Psalm 91:1
New International Version
Whoever dwells in the shelter of the Most High will rest in the shadow of the Almighty.

New Living Translation
Those who live in the shelter of the Most High will find rest in the shadow of the Almighty.

English Standard Version
He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High will abide in the shadow of the Almighty.

Berean Study Bible
He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High will abide in the shadow of the Almighty.

King James Bible
He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.

New King James Version
He who dwells in the secret place of the Most High Shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.

New American Standard Bible
One who dwells in the shelter of the Most High Will lodge in the shadow of the Almighty.

NASB 1995
He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High Will abide in the shadow of the Almighty.

NASB 1977
He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High Will abide in the shadow of the Almighty.

Amplified Bible
He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High Will remain secure and rest in the shadow of the Almighty [whose power no enemy can withstand].

Christian Standard Bible
The one who lives under the protection of the Most High dwells in the shadow of the Almighty.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The one who lives under the protection of the Most High dwells in the shadow of the Almighty.

American Standard Version
He that dwelleth in the secret place of the Most High Shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He sits in the shelter of The Highest and is glorified in the shadow of God.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Praise of a Song, by David. He that dwells in the help of the Highest, shall sojourn under the shelter of the God of heaven.

Contemporary English Version
Live under the protection of God Most High and stay in the shadow of God All-Powerful.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The praise of a canticle for David. He that dwelleth in the aid of the most High, shall abide under the protection of the God of Jacob.

English Revised Version
He that dwelleth in the secret place of the Most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.

Good News Translation
Whoever goes to the LORD for safety, whoever remains under the protection of the Almighty,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Whoever lives under the shelter of the Most High will remain in the shadow of the Almighty.

International Standard Version
The one who lives in the shelter of the Most High, who rests in the shadow of the Almighty,

JPS Tanakh 1917
O thou that dwellest in the covert of the Most High, And abidest in the shadow of the Almighty;

Literal Standard Version
He who is dwelling "" In the secret place of the Most High, "" Habitually lodges in the shade of the Mighty,

NET Bible
As for you, the one who lives in the shelter of the sovereign One, and resides in the protective shadow of the mighty king--

New Heart English Bible
He who dwells in the secret place of the Most High will rest in the shadow of Shaddai.

World English Bible
He who dwells in the secret place of the Most High will rest in the shadow of the Almighty.

Young's Literal Translation
He who is dwelling In the secret place of the Most High, In the shade of the Mighty lodgeth habitually,

Additional Translations ...
Context
My Refuge and Fortress
1He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High will abide in the shadow of the Almighty. 2I will say to the LORD, “You are my refuge and my fortress, my God, in whom I trust.”…

Cross References
Exodus 33:22
and when My glory passes by, I will put you in a cleft of the rock and cover you with My hand until I have passed by.

Psalm 17:8
Keep me as the apple of Your eye; hide me in the shadow of Your wings

Psalm 27:5
For in the day of trouble He will hide me in His shelter; He will conceal me under the cover of His tent; He will set me high upon a rock.

Psalm 31:20
You hide them in the secret place of Your presence from the schemes of men. You conceal them in Your shelter from accusing tongues.

Psalm 32:7
You are my hiding place. You protect me from trouble; You surround me with songs of deliverance. Selah

Psalm 90:1
Lord, You have been our dwelling place through all generations.

Psalm 119:114
You are my hiding place and my shield; I put my hope in Your word.

Psalm 121:5
The LORD is your keeper; the LORD is the shade on your right hand.

Proverbs 29:25
The fear of man is a snare, but whoever trusts in the LORD is set securely on high.

Isaiah 25:4
For You have been a refuge for the poor, a stronghold for the needy in distress, a refuge from the storm, a shade from the heat. For the breath of the ruthless is like rain against a wall,

Isaiah 26:20
Go, my people, enter your rooms and shut your doors behind you. Hide yourselves a little while until the wrath has passed.

Isaiah 32:2
Each will be like a shelter from the wind, a refuge from the storm, like streams of water in a dry land, like the shadow of a great rock in an arid land.

Jeremiah 36:26
Instead, the king commanded Jerahmeel, a son of the king, as well as Seraiah son of Azriel and Shelemiah son of Abdeel, to seize Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet. But the LORD had hidden them.


Treasury of Scripture

He that dwells in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.

1 Chronicles 28:1
And David assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands, and captains over the hundreds, and the stewards over all the substance and possession of the king, and of his sons, with the officers, and with the mighty men, and with all the valiant men, unto Jerusalem.

dwelleth

Psalm 27:5
For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his tabernacle shall he hide me; he shall set me up upon a rock.

Psalm 31:20
Thou shalt hide them in the secret of thy presence from the pride of man: thou shalt keep them secretly in a pavilion from the strife of tongues.

Psalm 32:7
Thou art my hiding place; thou shalt preserve me from trouble; thou shalt compass me about with songs of deliverance. Selah.

abide.

Psalm 25:13
His soul shall dwell at ease; and his seed shall inherit the earth.

under

Psalm 17:8
Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of thy wings,

Psalm 36:7
How excellent is thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings.

Psalm 57:1
To the chief Musician, Altaschith, Michtam of David, when he fled from Saul in the cave. Be merciful unto me, O God, be merciful unto me: for my soul trusteth in thee: yea, in the shadow of thy wings will I make my refuge, until these calamities be overpast.









(1, 2) He . . . I.--The especial difficulty of this psalm, its abrupt changes of person, meets us at the outset. The text literally rendered, runs: "He sitting in the hiding place of the Most High; In the shadow of the Almighty he lodgeth, I say to Jehovah, My refuge and my fortress, My God, I trust in Him. The change in the last clause presents no particular difficulty, as many similar instances occur; but that from the third person, in the first verse, to the first, in the second, is very awkward, and many shifts have been adopted to get out of it. The best is to supply the word blessed: "Blessed is he that," &c[16] The different names for God employed here should be noticed. By their accumulation the poet makes the sum of assurance doubly sure.

[16] The omission of this word by a copyist would be very natural, from its confusion with the numerical heading of the psalm and the initial letter of the word that now begins it.

Verse 1. - He that dwelleth in the secret place of the Most High (comp. Psalm 90:1). He who has his thoughts always on God is said to "dwell in him" - to "make his abode with him" - to "sit down in his secret place." He has the Almighty, as it were, for his constant companion. Shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty. This is not "tautology." What is meant is that "loving faith on man's part shall be met by faithful love on God's part" (Kay). God will extend his "shadow" over the man who places himself under his protection.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
He who dwells
יֹ֭שֵׁב (yō·šêḇ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

in the shelter
בְּסֵ֣תֶר (bə·sê·ṯer)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 5643: A covering, hiding place, secrecy

of the Most High
עֶלְי֑וֹן (‘el·yō·wn)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 5945: An elevation, lofty, as title, the Supreme

will abide
יִתְלוֹנָֽן׃ (yiṯ·lō·w·nān)
Verb - Hitpael - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3885: To stop, to stay permanently, to be obstinate

in the shadow
בְּצֵ֥ל (bə·ṣêl)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6738: A shadow

of the Almighty.
שַׁ֝דַּ֗י (day)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7706: The Almighty


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OT Poetry: Psalm 91:1 He who dwells in the secret place (Psalm Ps Psa.)
Psalm 90:17
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