Proverbs 15:13
New International Version
A happy heart makes the face cheerful, but heartache crushes the spirit.

New Living Translation
A glad heart makes a happy face; a broken heart crushes the spirit.

English Standard Version
A glad heart makes a cheerful face, but by sorrow of heart the spirit is crushed.

Berean Study Bible
A joyful heart makes a cheerful countenance, but sorrow of the heart crushes the spirit.

New American Standard Bible
A joyful heart makes a cheerful face, But when the heart is sad, the spirit is broken.

King James Bible
A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

Christian Standard Bible
A joyful heart makes a face cheerful, but a sad heart produces a broken spirit.

Contemporary English Version
Happiness makes you smile; sorrow can crush you.

Good News Translation
When people are happy, they smile, but when they are sad, they look depressed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A joyful heart makes a face cheerful, but a sad heart produces a broken spirit.

International Standard Version
A happy heart enlightens the face, but a sad heart reflects a broken spirit.

NET Bible
A joyful heart makes the face cheerful, but by a painful heart the spirit is broken.

New Heart English Bible
A glad heart makes a cheerful face; but an aching heart breaks the spirit.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A glad heart improves the body and the depressed heart saddens the spirit.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A joyful heart makes a cheerful face, but with a heartache comes depression.

JPS Tanakh 1917
A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance; But by sorrow of heart the spirit is broken.

New American Standard 1977
A joyful heart makes a cheerful face, But when the heart is sad, the spirit is broken.

Jubilee Bible 2000
A joyful heart makes a beautiful countenance, but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is abated.

King James 2000 Bible
A merry heart makes a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

American King James Version
A merry heart makes a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

American Standard Version
A glad heart maketh a cheerful countenance; But by sorrow of heart the spirit is broken.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
When the heart rejoices the countenance is cheerful; but when it is in sorrow, the countenance is sad.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A glad heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by grief of mind the spirit is cast down.

Darby Bible Translation
A joyful heart maketh a cheerful countenance; but by sorrow of heart the spirit is broken.

English Revised Version
A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of heart the spirit is broken.

Webster's Bible Translation
A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

World English Bible
A glad heart makes a cheerful face; but an aching heart breaks the spirit.

Young's Literal Translation
A joyful heart maketh glad the face, And by grief of heart is the spirit smitten.
Study Bible
A Gentle Answer Turns Away Wrath
12A mocker does not love to be reproved, nor will he consult the wise. 13A joyful heart makes a cheerful countenance, but sorrow of the heart crushes the spirit. 14A discerning heart seeks knowledge, but the mouth of a fool feeds on folly.…
Cross References
Nehemiah 2:2
so the king said to me, "Why is your face sad, though you are not ill? This could only be sadness of the heart." I was overwhelmed with fear

Proverbs 12:25
Anxiety weighs down the heart of a man, but a good word cheers it up.

Proverbs 14:30
A tranquil heart is life to the body, but envy rots the bones.

Proverbs 17:22
A joyful heart is good medicine, but a broken spirit dries up the bones.

Proverbs 18:14
The spirit of a man can endure his sickness, but who can survive a broken spirit?

Treasury of Scripture

A merry heart makes a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.

merry

Proverbs 15:15
All the days of the afflicted are evil: but he that is of a merry heart hath a continual feast.

Proverbs 17:22
A merry heart doeth good like a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones.

2 Corinthians 1:12
For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.

by

Proverbs 12:25
Heaviness in the heart of man maketh it stoop: but a good word maketh it glad.

Proverbs 18:14
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?

Nehemiah 2:2
Wherefore the king said unto me, Why is thy countenance sad, seeing thou art not sick? this is nothing else but sorrow of heart. Then I was very sore afraid,







Lexicon
A joyful
שָׂ֭מֵחַ (mê·aḥ)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8056: Glad, joyful, merry

heart
לֵ֣ב (lêḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

makes a cheerful
יֵיטִ֣ב (yê·ṭiḇ)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3190: To be good, well, glad, or pleasing

countenance,
פָּנִ֑ים (pā·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6440: The face

but sorrow
וּבְעַצְּבַת־ (ū·ḇə·‘aṣ·ṣə·ḇaṯ-)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6094: A idol, a pain, wound

of the heart
לֵ֝ב (lêḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

crushes
נְכֵאָֽה׃ (nə·ḵê·’āh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5218: Smitten, afflicted

the spirit.
ר֣וּחַ (rū·aḥ)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit
(13) By sorrow of heart the spirit is broken.--See above on Proverbs 12:25.

Verse 13. - A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance. The face is the index of the condition of the mind.

"In the forehead and the eye
The lecture of the mind doth lie."
And, again, "A blithe heart makes a blooming visage" (comp. Ecelus. 13:25, etc.). Septuagint, "When the heart is glad, the face bloometh (θάλλει)." But by sorrow of heart the spirit is broken (Proverbs 12:25). Happiness is shown in the outward look, but sorrow has a deeper and more abiding influence; it touches the inner life, destroys the natural elasticity, creates despondency and despair (comp. Proverbs 16:24; Proverbs 17:22). Corn. a Lapide quotes St. Gregory Nazianzen's definition -

"Laetitia quidnam? Mentis est diffusio.
Tristitia? Cordis morsus et turbatio."
Hitzig and others translate the second clause, "But in sorrow of heart is the breath oppressed." It is doubtful if the words can be so rendered, and certainly the parallelism is not improved thereby. 15:11. There is nothing that can be hid from the eyes of God, not even man's thoughts. 12. A scorner cannot bear to reflect seriously within his own heart. 13. A gloomy, impatient, unthankful spirit, springing from pride and undue attachment to worldly objects, renders a man uneasy to himself and others.
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