1 Peter 2:23
New International Version
When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly.

New Living Translation
He did not retaliate when he was insulted, nor threaten revenge when he suffered. He left his case in the hands of God, who always judges fairly.

English Standard Version
When he was reviled, he did not revile in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten, but continued entrusting himself to him who judges justly.

Berean Study Bible
When they heaped abuse on Him, He did not retaliate; when He suffered, He made no threats, but entrusted Himself to Him who judges justly.

Berean Literal Bible
Who being reviled did not retaliate; suffering did not threaten, but He gave Himself over to Him judging justly.

King James Bible
Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously:

New King James Version
who, when He was reviled, did not revile in return; when He suffered, He did not threaten, but committed Himself to Him who judges righteously;

New American Standard Bible
and while being abusively insulted, He did not insult in return; while suffering, He did not threaten, but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges righteously;

NASB 1995
and while being reviled, He did not revile in return; while suffering, He uttered no threats, but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges righteously;

NASB 1977
and while being reviled, He did not revile in return; while suffering, He uttered no threats, but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges righteously;

Amplified Bible
While being reviled and insulted, He did not revile or insult in return; while suffering, He made no threats [of vengeance], but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges fairly.

Christian Standard Bible
when he was insulted, he did not insult in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten but entrusted himself to the one who judges justly.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
when He was reviled, He did not revile in return; when He was suffering, He did not threaten but entrusted Himself to the One who judges justly.

American Standard Version
who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He who was insulted and did not insult, and he suffered and did not threaten, but he handed his judgment over to The Judge of righteousness.

Contemporary English Version
Although he was abused, he never tried to get even. And when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he had faith in God, who judges fairly.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who, when he was reviled, did not revile: when he suffered, he threatened not: but delivered himself to him that judged him unjustly.

English Revised Version
who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously:

Good News Translation
When he was insulted, he did not answer back with an insult; when he suffered, he did not threaten, but placed his hopes in God, the righteous Judge.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Christ never verbally abused those who verbally abused him. When he suffered, he didn't make any threats but left everything to the one who judges fairly.

International Standard Version
When he was insulted, he did not retaliate. When he suffered, he did not threaten. It was his habit to commit the matter to the one who judges fairly.

Literal Standard Version
who being reviled—was not reviling again, suffering—was not threatening, and was committing Himself to Him who is judging righteously,

NET Bible
When he was maligned, he did not answer back; when he suffered, he threatened no retaliation, but committed himself to God who judges justly.

New Heart English Bible
Who, when he was cursed, did not curse back. When he suffered, did not threaten, but committed himself to him who judges righteously;

Weymouth New Testament
When He was reviled, He did not answer with reviling; when He suffered He uttered no threats, but left His wrongs in the hands of the righteous Judge.

World English Bible
Who, when he was cursed, didn't curse back. When he suffered, didn't threaten, but committed himself to him who judges righteously;

Young's Literal Translation
who being reviled -- was not reviling again, suffering -- was not threatening, and was committing himself to Him who is judging righteously,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Christ's Example of Suffering
22“He committed no sin, and no deceit was found in His mouth.” 23 When they heaped abuse on Him, He did not retaliate; when He suffered, He made no threats, but entrusted Himself to Him who judges justly. 24He Himself bore our sins in His body on the tree, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. “By His stripes you are healed.”…

Cross References
Isaiah 53:7
He was oppressed and afflicted, yet He did not open His mouth. He was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so He did not open His mouth.

Luke 23:41
We are punished justly, for we are receiving what our actions deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong."

Hebrews 12:3
Consider Him who endured such hostility from sinners, so that you will not grow weary and lose heart.

1 Peter 3:9
Do not repay evil with evil or insult with insult, but with blessing, because to this you were called so that you may inherit a blessing.


Treasury of Scripture

Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judges righteously:

when he was.

Psalm 38:12-14
They also that seek after my life lay snares for me: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits all the day long…

Isaiah 53:7
He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

Matthew 27:39-44
And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, …

threatened.

Acts 4:29
And now, Lord, behold their threatenings: and grant unto thy servants, that with all boldness they may speak thy word,

Acts 9:1
And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest,

Ephesians 6:9
And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him.

but.

1 Peter 4:19
Wherefore let them that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator.

Psalm 10:14
Thou hast seen it; for thou beholdest mischief and spite, to requite it with thy hand: the poor committeth himself unto thee; thou art the helper of the fatherless.

Psalm 31:5
Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O LORD God of truth.

himself.

Genesis 18:25
That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

Psalm 7:11
God judgeth the righteous, and God is angry with the wicked every day.

Psalm 96:13
Before the LORD: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth.









(23) Who, when he was reviled.--This "who" might be rendered by and yet He. Conscious though He was of being blameless (John 8:46), it did not make Him retaliate upon His accusers by counter-accusations, true though these might have been. The word here translated "revile" is the same which reappears in 1Peter 3:9 as "railing," and a sample of what it means is given in John 9:28. The servants would be particularly liable to be thus abused, and instances are not wanting in the comic poets where they lose their self-control under it, and openly rate their owners in return. The "suffering," on the other hand, implies actual bodily maltreatment, "buffeting" (1Peter 2:20) and the like, to which the slaves could not answer directly by striking in return, but would sometimes take their revenge by "threats" of what they would do--run away, or burn the house, or poison the food, or do little acts of spite. Instances of our Lord's silence or meekness under "reviling" may be seen in John 7:20; John 8:40; Matthew 12:24, as well as in the accounts of the Passion. There are no recorded instances, until the last day of His life, of His "suffering" in the sense here intended; but the tense of the verbs "reviled," "threatened," "committed," shows that the writer was not thinking exclusively of any one occasion, but of our Lord's constant habit, though naturally there would be uppermost in St. Peter's mind the hours while he stood warming himself at Caiaphas' fire, with the denial on his lips, and saw the Messiah blindfold and buffeted. He is also thinking of Isaiah 53:7. . . . Verse 23. - Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not (comp. Isaiah 53:7). The Lord again and again denounced the hypocrisy and unbelief of the Pharisees; he bade Caiaphas remember the coming judgment. But that was the language of prophetic warning, the sternness of love. He sets before them the impending punishment, that they may take heed in time and escape from the wrath to come. In the midst of his strongest invective against the sins and hollow unreality of Pharisaism there is an outburst of the deepest love, the tenderest concern (Matthew 23:27). But committed himself to him that judgeth righteously. The verb "committed" παρεδίδου) is without an object in the original. Most commentators supply "himself," or "his cause;" others, "his sufferings;" some, as Alford, "those who inflicted them." Perhaps the last explanation is the best: he left them to God, to God's mercy, if it might be; to his judgment, if it must be. There may be a reference to his prayer, "Father, forgive them." Compare by contrast the language of Jeremiah, speaking in the spirit of the Old Testament (Jeremiah 11:20 and Jeremiah 20:12). There is a curious reading, entirely without the authority of existing Greek manuscripts, represented by the Vulgate, Tradebat judicanti se injuste, as if the words were understood of the Lord's submitting himself "to one who judged unrighteously," that is, to Pilate.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
When they heaped abuse on Him,
λοιδορούμενος (loidoroumenos)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3058: To revile a person to his face, abuse insultingly. From loidoros; to reproach, i.e. Vilify.

He did not retaliate;
ἀντελοιδόρει (anteloidorei)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 486: To abuse in return, give abuse for abuse. From anti and loidoreo; to rail in reply.

when He suffered,
πάσχων (paschōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3958: I am acted upon in a certain way, either good or bad; I experience ill treatment, suffer.

He made no threats,
ἠπείλει (ēpeilei)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 546: To threaten, forbid by threatening. Of uncertain derivation; to menace; by implication, to forbid.

but
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

entrusted Himself
παρεδίδου (paredidou)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 3860: From para and didomi; to surrender, i.e yield up, intrust, transmit.

to Him who
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

judges
κρίνοντι (krinonti)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's 2919: Properly, to distinguish, i.e. Decide; by implication, to try, condemn, punish.

justly.
δικαίως (dikaiōs)
Adverb
Strong's 1346: Justly, righteously. Adverb from dikaios; equitably.


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