Behold thy mother" (John 19:26-27); (4) "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" (Matthew 27:46, Mark 15:34); (5) "I thirst" (John 19:28); (6) "It is finished" (John 19:29); (7) "Into Thy hands I commend My spirit" (Luke 23:46).

And he bowed his head.--This reminiscence of the very attitude of the last moments is peculiar to St. John.

And gave up the ghost.--Comp. John 10:18, and Notes on Matthew 27:50; Mark 15:37; and Luke 23:46. All the expressions used lay stress on the voluntary action of the death.

Verse 30. - (d) "It is finished!" - the great victory of completed sacrifice. When he had received the vinegar, he said (τετέλεσται), It is finished! and he bowed his head and delivered up his spirit. The other evangelists record yet another word of Divine and sublime submission, "Father, into thy hands," etc. John simply adds the climax, and leaves the Divine, inscrutable, mysterious fact in its awful grandeur. The world's debt was paid. The types and symbolism of the old covenant had been adequately fulfilled. The mighty work, undertaken by him who would realize the expectations of the oldest prophets and the unconscious prophecies of heathendom, was done. Every iota and tittle of the Law had been magnified. The reality of which the temple and the sabbath were shadows, the priesthood and the offerings innumerable were figures, had all been realized. Τετέλεσται! Consummatum est! From the ground of human nature, from the heart of the Man in whom all the wants, perils, sins, mysteries of the human race were gathered up, has gone the adequate admission of the righteous judgment of God against that nature in its present condition. Death itself becomes, not his shame, but his veritable glory. The sin of humanity is branded with an eternal curse, more deep than any previous manifestation of the Divine justice could have produced; and yet it loses its sting. God reconciles the world to himself by the death of his Son, by this curse thus falling upon his Only Begotten. The earthly judges are condemned by their Victim. The great and last enemy is itself wounded unto death. The Seed of the woman bruises the serpent's head when that Seed receives the bruise in its own heel. The Paschal Lamb is slain. The Lamb of God takes away the sin of the world. The prince of this world is east out. The reader must turn to the synoptic narrative for the other portents of the Crucifixion - the earthquake, the supernatural darkness, the rending of the temple veil, and the testimony of the Roman centurion. The silence of the Fourth Gospel concerning these events, on the supposition of its late orion, or on the hypothesis of the glorifying myth, or upon the suggestion that this evangelist was a theologizing mystic of the second century, who was merely fashioning the narrative to establish the doctrinal thesis of the Divine incarnation of the Logos, becomes entirely unintelligible. But the hypothesis that this eye-witness was supplementing other well-known narratives with particulars which came forcibly under his own observation, and made a deep impression upon his own mind, is suggested by every line. Dr. Westcott places "the seven words from the cross" in the following order: -

(a) Before the darkness -

(1) "Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do" (Luke 23:34).


(2)
"Today shalt thou be with me in Paradise" (Luke 23:43).


(3)
"Woman, behold thy son:... behold thy mother!" (John 19:26).

(b) During the darkness -

(4) "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" (Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34).

(c) After the darkness -

(5) "I thirst" (John 19:28).


(6)
"It is finished!" (John 19:30).


(7)
"Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit" (Luke 23:46). It is a question whether the sixth or seventh word is the more triumphant. 19:19-30 Here are some remarkable circumstances of Jesus' death, more fully related than before. Pilate would not gratify the chief priests by allowing the writing to be altered; which was doubtless owing to a secret power of God upon his heart, that this statement of our Lord's character and authority might continue. Many things done by the Roman soldiers were fulfilments of the prophecies of the Old Testament. All things therein written shall be fulfilled. Christ tenderly provided for his mother at his death. Sometimes, when God removes one comfort from us, he raises up another for us, where we looked not for it. Christ's example teaches all men to honour their parents in life and death; to provide for their wants, and to promote their comfort by every means in their power. Especially observe the dying word wherewith Jesus breathed out his soul. It is finished; that is, the counsels of the Father concerning his sufferings were now fulfilled. It is finished; all the types and prophecies of the Old Testament, which pointed at the sufferings of the Messiah, were accomplished. It is finished; the ceremonial law is abolished; the substance is now come, and all the shadows are done away. It is finished; an end is made of transgression by bringing in an everlasting righteousness. His sufferings were now finished, both those of his soul, and those of his body. It is finished; the work of man's redemption and salvation is now completed. His life was not taken from him by force, but freely given up.
Jump to Previous
Bent Bowed Bowing Delivered Drink Expired Finished Ghost Head Jesus Received Soon Sour Spirit Vinegar Wine Yielded
Jump to Next
Bent Bowed Bowing Delivered Drink Expired Finished Ghost Head Jesus Received Soon Sour Spirit Vinegar Wine Yielded
Links
John 19:30 NIV
John 19:30 NLT
John 19:30 ESV
John 19:30 NASB
John 19:30 KJV

John 19:30 Bible Apps
John 19:30 Biblia Paralela
John 19:30 Chinese Bible
John 19:30 French Bible
John 19:30 German Bible

Alphabetical: and bowed drink finished gave had he head his is It Jesus received said sour spirit that the Therefore up When wine With

NT Gospels: John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar (Jhn Jo Jn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
John 19:29
Top of Page
Top of Page