Proverbs 18:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
A man’s spirit will endure sickness, but a crushed spirit who can bear?

King James Bible
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

American Standard Version
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; But a broken spirit who can bear?

Douay-Rheims Bible
The spirit of a man upholdeth his infirmity: but a spirit that is easily angered, who can bear?

English Revised Version
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a broken spirit who can bear?

Webster's Bible Translation
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

Proverbs 18:14 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

A pair of proverbs regarding the flatterer and the slothful:

8 The words of the flatter are as dainty morsels,

   And they glide down into the innermost parts.

An "analogy, with an epexegesis in the second member" (Fl.), which is repeated in Proverbs 26:22. Ewald, Bertheau, Hitzig, and others, are constrained to interpret המו as introducing a contrast, and in this sense they give to מתלהמים all kinds of unwarrantable meanings. Ewald translates: a burning (להם, cogn. להב), and offers next: as whispering (להם, cogn. רעם, נהם); Ch. B. Michaelis, Bertheau, and others: as sporting (להם, cogn. להה); Hitzig: like soft airs (להם, cogn. Arab. hillam, flaccus, laxus). All these interpretations are without support. The word להם has none of all these significations; it means, as the Arab. lahima warrants, deglutire. But Bttcher's explanation also: "as swallowed down, because spoken with reserve," proceeds, like those others, from the supposed syntactically fine yet false supposition, that 8b is an antithetic "dennoch" [tamen]. In that case the poet would have written והם ירדים (cf. והוא, as the beginning of a conditional clause, Proverbs 3:29; Proverbs 23:3). But והוא, והם, with the finite following, introduces neither here nor at Deuteronomy 33:3; Judges 20:34; Psalm 95:10, cf. Genesis 43:23, a conditional clause. Thus 8b continues the clause 8a by one standing on the same line; and thus we do not need to invent a meaning for כמתלהמים, which forms a contrast to the penetrating into the innermost parts. The relation of the parts of the proverb is rightly given by Luther:

The words of the slanderer are stripes,

And they go through the heart of one.

He interprets להם as transposed from הלם (Rashi and others); but stripes cannot be called מתלהמים - they are called, 6b, מהלמות. This interpretation of the word has always more support than that of Symmachus: ὡς ἀκέραιοι; Jerome: quasi simplicia; Aquila, xxvi. 22: γοητικοί; which last, as also that of Capellus, Clericus, and Schultens: quasi numine quodam afflata, seems to support itself on the Arab. âhm iv. inspirare. But in reality âhm does not mean afflare; it means deglutire, and nothing else. The Jewish lexicographers offer nothing worth considering; Kimchi's חלקים, according to which the Venet. translates μαλθακιζόμενοι, is fanciful; for the Talm. הלם, striking equals hitting, suitable, standing well, furnishes no transition to "smooth" and "soft." Immanuel compares âhm equals בלע; and Schultens, who is followed by Gesenius and others, has already, with perfect correctness, explained: tanquam quae avidissime inglutiantur. Thus also Fleischer: things which offer themselves to be eagerly gulped down, or which let themselves be thus swallowed. But in this way can one be truly just to the Hithpa.? The Arab. âlthm (stronger form, âltkm, according to which van Dyk translates mthl uḳam ḥlwt, like sweet morsels) means to swallow into oneself, which is not here appropriate. The Hithpa. will thus have here a passive signification: things which are greedily swallowed. Regarding נרגּן from רגן, vid., at Proverbs 16:28. המו refers to the words of the flatterer, and is emphatic, equivalent to aeque illa, etiam illa, or illa ipsa. ירד is here connected with the obj. accus. (cf. Proverbs 1:12) instead of with אל, Proverbs 7:27. חדרי, penetralia, we had already at Proverbs 7:27; the root-word is (Arab.) khdr, to seclude, to conceal, different from ḥdr, demittere, and ḥkhr (cogn. חזר), to finish, circumire. בּטן is the inner part of the body with reference to the organs lying there, which mediate not only the life of the body, but also that of the mind - in general, the internal part of the personality. The lxx does not translate this proverb, but has in its stead Proverbs 19:15, in a different version, however, from that it gives there; the Syr. and the Targ. have thereby been drawn away from the Hebr. text.

Proverbs 18:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

spirit

Job 1:20,21 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down on the ground, and worshipped...

Job 2:7-10 So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot to his crown...

Psalm 147:3 He heals the broken in heart, and binds up their wounds.

Romans 5:3-5 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation works patience...

Romans 8:35-37 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril...

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom...

2 Corinthians 12:9,10 And he said to me, My grace is sufficient for you: for my strength is made perfect in weakness...

James 1:2 My brothers, count it all joy when you fall into divers temptations;

1 Peter 1:6 Wherein you greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, you are in heaviness through manifold temptations:

but

Proverbs 17:22 A merry heart does good like a medicine: but a broken spirit dries the bones.

Job 6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinks up my spirit...

Job 7:14,15 Then you scare me with dreams, and terrify me through visions...

Job 10:15-17 If I be wicked, woe to me; and if I be righteous, yet will I not lift up my head. I am full of confusion...

Psalm 30:9,10 What profit is there in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise you? shall it declare your truth...

Psalm 32:3,4 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long...

Psalm 38:2-4 For your arrows stick fast in me, and your hand presses me sore...

Psalm 42:10,11 As with a sword in my bones, my enemies reproach me; while they say daily to me, Where is your God...

Psalm 55:3,5 Because of the voice of the enemy, because of the oppression of the wicked: for they cast iniquity on me, and in wrath they hate me...

Psalm 77:2,3 In the day of my trouble I sought the Lord: my sore ran in the night, and ceased not: my soul refused to be comforted...

Psalm 88:14-16 LORD, why cast you off my soul? why hide you your face from me...

Psalm 109:22 For I am poor and needy, and my heart is wounded within me.

Mark 14:33,34 And he takes with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy...

2 Corinthians 2:7 So that contrariwise you ought rather to forgive him, and comfort him...

Cross References
Psalm 109:22
For I am poor and needy, and my heart is stricken within me.

Proverbs 15:13
A glad heart makes a cheerful face, but by sorrow of heart the spirit is crushed.

Proverbs 17:22
A joyful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones.

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