1 Corinthians 11:4
New International Version
Every man who prays or prophesies with his head covered dishonors his head.

New Living Translation
A man dishonors his head if he covers his head while praying or prophesying.

English Standard Version
Every man who prays or prophesies with his head covered dishonors his head,

Berean Study Bible
Every man who prays or prophesies with his head covered dishonors his head.

Berean Literal Bible
Every man praying or prophesying having anything on his head dishonors his head.

New American Standard Bible
Every man who has something on his head while praying or prophesying disgraces his head.

King James Bible
Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoureth his head.

Christian Standard Bible
Every man who prays or prophesies with something on his head dishonors his head.

Contemporary English Version
This means that any man who prays or prophesies with something on his head brings shame to his head.

Good News Translation
So a man who prays or proclaims God's message in public worship with his head covered disgraces Christ.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Every man who prays or prophesies with something on his head dishonors his head.

International Standard Version
Every man who prays or prophesies with something on his head dishonors his head,

NET Bible
Any man who prays or prophesies with his head covered disgraces his head.

New Heart English Bible
Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonors his head.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And every man who prays or prophesies while covering his head disgraces his head.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Every man who covers his head when he prays or speaks what God has revealed dishonors the one who has authority over him.

New American Standard 1977
Every man who has something on his head while praying or prophesying, disgraces his head.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonours his head.

King James 2000 Bible
Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonors his head.

American King James Version
Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonors his head.

American Standard Version
Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoreth his head.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Every man praying or prophesying with his head covered, disgraceth his head.

Darby Bible Translation
Every man praying or prophesying, having [anything] on his head, puts his head to shame.

English Revised Version
Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoureth his head.

Webster's Bible Translation
Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoreth his head.

Weymouth New Testament
A man who wears a veil when praying or prophesying dishonors his Head;

World English Bible
Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonors his head.

Young's Literal Translation
Every man praying or prophesying, having the head covered, doth dishonour his head,
Study Bible
Roles in Worship
3But I want you to understand that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is man, and the head of Christ is God. 4Every man who prays or prophesies with his head covered dishonors his head. 5And every woman who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered dishonors her head, for it is just as if her head were shaved.…
Cross References
Micah 7:6
For a son dishonors his father, a daughter rises against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; a man's enemies are the members of his own household.

Acts 13:1
In the church at Antioch there were prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen (a childhood companion of Herod the tetrarch), and Saul.

1 Corinthians 11:5
And every woman who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered dishonors her head, for it is just as if her head were shaved.

1 Corinthians 12:10
to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing between spirits, to another speaking in various tongues, and to still another the interpretation of tongues.

1 Corinthians 13:2
If I have the gift of prophecy and can fathom all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have absolute faith so as to move mountains, but have not love, I am nothing.

1 Thessalonians 5:20
Do not treat prophecies with contempt,

Treasury of Scripture

Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonors his head.

or.

1 Corinthians 12:10,28
To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues: …

1 Corinthians 14:1
Follow after charity, and desire spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy.

having.

1 Corinthians 11:14
Doth not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him?

2 Samuel 15:30
And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.

2 Samuel 19:4
But the king covered his face, and the king cried with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!







Lexicon
Every
Πᾶς (Pas)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

man
ἀνὴρ (anēr)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 435: A male human being; a man, husband. A primary word; a man.

[who] prays
προσευχόμενος (proseuchomenos)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4336: To pray, pray for, offer prayer. From pros and euchomai; to pray to God, i.e. Supplicate, worship.

or
(ē)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2228: Or, than. A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.

prophesies
προφητεύων (prophēteuōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4395: From prophetes; to foretell events, divine, speak under inspiration, exercise the prophetic office.

with
ἔχων (echōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2192: To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; a primary verb; to hold.

[his] head
κεφαλῆς (kephalēs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2776: From the primary kapto; the head, literally or figuratively.

covered
κατὰ (kata)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2596: A primary particle; down, in varied relations (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined).

dishonors
καταισχύνει (kataischynei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2617: From kata and aischunomai; to shame down, i.e. Disgrace or put to the blush.

his
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

head.
κεφαλὴν (kephalēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2776: From the primary kapto; the head, literally or figuratively.
(4) Every man praying or prophesying.--The reference here is to public prayer and teaching (the word "prophesying" is used in its less restricted sense). The Apostle probably does not allude to any case in Corinth where a man had actually taken part in a religious meeting with covered head. The Greek practice was for men to have their heads uncovered when joining in religious ceremonies (Grotius in loc.). To this practice St. Paul would incline, as being the national custom of the country, and as also being typical of the distinction between the sexes which he has just laid down. The Apostle's teaching on this subject is a remarkable illustration of how completely he had overcome his old Jewish prejudice, and how the whole of his nature had become leavened with the freedom of the gospel--for it was the custom amongst the Jews for the man to pray with covered head, and the face veiled with the Tallith, as an expression of his unworthiness to speak face to face with God. It was a profound insight into human nature which enabled the Apostle to realise how an external symbol would infallibly tend to modify doctrine, and how thus the perpetuating of such a custom in the Christian Church might have hindered the full recognition of the great truth of the personal and direct communication of every individual soul with the Father.

Dishonoureth his head.--He dishonours his own head inasmuch as it is the part of his body from which Christ has taken His title as "Head of the Body," the Church--and thus he dishonours his Spiritual Head. even Christ.

Verse 4. - Prophesying; that is, preaching. Having his head covered. This was a Jewish custom. The Jewish worshipper in praying always covers his head with his tallith. The Jew (like Orientals generally) uncovered his feet because the place on which he stood was holy ground; but he covered his head by way of humility, even as the angels veil their faces with their wings. AEneas is said by Servius to have introduced this custom into Italy. On the other hand, the Greek custom was to pray with the head uncovered. St. Paul - as some discrepancy of custom seems to have arisen - decided in favour of the Greek custom, on the high ground that Christ, by his incarnation, became man, and therefore the Christian, who is" in Christ," may stand with unveiled head in the presence of his Father. Dishonoureth his head. He dishonoureth his own head, which is as it were a sharer in the glory of Christ, who is Head of the whole Church. "We pray," says Tertullian, "with bare heads because we blush not." The Christian, being no longer a slave, but a son (Galatians 4:7), may claim his part in the glory of the eternal Son. The head was covered in mourning (2 Samuel 15:30; Jeremiah 14:13), and the worship of the Christian is joyous. 11:2-16 Here begin particulars respecting the public assemblies, ch. 1Co 14. In the abundance of spiritual gifts bestowed on the Corinthians, some abuses had crept in; but as Christ did the will, and sought the honour of God, so the Christian should avow his subjection to Christ, doing his will and seeking his glory. We should, even in our dress and habit, avoid every thing that may dishonour Christ. The woman was made subject to man, because made for his help and comfort. And she should do nothing, in Christian assemblies, which looked like a claim of being equal. She ought to have power, that is, a veil, on her head, because of the angels. Their presence should keep Christians from all that is wrong while in the worship of God. Nevertheless, the man and the woman were made for one another. They were to be mutual comforts and blessings, not one a slave, and the other a tyrant. God has so settled matters, both in the kingdom of providence and that of grace, that the authority and subjection of each party should be for mutual help and benefit. It was the common usage of the churches, for women to appear in public assemblies, and join in public worship, veiled; and it was right that they should do so. The Christian religion sanctions national customs wherever these are not against the great principles of truth and holiness; affected singularities receive no countenance from any thing in the Bible.
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