Ecclesiastes 5:17
New International Version
All their days they eat in darkness, with great frustration, affliction and anger.

New Living Translation
Throughout their lives, they live under a cloud--frustrated, discouraged, and angry.

English Standard Version
Moreover, all his days he eats in darkness in much vexation and sickness and anger.

Berean Study Bible
Moreover, all his days he eats in darkness, with much sorrow, sickness, and anger.

New American Standard Bible
Throughout his life he also eats in darkness with great vexation, sickness and anger.

King James Bible
All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he hath much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

Christian Standard Bible
What is more, he eats in darkness all his days, with much frustration, sickness, and anger.

Contemporary English Version
Besides all this, they are always gloomy at mealtime, and they are troubled, sick, and bitter.

Good News Translation
We get to live our lives in darkness and grief, worried, angry, and sick.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
What is more, he eats in darkness all his days, with much sorrow, sickness, and anger.

International Standard Version
Furthermore, all his days he lives in darkness with great sorrow, anger, and affliction.

NET Bible
Surely, he ate in darkness every day of his life, and he suffered greatly with sickness and anger.

New Heart English Bible
All his days are in darkness and mourning, he is frustrated, and has sickness and wrath.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They spend their entire lives in darkness, in constant frustration, sickness, and resentment.

JPS Tanakh 1917
All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he hath much vexation and sickness and wrath.

New American Standard 1977
Throughout his life he also eats in darkness with great vexation, sickness and anger.

Jubilee Bible 2000
In addition to this, all the days of his life he shall eat in darkness, with much wrath and pain and sorrow sickness.

King James 2000 Bible
All his days also he eats in darkness, and he has much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

American King James Version
All his days also he eats in darkness, and he has much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

American Standard Version
All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he is sore vexed, and hath sickness and wrath.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Yea, all his days are in darkness, and in mourning, and much sorrow, and infirmity, and wrath.

Douay-Rheims Bible
All the days of his life he eateth in darkness, and in many cares, and in misery, and sorrow.

Darby Bible Translation
All his days also he eateth in darkness, and hath much vexation, and sickness, and irritation.

English Revised Version
All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he is sore vexed and hath sickness and wrath.

Webster's Bible Translation
All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he hath much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

World English Bible
All his days he also eats in darkness, he is frustrated, and has sickness and wrath.

Young's Literal Translation
Also all his days in darkness he consumeth, and sadness, and wrath, and sickness abound.
Study Bible
The Futility of Wealth
16This too is a grievous evil: Exactly as a man is born, so he will depart. What does he gain as he toils for the wind? 17Moreover, all his days he eats in darkness, with much sorrow, sickness, and anger. 18Here is what I have seen to be good and fitting: to eat and drink, and to find satisfaction in all the labor one does under the sun during the few days of life that God has given him—for this is his lot.…
Cross References
Psalm 39:6
Surely every man goes about like a phantom; surely he bustles in vain; he heaps up riches not knowing who will haul them away.

Psalm 127:2
In vain you rise early and stay up late, toiling for bread to eat--for He gives sleep to His beloved.

Ecclesiastes 2:23
Indeed, all his days are filled with grief, and his task is sorrowful; even at night, his mind does not rest. This too is futile.

Treasury of Scripture

All his days also he eats in darkness, and he has much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

he eateth

Genesis 3:17
And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;

1 Kings 17:12
And she said, As the LORD thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse: and, behold, I am gathering two sticks, that I may go in and dress it for me and my son, that we may eat it, and die.

Job 21:25
And another dieth in the bitterness of his soul, and never eateth with pleasure.

much

2 Kings 1:2,6
And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick: and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, inquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron whether I shall recover of this disease…

2 Kings 5:27
The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto thee, and unto thy seed for ever. And he went out from his presence a leper as white as snow.

2 Chronicles 16:10-12
Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in a prison house; for he was in a rage with him because of this thing. And Asa oppressed some of the people the same time…







Lexicon
Moreover,
גַּ֥ם (gam)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

his days
יָמָ֖יו (yā·māw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

he eats
יֹאכֵ֑ל (yō·ḵêl)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

in darkness,
בַּחֹ֣שֶׁךְ (ba·ḥō·šeḵ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2822: The dark, darkness, misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness

with much
הַרְבֵּ֖ה (har·bêh)
Verb - Hifil - Infinitive absolute
Strong's Hebrew 7235: To be or become much, many or great

sorrow,
וְכָעַ֥ס (wə·ḵā·‘as)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3708: Vexation, anger

sickness,
וְחָלְי֥וֹ (wə·ḥā·lə·yōw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2483: Malady, anxiety, calamity

and anger.
וָקָֽצֶף׃ (wā·qā·ṣep̄)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7110: A splinter, rage, strife
(17) We pass without notice some variations of translation in this verse, which do not materially affect the sense.

Verse 17. - The misery that accompanies the rich man's whole life is summed up here, where one has to think chiefly of his distress after his loss of fortune. All his days also he eateth in darkness; i.e. passes his life in gloom and cheerlessness. כָּל־יָמָיו, "all his days," is the accusative of time, not the object of the verb. To eat in darkness is not a common metaphor for spending a gloomy life, but it is a very natural one, and has analogies in this book (e.g., Ecclesiastes 2:24; Ecclesiastes 3:13, etc.), and in such phrases as to "sit in darkness" (Micah 7:8), and to "walk in darkness" (Isaiah 1:10). The Septuagint, reading differently, translates, Καί γε πᾶσαι αἱ ἡμέραι αὐτοῦ ἐν σκότει ἐν πένθει, "Yea, and all his days are in darkness and in mourning." But the other versions reject this alteration, and few modern commentators adopt it. And he hath much sorrow and wrath with his sickness; literally, and much vexation, and sickness, and wrath; Revised Version, he is sore vexed, and hath sickness and wrath. Delitzsch takes the last words as an exclamation, "And oh for his sorrow and hatred!" The man experiences all kinds of vexation when his plans fail or involve him in trouble and privation; or he is morbid and diseased in mind and body; or he is angry and envious when others succeed better than himself. The sentiment is expressed by St. Paul (1 Timothy 6:9), "They that desire (βουλόμενοι) to be rich fall into a temptation and a snare, and many foolish and hurtful lusts, such as drown men (βυθίουσι τοὺς ἀνθρώπους) in destruction and perdition." "For," he proceeds, "the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil, which some reaching after have been led astray from the faith, and have pierced themselves through (ἑαυτοὺς περιέπειραν) with many sorrows." The Septuagint continues its version, "And in much passion (θυμῷ) and in infirmity and wrath." The anger may be directed against himself, as he thinks of his folly in taking all this trouble for nothing. 5:9-17 The goodness of Providence is more equally distributed than appears to a careless observer. The king needs the common things of life, and the poor share them; they relish their morsel better than he does his luxuries. There are bodily desires which silver itself will not satisfy, much less will worldly abundance satisfy spiritual desires. The more men have, the better house they must keep, the more servants they must employ, the more guests they must entertain, and the more they will have hanging on them. The sleep of the labourer is sweet, not only because he is tired, but because he has little care to break his sleep. The sleep of the diligent Christian, and his long sleep, are sweet; having spent himself and his time in the service of God, he can cheerfully repose in God as his Rest. But those who have every thing else, often fail to secure a good night's sleep; their abundance breaks their rest. Riches do hurt, and draw away the heart from God and duty. Men do hurt with their riches, not only gratifying their own lusts, but oppressing others, and dealing hardly with them. They will see that they have laboured for the wind, when, at death, they find the profit of their labour is all gone like the wind, they know not whither. How ill the covetous worldling bears the calamities of human life! He does not sorrow to repentance, but is angry at the providence of God, angry at all about him; which doubles his affliction.
Jump to Previous
Abound Affliction Anger Consumeth Dark Darkness Disease Eateth Eats Frustrated Frustration Great Grief Irritation Life Pain Resentment Sadness Sickness Sore Sorrow Spent Throughout Trouble Vexation Vexed Wrath
Jump to Next
Abound Affliction Anger Consumeth Dark Darkness Disease Eateth Eats Frustrated Frustration Great Grief Irritation Life Pain Resentment Sadness Sickness Sore Sorrow Spent Throughout Trouble Vexation Vexed Wrath
Links
Ecclesiastes 5:17 NIV
Ecclesiastes 5:17 NLT
Ecclesiastes 5:17 ESV
Ecclesiastes 5:17 NASB
Ecclesiastes 5:17 KJV

Ecclesiastes 5:17 Bible Apps
Ecclesiastes 5:17 Biblia Paralela
Ecclesiastes 5:17 Chinese Bible
Ecclesiastes 5:17 French Bible
Ecclesiastes 5:17 German Bible

Alphabetical: affliction All also and anger darkness days eats frustration great he his in life sickness Throughout vexation with

OT Poetry: Ecclesiastes 5:17 All his days he also eats (Ecclesiast. Ec Ecc Eccles.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Ecclesiastes 5:16
Top of Page
Top of Page