1 Timothy 2:8
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Therefore I want the men everywhere to pray, lifting up holy hands without anger or disputing.

New Living Translation
In every place of worship, I want men to pray with holy hands lifted up to God, free from anger and controversy.

English Standard Version
I desire then that in every place the men should pray, lifting holy hands without anger or quarreling;

Berean Study Bible
Therefore I want the men everywhere to pray, lifting up holy hands, without anger or dissension.

Berean Literal Bible
Therefore I desire the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands, apart from anger and dissension.

New American Standard Bible
Therefore I want the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and dissension.

King James Bible
I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, I want the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands without anger or argument.

Contemporary English Version
I want everyone everywhere to lift innocent hands toward heaven and pray, without being angry or arguing with each other.

Good News Translation
In every church service I want the men to pray, men who are dedicated to God and can lift up their hands in prayer without anger or argument.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Therefore, I want the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands without anger or argument.

International Standard Version
Therefore, I want the men everywhere to pray, lifting up holy hands without being angry or argumentative.

NET Bible
So I want the men to pray in every place, lifting up holy hands without anger or dispute.

New Heart English Bible
I desire therefore that the men in every place pray, lifting up holy hands without anger and doubting.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
I desire, therefore, that men would pray in every place, lifting their hands in purity without rage and without scheming;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I want men to offer prayers everywhere. They should raise their hands in prayer after putting aside their anger and any quarrels they have with anyone.

New American Standard 1977
Therefore I want the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and dissension.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I desire, therefore, that the men in every place, pray, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and strife.

King James 2000 Bible
I desire therefore that men pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

American King James Version
I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

American Standard Version
I desire therefore that the men pray in every place, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and disputing.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I will therefore that men pray in every place, lifting up pure hands, without anger and contention.

Darby Bible Translation
I will therefore that the men pray in every place, lifting up pious hands, without wrath or reasoning.

English Revised Version
I desire therefore that the men pray in every place, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and disputing.

Webster's Bible Translation
I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

Weymouth New Testament
So then I would have the men everywhere pray, lifting to God holy hands which are unstained with anger or strife;

World English Bible
I desire therefore that the men in every place pray, lifting up holy hands without anger and doubting.

Young's Literal Translation
I wish, therefore, that men pray in every place, lifting up kind hands, apart from anger and reasoning;
Study Bible
A Call to Prayer
7For this reason I was appointed as a herald, an apostle, and a faithful and true teacher of the Gentiles. I am telling the truth; I am not lying about anything. 8Therefore I want the men everywhere to pray, lifting up holy hands, without anger or dissension. 9Likewise, I want the women to adorn themselves with respectable apparel, with modesty, and with self-control, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or expensive clothes,…
Cross References
Psalm 24:4
He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not lift up his soul to falsehood, who does not swear deceitfully.

Psalm 28:2
Hear my cry for mercy when I call to You for help, when I lift up my hands toward Your holy sanctuary.

Psalm 63:4
So I will bless You as long as I live; in Your name I will lift my hands.

Psalm 134:2
Lift up your hands to the sanctuary and bless the LORD!

Psalm 141:2
May my prayer be set before You like incense, my uplifted hands like the evening offering.

Luke 24:50
When Jesus had led them out as far as Bethany, He lifted up His hands and blessed them.

John 4:21
"Believe Me, woman," Jesus replied, "a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem.

1 Corinthians 1:2
To the church of God in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus and called to be holy, together with all those everywhere who call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, their Lord and ours:

2 Corinthians 2:14
But thanks be to God, who always leads us triumphantly as captives in Christ and through us spreads everywhere the fragrance of the knowledge of Him.

Philippians 1:12
Now I want you to know, brothers, that my circumstances have actually served to advance the gospel.

1 Thessalonians 1:8
For not only did the message of the Lord ring out from you to Macedonia and Achaia, but your faith in God has gone out to every place, so that we have no need to say anything further.

1 Timothy 5:14
So I advise the younger widows to marry, have children, and manage their households, so they will not give the adversary an occasion for slander.

Titus 3:8
This saying is trustworthy. And I want you to emphasize these things, so that those who have believed God will take care to devote themselves to good deeds. These things are excellent and profitable for the people.

James 4:8
Draw near to God, and He will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded.

Treasury of Scripture

I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

I will.

1 Timothy 5:14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house…

1 Corinthians 7:7 For I would that all men were even as I myself. But every man has …

Titus 3:8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that you affirm constantly…


2 Chronicles 33:11,12 Why the LORD brought on them the captains of the host of the king …

Psalm 130:1,2 Out of the depths have I cried to you, O LORD…

Lamentations 3:55,56 I called on your name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon…

Jonah 2:1,2 Then Jonah prayed to the LORD his God out of the fish's belly…

Malachi 1:11 For from the rising of the sun even to the going down of the same …

Luke 23:42,43 And he said to Jesus, Lord, remember me when you come into your kingdom…

John 4:21,23,24 Jesus said to her, Woman, believe me, the hour comes, when you shall …

Acts 21:5 And when we had accomplished those days, we departed and went our …


Job 16:17 Not for any injustice in my hands: also my prayer is pure.

Psalm 26:6 I will wash my hands in innocence: so will I compass your altar, O LORD:

Psalm 66:18 If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me:

Psalm 134:2 Lift up your hands in the sanctuary, and bless the LORD.

Proverbs 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination to the LORD: but the …

Proverbs 21:27 The sacrifice of the wicked is abomination: how much more, when he …

Isaiah 1:15 And when you spread forth your hands, I will hide my eyes from you: …

Isaiah 58:7-11 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the …

Jeremiah 7:9,10 Will you steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and …

Malachi 1:9,10 And now, I pray you, beseech God that he will be gracious to us: …

Acts 10:2,4,31 A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave …

Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having …

James 4:8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, …

1 John 3:20-22 For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knows …


1 Kings 3:11 And God said to him, Because you have asked this thing, and have …

Psalm 35:13 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I …

Matthew 5:22-24,44 But I say to you, That whoever is angry with his brother without …

Matthew 6:12,14,15 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors…

Mark 11:25 And when you stand praying, forgive, if you have ought against any…

Luke 23:34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they …

Acts 7:60 And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this …

1 Peter 3:7 Likewise, you husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving …


Matthew 21:21 Jesus answered and said to them, Truly I say to you, If you have …

Mark 11:23,24 For truly I say to you, That whoever shall say to this mountain, …

James 1:6-8 But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavers is …

(8) I will therefore.--The Apostle here again turns to the subject of "public prayer," now giving directions respecting the persons who should offer their prayers, and also telling them how these public requests to God should be made. "I will therefore" expresses on St. Paul's part no mere wish or desire, but it is the expression of his solemn apostolical authority. It might be rendered, I desire therefore.

That men pray every where . . .--Better rendered, in every place. The greater liberty which women, under the teaching of Christ, had enjoyed; the new position they occupied in the Christian commonwealth; the distinguished services many of them had been permitted to accomplish in the Master's service--in such instances as the Marys, Dorcas, Priscilla, Lydia, and others--had no doubt contributed to a certain self-assertion on the part of female converts in the Ephesian congregations, which threatened grave disorders in the conduct of divine worship. St. Paul, in his directions respecting divine service in the Christian assemblies, follows the custom here of the Jewish synagogue, where women were forbidden to speak. Men, said St. Paul, in every place where a congregation in the name of Christ was gathered together, were to be the offerers of prayer. The word "everywhere" seems a memory of the Lord's words to the woman of Samaria, "Believe me, the hour cometh when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father."

Lifting up holy hands.--It was the Jewish practice, not only in taking a solemn oath--or in blessing--but also in prayer, to lift up the hands--Compare Psalm 28:2; Psalm 63:4. This seems to have been generally adopted by the early Christians as the attitude in prayer. See Clem. Rom., To the Corinthians, chap. 29 "Holy hands;" see Psalm 24:4; Psalm 26:6; "holy"--that is, unstained with wanton sins.

Without wrath and doubting.--Here allusion is doubtless made to religious disputes and contentions among the believers themselves--"doubting" is better translated by disputing. These angry feelings can have no place in the heart of one who really prays, whether in public or in private.

Verse 8. - Desire for will, A.V.; the men for men, A.V.; in every place for everywhere, A.V.; disputing for doubting, A.V. I desire, etc. He takes up the subject again which he had opened in ver. 1, but had somewhat digressed from in vers. 4-7, and gives further directions as to the persons who are to make the prayers spoken of in ver. 1, viz. men (τοὺς ἄνδρας), not women, as it follows more at large in vers. 9-15. The stress is clearly upon "men" (or, "the men" - it makes no difference); and there is no force in Alford's remark that in that case it would have been τοὺς ἄνδρας προσεύχεσθαι. The prayers had been already ordered in ver. 1; the additional detail, that they were to be offered by men, is now added. In every place; not, as Chrysostom thinks, in contrast to the Jewish worship, which was confined to the temple at Jerusalem, but merely meaning wherever a Christian congregation is assembled. Lifting up holy hands. Alford quotes Clem. Ram. 'To the Corinthians,' Ep. 1. 1 Timothy 29: Προσέλθωμεν... ἐν ὁσιότητι ψυχῆς ἁγνὰς καὶ ἀμιάντους χεῖρας αἴρουντες πρὸς αὐτόν (camp. Psalm 26:6; Psalm 28:2; 43:20; 63:4; 2 Chronicles 6:12, 13). Without wrath. It appears from several passages in Chrysostom that the habit of praying angry prayers was not unknown in his day. "Do you pray against your brother? But your prayer is not against him, but against yourself. You provoke God by uttering those impious words, 'Show him the same;' 'So do to him;' 'Smite him;' 'Recompense him;' and much more to the same effect" ('Hom.' 6.). In 'Hom.' 8. his comment on this passage is: "Without bearing malice.... Let no one approach each God in enmity, or in an unsalable temper." And disputing (διαλογισμοῦ). The exact meaning of διαλογισμός is perhaps best seen in Luke 5:21, 22, where both the verb and the substantive are used. The διαλογισμοὶ are carillings, questionings proceeding from a captious, unbelieving spirit. They are διαλογισμοὶ πονηροὶ (Matthew 15:19). The word is always used in a bad sense in the New Testament. Forms of prayer were not yet established in the Church, but these cautious show the need of them. I will therefore that men pray everywhere,.... In this declaration of the apostle's will concerning prayer, he only takes notice of "men"; not but that it is both the duty and privilege of women, as well as men, to pray in their houses and closets; but because he is speaking of public prayer in the church, which only belongs to men, he speaks only of them; and his will is, that prayer should be performed by them everywhere, or in any place, in any part of the world where they lived. Now was the prophecy in Malachi 1:11 fulfilled, and now was the time come our Lord refers to, John 4:21. This seems to be said in opposition to a Jewish notion, that the temple at Jerusalem was the only place for prayer, and that prayer made elsewhere ought to be directed towards that. The Jews say (b), that

"there is no way for the prayer of the nations of the world to ascend, seeing the gates of heaven are only opened in the land of Israel.--And again, that the prayers without the land have no way to go up before the Lord, but the Israelites send them without the land opposite Jerusalem; and when they come to Jerusalem, from thence they remove and ascend above.--No prayer ascends above from that place in which it is made, till it come to the land of Israel, and from thence to Jerusalem, and from thence to the sanctuary, and then it ascends above.''

They have also many rules concerning places of private prayer, as that care should be taken that it be not in a place where there is any filth; or any bad scent (c).

Lifting up holy hands; lifting up of hands was a prayer gesture among the Heathens (d), and so it was among the Jews (e). R. Simeon lift up his hands in prayer to the blessed God, and prayed his prayer. Yea, they (f) say,

"it is forbidden a man to lift up his hands above, except in prayer, and in blessings to his Lord, and supplications, as it is said, Genesis 14:22 which is interpreted of lifting up of hands in prayer.''

And this was an emblem of the elevation of the heart in prayer to God, without which the former would be of little avail. It is an observation of the Jews (g), we have found prayer without lifting up of hands, but we never found lifting up of hands without prayer. And these hands must be holy and pure; there must be purity of heart, and cleanness of hands, or a freedom from any governing sin, which renders prayer unacceptable unto God; see Isaiah 1:15. The apostle alludes to a custom of the Jews, who always used to wash their hands before prayer;

"Then Holofernes commanded his guard that they should not stay her: thus she abode in the camp three days, and went out in the night into the valley of Bethulia, and washed herself in a fountain of water by the camp. And when she came out, she besought the Lord God of Israel to direct her way to the raising up of the children of her people.'' (Judith 12:7,8)

So it is said (h) of the Septuagint interpreters, that after the Jewish manner they washed their hands and prayed. The account Maimonides gives (i), is this:

"cleanness of hands, how is it done? a man must wash his hands up to the elbow, and after that pray; if a man is on a journey, and the time of prayer is come, and he has no water, if there is between him and water four miles, which are eight thousand cubits, he may go to the place of water, and wash, and after that pray. If there is between him more than that, he may rub his hands, and pray. But if the place of water is behind him, he is not obliged to go back but a mile; but if he has passed from the water more than that, he is not obliged to return, but he rubs his hands and prays; they do not make clean for prayer but the hands only, in the rest of prayers, except the morning prayer; but before the morning prayer a man washes his face, his hands and feet, and after that prays.''

But, alas! what does all this washing signify? Unless, as Philo the Jew (k), expresses it, a man lifts up pure, and, as one may say, virgin hands, to heaven, and so prays.

Without wrath and doubting; or reasoning, or disputation in a contentious way: the former of these, some think, has reference to "murmuring", as the Ethiopic version renders it, impatience and complaint against God in prayer, and the other to doubt and diffidence about being heard, and having the petitions answered; for prayer ought to be with praise to God, and faith in him: or rather "wrath" may intend an angry and unforgiving temper towards men, with whom prayer is made, which is very unbecoming; see Matthew 5:23 and both that and doubting, or disputation, may have regard to those heats and contentions that were between the Jews and Gentiles, which the apostle would have laid aside, and they join together in prayer, and in other parts of public worship, in love and peace. Maimonides (l) says,

"men may not stand praying, either with laughter, or with levity, nor with confabulation, "nor with contention, nor with anger", but with the words of the law.''

And it is a saving of R. Chanina,

"in a day of "wrath", a man may not pray (m).''

continued...8. I will—The active wish, or desire, is meant.

that men—rather as Greek, "that the men," as distinguished from "the women," to whom he has something different to say from what he said to the men (1Ti 2:9-12; 1Co 11:14, 15; 14:34, 35). The emphasis, however, is not on this, but on the precept of praying, resumed from 1Ti 2:1.

everywhere—Greek, "in every place," namely, of public prayer. Fulfilling Mal 1:11, "In every place … from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same … incense shall be offered unto My name"; and Jesus' words, Mt 18:20; Joh 4:21, 23.

lifting up holy hands—The early Christians turned up their palms towards heaven, as those craving help do. So also Solomon (1Ki 8:22; Ps 141:2). The Jews washed their hands before prayer (Ps 26:6). Paul figuratively (compare Job 17:9; Jas 4:8) uses language alluding to this custom here: so Isa 1:15, 16. The Greek for "holy" means hands which have committed no impiety, and observed every sacred duty. This (or at least the contrite desire to be so) is a needful qualification for effectual prayer (Ps 24:3, 4).

without wrath—putting it away (Mt 5:23, 24; 6:15).

doubting—rather, "disputing," as the Greek is translated in Php 2:14. Such things hinder prayer (Lu 9:46; Ro 14:1; 1Pe 3:7). Bengel supports English Version (compare an instance, 2Ki 7:2; Mt 14:31; Mr 11:22-24; Jas 1:6).2:8-15 Under the gospel, prayer is not to be confined to any one particular house of prayer, but men must pray every where. We must pray in our closets, pray in our families, pray at our meals, pray when we are on journeys, and pray in the solemn assemblies, whether more public or private. We must pray in charity; without wrath, or malice, or anger at any person. We must pray in faith, without doubting, and without disputing. Women who profess the Christian religion, must be modest in apparel, not affecting gaudiness, gaiety, or costliness. Good works are the best ornament; these are, in the sight of God, of great price. Modesty and neatness are more to be consulted in garments than elegance and fashion. And it would be well if the professors of serious godliness were wholly free from vanity in dress. They should spend more time and money in relieving the sick and distressed, than in decorating themselves and their children. To do this in a manner unsuitable to their rank in life, and their profession of godliness, is sinful. These are not trifles, but Divine commands. The best ornaments for professors of godliness, are good works. According to St. Paul, women are not allowed to be public teachers in the church; for teaching is an office of authority. But good women may and ought to teach their children at home the principles of true religion. Also, women must not think themselves excused from learning what is necessary to salvation, though they must not usurp authority. As woman was last in the creation, which is one reason for her subjection, so she was first in the transgression. But there is a word of comfort; that those who continue in sobriety, shall be saved in child-bearing, or with child-bearing, by the Messiah, who was born of a woman. And the especial sorrow to which the female sex is subject, should cause men to exercise their authority with much gentleness, tenderness, and affection.
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