Proverbs 20:27
New International Version
The human spirit is the lamp of the LORD that sheds light on one's inmost being.

New Living Translation
The LORD's light penetrates the human spirit, exposing every hidden motive.

English Standard Version
The spirit of man is the lamp of the LORD, searching all his innermost parts.

Berean Study Bible
The spirit of a man is the lamp of the LORD, searching out his inmost being.

New American Standard Bible
The spirit of man is the lamp of the LORD, Searching all the innermost parts of his being.

King James Bible
The spirit of man is the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.

Christian Standard Bible
The LORD's lamp sheds light on a person's life, searching the innermost parts.

Contemporary English Version
Our inner thoughts are a lamp from the LORD, and they search our hearts.

Good News Translation
The LORD gave us mind and conscience; we cannot hide from ourselves.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD's lamp sheds light on a person's life, searching the innermost parts.

International Standard Version
A person's spirit is the lamp of the LORD; it searches throughout one's innermost being.

NET Bible
The human spirit is like the lamp of the LORD, searching all his innermost parts.

New Heart English Bible
The spirit of man is the LORD's lamp, searching all his innermost parts.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The soul of the children of men is the lamp of Lord Jehovah, and it searches all the inner rooms of the belly.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A person's soul is the LORD's lamp. It searches his entire innermost being.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The spirit of man is the lamp of the LORD, Searching all the inward parts.

New American Standard 1977
The spirit of man is the lamp of the LORD, Searching all the innermost parts of his being.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The spirit of man is the fire of the LORD, which searches the secrets of the inward parts.

King James 2000 Bible
The spirit of man is the lamp of the LORD, searching all the inner depths of the heart.

American King James Version
The spirit of man is the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.

American Standard Version
The spirit of man is the lamp of Jehovah, Searching all his innermost parts.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The spirit of a man is the lamp of the Lord, which searcheth all the hidden things of the bowels.

Darby Bible Translation
Man's spirit is the lamp of Jehovah, searching all the inner parts of the belly.

English Revised Version
The spirit of man is the lamp of the LORD, searching all the innermost parts of the belly.

Webster's Bible Translation
The spirit of man is the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.

World English Bible
The spirit of man is Yahweh's lamp, searching all his innermost parts.

Young's Literal Translation
The breath of man is a lamp of Jehovah, Searching all the inner parts of the heart.






Lexicon
The spirit
נִשְׁמַ֣ת (niš·maṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5397: A puff, wind, angry, vital breath, divine inspiration, intellect, an animal

of a man
אָדָ֑ם (’ā·ḏām)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 120: Ruddy, a human being

[is] the lamp
נֵ֣ר (nêr)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5216: A lamp, light

of the LORD,
יְ֭הוָה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

searching out
חֹ֝פֵ֗שׂ (ḥō·p̄êś)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2664: To seek, to conceal oneself, mask

his inmost being.
חַדְרֵי־ (ḥaḏ·rê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 2315: A chamber, room
(27) The spirit of man is the candle of the Lord.--The spirit of man, breathed into him at first by the Creator (Genesis 2:7), and afterwards quickened and illumined by the Divine Spirit, is the "candle of the Lord," given to man as an inward light and guide.

Searching all the inward parts of the belly.--That is, of the inmost heart of man; testing all his thoughts, feelings, desires, by God's law, approving some, condemning others, according as they agree with it or not. The word "belly" is equivalent to "heart" or "soul" in Job 15:2; Job 15:15; Job 32:19. (Comp. John 7:38.)

Verse 27. - The spirit of men is the candle (lamp) of the Lord. Neshamah, "spirit," or "breath," is the principle of life breathed into man by God himself (Genesis 2:7), distinguishing man from brutes - the conscious human soul. We may consider it as equivalent to what we Christians call conscience, with its twofold character of receiving light and illumination from God, and sitting as judge and arbiter of actions. It is named "the Lord's lamp," because this moral sense is a direct gift of God, and enables a man to see his real condition. Our Lord (Matthew 6:23) speaks of the light that is in man, and gives a solemn warning against the danger of letting it be darkened by neglect and sin; and St. Paul (1 Corinthians 2:11) argues, "Who among men knoweth the things of a man save the spirit of the man, which is in him?" As Elihu says (Job 32:8), "There is a spirit in man, and the breath of the Almighty giveth them understanding." And Aristotle speaks of practical wisdom (φρόνησις) combined with virtue as "the eye of the soul (ὄμμα τῆς ψυχῆς)." Searching all the inward parts of the belly; i.e. the very depths of the soul, probing thoughts, desires, affections, will, and approving or reproving, according as they are in conformity with or opposition to God's Law. We must remember that Eastern houses, before the introduction of glass, had very scanty openings to admit light, and lamps were necessary if for any purpose the interior had to be thoroughly illuminated. Hence the metaphor used above would strike an Oriental more forcibly than it strikes us. Septuagint, "The breath (πνοὴ, as Proverbs 11:13) of man is a light of the Lord, who searches the chambers of the belly." St. Gregory ('Moral.,' 12:64), "We ought to bear in mind that in holy Writ by the title of the 'belly,' or the 'womb,' the mind is used to be understood. For the light of grace, which comes from above, affords a 'breathway' to man unto life, which same light is said to 'search all the inward parts of the belly,' in that it penetrates all the secrets of the heart, that the things which were hidden in the soul touching itself it may bring back before the eyes thereof" (Oxford transl.). 20:23. A bargain made by fraud will prove a losing bargain in the end. 24. How can we form plans, and conduct business, independently of the Lord? 25. The evasions men often use with their own consciences show how false and deceitful man is. 26. Justice should crush the wicked, and separate them from the virtuous. 27. The rational soul and conscience are as a lamp within us, which should be used in examining our dispositions and motives with the revealed will of God. 28. Mercy and truth are the glories of God's throne. 29. Both young and old have their advantages; and let neither despise or envy the other.
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