Ecclesiastes 8:5
New International Version
Whoever obeys his command will come to no harm, and the wise heart will know the proper time and procedure.

New Living Translation
Those who obey him will not be punished. Those who are wise will find a time and a way to do what is right,

English Standard Version
Whoever keeps a command will know no evil thing, and the wise heart will know the proper time and the just way.

Berean Study Bible
Whoever keeps his command will come to no harm, and a wise heart knows the right time and procedure.

New American Standard Bible
He who keeps a royal command experiences no trouble, for a wise heart knows the proper time and procedure.

King James Bible
Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment.

Christian Standard Bible
The one who keeps a command will not experience anything harmful, and a wise heart knows the right time and procedure.

Contemporary English Version
If you obey the king, you will stay out of trouble. So be wise and learn what to do and when to do it.

Good News Translation
As long as you obey his commands, you are safe, and a wise person knows how and when to do it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The one who keeps a command will not experience anything harmful, and a wise heart knows the right time and procedure.

International Standard Version
Whoever obeys his commands will not experience harm, and the wise in heart will discern both the appropriate time and response.

NET Bible
Whoever obeys his command will not experience harm, and a wise person knows the proper time and procedure.

New Heart English Bible
Whoever keeps the commandment shall not come to harm, and his wise heart will know the time and procedure.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Whoever obeys his commands will avoid trouble. The mind of a wise person will know the right time and the right way [to act].

JPS Tanakh 1917
Whoso keepeth the commandment shall know no evil thing; And a wise man's heart discerneth time and judgment.

New American Standard 1977
He who keeps a royal command experiences no trouble, for a wise heart knows the proper time and procedure.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Whosoever keeps the commandment shall experience no evil thing, and a wise man's heart discerns both time and judgment.

King James 2000 Bible
Whosoever keeps the commandment shall experience no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerns both time and judgment.

American King James Version
Whoever keeps the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerns both time and judgment.

American Standard Version
Whoso keepeth the commandment shall know no evil thing; and a wise man's heart discerneth time and judgment:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He that keeps the commandment shall not know an evil thing: and the heart of the wise knows the time of judgment.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that keepeth the commandments shall find no evil. The heart of a wise man understandeth time and answer.

Darby Bible Translation
Whoso keepeth the commandment shall know no evil thing; and a wise man's heart knoweth time and manner.

English Revised Version
Whoso keepeth the commandment shall know no evil thing; and a wise man's heart discerneth time and judgment:

Webster's Bible Translation
He who keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerneth both time and judgment.

World English Bible
Whoever keeps the commandment shall not come to harm, and his wise heart will know the time and procedure.

Young's Literal Translation
Whoso is keeping a command knoweth no evil thing, and time and judgment the heart of the wise knoweth.
Study Bible
Obey the King
4For the king’s word is supreme, and who can say to him, “What are you doing?” 5Whoever keeps his command will come to no harm, and a wise heart knows the right time and procedure. 6For there is a right time and procedure to every purpose, though a man’s misery weighs heavily upon him.…
Cross References
Proverbs 12:21
No harm befalls the righteous, but the wicked are filled with trouble.

Ecclesiastes 12:13
When all has been heard, the conclusion of the matter is this: Fear God and keep His commandments, because this is the whole duty of man.

Treasury of Scripture

Whoever keeps the commandment shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart discerns both time and judgment.

keepeth

Ecclesiastes 5:2
Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and thou upon earth: therefore let thy words be few.

Exodus 1:17,20,21
But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive…

Psalm 119:6
Then shall I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all thy commandments.

feel

Ecclesiastes 2:14
The wise man's eyes are in his head; but the fool walketh in darkness: and I myself perceived also that one event happeneth to them all.

Ecclesiastes 10:2
A wise man's heart is at his right hand; but a fool's heart at his left.

1 Chronicles 12:32
And of the children of Issachar, which were men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their commandment.







Lexicon
Whoever keeps
שׁוֹמֵ֣ר (šō·w·mêr)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8104: To hedge about, guard, to protect, attend to

his command
מִצְוָ֔ה (miṣ·wāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4687: Commandment

will come to
יֵדַ֖ע (yê·ḏa‘)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

no
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

harm,
רָ֑ע (rā‘)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

and a wise
חָכָֽם׃ (ḥā·ḵām)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2450: Wise

heart
לֵ֥ב (lêḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

knows
יֵדַ֖ע (yê·ḏa‘)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

the right time
וְעֵ֣ת (wə·‘êṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6256: Time, now, when

and procedure.
וּמִשְׁפָּ֔ט (ū·miš·pāṭ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style
Verse 5. - Whoso keepeth the commandment shall feel no evil thing. This is an encouragement to obedience to royal authority (comp. Proverbs 24:21, 22; Romans 13:3). The context plainly shows that it is not God's commandment that is spoken of (though, of course, the maxim would be very true in this case), but the king's. Nor is it necessarily a servile and unreasoning obedience that is enjoined. Koheleth is dealing with generals. Such cases as that of Daniel and the three children, where obedience would have been sinful, are not here taken into consideration. "Shall feel," literally, "shall know," i.e. experience no physical evil. Quiet submission to the powers that be guarantees a peaceful and happy life. Ginsburg and others translate, "knoweth not an evil word," i.e. is saved from abuse and reproach, which seems somewhat meager, though the Septuagint gives, Οὐ γνώσεται ῤῆμα πονηρόν. The Vulgate is better, Non experietur quidquam malt. And a wise man's heart discerneth (knoweth) both time and judgment. The verb is the same in both clauses, and ought to have been so translated. The "heart" includes the moral as well as the intellectual faculties; and the maxim says that the wise man bears oppression and remains unexcited even in evil days, because he is convinced that there is a time of judgment coming when all will be righted (Ecclesiastes 12:14). The certainty of retributive justice is so strong in his mind that he does not resort to rebellion in order to rectify matters, but possesses his soul in patience, leaving the correction of abuses in God's hands. Septuagint, "The wise man's heart knoweth the time of judgment," making a hendiadys of the two terms. The Vulgate has tempus et responsionem, "time and answer." 8:1-5 None of the rich, the powerful, the honourable, or the accomplished of the sons of men, are so excellent, useful, or happy, as the wise man. Who else can interpret the words of God, or teach aright from his truths and dispensations? What madness must it be for weak and dependent creatures to rebel against the Almighty! What numbers form wrong judgments, and bring misery on themselves, in this life and that to come!
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