Matthew 27:48
New International Version
Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge. He filled it with wine vinegar, put it on a staff, and offered it to Jesus to drink.

New Living Translation
One of them ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, holding it up to him on a reed stick so he could drink.

English Standard Version
And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink.

Berean Study Bible
One of them quickly ran and brought a sponge. He filled it with sour wine, put it on a reed, and held it up for Jesus to drink.

Berean Literal Bible
And immediately one of them, having run and having taken a sponge, and having filled it with vinegar and having put it on a reed, gave Him to drink.

King James Bible
And straightway one of them ran, and took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.

New King James Version
Immediately one of them ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine and put it on a reed, and offered it to Him to drink.

New American Standard Bible
And immediately one of them ran, and taking a sponge, he filled it with sour wine and put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink.

NASB 1995
Immediately one of them ran, and taking a sponge, he filled it with sour wine and put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink.

NASB 1977
And immediately one of them ran, and taking a sponge, he filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink.

Amplified Bible
Immediately one of them ran, and took a sponge, soaked it with sour wine and put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink.

Christian Standard Bible
Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge, filled it with sour wine, put it on a stick, and offered him a drink.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge, filled it with sour wine, fixed it on a reed, and offered Him a drink.

American Standard Version
And straightway one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
At that moment one of them ran and took a sponge and filled it with vinegar and placed it on a reed and gave a drink to him.

Contemporary English Version
One of them at once ran and grabbed a sponge. He soaked it in wine, then put it on a stick and held it up to Jesus.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And immediately one of them running took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar; and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.

English Revised Version
And straightway one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.

Good News Translation
One of them ran up at once, took a sponge, soaked it in cheap wine, put it on the end of a stick, and tried to make him drink it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
One of the men ran at once, took a sponge, and soaked it in some vinegar. Then he put it on a stick and offered Jesus a drink.

International Standard Version
So one of the men ran off at once, took a sponge, and soaked it in some sour wine. Then he put it on a stick and offered Jesus a drink.

Literal Standard Version
and immediately, one of them having run, and having taken a sponge, having filled [it] with vinegar, and having put [it] on a reed, was giving Him to drink,

NET Bible
Immediately one of them ran and got a sponge, filled it with sour wine, put it on a stick, and gave it to him to drink.

New Heart English Bible
Immediately one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him a drink.

Weymouth New Testament
One of them ran forthwith, and filling a sponge with sour wine put it on the end of a cane and offered it Him to drink;

World English Bible
Immediately one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him a drink.

Young's Literal Translation
and immediately, one of them having run, and having taken a spunge, having filled it with vinegar, and having put it on a reed, was giving him to drink,

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Death of Jesus
47When some of those standing there heard this, they said, “He is calling Elijah.” 48 One of them quickly ran and brought a sponge. He filled it with sour wine, put it on a reed, and held it up for Jesus to drink. 49But the others said, “Leave Him alone. Let us see if Elijah comes to save Him.”…

Cross References
Psalm 69:21
They poisoned my food with gall and gave me vinegar to quench my thirst.

Matthew 27:47
When some of those standing there heard this, they said, "He is calling Elijah."

Matthew 27:49
But the others said, "Leave Him alone. Let us see if Elijah comes to save Him."

Mark 15:36
And someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine. He put it on a reed and held it up for Jesus to drink, saying, "Leave Him alone. Let us see if Elijah comes to take Him down."

Luke 23:36
The soldiers also mocked Him and came up to offer Him sour wine.

John 19:29
A jar of sour wine was sitting there. So they soaked a sponge in the wine, put it on a stalk of hyssop, and lifted it to His mouth.


Treasury of Scripture

And straightway one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink.

and filled.

Matthew 27:34
They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.

Psalm 69:21
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Luke 23:36
And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,









(48) Took a spunge, and filled it with vinegar.--The "vinegar" was the sour wine, or wine and water, which was the common drink of the Roman soldiers. and which they at an earlier stage, and as in derision (Luke 23:36), had offered to the Sufferer. The sponge had probably served instead of a cork to the jar in which the soldiers had brought the drink that was to sustain them in their long day's work. Some one, whether soldier or Jew we know not, heard, not only the cry, "Eli, Eli, . . ." but the faint "I thirst," which St. John records as coming from the fevered lips (John 19:28), and prompted by a rough pity, stretched out a cane, or stalk of hyssop (John 19:29), with the sponge that had been dipped in the wine upon it, and bore it to the parched lips of the Sufferer. It was not now refused (John 19:30).

And gave him to drink.--The Greek verb is in the imperfect tense, as implying that while he was doing this, the others tried to interrupt him.

Verse 48. - Ran, and took a sponge. According to St. John, Jesus had just said, "I thirst." The sponge and the wine were provided for the purpose of ministering some relief to the crucified. Common humanity was not quite extinct even in the executioners and spectators. Vinegar. The acid wine used by the soldiers, and called posca (see on ver. 34). Put it on a reed. St. John calls it a stalk of hyssop; and if this is the caller plant, it, though of a climbing nature, can produce a stick some three or four feet long (see on ver. 29). Gave him to drink (ἐπότιζεν, imperf., was offering him to drink); perhaps with the idea of helping him to endure till Elijah came. Thus was fulfilled the psalmist's word, "In my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink" (Psalm 69:21).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
One
εἷς (heis)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 1520: One. (including the neuter Hen); a primary numeral; one.

of
ἐξ (ex)
Preposition
Strong's 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

them
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

quickly
εὐθέως (eutheōs)
Adverb
Strong's 2112: Immediately, soon, at once. Adverb from euthus; directly, i.e. At once or soon.

ran
δραμὼν (dramōn)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 5143: Apparently a primary verb; which uses dremo drem'-o as alternate in certain tenses; to run or walk hastily.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

brought
λαβὼν (labōn)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2983: (a) I receive, get, (b) I take, lay hold of.

a sponge.
σπόγγον (spongon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's 4699: A sponge. Perhaps of foreign origin; a 'sponge'.

He filled [it]
πλήσας (plēsas)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 4130: To fill, fulfill, complete. A prolonged form of a primary pleo to 'fill' (imbue, influence, supply); specially, to fulfil.

with vinegar,
ὄξους (oxous)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's 3690: Vinegar, sour wine mixed with water, a common drink of Roman soldiers. From oxus; vinegar, i.e. Sour wine.

put [it] on
περιθεὶς (peritheis)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 4060: To place or put around, clothe; fig: I bestow, confer. From peri and tithemi; to place around; by implication, to present.

a reed,
καλάμῳ (kalamō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2563: A reed; a reed-pen, reed-staff, measuring rod. Or uncertain affinity; a reed; by implication, a pen.

and held it up for [Jesus] to drink.
ἐπότιζεν (epotizen)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 4222: To cause to drink, give to drink; irrigate, water. From a derivative of the alternate of pino; to furnish drink, irrigate.


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