1 Corinthians 11:29
New International Version
For those who eat and drink without discerning the body of Christ eat and drink judgment on themselves.

New Living Translation
For if you eat the bread or drink the cup without honoring the body of Christ, you are eating and drinking God's judgment upon yourself.

English Standard Version
For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself.

Berean Study Bible
For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body eats and drinks judgment on himself.

Berean Literal Bible
For the one eating and drinking not discerning the body, eats and drinks judgment on himself.

New American Standard Bible
For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself if he does not judge the body rightly.

King James Bible
For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

Christian Standard Bible
For whoever eats and drinks without recognizing the body, eats and drinks judgment on himself.

Contemporary English Version
If you fail to understand that you are the body of the Lord, you will condemn yourselves by the way you eat and drink.

Good News Translation
For if you do not recognize the meaning of the Lord's body when you eat the bread and drink from the cup, you bring judgment on yourself as you eat and drink.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For whoever eats and drinks without recognizing the body, eats and drinks judgment on himself.

International Standard Version
because whoever eats and drinks without recognizing the body, eats and drinks judgment on himself.

NET Bible
For the one who eats and drinks without careful regard for the body eats and drinks judgment against himself.

New Heart English Bible
For he who eats and drinks eats and drinks judgment to himself, if he does not discern the body.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For whoever eats and drinks from it being unworthy, eats and drinks a guilty verdict into his soul for not distinguishing the body of THE LORD JEHOVAH.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Anyone who eats and drinks is eating and drinking a judgment against himself when he doesn't recognize the Lord's body.

New American Standard 1977
For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself, if he does not judge the body rightly.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For he that eats and drinks unworthily, eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

King James 2000 Bible
For he that eats and drinks unworthily, eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

American King James Version
For he that eats and drinks unworthily, eats and drinks damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

American Standard Version
For he that eateth and drinketh, eateth and drinketh judgment unto himself, if he discern not the body.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh judgment to himself, not discerning the body of the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
For [the] eater and drinker eats and drinks judgment to himself, not distinguishing the body.

English Revised Version
For he that eateth and drinketh, eateth and drinketh judgment unto himself, if he discern not the body.

Webster's Bible Translation
For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh condemnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

Weymouth New Testament
For any one who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgement to himself, if he fails to estimate the body aright.

World English Bible
For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy way eats and drinks judgment to himself, if he doesn't discern the Lord's body.

Young's Literal Translation
for he who is eating and drinking unworthily, judgment to himself he doth eat and drink -- not discerning the body of the Lord.
Study Bible
Sharing in the Lord's Supper
28Each one must examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup. 29For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body eats and drinks judgment on himself. 30That is why many among you are weak and sick, and a number of you have fallen asleep.…
Cross References
Luke 7:34
The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and you say, 'Look at this glutton and drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and of sinners!'

1 Corinthians 11:28
Each one must examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup.

1 Corinthians 11:30
That is why many among you are weak and sick, and a number of you have fallen asleep.

Treasury of Scripture

For he that eats and drinks unworthily, eats and drinks damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

damnation.

1 Corinthians 11:30,32-34
For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep…

Romans 13:2
Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.

James 3:1
My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation.

not.

1 Corinthians 11:24,27
And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me…

Ecclesiastes 8:5
Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment.

Hebrews 5:14
But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.







Lexicon
For
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

anyone who
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

eats
ἐσθίων (esthiōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2068: Strengthened for a primary edo; used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by phago; to eat.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

drinks
πίνων (pinōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4095: To drink, imbibe. A prolonged form of pio, which poo occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe.

without
μὴ (mē)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3361: Not, lest. A primary particle of qualified negation; not, lest; also (whereas ou expects an affirmative one) whether.

recognizing
διακρίνων (diakrinōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1252: From dia and krino; to separate thoroughly, i.e. to withdraw from, or oppose; figuratively, to discriminate, or hesitate.

the
τὸ (to)
Article - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

body
σῶμα (sōma)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4983: Body, flesh; the body of the Church. From sozo; the body, used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.

eats
ἐσθίει (esthiei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2068: Strengthened for a primary edo; used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by phago; to eat.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

drinks
πίνει (pinei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4095: To drink, imbibe. A prolonged form of pio, which poo occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses; to imbibe.

judgment
κρίμα (krima)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2917: From krino; a decision ('crime').

on himself.
ἑαυτῷ (heautō)
Reflexive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1438: Himself, herself, itself.
(29) Unworthily.--This word is not in the best Greek MSS.

Damnation to himself.--The Greek word hero does not imply final condemnation. On the contrary, it only means such temporal judgments as the sickness and weakness subsequently mentioned, and which are to save the man from sharing the final damnation of the heathen.

Not discerning the Lord's body.--The words "the Lord's" are to be omitted, the weight of MS. evidence being altogether against their authenticity. 1Corinthians 11:30 is a parenthesis, and 1Corinthians 11:31 re-opens with this same verb. The force of the passage is, "He who eats and drinks without discerning the Body (i.e., the Church) in that assembly, eats and drinks a judgment to himself; for if we would discern ourselves we should not be judged."

There are some important points to be borne in mind regarding this interpretation of the passage. (1) The Greek word, which we render "discerning," "discern," signifies to arrive at a right estimate of the character or quality of a thing. (2) The fault which St. Paul was condemning was the practice which the Corinthians had fallen into of regarding these gatherings as opportunities for individual indulgence, and not as Church assemblies. They did not rightly estimate such gatherings as being corporate meetings; they did not rightly estimate themselves as not now isolated individuals, but members of the common Body. They ought to discern in these meetings of the Church a body; they ought to discern in themselves parts of a body. Not only is this interpretation, I venture to think, the most accurate and literal interpretation of the Greek, but it is the only view which seems to me to make the passage bear intelligibly on the point which St. Paul is considering, and the real evil which he seeks to counteract. (3) To refer these words directly or indirectly to the question of a physical presence in the Lord's Supper, is to divorce them violently from their surroundings, and to make them allude to some evil for which the explicit and practical remedy commended in 1Corinthians 11:33-34 would be no remedy at all. Moreover. if the word "body" means the Lord's physical body, surely the word "Lord's" would have been added, and the words, "and the blood," for the non-recognition of the blood would be just as great an offence. (4) St. Paul never uses the word "body" in reference to our Lord's physical body, without some clear indication that such is meant. (See Romans 7:4; Philippians 3:21; Colossians 1:22.) On the other hand, the use of the word "Body," or "Body of Christ," meaning the Church, is frequent. We have had it but a few verses before, in reference to this very subject (1Corinthians 10:16). It is also to be found in Romans 12:5; Ephesians 1:22; Ephesians 5:23; Ephesians 5:30. (In this last passage, "of His flesh and of His bones," are not in the best MSS., and destroy the real force of the "Body," which means "Church.")

Verse 29. - Unworthily. The word is not genuine here, being repeated from ver. 27; it is omitted by א, A, B, C. Eateth and drinketh damnation to himself; rather, eateth and drinketh judgment to himself There is reason to believe that the word "damnation" once had a much milder meaning in English than that which it now popularly bears. In King James's time it probably did not of necessity mean more than "an unfavourable verdict." Otherwise this would be the most unfortunate mistranslation in the whole Bible. It has probably kept thousands, as it kept Goethe, from Holy Communion. We see from ver. 32 that this "judgment" had a purely merciful and disciplinary character. Not discerning; rather, if he discern not, the Lord's body, Any one who approach? the Lord's Supper in a spirit of levity or defiance, not discriminating between it and common food, draws on himself, by so eating and drinking, a judgment which is defined in the next verse. 11:23-34 The apostle describes the sacred ordinance, of which he had the knowledge by revelation from Christ. As to the visible signs, these are the bread and wine. What is eaten is called bread, though at the same time it is said to be the body of the Lord, plainly showing that the apostle did not mean that the bread was changed into flesh. St. Matthew tells us, our Lord bid them all drink of the cup, ch. Mt 26:27, as if he would, by this expression, provide against any believer being deprived of the cup. The things signified by these outward signs, are Christ's body and blood, his body broken, his blood shed, together with all the benefits which flow from his death and sacrifice. Our Saviour's actions were, taking the bread and cup, giving thanks, breaking the bread, and giving both the one and the other. The actions of the communicants were, to take the bread and eat, to take the cup and drink, and to do both in remembrance of Christ. But the outward acts are not the whole, or the principal part, of what is to be done at this holy ordinance. Those who partake of it, are to take him as their Lord and Life, yield themselves up to him, and live upon him. Here is an account of the ends of this ordinance. It is to be done in remembrance of Christ, to keep fresh in our minds his dying for us, as well as to remember Christ pleading for us, in virtue of his death, at God's right hand. It is not merely in remembrance of Christ, of what he has done and suffered; but to celebrate his grace in our redemption. We declare his death to be our life, the spring of all our comforts and hopes. And we glory in such a declaration; we show forth his death, and plead it as our accepted sacrifice and ransom. The Lord's supper is not an ordinance to be observed merely for a time, but to be continued. The apostle lays before the Corinthians the danger of receiving it with an unsuitable temper of mind; or keeping up the covenant with sin and death, while professing to renew and confirm the covenant with God. No doubt such incur great guilt, and so render themselves liable to spiritual judgements. But fearful believers should not be discouraged from attending at this holy ordinance. The Holy Spirit never caused this scripture to be written to deter serious Christians from their duty, though the devil has often made this use of it. The apostle was addressing Christians, and warning them to beware of the temporal judgements with which God chastised his offending servants. And in the midst of judgement, God remembers mercy: he many times punishes those whom he loves. It is better to bear trouble in this world, than to be miserable for ever. The apostle points our the duty of those who come to the Lord's table. Self-examination is necessary to right attendance at this holy ordinance. If we would thoroughly search ourselves, to condemn and set right what we find wrong, we should stop Divine judgements. The apostle closes all with a caution against the irregularities of which the Corinthians were guilty at the Lord's table. Let all look to it, that they do not come together to God's worship, so as to provoke him, and bring down vengeance on themselves.
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Alphabetical: and anyone body does drinks eats For he himself if judge judgment Lord not of on recognizing rightly the to who without

NT Letters: 1 Corinthians 11:29 For he who eats and drinks (1 Cor. 1C iC 1Cor i cor icor) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
1 Corinthians 11:28
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