Romans 11:28
New International Version
As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemies for your sake; but as far as election is concerned, they are loved on account of the patriarchs,

New Living Translation
Many of the people of Israel are now enemies of the Good News, and this benefits you Gentiles. Yet they are still the people he loves because he chose their ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

English Standard Version
As regards the gospel, they are enemies for your sake. But as regards election, they are beloved for the sake of their forefathers.

Berean Study Bible
Regarding the gospel, they are enemies on your account; but regarding election, they are loved on account of the patriarchs.

Berean Literal Bible
For as regards the gospel, they are enemies on account of you; but as regards election, beloved on account of the patriarchs.

New American Standard Bible
From the standpoint of the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but from the standpoint of God's choice they are beloved for the sake of the fathers;

King James Bible
As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sakes.

Christian Standard Bible
Regarding the gospel, they are enemies for your advantage, but regarding election, they are loved because of the patriarchs,

Contemporary English Version
The people of Israel are treated as God's enemies, so the good news can come to you Gentiles. But they are still the chosen ones, and God loves them because of their famous ancestors.

Good News Translation
Because they reject the Good News, the Jews are God's enemies for the sake of you Gentiles. But because of God's choice, they are his friends because of their ancestors.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Regarding the gospel, they are enemies for your advantage, but regarding election, they are loved because of the patriarchs,

International Standard Version
As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemies for your sake, but as far as election is concerned, they are loved for the sake of their ancestors.

NET Bible
In regard to the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but in regard to election they are dearly loved for the sake of the fathers.

New Heart English Bible
Concerning the Good News, they are enemies for your sake. But concerning the election, they are loved for the fathers' sake.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But they are enemies in The Gospel for your sake, and in The Election they are beloved because of The Patriarchs.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Good News made the Jewish people enemies because of you. But by God's choice they are loved because of their ancestors.

New American Standard 1977
From the standpoint of the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but from the standpoint of God’s choice they are beloved for the sake of the fathers;

Jubilee Bible 2000
So that, as concerning the gospel, I have them for enemies for your sakes; but as touching the election of God, they are beloved for the fathers' sakes.

King James 2000 Bible
As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but concerning the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sakes.

American King James Version
As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the father's sakes.

American Standard Version
As touching the gospel, they are enemies for your sake: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers'sake.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As concerning the gospel, indeed, they are enemies for your sake: but as touching the election, they are most dear for the sake of the fathers.

Darby Bible Translation
As regards the glad tidings, [they are] enemies on your account; but as regards election, beloved on account of the fathers.

English Revised Version
As touching the gospel, they are enemies for your sake: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sake.

Webster's Bible Translation
As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as concerning the election, they are beloved for the father's sakes.

Weymouth New Testament
In relation to the Good News, the Jews are God's enemies for your sakes; but in relation to God's choice they are dearly loved for the sake of their forefathers.

World English Bible
Concerning the Good News, they are enemies for your sake. But concerning the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sake.

Young's Literal Translation
As regards, indeed, the good tidings, they are enemies on your account; and as regards the choice -- beloved on account of the fathers;
Study Bible
All Israel Shall Be Saved
27And this is My covenant with them when I take away their sins.” 28Regarding the gospel, they are enemies on your account; but regarding election, they are loved on account of the patriarchs. 29For God’s gifts and His call are irrevocable.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 7:8
But because the LORD loved you and kept the oath He swore to your fathers, He brought you out with a mighty hand and redeemed you from the house of slavery, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 10:15
Yet the LORD has set His affection on your fathers and loved them. And He has chosen you, their descendants after them, above all the peoples, even to this day.

Romans 5:10
For if, when we were enemies of God, we were reconciled to Him through the death of His Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through His life!

Romans 9:5
Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them proceeds the human descent of Christ, who is God over all, forever worthy of praise! Amen.

Treasury of Scripture

As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the father's sakes.

are enemies.

Romans 11:11,30
I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy…

Matthew 21:43
Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.

Acts 13:45,46
But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blaspheming…

but.

Romans 11:7
What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded

Isaiah 41:8,9
But thou, Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend…

are beloved.

Genesis 26:4
And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed;

Genesis 28:14
And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.

Leviticus 26:40-42
If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against me, and that also they have walked contrary unto me; …







Lexicon
Regarding
Κατὰ (Kata)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2596: A primary particle; down, in varied relations (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined).

the
τὸ (to)
Article - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

gospel,
εὐαγγέλιον (euangelion)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2098: From the same as euaggelizo; a good message, i.e. The gospel.

[they are] enemies
ἐχθροὶ (echthroi)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2190: Hated, hostile; subst: an enemy. From a primary echtho; hateful; usually as a noun, an adversary.

on your account;
δι’ (di’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

but
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

regarding
κατὰ (kata)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 2596: A primary particle; down, in varied relations (genitive, dative or accusative) with which it is joined).

election,
ἐκλογὴν (eklogēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1589: A choosing out, selecting, choice (by God). From eklegomai; selection.

[they are] loved
ἀγαπητοὶ (agapētoi)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 27: From agapao; beloved.

on account of
διὰ (dia)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

the
τοὺς (tous)
Article - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

patriarchs.
πατέρας (pateras)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3962: Father, (Heavenly) Father, ancestor, elder, senior. Apparently a primary word; a 'father'.
(28) The real position of the Jews is this: They have been suffered to fall into a state of estrangement in order to make room for the Gentiles. But this does not abrogate God's original choice of them. They are still His beloved people, for the sake of their forefathers, the patriarchs, if not for their own.

Verses 28, 29. - As touching the gospel indeed (with regard to acceptance of the gospel now) they are enemies for your sakes (for their having become God's enemies by rejecting and opposing it has been the occasion of your having been now called in): but as touching the election (God's original choice of Israel to be his people. Ἐκλογὴ here cannot well have a concrete sense, as in ver. 7), they are beloved for the fathers' sakes. For the gifts (χαρίσματα, meaning "free gifts," or "gifts of grace;" the word used to denote the special gifts of the Holy Ghost showered after Pentecost in the apostolic Church; but expressing generally, as here, whatever God, of his own good will, grants freely) and the calling of God are without repentance (i.e. unrepented of by him and irrevocable; cf. Numbers 23:19, 20; also 1 Samuel 15:29). This denial of anthropopathy in God is asserted as a general truth, to be applied to his calling of "the fathers," i.e. the patriarchs, and their seed after them, to be his people. It is true that, as is shown in ch. 4, there is a spiritual seed of Abraham, not necessarily of the house of Israel, to whom the promises in their ultimate scope were to be fulfilled; but the apostle regards it as impossible that the promises made primarily to the chosen people themselves should be revoked or fail of eventual fulfilment to them. 11:22-32 Of all judgments, spiritual judgments are the sorest; of these the apostle is here speaking. The restoration of the Jews is, in the course of things, far less improbable than the call of the Gentiles to be the children of Abraham; and though others now possess these privileges, it will not hinder their being admitted again. By rejecting the gospel, and by their indignation at its being preached to the Gentiles, the Jews were become enemies to God; yet they are still to be favoured for the sake of their pious fathers. Though at present they are enemies to the gospel, for their hatred to the Gentiles; yet, when God's time is come, that will no longer exist, and God's love to their fathers will be remembered. True grace seeks not to confine God's favour. Those who find mercy themselves, should endeavour that through their mercy others also may obtain mercy. Not that the Jews will be restored to have their priesthood, and temple, and ceremonies again; an end is put to all these; but they are to be brought to believe in Christ, the true become one sheep-fold with the Gentiles, under Christ the Great Shepherd. The captivities of Israel, their dispersion, and their being shut out from the church, are emblems of the believer's corrections for doing wrong; and the continued care of the Lord towards that people, and the final mercy and blessed restoration intended for them, show the patience and love of God.
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