Ecclesiastes 5:17
Parallel Verses
New International Version
All their days they eat in darkness, with great frustration, affliction and anger.

King James Bible
All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he hath much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

Darby Bible Translation
All his days also he eateth in darkness, and hath much vexation, and sickness, and irritation.

World English Bible
All his days he also eats in darkness, he is frustrated, and has sickness and wrath.

Young's Literal Translation
Also all his days in darkness he consumeth, and sadness, and wrath, and sickness abound.

Ecclesiastes 5:17 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

All his days also he eateth in darkness - Even his enjoyments are embittered by uncertainty. He fears for his goods; the possibility of being deprived of them fills his heart with anguish. But instead of יאכל yochel, "he shall eat," ילך yelech, "he shall walk," is the reading of several MSS. He walks in darkness - he has no evidence of salvation. There is no ray of light from God to penetrate the gloom; and all beyond life is darkness impenetrable!

And wrath with his sickness - His last hours are awful; for,

"Counting on long years of pleasure here,

He's quite unfurnish'd for the world to come."

Blair.

He is full of anguish at the thought of death; but the fear of it is horrible. But if he have a sense of God's wrath in his guilty conscience, what horror can be compared with his horror!

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he eateth

Genesis 3:17 And to Adam he said, Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten of the tree, of which I commanded you, saying...

1 Kings 17:12 And she said, As the LORD your God lives, I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse: and...

Job 21:25 And another dies in the bitterness of his soul, and never eats with pleasure.

Psalm 78:33 Therefore their days did he consume in vanity, and their years in trouble.

Psalm 102:9 For I have eaten ashes like bread, and mingled my drink with weeping.

Psalm 127:2 It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows: for so he gives his beloved sleep.

Ezekiel 4:16,17 Moreover he said to me, Son of man, behold, I will break the staff of bread in Jerusalem: and they shall eat bread by weight...

much

2 Kings 1:2,6 And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick: and he sent messengers...

2 Kings 5:27 The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall stick to you, and to your seed for ever...

2 Chronicles 16:10-12 Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in a prison house; for he was in a rage with him because of this thing...

2 Chronicles 24:24,25 For the army of the Syrians came with a small company of men, and the LORD delivered a very great host into their hand...

Psalm 90:7-11 For we are consumed by your anger, and by your wrath are we troubled...

Proverbs 1:27-29 When your fear comes as desolation, and your destruction comes as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish comes on you...

Acts 12:23 And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

1 Corinthians 11:30-32 For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep...

Library
Naked or Clothed?
'As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shall he return to go as he came, and shall take nothing of his labour, which he may carry away in his hand.'--ECCLES. v. 15. '... Their works do follow them.'--REV. xiv. 13. It is to be observed that these two sharply contrasted texts do not refer to the same persons. The former is spoken of a rich worldling, the latter of 'the dead who die in the Lord.' The unrelieved gloom of the one is as a dark background against which the triumphant assurance of
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Literature.
i. editions of chrysostom's works. S. Joannis Chrysostomi, archiepiscopi Constantinopolitani, Opera omnia quæ exstant vel quæ ejus nomine circumferuntur, ad mss. codices Gallicos, Vaticanos, Anglicos, Germanicosque castigata, etc. Opera et studio D.Bernardi de Montfaucon, monachi ordinis S. Benedicti e congregatione S. Mauri, opem ferentibus aliis ex codem sodalitio, monachis. Greek and Latin, Paris, 1718-'38, in 13 vols., fol. This is the best edition, and the result of about twenty
St. Chrysostom—On the Priesthood

Ecclesiastes
It is not surprising that the book of Ecclesiastes had a struggle to maintain its place in the canon, and it was probably only its reputed Solomonic authorship and the last two verses of the book that permanently secured its position at the synod of Jamnia in 90 A.D. The Jewish scholars of the first century A.D. were struck by the manner in which it contradicted itself: e.g., "I praised the dead more than the living," iv. 2, "A living dog is better than a dead lion," ix. 4; but they were still more
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Psalm 39:6
"Surely everyone goes around like a mere phantom; in vain they rush about, heaping up wealth without knowing whose it will finally be.

Psalm 127:2
In vain you rise early and stay up late, toiling for food to eat-- for he grants sleep to those he loves.

Ecclesiastes 2:23
All their days their work is grief and pain; even at night their minds do not rest. This too is meaningless.

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Abound Affliction Anger Consumeth Dark Darkness Disease Eateth Eats Frustrated Frustration Great Grief Irritation Life Pain Resentment Sadness Sickness Sore Sorrow Spent Throughout Trouble Vexation Vexed Wrath
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Abound Affliction Anger Consumeth Dark Darkness Disease Eateth Eats Frustrated Frustration Great Grief Irritation Life Pain Resentment Sadness Sickness Sore Sorrow Spent Throughout Trouble Vexation Vexed Wrath
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