Proverbs 18:14
New International Version
The human spirit can endure in sickness, but a crushed spirit who can bear?

New Living Translation
The human spirit can endure a sick body, but who can bear a crushed spirit?

English Standard Version
A man’s spirit will endure sickness, but a crushed spirit who can bear?

Berean Study Bible
The spirit of a man can endure his sickness, but who can survive a broken spirit?

King James Bible
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

New King James Version
The spirit of a man will sustain him in sickness, But who can bear a broken spirit?

New American Standard Bible
The spirit of a person can endure his sickness, But as for a broken spirit, who can endure it?

NASB 1995
The spirit of a man can endure his sickness, But as for a broken spirit who can bear it?

NASB 1977
The spirit of a man can endure his sickness, But a broken spirit who can bear?

Amplified Bible
The spirit of a man sustains him in sickness, But as for a broken spirit, who can bear it?

Christian Standard Bible
A person’s spirit can endure sickness, but who can survive a broken spirit?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A man’s spirit can endure sickness, but who can survive a broken spirit?

American Standard Version
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; But a broken spirit who can bear?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The spirit of a man endures his suffering, but who will endure a suffering spirit?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
A wise servant calms a man's anger; but who can endure a faint-hearted man?

Contemporary English Version
Being cheerful helps when you are sick, but nothing helps when you give up.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The spirit of a man upholdeth his infirmity: but a spirit that is easily angered, who can bear?

English Revised Version
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a broken spirit who can bear?

Good News Translation
Your will to live can sustain you when you are sick, but if you lose it, your last hope is gone.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A person's spirit can endure sickness, but who can bear a broken spirit?

International Standard Version
A man's spirit can sustain him during his illness, but who can bear a crushed spirit?

JPS Tanakh 1917
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; But a broken spirit who can bear?

Literal Standard Version
The spirit of a man sustains his sickness, And who bears a struck spirit?

NET Bible
A person's spirit sustains him through sickness--but who can bear a crushed spirit?

New Heart English Bible
A man's spirit will sustain him in sickness, but a crushed spirit, who can bear?

World English Bible
A man's spirit will sustain him in sickness, but a crushed spirit, who can bear?

Young's Literal Translation
The spirit of a man sustaineth his sickness, And a smitten spirit who doth bear?

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Selfishness of the Unfriendly
13He who answers a matter before he hears it—this is folly and disgrace to him. 14The spirit of a man can endure his sickness, but who can survive a broken spirit? 15The heart of the discerning acquires knowledge, and the ear of the wise seeks it out.…

Cross References
Psalm 109:22
For I am poor and needy; my heart is wounded within me.

Proverbs 15:13
A joyful heart makes a cheerful countenance, but sorrow of the heart crushes the spirit.

Proverbs 17:22
A joyful heart is good medicine, but a broken spirit dries up the bones.


Treasury of Scripture

The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

spirit

Job 1:20,21
Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped, …

Job 2:7-10
So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown…

Psalm 147:3
He healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds.

but

Proverbs 17:22
A merry heart doeth good like a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones.

Job 6:4
For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit: the terrors of God do set themselves in array against me.

Job 7:14,15
Then thou scarest me with dreams, and terrifiest me through visions: …









(14) The spirit of a man.--That is, one properly so called, who draws his strength from God, will "sustain his infirmity," help him to bear up against trouble; "but a wounded spirit" (not one crushed with the sense of sin, for that God will lift up, Isaiah 66:2; Psalm 51:17), which retires into itself and nurses its griefs, "who can bear" the wear of it?

Verse 14. - The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity. That high property or faculty of man called "spirit" enables the body to bear up against trouble and sickness (comp. Proverbs 17:22). The influence of the mind over the body, in a general sense, is here expressed. But taking "spirit" in the highest sense, in the trichotomy of human nature, we see an intimation that the grace of God, the supernatural infusion of his presence, is that which strengthens the man and makes him able to endure with patience. But a wounded (broken) spirit who can bear? The body can, as it were, fall back upon the support of the spirit, when it is distressed and weakened; but when the spirit itself is broken, grieved, wearied, debilitated, it has no resource, no higher faculty to which it can appeal, and it must succumb beneath the pressure. Here is a lesson, too, concerning the treatment of others. We should be more careful not to wound a brother's spirit than we are to refrain from doing a bodily injury; the latter may be healed by medical applications; the former is more severe in its effects, and is often irremediable. In the first clause, רוַּח "spirit," is masculine, in the second it is feminine, intimating by the change of gender that in the former case it is a manly property, virile moral quality, in the latter it has become weakened and depressed through affliction. Septuagint, "A prudent servant soothes a man's wrath; but a man of faint heart (ὀλιγόψυχον) who will endure?" The LXX. take "spirit" in the sense of anger, and "infirmity" as standing for a servant, though whore they find "prudent" is difficult to say. Vulgate, Spiritum vero ad irascendum facilem, quis poterit sustinere? The Latin interpreter takes one form of weakness of spirit, viz. irascibility, as his interpretation of נכאה, "wounded." St. Gregory ('Moral.,' 5:78) has yet another version, "Who can dwell with a man whose spirit is ready to wrath?" adding, "For he that does not regulate his feelings by the reason that is proper to man, must needs live alone like a beast."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
The spirit
רֽוּחַ־ (rū·aḥ-)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit

of a man
אִ֭ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

can endure
יְכַלְכֵּ֣ל (yə·ḵal·kêl)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3557: To keep in, to measure, to maintain

his sickness,
מַחֲלֵ֑הוּ (ma·ḥă·lê·hū)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 4245: Sickness, disease

but who
מִ֣י (mî)
Interrogative
Strong's 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

can survive
יִשָּׂאֶֽנָּה׃ (yiś·śā·’en·nāh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 5375: To lift, carry, take

a broken
נְ֝כֵאָ֗ה (nə·ḵê·’āh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's 5218: Smitten, afflicted

spirit?
וְר֥וּחַ (wə·rū·aḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common singular
Strong's 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit


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OT Poetry: Proverbs 18:14 A man's spirit will sustain him (Prov. Pro Pr)
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