Proverbs 20:20
New International Version
If someone curses their father or mother, their lamp will be snuffed out in pitch darkness.

New Living Translation
If you insult your father or mother, your light will be snuffed out in total darkness.

English Standard Version
If one curses his father or his mother, his lamp will be put out in utter darkness.

Berean Study Bible
Whoever curses his father or mother, his lamp will be extinguished in deepest darkness.

New American Standard Bible
He who curses his father or his mother, His lamp will go out in time of darkness.

King James Bible
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

Christian Standard Bible
Whoever curses his father or mother-- his lamp will go out in deep darkness.

Contemporary English Version
Children who curse their parents will go to the land of darkness long before their time.

Good News Translation
If you curse your parents, your life will end like a lamp that goes out in the dark.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Whoever curses his father or mother-- his lamp will go out in deep darkness.

International Standard Version
Whoever curses his father or mother, his lamp will be extinguished in the deepest darkness.

NET Bible
The one who curses his father and his mother, his lamp will be extinguished in the blackest darkness.

New Heart English Bible
Whoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in blackness of darkness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He that curses his father and his mother will extinguish his lamp as dark pupils.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The lamp of the person who curses his father and mother will be snuffed out in total darkness.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, His lamp shall be put out in the blackest darkness.

New American Standard 1977
He who curses his father or his mother, His lamp will go out in time of darkness.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Whosoever curses his father or his mother, his fire shall be put out in obscure darkness.

King James 2000 Bible
Whosoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in utter darkness.

American King James Version
Whoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

American Standard Version
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, His lamp shall be put out in blackness of darkness.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The lamp of him that reviles father or mother shall be put out, and his eyeballs shall see darkness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that curseth his father, and mother, his lamp shall be put out in the midst of darkness.

Darby Bible Translation
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in the blackest darkness.

English Revised Version
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in the blackest darkness.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whoever curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

World English Bible
Whoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in blackness of darkness.

Young's Literal Translation
Whoso is vilifying his father and his mother, Extinguished is his lamp in blackness of darkness.
Study Bible
Wine is a Mocker
19He who reveals secrets is a constant gossip; avoid the one who babbles with his lips. 20Whoever curses his father or mother, his lamp will be extinguished in deepest darkness. 21An inheritance gained quickly will not be blessed in the end.…
Cross References
Matthew 15:4
For God said: 'Honor your father and mother' and 'Anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.'

Exodus 21:17
Anyone who curses his father or mother must surely be put to death.

Leviticus 20:9
If anyone curses his father or mother, he must be put to death. He has cursed his father or mother; his blood shall be upon him.

Job 18:5
Indeed, the lamp of the wicked is extinguished; the flame of his fire does not glow.

Proverbs 13:9
The light of the righteous shines brightly, but the lamp of the wicked is extinguished.

Proverbs 20:21
An inheritance gained quickly will not be blessed in the end.

Proverbs 24:20
For the evil man has no future; the lamp of the wicked will be extinguished.

Proverbs 30:11
There is a generation of those who curse their fathers and do not bless their mothers.

Treasury of Scripture

Whoever curses his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

curseth

Proverbs 30:11,17
There is a generation that curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother…

Exodus 20:12
Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

Exodus 21:17
And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

lamp or candle

Proverbs 20:27
The spirit of man is the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.







Lexicon
Whoever curses
מְ֭קַלֵּל (mə·qal·lêl)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7043: To be slight, swift or trifling

his father
אָבִ֣יו (’ā·ḇîw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1: Father

or mother,
וְאִמּ֑וֹ (wə·’im·mōw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 517: A mother, )

his lamp
נֵ֝ר֗וֹ (nê·rōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5216: A lamp, light

will be extinguished
יִֽדְעַ֥ךְ (yiḏ·‘aḵ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1846: To be extinguished, to expire, be dried up

in deepest
בֶּאֱשׁ֥וּן (be·’ĕ·šūn)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 380: The little man of the eye, the pupil, ball, the middle

darkness.
חֹֽשֶׁךְ׃ (ḥō·šeḵ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2822: The dark, darkness, misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness
(20) His lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.--See above, on Proverbs 13:9.

Verse 20. - This is an enforcement of the fifth commandment, by denouncing the punishment which the moral government of God shall exact from the unnatural child. The legal penalty may be seen (Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9); but this was probably seldom or never carried into execution (comp. Matthew 15:4; Mark 7:10). His lamp shall be put out in obscure (the blackest) darkness (comp. Proverbs 13:9). The expression is peculiar; it is literally, according to the Khetib, In the apple of the eye of darkness, as in Proverbs 7:9; i.e. in the very centre of darkness; he will find himself surrounded on all sides by midnight darkness, without escape, with no hope of Divine protection. "Lamp" is a metaphor applied to the bodily and the spiritual life, to happiness and prosperity, to a man's fame and reputation, to a man's posterity; and all these senses may be involved in the denunciation of the disobedient and stubborn child. He shall suffer in body and soul, in character, in fortune, in his children. His fate is the exact counterpart of the blessing promised in the Law. Septuagint, "The lamp of him that revileth father and mother shall be extinguished, and the pupils of his eyes shall behold darkness." Talmud, "Whosoever abandons his parents means his body to become the prey of scorpions." Cato, 'Dist.,' 3:23 -

"Dilige non aegra caros pietate parentes;
Nec matrem offendas, dum vis bonus esse parenti."
One of the evil generations denounced by Agur (Proverbs 30:11) is that which curseth parents. 20:7. A good man is not liable to uneasiness in contriving what he shall do, or in reflecting on what he has done, as those who walk in deceit. And his family fare better for his sake. 8. If great men are good men, they may do much good, and prevent very much evil. 9. Some can say, Through grace, we are cleaner than we have been; but it was the work of the Holy Spirit. 10. See the various deceits men use, of which the love of money is the root. The Lord will not bless what is thus gotten. 11. Parents should observe their children, that they may manage them accordingly. 12. All our powers and faculties are from God, and are to be employed for him. 13. Those that indulge themselves, may expect to want necessaries, which should have been gotten by honest labour. 14. Men use arts to get a good bargain, and to buy cheap; whereas a man ought to be ashamed of a fraud and a lie. 15. He that prefers true knowledge to riches, follows the ways of religion and happiness. If we really believed this truth, the word of God would be valued as it deserves, and the world would lose its tempting influence. 16. Those ruin themselves who entangle themselves in rash suretiship. Also those who are in league with abandoned women. Place no confidence in either. 17. Wealth gotten by fraud may be sweet, for the carnal mind takes pleasure in the success of wicked devices; but it will be bitter in the reflection. 18. Especially we need advice in spiritual warfare. The word and Spirit of God are the best counsellors in every point. 19. Those dearly buy their own praise, who put confidence in a man because he speaks fairly. 20. An undutiful child will become very miserable. Never let him expect any peace or comfort. 21. An estate suddenly raised, is often as suddenly ruined. 22. Wait on the Lord, attend his pleasure, and he will protect thee.
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