2919. krinó
Strong's Concordance
krinó: to judge, decide
Original Word: κρίνω
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: krinó
Phonetic Spelling: (kree'-no)
Definition: to judge, decide
Usage: (a) I judge, whether in a law-court or privately: sometimes with cognate nouns emphasizing the notion of the verb, (b) I decide, I think (it) good.
HELPS Word-studies

2919 krínō – properly, to separate (distinguish), i.e. judge; come to a choice (decision, judgment) by making a judgment – either positive (a verdict in favor of) or negative (which rejects or condemns).

J. Thayer comments that "the proper meaning of 2919 (krínō) is to pick out (choose) by separating" (as also used in Homer, Herodotus, Aeschyl., Xenophon, Plato). 2919 /krínō ("distinguish, judge") typically refers to making a determination of right or wrong (innocence or guilt), especially on an official (legal) standard. We only judge (2919 /krínō) accurately by intelligent comparison and contrast based on God's word, i.e. to approve (prefer) what is correct and reject what is inferior (wrong).

[2919 (krínō) is used of "bringing to trial" (the trying of fact) in a court of law.

2919 (krinō) originally meant "separate." So Homer, of Ceres separating the grain from the chaff (Iliad, v, 501). Thence, 'to distinguish, to pick out, to be of opinion, to judge' " (WS, 418).]

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. verb
to judge, decide
NASB Translation
act as...judge (1), concluded (1), condemn (1), condemning (1), considered (1), decided (8), determine (1), determined (2), go to law (1), goes to law (1), judge (42), judged (25), judges (10), judging (5), judgment (1), pass judgment (1), passes judgment (1), passing judgment (1), pronounced (1), regards (2), stand trial (2), sue (1), trial (3), tried (1), try (1).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 2919: κρίνω

κρίνω; future κρίνω; 1 aorist ἔκρινα; perfect κέκρικα; 3 person singular pluperfect, without augment (Winers Grammar, § 12, 9; (Buttmann, 33 (29))), κεκρίκει (Acts 20:16 G L T Tr WH); passive, present κρίνομαι; imperfect ἐκρινομην; perfect κεκριμαι; 1 aorist ἐκριθην (cf. Buttmann, 52 (45)); 1 future κριθήσομαι; the Sept. for שָׁפַט, and also for דּוּן and רִיב; Latincerno, i. e.

1. to separate, put asunder; to pick out, select, choose (Homer, Herodotus, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Xenophon, Plato, others; μετά νεανίσκων ἀρίστων κεκριμένων (chosen, picked), 2 Macc. 13:15; κεκρίμενοι ἄρχοντες, Josephus, Antiquities 11, 3, 10); hence,

2. to approve, esteem: ἡμέραν παῥ ἡμέραν, one day above another, i. e. to prefer (see παρά, III. 2 b.), Romans 14:5 (so τί πρό τίνος, Plato, Phil., p. 57 e.; τόν Ἀπολλῶ πρό Μαρσυου, rep. 3, p. 399{e}.); πᾶσαν ἡμέραν, to esteem every day, i. e. hold it sacred, ibid.

3. to be of opinion, deem, think: ὀρθῶς ἔκρινας, thou hast decided (judged) correctly, Luke 7:43; followed by an infinitive Acts 15:19; followed by a direct question, 1 Corinthians 11:13; τοῦτο, ὅτι etc. to be of opinion etc. 2 Corinthians 5:14; followed by the accusative with an infinitive Acts 16:15; τινα or τί followed by a predicate accusative, κρίνειν τινα ἄξιον τίνος, to judge one (to be) worthy of a thing, Acts 13:46; ἄπιστον κρίνεται, Acts 26:8.

4. to determine, resolve, decree: τί, 1 Corinthians 7:37 (κρῖναι τί καί πρόθεσθαι, Polybius 3, 6, 7; τό κρίθεν, which one has determined on, one's resolve, 5, 52, 6; 9, 13, 7; τοῖς κριθεισι ἐμμένειν δεῖ, Epictetus diss. 2, 15, 7ff); δόγματα, passive (the decrees that had been ordained (cf. A. V.)), Acts 16:4; τοῦτο κρίνατε, followed by an infinitive preceded by the article τό, Romans 14:13; also with ἐμαυτῷ added, for myself i. e. for my own benefit (lest I should prepare grief for myself by being compelled to grieve you), 2 Corinthians 2:1; followed by an infinitive, Acts 20:16; Acts 25:25; 1 Corinthians 2:2 G L T Tr WH ((see below)); ; Titus 3:12 (1 Macc. 11:33; 3Macc. 1:6 3Macc. 6:30; Judith 11:13; Wis. 8:9; Diodorus 17, 95; Josephus, Antiquities 7, 1, 5; 12, 10, 4; 13, 6, 1); with τοῦ prefixed, 1 Corinthians 2:2 Rec. ((see above)); followed by the accusative with an infinitive Acts 21:25 (2 Macc. 11:36); with τοῦ prefixed, Acts 27:1 (cf. Buttmann, § 140, 16 δ.); (κρίνεται τίνι, it is one's pleasure, it seems good to one, 1 Esdr. 6:20f (21f); (92)).

5. to judge;

a. to pronounce an opinion concerning right and wrong; α. in a forensic sense ((differing from δικάζειν, the official term, in giving prominence to the intellectual process, the sifting and weighing of evidence)), of a human judge: τινα, to give a decision respecting one, John 7:51; κατά τόν νόμον, John 18:31; Acts 23:3; Acts 24:6 Rec.; the substance of the decision is added in an infinitive, Acts 3:13; passive to be judged, i. e. summoned to trial that one's case may be examined and judgment passed upon it, Acts 25:10; Acts 26:6; Romans 3:4 (from Psalm 50:6 ()); περί with the genitive of the thing, Acts 23:6; Acts 24:21; (Acts 25:20); with addition of ἐπί and the genitive of the judge, before one, Acts 25:9. Where the context requires, used of a condemnatory judgment, equivalent to to condemn: simply, Acts 13:27. β. of the judgment of God or of Jesus the Messiah, deciding between the righteousness and the unrighteousness of men: absolutely, John 5:30; John 8:50; δικαίως, 1 Peter 2:23; ἐν δικαιοσύνη,Revelation 19:11; τινα, 1 Corinthians 5:13; passive James 2:12; ζῶντας καί νεκρούς, 2 Timothy 4:1; 1 Peter 4:5; νεκρούς, passive, Revelation 11:18 (Buttmann, 260 (224)); τήν οἰκουμένην, the inhabitants of the world, Acts 17:31 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 389 (364)); τόν κόσμον, Romans 3:6; τά κρυπτά τῶν ἀνθρώπων, Romans 2:16; κρίνειν τό κρίμα τίνος ἐκ τίνος (see κρίμα, 2 under the end), Revelation 18:20, cf. 6:10; κρίνειν κατά τό ἑκάστου ἔργον, 1 Peter 1:17; τούς νεκρούς ἐκ τῶν γεγραμμένων ἐν τοῖς βιβλίοις κατά τά ἔργα αὐτῶν, passive, Revelation 20:12f; with the accusative of the substance of the judgment, thou didst pronounce this judgment, ταῦτα ἔκρινας, Revelation 16:5; contextually, used specifically of the act of condemning and decreeing (or inflicting) penalty on one: τινα, John 3:18; John 5:22; John 12:47; Acts 7:7; Romans 2:12; 1 Corinthians 11:31; 2 Thessalonians 2:12; Hebrews 10:30; Hebrews 13:4; 1 Peter 4:6 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 630 (585)); James 5:9 (where Rec. κατάκριμα); Revelation 18:8; Revelation 19:2 (Wis. 12:10, 22); τόν κόσμον, opposed to σῴζειν, John 3:17; John 12:47; of the devil it is said ἄρχων τοῦ κόσμου τούτου κέκριται, because the victorious cause of Christ has rendered the supreme wickedness of Satan evident to all, and put an end to his power to dominate and destroy, John 16:11. γ. of Christians as hereafter to sit with Christ at the judgment: τόν κόσμον, 1 Corinthians 6:2; ἀγγέλους, 1 Corinthians 6:3 (cf. ἄγγελος, 2 under the end; yet see Meyer edition Heinrici ad the passages cited).

b. to pronounce judgment; to subject to censure; of those who act the part of judges or arbiters in the matters of common life, or pass judgment on the deeds and words of others: universally, and without case, John 8:16, 26; κατά τί, John 8:15; κατ' ὄψιν, John 7:24; ἐν κρίματι τίνι κρίνειν, Matthew 7:2; τινα, passive (with the nominative of person), Romans 3:7; ἐκ τοῦ στόματος σου κρίνω σε, out of thine own mouth (i. e. from what thou hast just said) will I take the judgment that must be passed on thee, Luke 19:22; τί, 1 Corinthians 10:15; passive, 1 Corinthians 10:29; τό δίκαιον, Luke 12:57; followed by εἰ, whether, Acts 4:19; with the accusative of the substance of the judgment: τί i. e. κρίσιν τινα, 1 Corinthians 4:5; κρίσιν κρίνειν (Plato, rep. 2, p. 360 d.) δικαίαν (cf. Buttmann, § 131, 5), John 7:24 (ἀληθινήν καί δικαίαν, Tobit 3:2; κρίσεις ἀδίκους, Susanna 53); of the disciplinary judgment to which Christians subject the conduct of their fellows, passing censure upon them as the facts require, 1 Corinthians 5:12; of those who judge severely (unfairly), finding fault with this or that in others, Matthew 7:1; Luke 6:37; Romans 2:1; τινα, Romans 2:1, 3; Romans 14:3f, 10, 13; followed by ἐν with the dative of the thing, Colossians 2:16; Romans 14:22; hence equivalent to to condemn: Romans 2:27; James 4:11f.

6. Hebraistically equivalent to to rule, govern; to preside over with the power of giving judicial decisions, because it was the prerogative of kings and rulers to pass judgment: Matthew 19:28; Luke 22:30 (τόν λαόν, 2 Kings 15:5; 1 Macc. 9:73; Josephus, Antiquities 5, 3, 3; οἱ κρίνοντες τήν γῆν, Psalm 2:10; Sap. i. 1; cf. Gesenius, Thesaurus, iii., p. 1463f).

7. Passive and middle to contend together, of warriors and combatants (Homer, Diodorus, others); to dispute (Herodotus 3, 120; Aristophanes nub. 66); in a forensic sense, to go to law, have a suit at law: with the dative of the person with whom (Winer's Grammar, § 31, 1 g.), Matthew 5:40 (Job 9:3; Job 13:19; Euripides, Med. 609); followed by μετά with the genitive of the person with whom one goes to law, and ἐπί; with the genitive of the judge, 1 Corinthians 6: (1), 6. (Compare: ἀνακρίνω, ἀποκρίνω, ἀνταποκρίνω (ἀνταποκρίνομαι), διακρίνω, ἐνκρίνω, ἐπικρίνω, κατακρίνω, συνκρίνω, ὑποκρίνω (ὑποκρίνομαι), συνυποκρίνω (συνυποκρίνομαι).)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
decree, determine, judge

Properly, to distinguish, i.e. Decide (mentally or judicially); by implication, to try, condemn, punish -- avenge, conclude, condemn, damn, decree, determine, esteem, judge, go to (sue at the) law, ordain, call in question, sentence to, think.

Forms and Transliterations
εκριθη εκρίθη ἐκρίθη εκρίθην εκριθησαν εκρίθησαν ἐκρίθησαν εκρινα έκρινα ἔκρινα ἔκρινά έκριναν εκρινας έκρινας ἔκρινας έκρινε έκρινέ εκρινεν έκρινεν ἔκρινεν εκρινομεθα εκρινόμεθα ἐκρινόμεθα έκρινον εκρίνοντο κεκρικα κέκρικα κεκρικατε κεκρίκατέ κεκρικει κεκρίκει κεκρικεν κέκρικεν κεκριμενα κεκριμένα κεκριμένον κεκριται κέκριται κριθηναι κριθήναι κριθῆναι κριθησεσθε κριθήσεσθε κριθήσεται κριθήσομαι κριθησόμενός κριθησονται κριθήσονται κριθητε κριθήτε κριθῆτε κρίθητε κρίθητι κριθήτωσαν κριθώμεν κριθωσι κριθώσι κριθῶσι κριθωσιν κριθῶσιν κρίναι κρῖναι κριναντας κρίναντας κριναντες κρίναντες κριναντος κρίναντος κρινας κρίνας κρινατε κρίνατε κρινάτω κρίνε κρινει κρινεί κρινεῖ κρίνει κρινειν κρινείν κρίνειν κρινεις κρινείς κρίνεις κρινεσθαι κρίνεσθαι κρίνεσθαί κρινεται κρίνεται κρινετε κρίνετε κρινετω κρινέτω κρινη κρίνη κρίνῃ κρίνης κρίνηται κρινομαι κρίνομαι κρινομενοι κρινόμενοι κρινομενος κρινόμενος κρινόμενός κρινομένων κρίνον κρίνόν κρινοντα κρίνοντα κρινοντες κρίνοντες κρινοντι κρίνοντι κρίνοντος κρινουμεν κρινούμεν κρινοῦμεν κρινούσι κρινουσιν κρινούσιν κρινοῦσιν κρινω κρινώ κρινῶ κρίνω κρινωμεν κρίνωμεν κρινων κρίνων κρίνωσι κριοί κριοίς κριόν κριός κριού κριούς κριώ κριών ekrina ékrina ékriná ekrinas ékrinas ekrinen ékrinen ekrinometha ekrinómetha ekrithe ekrithē ekríthe ekríthē ekrithesan ekrithēsan ekríthesan ekríthēsan kekrika kékrika kekrikate kekríkaté kekrikei kekríkei kekriken kékriken kekrimena kekriména kekritai kékritai krinai krînai krinantas krínantas krinantes krínantes krinantos krínantos krinas krínas krinate krínate krine krinē krinei krineî krínei krínēi krinein krínein krineis kríneis krinesthai krínesthai krínesthaí krinetai krínetai krinete krínete krineto krinetō krinéto krinétō krino krinô krinō krinō̂ kríno krínō krinomai krínomai krinomen krinōmen krínomen krínōmen krinomenoi krinómenoi krinomenos krinómenos krinon krinōn krínon krínōn krinonta krínonta krinontes krínontes krinonti krínonti krinoumen krinoûmen krinousin krinoûsin krithenai krithênai krithēnai krithē̂nai krithesesthe krithēsesthe krithḗsesthe krithesontai krithēsontai krithḗsontai krithete krithête krithēte krithē̂te krithosi krithôsi krithōsi krithō̂si krithosin krithôsin krithōsin krithō̂sin
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 5:40 V-ANP
GRK: θέλοντί σοι κριθῆναι καὶ τὸν
NAS: If anyone wants to sue you and take
KJV: sue thee at the law, and take away
INT: would from you sue you and the

Matthew 7:1 V-PMA-2P
GRK: Μὴ κρίνετε ἵνα μὴ
NAS: Do not judge so
KJV: Judge not, that
INT: not do judge that not

Matthew 7:1 V-ASP-2P
GRK: ἵνα μὴ κριθῆτε
NAS: so that you will not be judged.
KJV: ye be not judged.
INT: that not you be judged

Matthew 7:2 V-PIA-2P
GRK: γὰρ κρίματι κρίνετε κριθήσεσθε καὶ
NAS: For in the way you judge, you will be judged;
KJV: judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged:
INT: for judgment you judge you will be judged and

Matthew 7:2 V-FIP-2P
GRK: κρίματι κρίνετε κριθήσεσθε καὶ ἐν
NAS: you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard
KJV: ye judge, ye shall be judged: and
INT: judgment you judge you will be judged and with

Matthew 19:28 V-PPA-NMP
GRK: δώδεκα θρόνους κρίνοντες τὰς δώδεκα
NAS: thrones, judging the twelve
KJV: thrones, judging the twelve
INT: twelve thrones judging the twelve

Luke 6:37 V-PMA-2P
GRK: καὶ μὴ κρίνετε καὶ οὐ
NAS: Do not judge, and you will not be judged;
KJV: Judge not, and
INT: And not judge that no

Luke 6:37 V-ASP-2P
GRK: οὐ μὴ κριθῆτε καὶ μὴ
NAS: Do not judge, and you will not be judged; and do not condemn,
KJV: ye shall not be judged: condemn not,
INT: no not you be judged and not

Luke 7:43 V-AIA-2S
GRK: αὐτῷ Ὀρθῶς ἔκρινας
NAS: And He said to him, You have judged correctly.
KJV: Thou hast rightly judged.
INT: to him Rightly you have judged

Luke 12:57 V-PIA-2P
GRK: ἑαυτῶν οὐ κρίνετε τὸ δίκαιον
NAS: initiative judge what is right?
KJV: yourselves judge ye not
INT: yourselves not judge you what [is] right

Luke 19:22 V-FIA-1S
GRK: στόματός σου κρίνω σε πονηρὲ
NAS: to him, 'By your own words I will judge you, you worthless
KJV: mouth will I judge thee,
INT: mouth of you I will judge you evil

Luke 22:30 V-PPA-NMP
GRK: δώδεκα φυλὰς κρίνοντες τοῦ Ἰσραήλ
NAS: on thrones judging the twelve
KJV: on thrones judging the twelve tribes
INT: twelve tribes judging of Israel

John 3:17 V-PSA-3S
GRK: κόσμον ἵνα κρίνῃ τὸν κόσμον
NAS: into the world to judge the world,
KJV: the world to condemn the world; but
INT: world that he might judge the world

John 3:18 V-PIM/P-3S
GRK: αὐτὸν οὐ κρίνεται ὁ δὲ
NAS: He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe
KJV: not condemned: but
INT: him not is judged he that however

John 3:18 V-RIM/P-3S
GRK: πιστεύων ἤδη κέκριται ὅτι μὴ
NAS: he who does not believe has been judged already,
KJV: not is condemned already,
INT: believes already has been judged because not

John 5:22 V-PIA-3S
GRK: ὁ πατὴρ κρίνει οὐδένα ἀλλὰ
NAS: the Father judges anyone,
KJV: For the Father judgeth no man, but
INT: the Father judges no one but

John 5:30 V-PIA-1S
GRK: καθὼς ἀκούω κρίνω καὶ ἡ
NAS: As I hear, I judge; and My judgment
KJV: as I hear, I judge: and my
INT: even as I hear I judge and the

John 7:24 V-PMA-2P
GRK: μὴ κρίνετε κατ' ὄψιν
NAS: Do not judge according to appearance,
KJV: Judge not according to
INT: not Judge according to appearance

John 7:24 V-PMA-2P
GRK: δικαίαν κρίσιν κρίνετε
NAS: to appearance, but judge with righteous
KJV: but judge righteous
INT: righteous judgment judge

John 7:51 V-PIA-3S
GRK: νόμος ἡμῶν κρίνει τὸν ἄνθρωπον
NAS: Our Law does not judge a man unless
KJV: our law judge [any] man, before
INT: law of us does judge the man

John 8:15 V-PIA-2P
GRK: τὴν σάρκα κρίνετε ἐγὼ οὐ
NAS: You judge according to the flesh;
KJV: Ye judge after the flesh;
INT: the flesh judge I not

John 8:15 V-PIA-1S
GRK: ἐγὼ οὐ κρίνω οὐδένα
NAS: to the flesh; I am not judging anyone.
KJV: the flesh; I judge no man.
INT: I not judge no one

John 8:16 V-PSA-1S
GRK: καὶ ἐὰν κρίνω δὲ ἐγώ
NAS: if I do judge, My judgment
KJV: if I judge, my judgment
INT: And if judge moreover I

John 8:26 V-PNA
GRK: λαλεῖν καὶ κρίνειν ἀλλ' ὁ
NAS: to speak and to judge concerning
KJV: to say and to judge of you:
INT: to say and to judge but the [one]

John 8:50 V-PPA-NMS
GRK: ζητῶν καὶ κρίνων
NAS: there is One who seeks and judges.
KJV: one that seeketh and judgeth.
INT: seeks and judges

Strong's Greek 2919
115 Occurrences

ἔκρινα — 3 Occ.
ἔκρινας — 2 Occ.
ἔκρινεν — 2 Occ.
ἐκρινόμεθα — 1 Occ.
ἐκρίθη — 1 Occ.
ἐκρίθησαν — 2 Occ.
κέκρικα — 2 Occ.
κεκρίκατέ — 1 Occ.
κεκρίκει — 1 Occ.
κέκρικεν — 1 Occ.
κεκριμένα — 1 Occ.
κέκριται — 2 Occ.
κρῖναι — 1 Occ.
κρίναντας — 1 Occ.
κρίναντες — 2 Occ.
κρίναντος — 1 Occ.
κρίνας — 1 Occ.
κρίνατε — 5 Occ.
κρίνῃ — 1 Occ.
κρίνει — 13 Occ.
κρίνειν — 5 Occ.
κρίνεις — 4 Occ.
κρίνεσθαι — 5 Occ.
κρίνεται — 5 Occ.
κρίνετε — 10 Occ.
κρινέτω — 2 Occ.
κρίνω — 8 Occ.
κρίνωμεν — 1 Occ.
κρίνων — 9 Occ.
κρίνομαι — 3 Occ.
κρινόμενοι — 1 Occ.
κρινόμενος — 1 Occ.
κρίνοντα — 2 Occ.
κρίνοντες — 2 Occ.
κρίνοντι — 1 Occ.
κρινοῦμεν — 1 Occ.
κρινοῦσιν — 1 Occ.
κριθῆναι — 3 Occ.
κριθήσεσθε — 1 Occ.
κριθήσονται — 1 Occ.
κριθῆτε — 3 Occ.
κριθῶσι — 1 Occ.
κριθῶσιν — 1 Occ.

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