Mark 15:19
New International Version
Again and again they struck him on the head with a staff and spit on him. Falling on their knees, they paid homage to him.

New Living Translation
And they struck him on the head with a reed stick, spit on him, and dropped to their knees in mock worship.

English Standard Version
And they were striking his head with a reed and spitting on him and kneeling down in homage to him.

Berean Study Bible
They kept striking His head with a staff and spitting on Him. And they knelt down and bowed before Him.

Berean Literal Bible
And they kept striking His head with a reed and spitting on Him; and bending the knees, they were kneeling down to Him.

New American Standard Bible
They kept beating His head with a reed, and spitting on Him, and kneeling and bowing before Him.

King James Bible
And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.

Christian Standard Bible
They were hitting him on the head with a stick and spitting on him. Getting down on their knees, they were paying him homage.

Contemporary English Version
Then they beat him on the head with a stick. They spit on him and knelt down and pretended to worship him.

Good News Translation
They beat him over the head with a stick, spat on him, fell on their knees, and bowed down to him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They kept hitting Him on the head with a reed and spitting on Him. Getting down on their knees, they were paying Him homage.

International Standard Version
They kept hitting him on the head with a stick, spitting on him, kneeling in front of him, and worshiping him.

NET Bible
Again and again they struck him on the head with a staff and spit on him. Then they knelt down and paid homage to him.

New Heart English Bible
They struck his head with a reed, and spat on him, and bowing their knees, did homage to him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they were hitting him on his head with a reed and spitting in his face and bowing on their knees and worshiping him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They kept hitting him on the head with a stick, spitting on him, and kneeling in front of him with false humility.

New American Standard 1977
And they kept beating His head with a reed, and spitting at Him, and kneeling and bowing before Him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they smote him on the head with a reed and spit upon him and bowing their knees worshipped him.

King James 2000 Bible
And they struck him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshiped him.

American King James Version
And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit on him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.

American Standard Version
And they smote his head with a reed, and spat upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they struck his head with a reed: and they did spit on him. And bowing their knees, they adored him.

Darby Bible Translation
And they struck his head with a reed, and spat on him, and, bending the knee, did him homage.

English Revised Version
And they smote his head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they struck him on the head with a reed, and spit upon him, and bowing their knees, worshiped him.

Weymouth New Testament
Then they began to beat Him on the head with a cane, to spit on Him, and to do Him homage on bended knees.

World English Bible
They struck his head with a reed, and spat on him, and bowing their knees, did homage to him.

Young's Literal Translation
And they were smiting him on the head with a reed, and were spitting on him, and having bent the knee, were bowing to him,
Study Bible
The Soldiers Mock Jesus
18And they began to salute Him: “Hail, King of the Jews!” 19They kept striking His head with a staff and spitting on Him. And they knelt down and bowed before Him. 20After they had mocked Him, they removed the purple robe and put His own clothes back on Him. Then they led Him out to crucify Him.…
Cross References
Isaiah 50:6
I offered My back to those who struck Me, and My cheeks to those who tore out My beard. I did not hide My face from scorn and spittle.

Matthew 27:30
And they spat on Him, and took the staff and struck Him on the head repeatedly.

Mark 15:18
And they began to salute Him: "Hail, King of the Jews!"

Mark 15:20
After they had mocked Him, they removed the purple robe and put His own clothes back on Him. Then they led Him out to crucify Him.

Treasury of Scripture

And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit on him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.

they smote.

Mark 9:12
And he answered and told them, Elias verily cometh first, and restoreth all things; and how it is written of the Son of man, that he must suffer many things, and be set at nought.

Mark 10:34
And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.

Mark 14:65
And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.

and bowing.

Genesis 24:52
And it came to pass, that, when Abraham's servant heard their words, he worshipped the LORD, bowing himself to the earth.

Genesis 43:28
And they answered, Thy servant our father is in good health, he is yet alive. And they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance.

1 Kings 19:18
Yet I have left me seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which have not bowed unto Baal, and every mouth which hath not kissed him.







Lexicon
They kept striking
ἔτυπτον (etypton)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 5180: To beat, strike, wound, inflict punishment.

His
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

head
κεφαλὴν (kephalēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2776: From the primary kapto; the head, literally or figuratively.

with a staff
καλάμῳ (kalamō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2563: A reed; a reed-pen, reed-staff, measuring rod. Or uncertain affinity; a reed; by implication, a pen.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

spitting on
ἐνέπτυον (eneptyon)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1716: To spit upon. From en and ptuo; to spit at or on.

Him.
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

And
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

they knelt down
τιθέντες (tithentes)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5087: To put, place, lay, set, fix, establish. A prolonged form of a primary theo to place.

[and] bowed
προσεκύνουν (prosekynoun)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4352: From pros and a probable derivative of kuon; to fawn or crouch to, i.e. prostrate oneself in homage.

before Him.
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
(19) They smote . . . did spit . . . worshipped.--All three verbs are in the tense which implies frequent repetition.

Verse 19. - And they smote his head with a reed - the same reed, according to St. Matthew (Matthew 27:29, 30), which they bad first put into his right hand as a scepter, to complete the mocking symbolism - and did spit upon him (ἐνέπτυον αὐτῷ). The verb is in the imperfect; they did it again and again. 15:15-21 Christ met death in its greatest terror. It was the death of the vilest malefactors. Thus the cross and the shame are put together. God having been dishonoured by the sin of man, Christ made satisfaction by submitting to the greatest disgrace human nature could be loaded with. It was a cursed death; thus it was branded by the Jewish law, De 21:23. The Roman soldiers mocked our Lord Jesus as a King; thus in the high priest's hall the servants had mocked him as a Prophet and Saviour. Shall a purple or scarlet robe be matter of pride to a Christian, which was matter of reproach and shame to Christ? He wore the crown of thorns which we deserved, that we might wear the crown of glory which he merited. We were by sin liable to everlasting shame and contempt; to deliver us, our Lord Jesus submitted to shame and contempt. He was led forth with the workers of iniquity, though he did no sin. The sufferings of the meek and holy Redeemer, are ever a source of instruction to the believer, of which, in his best hours, he cannot be weary. Did Jesus thus suffer, and shall I, a vile sinner, fret or repine? Shall I indulge anger, or utter reproaches and threats because of troubles and injuries?
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