Romans 14:23
New International Version
But whoever has doubts is condemned if they eat, because their eating is not from faith; and everything that does not come from faith is sin.

New Living Translation
But if you have doubts about whether or not you should eat something, you are sinning if you go ahead and do it. For you are not following your convictions. If you do anything you believe is not right, you are sinning.

English Standard Version
But whoever has doubts is condemned if he eats, because the eating is not from faith. For whatever does not proceed from faith is sin.

Berean Study Bible
But the one who has doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and everything that is not from faith is sin.

Berean Literal Bible
But the one doubting has been condemned if he eats, because it is not of faith; and anything that is not of faith is sin.

New American Standard Bible
But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and whatever is not from faith is sin.

King James Bible
And he that doubteth is damned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin.

Christian Standard Bible
But whoever doubts stands condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith, and everything that is not from faith is sin.

Contemporary English Version
But if you do have doubts about what you eat, you are going against your beliefs. And you know that is wrong, because anything you do against your beliefs is sin.

Good News Translation
But if they have doubts about what they eat, God condemns them when they eat it, because their action is not based on faith. And anything that is not based on faith is sin.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But whoever doubts stands condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from a conviction, and everything that is not from a conviction is sin.

International Standard Version
But the person who has doubts is condemned if he eats, because he does not act in faith; and anything that is not done in faith is sin.

NET Bible
But the man who doubts is condemned if he eats, because he does not do so from faith, and whatever is not from faith is sin.

New Heart English Bible
But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because it is not of faith; and whatever is not of faith is sin.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For whoever is doubtful and eats is condemned because it is not in faith, for everything that is not from faith is sin.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But if a person has doubts and still eats, he is condemned because he didn't act in faith. Anything that is not done in faith is sin.

New American Standard 1977
But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and whatever is not from faith is sin.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he that makes a difference is condemned if he eats, because he does not eat by faith; and whatsoever is not out of faith is sin.

King James 2000 Bible
And he that doubts is condemned if he eats, because he eats not of faith: for whatever is not of faith is sin.

American King James Version
And he that doubts is damned if he eat, because he eats not of faith: for whatever is not of faith is sin.

American Standard Version
But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he that discerneth, if he eat, is condemned; because not of faith. For all that is not of faith is sin.

Darby Bible Translation
But he that doubts, if he eat, is condemned; because [it is] not of faith; but whatever [is] not of faith is sin.

English Revised Version
But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he that doubteth is damned if he eateth, because he eateth not from faith: for whatever is not from faith is sin.

Weymouth New Testament
But he who has misgivings and yet eats meat is condemned already, because his conduct is not based on faith; for all conduct not based on faith is sinful.

World English Bible
But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because it isn't of faith; and whatever is not of faith is sin.

Young's Literal Translation
and he who is making a difference, if he may eat, hath been condemned, because it is not of faith; and all that is not of faith is sin.
Study Bible
The Law of Love
22Keep your belief about such matters between yourself and God. Blessed is the one who does not condemn himself by what he approves. 23But the one who has doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and everything that is not from faith is sin.
Cross References
Romans 14:5
One man regards a certain day above the others, while someone else considers every day alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind.

Titus 1:15
To the pure, all things are pure; but to the defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure. Indeed, both their minds and their consciences are defiled.

Treasury of Scripture

And he that doubts is damned if he eat, because he eats not of faith: for whatever is not of faith is sin.

he that.

1 Corinthians 8:7
Howbeit there is not in every man that knowledge: for some with conscience of the idol unto this hour eat it as a thing offered unto an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled.

doubteth.

damned.

Romans 13:2
Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.

1 Corinthians 11:29-31
For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body…

whatsoever.

Titus 1:15
Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.

Hebrews 11:6
But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.







Lexicon
But
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

the [one who]
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

has doubts
διακρινόμενος (diakrinomenos)
Verb - Present Participle Middle - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1252: From dia and krino; to separate thoroughly, i.e. to withdraw from, or oppose; figuratively, to discriminate, or hesitate.

is condemned
κατακέκριται (katakekritai)
Verb - Perfect Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2632: To condemn, judge worthy of punishment. From kata and krino; to judge against, i.e. Sentence.

if
ἐὰν (ean)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1437: If. From ei and an; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.

he eats,
φάγῃ (phagē)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 5315: A primary verb; to eat.

because [his eating is]
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

not
οὐκ (ouk)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

from
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

faith;
πίστεως (pisteōs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4102: Faith, belief, trust, confidence; fidelity, faithfulness.

and
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

everything
πᾶν (pan)
Adjective - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

that [is]
(ho)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

not
οὐκ (ouk)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

from
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

faith
πίστεως (pisteōs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4102: Faith, belief, trust, confidence; fidelity, faithfulness.

is
ἐστίν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

sin.
ἁμαρτία (hamartia)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 266: From hamartano; a sin.
(23) And he that doubteth.--The one thing which justifies a man in neglecting such nice and punctilious distinctions is a faith so strong that it can afford to make light of them. Where faith is not strong enough for this, and where the conscience deliberately approves one course, and the other course is chosen, this alone stamps the act as wrong. "He who hesitates as to what he ought to do is condemned, or does wrong, if he eats (in opposition to his conscience), for he has not the one faculty which can overrule the decisions of conscience, and give them a different direction."

Whatsoever is not of faith is sin.--This is intended as a general principle, but only as a general principle covering this particular kind of case. Where the conscience is in doubt, faith alone can make it right to choose the side against which conscience inclines. Nothing is said about those cases in which conscience is either not appealed to at all, or approves what is done. Hence St. Augustine was wrong in arguing from this passage that even good actions, when done by unbelievers, were of the nature of sin.

Verse 23. - But he that doubteth (or, wavereth) is condemned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin. For sense of διακρίνεσθαι, cf. ch. 4:20; Matthew 21:21; Mark 11:23; James 1:6. Faith here denotes an assured belief that what one does is right; nor is it necessary to give the word a wider or different sense in the concluding clause (Ταῦτα δὲ πάντα περὶ τῆς προκειμένης ὑποθεσεως εἴρηται τῷ Παῦλῳ οὔ περὶ πάντων, Chrysostom). Hence to see in it (as has been done) the doctrine of the sinfulness of all works done apart from faith in Christ is to introduce an idea that is not there.



14:19-23 Many wish for peace, and talk loudly for it, who do not follow the things that make for peace. Meekness, humility, self-denial, and love, make for peace. We cannot edify one another, while quarrelling and contending. Many, for meat and drink, destroy the work of God in themselves; nothing more destroys the soul than pampering and pleasing the flesh, and fulfilling the lusts of it; so others are hurt, by wilful offence given. Lawful things may be done unlawfully, by giving offence to brethren. This takes in all indifferent things, whereby a brother is drawn into sin or trouble; or has his graces, his comforts, or his resolutions weakened. Hast thou faith? It is meant of knowledge and clearness as to our Christian liberty. Enjoy the comfort of it, but do not trouble others by a wrong use of it. Nor may we act against a doubting conscience. How excellent are the blessings of Christ's kingdom, which consists not in outward rites and ceremonies, but in righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost! How preferable is the service of God to all other services! and in serving him we are not called to live and die to ourselves, but unto Christ, whose we are, and whom we ought to serve.
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