English Standard Version
If one curses his father or his mother, his lamp will be put out in utter darkness.
King James Bible
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.
American Standard Version
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, His lamp shall be put out in blackness of darkness.
He that curseth his father, and mother, his lamp shall be put out in the midst of darkness.
English Revised Version
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in the blackest darkness.
Webster's Bible Translation
Whoever curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.
Proverbs 20:20 Parallel
CommentaryKeil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
The following group has its natural limit at the new point of departure at Proverbs 20:20, and is internally connected in a diversity of ways.
14 "Bad, bad!" saith the buyer;
And going his way, he boasteth then.
"Bad, bad!" saith one if he hath it;
But when it is gone, then he boasteth of it.
This rendering has many supporters. Geier cites the words of the Latin poet:
"Omne bonum praesens minus est, sperata videntur Magna."
Schultens quotes the proverbs τὸ παρὸν βαρύ and Praesentia laudato, for with Luther he refers ואזל לו to the present possession (אזל, as 1 Samuel 9:7 equals (Arab.) zâl, to cease, to be lost), and translates: at dilapsum sibi, tum demum pro splendido celebrat. But by this the Hithpa. does not receive its full meaning; and to extract from הקּונה the idea to which ואזל לו refers, if not unnecessary, is certainly worthless. Hakkoneh may also certainly mean the possessor, but the possessor by acquisition (lxx and the Venet. ὁ κτώμενος); for the most part it signifies the possessor by purchase, the buyer (Jerome, emptor), as correlate of מכר, Isaiah 24:2; Ezekiel 4:12. It is customary for the buyer to undervalue that which he seeks to purchase, so as to obtain it as cheaply as possible; afterwards he boasts that he has bought that which is good, and yet so cheap. That is an every-day experience; but the proverb indirectly warns against conventional lying, and shows that one should not be startled and deceived thereby. The subject to ואזל לו is thus the buyer; אזל with לו denotes, more definitely even than הלך לו, going from thence, s'en aller. Syntactically, the punctuation ואזל לו [and he takes himself off] (perf. hypoth., Ewald, 357a) would have been near (Jerome: et cum recesserit); but yet it is not necessary, with Hitzig, thus to correct it. The poet means to say: making himself off, he then boasts. We cannot in German place the "alsdann" [then] as the אז here, and as also, e.g., at 1 Samuel 20:12; but Theodotion, in good Greek: καὶ πορευθεὶς τότε καυχήσεται. We may write ואזל לו with Mercha on the antepenult, on which the accent is thrown back, cf. חונן, Proverbs 19:17, but not לּו; for the rule for Dagesh does not here, with the retrogression of the tone, come into application, as, e.g., in אוכל לּחמי, Psalm 41:10. Singularly the Syr. and Targ. do not read רע רע, but רע לרע, and couple Proverbs 20:15 with 14. In the lxx, Proverbs 20:14-19 are wanting.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
lamp or candle
For God commanded, 'Honor your father and your mother,' and, 'Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.'
"Whoever curses his father or his mother shall be put to death.
For anyone who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death; he has cursed his father or his mother; his blood is upon him.
"Indeed, the light of the wicked is put out, and the flame of his fire does not shine.
The light of the righteous rejoices, but the lamp of the wicked will be put out.
An inheritance gained hastily in the beginning will not be blessed in the end.
for the evil man has no future; the lamp of the wicked will be put out.
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.