Romans 11:16
New International Version
If the part of the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, then the whole batch is holy; if the root is holy, so are the branches.

New Living Translation
And since Abraham and the other patriarchs were holy, their descendants will also be holy—just as the entire batch of dough is holy because the portion given as an offering is holy. For if the roots of the tree are holy, the branches will be, too.

English Standard Version
If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Berean Study Bible
If the first part of the dough is holy, so is the whole batch; if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Berean Literal Bible
Now if the firstfruit is holy, also the lump; and if the root is holy, also the branches.

New American Standard Bible
If the first piece of dough is holy, the lump is also; and if the root is holy, the branches are too.

New King James Version
For if the firstfruit is holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

King James Bible
For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

Christian Standard Bible
Now if the firstfruits are holy, so is the whole batch. And if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Contemporary English Version
If part of a batch of dough is made holy by being offered to God, then all of the dough is holy. If the roots of a tree are holy, the rest of the tree is holy too.

Good News Translation
If the first piece of bread is given to God, then the whole loaf is his also; and if the roots of a tree are offered to God, the branches are his also.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now if the firstfruits offered up are holy, so is the whole batch. And if the root is holy, so are the branches.

International Standard Version
If the first part of the dough is holy, so is the whole batch. If the root is holy, so are the branches.

NET Bible
If the first portion of the dough offered is holy, then the whole batch is holy, and if the root is holy, so too are the branches.

New Heart English Bible
If the first fruit is holy, so is the lump. If the root is holy, so are the branches.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But if the first fruits are holy, so is the substance. And if the root is holy, so are the branches.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
If the first handful of dough is holy, the whole batch of dough is holy. If the root is holy, the branches are holy.

New American Standard 1977
And if the first piece of dough be holy, the lump is also; and if the root be holy, the branches are too.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For if the firstfruit is holy, so shall the rest be; and if the root is holy, so shall be the branches.

King James 2000 Bible
For if the firstfruit are holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

American King James Version
For if the first fruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

American Standard Version
And if the firstfruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For if the firstfruit be holy, so is the lump also: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

Darby Bible Translation
Now if the first-fruit [be] holy, the lump also; and if the root [be] holy, the branches also.

English Revised Version
And if the firstfruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Webster's Bible Translation
For if the first fruit is holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.

Weymouth New Testament
Now if the firstfruits of the dough are holy, so also is the whole mass; and if the root of a tree is holy, so also are the branches.

World English Bible
If the first fruit is holy, so is the lump. If the root is holy, so are the branches.

Young's Literal Translation
and if the first-fruit is holy, the lump also; and if the root is holy, the branches also.
Study Bible
The Ingrafting of the Gentiles
15For if their rejection is the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead? 16If the first part of the dough is holy, so is the whole batch; if the root is holy, so are the branches. 17Now if some branches have been broken off, and you, a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others to share in the nourishment of the olive root,…
Cross References
Numbers 15:18
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them: When you enter the land to which I am bringing you

Nehemiah 10:37
Moreover, we will bring to the priests at the storerooms of the house of our God the firstfruits of our dough, of our grain offerings, of the fruit of all our trees, and of our new wine and oil. A tenth of our produce belongs to the Levites, for they should receive tithes in all the towns where we labor.

Ezekiel 44:30
The best of all the firstfruits and of every contribution from all your offerings will belong to the priests. You are to give your first batch of dough to the priest, so that a blessing may rest upon your homes.

Romans 8:23
Not only that, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.

Treasury of Scripture

For if the first fruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.

if the first-fruit.

Exodus 22:29
Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.

Exodus 23:16,19
And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field…

Leviticus 23:10
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:

and if.

Romans 11:17
And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;

Genesis 17:7
And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.

Jeremiah 2:21
Yet I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art thou turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto me?







Lexicon
If
εἰ (ei)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1487: If. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.

the
(hē)
Article - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

first part [of the dough]
ἀπαρχὴ (aparchē)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 536: From a compound of apo and archomai; a beginning of sacrifice, i.e. The first-fruit.

[is] holy,
ἁγία (hagia)
Adjective - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 40: Set apart by (or for) God, holy, sacred. From hagos; sacred.

so [is]
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
τὸ (to)
Article - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

whole batch;
φύραμα (phyrama)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5445: A mass or lump, as of bread dough. From a prolonged form of phuro, mean to knead; a mass of dough.

if
εἰ (ei)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1487: If. A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.

the
(hē)
Article - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

root
ῥίζα (rhiza)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4491: A root, shoot, source; that which comes from the root, a descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'root'.

[is] holy,
ἁγία (hagia)
Adjective - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 40: Set apart by (or for) God, holy, sacred. From hagos; sacred.

so [are]
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

branches.
κλάδοι (kladoi)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2798: A young tender shoot, then: a branch; met: of descendants. From klao; a twig or bough.
(16) And we have the strongest reason for believing in this reconversion of the Jews. Their forefathers were the first recipients of the promise, and what they were it is only natural to hope that their descendants will be. When a piece of dough is taken from the lump to make a consecrated cake, the consecration of the part extends over the whole; and the character which is inherent in the root of a tree shows itself also in the branches. So we may believe that the latter end of Israel will be like its beginning. The consecration that was imparted to it in the founders of the race we may expect to see resumed by their descendants, even though it is for a time interrupted.

The firstfruit . . . the lump.--The allusion here is to the custom, described in Numbers 15:19-21, of dedicating a portion of the dough to God. The portion thus taken was to be a "heave-offering"--i.e., it was to be "waved," or "heaved," before the Lord, and was then given to the priest.

Verse 16. - And if the firstfruit be holy, so also is the lump; and if the root be holy, so also are the branches. By the firstfruit and the root is signified the original stock of Israel, the patriarchs; by the lump and the branches, the subsequent nation through all time. The word ἀπαρχή, being here connected with φύραμα, may be understood as referring to Numbers 15:19-22. The people are there enjoined to take of the first dough (φύραμα) kneaded after harvest a cake for a heave offering, called ἀπαρχή φυράματος (LXX.). This consecrated ἀπαρχή sanctified the whole φύραμα. 11:11-21 The gospel is the greatest riches of every place where it is. As therefore the righteous rejection of the unbelieving Jews, was the occasion of so large a multitude of the Gentiles being reconciled to God, and at peace with him; the future receiving of the Jews into the church would be such a change, as would resemble a general resurrection of the dead in sin to a life of righteousness. Abraham was as the root of the church. The Jews continued branches of this tree till, as a nation, they rejected the Messiah; after that, their relation to Abraham and to God was, as it were, cut off. The Gentiles were grafted into this tree in their room; being admitted into the church of God. Multitudes were made heirs of Abraham's faith, holiness and blessedness. It is the natural state of every one of us, to be wild by nature. Conversion is as the grafting in of wild branches into the good olive. The wild olive was often ingrafted into the fruitful one when it began to decay, and this not only brought forth fruit, but caused the decaying olive to revive and flourish. The Gentiles, of free grace, had been grafted in to share advantages. They ought therefore to beware of self-confidence, and every kind of pride or ambition; lest, having only a dead faith, and an empty profession, they should turn from God, and forfeit their privileges. If we stand at all, it is by faith; we are guilty and helpless in ourselves, and are to be humble, watchful, afraid of self-deception, or of being overcome by temptation. Not only are we at first justified by faith, but kept to the end in that justified state by faith only; yet, by a faith which is not alone, but which worketh by love to God and man.
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