266. hamartia
Strong's Concordance
hamartia: a sin, failure
Original Word: ἁμαρτία, ας, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: hamartia
Phonetic Spelling: (ham-ar-tee'-ah)
Definition: a sin, failure
Usage: prop: missing the mark; hence: (a) guilt, sin, (b) a fault, failure (in an ethical sense), sinful deed.
HELPS Word-studies

266 hamartía (a feminine noun derived from 1 /A "not" and 3313 /méros, "a part, share of") – properly, no-share ("no part of"); loss (forfeiture) because not hitting the target; sin (missing the mark).

266 /hamartía ("sin, forfeiture because missing the mark") is the brand of sin that emphasizes its self-originated (self-empowered) nature – i.e. it is not originated or empowered by God (i.e. not of faith, His inworked persuasion, cf. Ro 14:23).

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from hamartanó
a sin, failure
NASB Translation
sin (96), sinful (2), sins (75).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 266: ἁμαρτία

ἁμαρτία, (ας, (from 2 aorist ἁμαρτεῖν, as ἀποτυχία from ἀποτύχειν), a failing to hit the mark (see ἁμαρτάνω. In Greek writings (from Aeschylus and Thucydides down). 1st, an error of the understanding (cf. Ackermann, Das Christl. im Plato, p. 59 Anm. 3 (English translation (S. R. Asbury, 1861), p. 57 n. 99)). 2nd, a bad action, evil deed. In the N. T. always in an ethical sense, and

1. equivalent to τό ἁμαρτάνειν a sinning, whether it occurs by omission or commission, in thought and feeling or in speech and action (cf. Cicero, de fin. 3, 9): Romans 5:12f, 20; ὑφ' ἁμαρτίαν εἶναι held down in sin, Romans 3:9; ἐπιμένειν τῇ ἁμαρτία, Romans 6:1; ἀποθνῄσκειν τῇ ἁμαρτία and ζῆν ἐν αὐτῇ, Romans 6:2; τήν ἁμαρτίαν γινώσκειν, Romans 7:7; 2 Corinthians 5:21; νεκρός τῇ ἁμαρτία Romans 6:11; περί ἁμαρτίας to break the power of sin, Romans 8:3 (cf. Meyer); σῶμα τῆς ἁμαρτίας the body as the instrument of sin, Romans 6:6; ἀπάτη τῆς ἁμαρτίας the craft by which sin is accustomed to deceive, Hebrews 3:13; ἄνθρωπος τῆς ἁμαρτίας (ἀνομίας T Tr text WH text) the man so possessed by sin that he seems unable to exist without it, the man utterly given up to sin, 2 Thessalonians 2:3 (Winer's Grammar, § 34, 3 Note 2). In this sense ἁμαρτία (equivalent to τό ἁμαρτάνειν) as a power exercising dominion over men (sin as a principle and power) is rhetorically represented as an imperial personage in the phrases ἁμαρτία βασιλεύει, κυριεύει, κατεργάζεται, Romans 5:21; Romans 6:12, 14; Romans 7:17, 20; δουλεύειν τῇ ἁμ. Romans 6:6; δοῦλος τῆς ἁμ. John 8:34 (WH brackets; G omits τῆς ἁμ.); Romans 6:17; νόμος τῆς ἁμ. the dictate of sin or an impulse proceeding from it, Romans 7:23; Romans 8:2; δύναμις τῆς ἁμ. 1 Corinthians 15:56; (the prosopopaeia occurs in Genesis 4:7 and, according to the reading ἁμαρτία, in Sir. 27:10). Thus, ἁμαρτία in sense, but not in signification, is the source whence the several evil acts proceed; but it never denotes vitiosity.

2. that which is done wrong, committed or resultant sin, an offence, a violation of the divine law in thought or in act ( ἁμαρτία ἐστιν ἀνομία, 1 John 3:4);

a. generally: James 1:15; John 8:46 (where ἁμαρτία must be taken to mean neither error, nor craft by which Jesus is corrupting the people, but sin viewed generally, as is well shown by Lücke at the passage and Ullmann in the Studien und Kritiken for 1842, p. 667ff (cf. his Sündlosigkeit Jesu, p. 66ff (English translation of the 7th edition, p. 71f)); the thought is, 'If anyone convicts me of sin, then you may lawfully question the truth and divinity of my doctrine, for sin hinders the perception of truth'); χωρίς ἁμαρτίας so that he did not commit sin, Hebrews 4:15; ποιεῖν ἁμαρτίαν and τήν ἁμαρτίαν John 8:34; 1 John 3:8; 2 Corinthians 11:7; 1 Peter 2:22; ἔχειν ἁμαρτίαν to have sin as though it were one's odious private property, or to have done something needing expiation, equivalent to to have committed sin, John 9:41; John 15:22, 24; John 19:11; 1 John 1:8 (so αἷμα ἔχειν, of one who has committed murder, Euripides, Or. 514); very often in the plural ἁμαρτίαι (in the Synoptative Gospels the singular occurs but once: Matthew 12:31); 1 Thessalonians 2:16; (James 5:16 L T Tr WH); Revelation 18:4f, etc.; πλῆθος ἁμαρτιῶν, James 5:20; 1 Peter 4:8; ποιεῖν ἁμαρτίας, James 5:15; also in the expressions ἄφεσις ἁμαρτιῶν, ἀφιέναι τάς ἁμαρτίας, etc. (see ἀφίημι, 1 d.), in which the word does not of itself denote the guilt or penalty of sins, but the sins are conceived of as removed so to speak from God's sight, regarded by him as not having been done, and therefore are not punished. Ἐν ἁμαρτίαις σύ ἐγεννήθης ὅλος thou wast covered all over with sins when thou wast born i. e. didst sin abundantly before thou wast born, John 9:34; ἐν ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις ἀποθνῄσκειν to die loaded with evil deeds therefore unreformed, John 8:24; ἔτι ἐν ἁμαρτίαις εἶναι still to have one's sins, namely, unexpiated, 1 Corinthians 15:17.

b. some particular evil deed: τήν ἁμαρτίαν ταύτην, Acts 7:60; πᾶσα ἁμαρτία, Matthew 12:31; ἁμαρτία πρός θάνατον, 1 John 5:16 (an offence of such gravity that a Christian lapses from the state of ζωή received from Christ into the state of θάνατος (cf. θάνατος, 2) in which he was before he became united to Christ by faith; cf. Lücke, DeWette (especially Westcott, at the passage)).

3. collectively, the complex or aggregate of sins committed either by a single person or by many: αἴρειν τήν ἁμαρτίαν τοῦ κόσμου, John 1:29 (see αἴρω, 3 c.); ἀποθνῄσκειν ἐν τῇ ἁμαρτία John 8:21 (see 2 a. under the end); περί ἁμαρτίας, namely, θυσίας (Winers Grammar, 583 (542): Buttmann, 393 (336)), expiatory sacrifices, Hebrews 10:6 (according to the usage of the Sept., who sometimes so translate the Hebrew חֲטָאָה and חַטָּאת, e. g. Leviticus 5:11; Leviticus 7:27 (37); Psalm 39:7 ()); χωρίς ἁμαρτίας having no fellowship with the sin which he is about (?) to expiate, Hebrews 9:28.

4. abstract for the concrete, equivalent to ἁμαρτωλός: Romans 7:7 ( νόμος ἁμαρτία, opposed to νόμος ἅγιος, Romans 7:12); 2 Corinthians 5:21 (τόν ... ἁμαρτίαν ἐποίησεν he treated him, who knew not sin, as a sinner). Cf. Fritzsche on Romans, vol. i. 289ff; (see ἁμάρτημα; Trench, § lxvi.).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
offense, sin, sinful.

From hamartano; a sin (properly abstract) -- offence, sin(-ful).

see GREEK hamartano

Forms and Transliterations
αμαρτια αμαρτία ἁμαρτία ἁμαρτίᾳ αμαρτιαι αμαρτίαι ἁμαρτίαι αμαρτιαις αμαρτίαις ἁμαρτίαις αμαρτιαν αμαρτίαν ἁμαρτίαν αμαρτιας αμαρτίας ἁμαρτίας αμαρτιων αμαρτιών ἁμαρτιῶν amartia amartiai amartiais amartian amartias amartion amartiōn hamartia hamartía hamartiai hamartíai hamartíāi hamartiais hamartíais hamartian hamartían hamartias hamartías hamartion hamartiôn hamartiōn hamartiō̂n
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 1:21 N-GFP
GRK: ἀπὸ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν
NAS: His people from their sins.
KJV: from their sins.
INT: from the sins of them

Matthew 3:6 N-AFP
GRK: ἐξομολογούμενοι τὰς ἁμαρτίας αὐτῶν
NAS: River, as they confessed their sins.
KJV: confessing their sins.
INT: confessing the sins of them

Matthew 9:2 N-NFP
GRK: σου αἱ ἁμαρτίαι
NAS: son; your sins are forgiven.
KJV: thy sins be forgiven
INT: you the sins

Matthew 9:5 N-NFP
GRK: σου αἱ ἁμαρτίαι ἢ εἰπεῖν
NAS: to say, Your sins are forgiven,'
KJV: to say, [Thy] sins be forgiven
INT: you [your] sins or to say

Matthew 9:6 N-AFP
GRK: γῆς ἀφιέναι ἁμαρτίας τότε λέγει
NAS: to forgive sins-- then
KJV: earth to forgive sins, (then saith he
INT: earth to forgive sins then he says

Matthew 12:31 N-NFS
GRK: ὑμῖν πᾶσα ἁμαρτία καὶ βλασφημία
NAS: to you, any sin and blasphemy
KJV: All manner of sin and
INT: to you Every sin and blasphemy

Matthew 26:28 N-GFP
GRK: εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν
NAS: out for many for forgiveness of sins.
KJV: for the remission of sins.
INT: for forgiveness of sins

Mark 1:4 N-GFP
GRK: εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν
NAS: for the forgiveness of sins.
KJV: for the remission of sins.
INT: for forgiveness of sins

Mark 1:5 N-AFP
GRK: ἐξομολογούμενοι τὰς ἁμαρτίας αὐτῶν
NAS: River, confessing their sins.
KJV: confessing their sins.
INT: confessing the sins of them

Mark 2:5 N-NFP
GRK: σου αἱ ἁμαρτίαι
NAS: Son, your sins are forgiven.
KJV: Son, thy sins be forgiven thee.
INT: of you the sins

Mark 2:7 N-AFP
GRK: δύναται ἀφιέναι ἁμαρτίας εἰ μὴ
NAS: can forgive sins but God alone?
KJV: can forgive sins but God
INT: is able to forgive sins if not

Mark 2:9 N-NFP
GRK: σου αἱ ἁμαρτίαι ἢ εἰπεῖν
NAS: to the paralytic, 'Your sins are forgiven;
KJV: to the sick of the palsy, [Thy] sins be forgiven
INT: of you the sins or to say

Mark 2:10 N-AFP
GRK: ἀνθρώπου ἀφιέναι ἁμαρτίας ἐπὶ τῆς
NAS: to forgive sins-- He said
KJV: to forgive sins, (he saith
INT: of man to forgive sins on the

Luke 1:77 N-GFP
GRK: ἐν ἀφέσει ἁμαρτιῶν αὐτῶν
NAS: By the forgiveness of their sins,
KJV: the remission of their sins,
INT: in forgiveness of sins of them

Luke 3:3 N-GFP
GRK: εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν
NAS: for the forgiveness of sins;
KJV: for the remission of sins;
INT: for forgiveness of sins

Luke 5:20 N-NFP
GRK: σοι αἱ ἁμαρτίαι σου
NAS: Friend, your sins are forgiven
KJV: Man, thy sins are forgiven thee.
INT: you the sins of you

Luke 5:21 N-AFP
GRK: τίς δύναται ἁμαρτίας ἀφεῖναι εἰ
NAS: can forgive sins, but God alone?
KJV: can forgive sins, but God
INT: who is able sins to forgive if

Luke 5:23 N-NFP
GRK: σοι αἱ ἁμαρτίαι σου ἢ
NAS: to say, 'Your sins have been forgiven
KJV: to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee;
INT: you the sins of you or

Luke 5:24 N-AFP
GRK: γῆς ἀφιέναι ἁμαρτίας εἶπεν τῷ
NAS: to forgive sins,-- He said
KJV: to forgive sins, (he said
INT: earth to forgive sins he said to the

Luke 7:47 N-NFP
GRK: ἀφέωνται αἱ ἁμαρτίαι αὐτῆς αἱ
NAS: I say to you, her sins, which are many,
KJV: unto thee, Her sins, which are many,
INT: forgiven have been the sins of her

Luke 7:48 N-NFP
GRK: σου αἱ ἁμαρτίαι
NAS: He said to her, Your sins have been forgiven.
KJV: unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.
INT: your sins

Luke 7:49 N-AFP
GRK: ὃς καὶ ἁμαρτίας ἀφίησιν
NAS: even forgives sins?
KJV: that forgiveth sins also?
INT: who even sins forgives

Luke 11:4 N-AFP
GRK: ἡμῖν τὰς ἁμαρτίας ἡμῶν καὶ
NAS: And forgive us our sins, For we ourselves
KJV: us our sins; for we
INT: us the sins of us also

Luke 24:47 N-GFP
GRK: εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν εἰς πάντα
NAS: for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed
KJV: remission of sins should be preached
INT: and forgiveness of sins to all

John 1:29 N-AFS
GRK: αἴρων τὴν ἁμαρτίαν τοῦ κόσμου
NAS: who takes away the sin of the world!
KJV: taketh away the sin of the world.
INT: takes away the sin of the world

Strong's Greek 266
173 Occurrences

ἁμαρτία — 35 Occ.
ἁμαρτίαι — 12 Occ.
ἁμαρτίαις — 9 Occ.
ἁμαρτίαν — 27 Occ.
ἁμαρτίας — 58 Occ.
ἁμαρτιῶν — 32 Occ.

Top of Page
Top of Page