3690. oxos
Strong's Concordance
oxos: sour wine
Original Word: ὄξος, ους, τό
Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter
Transliteration: oxos
Phonetic Spelling: (oz-os)
Definition: sour wine
Usage: vinegar, sour wine mixed with water, a common drink of Roman soldiers.
HELPS Word-studies

3690 óksos – low-grade, sour wine, given as a cheap painkiller to people condemned to crucifixion. "Apparently Jesus was offered two kinds of wine. One wine was mixed with gall (5521 /xolḗ), which Christ refused once He tasted it (Mt 27:34,48) – and the other wine mixed with myrrh" (G. Archer).

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from oxus
sour wine
NASB Translation
sour wine (6).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 3690: ὄξος

ὄξος, ὀξεος (ὄξους), τό (ὀξύς), vinegar (Aeschylus, Hippocrates, Aristophanes, Xenophon, and following; for חֹמֶץ, Ruth 2:14; Numbers 6:3, etc.); used in the N. T. for Latinposca, i. e. the mixture of sour wine or vinegar and water which the Roman soldiers were accustomed to drink: Matthew 27:34 R L marginal reading, 48; Mark 15:36; Luke 23:36; John 19:29f.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance

From oxus; vinegar, i.e. Sour wine -- vinegar.

see GREEK oxus

Forms and Transliterations
όξει οξος όξος ὄξος οξους όξους ὄξους οξυγράφου οξύθυμος οξύναι οξύνει οξύνου ώξυνε oxos óxos oxous óxous
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 27:48 N-GNS
GRK: πλήσας τε ὄξους καὶ περιθεὶς
NAS: he filled it with sour wine and put
KJV: filled [it] with vinegar, and
INT: having filled [it] and with vinegar and having put [it] on

Mark 15:36 N-GNS
GRK: γεμίσας σπόγγον ὄξους περιθεὶς καλάμῳ
NAS: a sponge with sour wine, put
KJV: full of vinegar, and
INT: having filled a sponge with vinegar having put [it] on a reed

Luke 23:36 N-ANS
GRK: στρατιῶται προσερχόμενοι ὄξος προσφέροντες αὐτῷ
NAS: up to Him, offering Him sour wine,
KJV: offering him vinegar,
INT: soldiers coming near vinegar offering him

John 19:29 N-GNS
GRK: σκεῦος ἔκειτο ὄξους μεστόν σπόγγον
NAS: A jar full of sour wine was standing
KJV: full of vinegar: and
INT: A vessel was set of vinegar full a sponge

John 19:29 N-GNS
GRK: μεστὸν τοῦ ὄξους ὑσσώπῳ περιθέντες
NAS: of sour wine was standing
KJV: a spunge with vinegar, and
INT: having filled with vinegar hyssop having put [it] on

John 19:30 N-ANS
GRK: ἔλαβεν τὸ ὄξος ὁ Ἰησοῦς
NAS: had received the sour wine, He said,
KJV: had received the vinegar, he said,
INT: took the vinegar Jesus

Strong's Greek 3690
6 Occurrences

ὄξος — 2 Occ.
ὄξους — 4 Occ.

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