Romans 7:5
New International Version
For when we were in the realm of the flesh, the sinful passions aroused by the law were at work in us, so that we bore fruit for death.

New Living Translation
When we were controlled by our old nature, sinful desires were at work within us, and the law aroused these evil desires that produced a harvest of sinful deeds, resulting in death.

English Standard Version
For while we were living in the flesh, our sinful passions, aroused by the law, were at work in our members to bear fruit for death.

Berean Study Bible
For when we lived according to the flesh, the sinful passions aroused by the Law were at work in our bodies, bearing fruit for death.

Berean Literal Bible
For while we were in the flesh, the passions of sins that were through the Law were at work in our members, to the bringing forth of fruit to death.

New American Standard Bible
For while we were in the flesh, the sinful passions, which were aroused by the Law, were at work in the members of our body to bear fruit for death.

King James Bible
For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.

Christian Standard Bible
For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions aroused through the law were working in us to bear fruit for death.

Contemporary English Version
When we thought only of ourselves, the Law made us have sinful desires. It made every part of our bodies into slaves who are doomed to die.

Good News Translation
For when we lived according to our human nature, the sinful desires stirred up by the Law were at work in our bodies, and all we did ended in death.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions operated through the law in every part of us and bore fruit for death.

International Standard Version
For while we were living according to our human nature, sinful passions were at work in our bodies by means of the Law, to bear fruit resulting in death.

NET Bible
For when we were in the flesh, the sinful desires, aroused by the law, were active in the members of our body to bear fruit for death.

New Heart English Bible
For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions which were through the law, worked in our members to bring forth fruit for death.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
When we were in the flesh, the diseases of sin, which are by The Written Law, worked diligently in the members that we might yield fruit to death.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
While we were living under the influence of our corrupt nature, sinful passions were at work throughout our bodies. Stirred up by Moses' laws, our sinful passions did things that result in death.

New American Standard 1977
For while we were in the flesh, the sinful passions, which were aroused by the Law, were at work in the members of our body to bear fruit for death.

Jubilee Bible 2000
For while we were in the flesh, the affections of the sins which were by the law worked in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.

King James 2000 Bible
For when we were in the flesh, the passions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.

American King James Version
For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit to death.

American Standard Version
For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions, which were through the law, wrought in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For when we were in the flesh, the passions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members, to bring forth fruit unto death.

Darby Bible Translation
For when we were in the flesh the passions of sins, which [were] by the law, wrought in our members to bring forth fruit to death;

English Revised Version
For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions, which were through the law, wrought in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.

Webster's Bible Translation
For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit to death:

Weymouth New Testament
For whilst we were under the thraldom of our earthly natures, sinful passions-- made sinful by the Law--were always being aroused to action in our bodily faculties that they might yield fruit to death.

World English Bible
For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions which were through the law, worked in our members to bring forth fruit to death.

Young's Literal Translation
for when we were in the flesh, the passions of the sins, that are through the law, were working in our members, to bear fruit to the death;
Study Bible
Release from the Law
4Therefore, my brothers, you also died to the Law through the body of Christ, that you might belong to another, to Him who was raised from the dead, in order that we might bear fruit to God. 5For when we lived according to the flesh, the sinful passions aroused by the Law were at work in our bodies, bearing fruit for death. 6But now, having died to what bound us, we have been released from the Law, so that we serve in the new way of the Spirit, and not in the old way of the written code.…
Cross References
Romans 6:13
Do not present the parts of your body to sin as instruments of wickedness, but present yourselves to God as those who have been brought from death to life; and present the parts of your body to Him as instruments of righteousness.

Romans 6:21
What fruit did you reap at that time from the things of which you are now ashamed? The outcome of those things is death.

Romans 7:7
What then shall we say? Is the Law sin? By no means! Indeed, I would not have been mindful of sin if not for the Law. For I would not have been aware of coveting if the Law had not said, "Do not covet."

Romans 8:8
Those controlled by the flesh cannot please God.

Romans 8:9
You, however, are controlled not by the flesh, but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Christ.

2 Corinthians 3:7
Now if the ministry of death, which was engraved in letters on stone, came with such glory that the Israelites could not gaze at the face of Moses because of its fleeting glory,

2 Corinthians 10:3
For though we live in the flesh, we do not wage war according to the flesh.

Treasury of Scripture

For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit to death.

in the flesh.

Romans 8:8,9
So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God…

John 3:6
That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.

Galatians 5:16,17,24
This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh…

motions.

Romans 1:26
For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:

which.

Romans 3:20
Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

Romans 4:15
Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.

Romans 5:20
Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:

did work.

Romans 7:8-13
But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead…

Matthew 15:19
For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:

Galatians 5:19-21
Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, …

members.

Romans 7:23
But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.

Romans 6:13,19
Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God…

Colossians 3:5
Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence, and covetousness, which is idolatry:

bring.

Romans 6:21
What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.







Lexicon
For
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

when
ὅτε (hote)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3753: When, at which time. From hos and te; at which too, i.e. When.

we [lived]
ἦμεν (ēmen)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 1st Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

according to
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the
τῇ (tē)
Article - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

flesh,
σαρκί (sarki)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4561: Flesh, body, human nature, materiality; kindred.

the
τὰ (ta)
Article - Nominative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

sinful
ἁμαρτιῶν (hamartiōn)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 266: From hamartano; a sin.

passions
παθήματα (pathēmata)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3804: From a presumed derivative of pathos; something undergone, i.e. Hardship or pain; subjectively, an emotion or influence.

[aroused] by
διὰ (dia)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

the
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Law
νόμου (nomou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3551: From a primary nemo; law, genitive case, specially, (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively.

were at work
ἐνηργεῖτο (enērgeito)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1754: From energes; to be active, efficient.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

our
ἡμῶν (hēmōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 1st Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

bodies,
μέλεσιν (melesin)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3196: A bodily organ, limb, member. Of uncertain affinity; a limb or part of the body.

bearing fruit
καρποφορῆσαι (karpophorēsai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 2592: To bear fruit. From karpophoros; to be fertile.

for death.
θανάτῳ (thanatō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2288: Death, physical or spiritual. From thnesko; death.
(5) The new alliance ought not to be unproductive, for the old alliance was not unproductive. Before that mortification of the flesh which proceeds from our relation to the death of Christ, we bore a fruit generated through our carnal appetites by the Law, and the only being to whose honour and glory they contributed was Death.

The sins committed under the old dispensation are regarded as due to a two-fold agency--on the one hand to the Law (the operation of which is described more particularly in Romans 7:7-8), and on the other hand to the flesh, which was only too susceptible to any influence that would call out its sinful impulses. Those impulses have now been mortified, as if by a course of asceticism, through union with the death of Christ.

The "body" is regarded by St. Paul as a neutral principle, which is not in itself either good or bad. It is simply the material frame of men, which though itself "of the earth earthy" is capable of becoming a dwelling-place for the Spirit, and being put to holy uses. The "flesh" is the same material frame regarded as the seat of sinful appetites, and with a tendency to obey the lower rather than the higher self. The proper way to overcome this lower self is by that spiritual asceticism which the believer goes through by his appropriation of the death of Christ.

Motions of sins.--The same word which is translated in Galatians 5:24, "affections"--those emotions or passions which lead to sin.

Which were by the law.--Which the Law served to stimulate and quicken in the manner described below.

Did work.--Were active or astir, opposed to that state of torpor or mortification to which they were reduced in the Christian.

Unto death.--Death is here personified as the king of that region which sin serves to enrich.

Verse 5. - For when we were in the flesh, the passions of sins which were through the Law did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death. In the flesh, to which might be opposed in the Spirit (cf. Romans 8:9), denotes our state when under the power of sin, before we had risen to a new life in Christ; it is virtually the same as what is meant by being under the Law, as is shown by the opposed expression in ver. 6, κατηργήθημεν ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου. What is signified by "the passions of sins" being "through the Law" will be considered under vers. 7 and 8. 7:1-6 So long as a man continues under the law as a covenant, and seeks justification by his own obedience, he continues the slave of sin in some form. Nothing but the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus, can make any sinner free from the law of sin and death. Believers are delivered from that power of the law, which condemns for the sins committed by them. And they are delivered from that power of the law which stirs up and provokes the sin that dwells in them. Understand this not of the law as a rule, but as a covenant of works. In profession and privilege, we are under a covenant of grace, and not under a covenant of works; under the gospel of Christ, not under the law of Moses. The difference is spoken of under the similitude or figure of being married to a new husband. The second marriage is to Christ. By death we are freed from obligation to the law as a covenant, as the wife is from her vows to her husband. In our believing powerfully and effectually, we are dead to the law, and have no more to do with it than the dead servant, who is freed from his master, has to do with his master's yoke. The day of our believing, is the day of being united to the Lord Jesus. We enter upon a life of dependence on him, and duty to him. Good works are from union with Christ; as the fruitfulness of the vine is the product of its being united to its roots; there is no fruit to God, till we are united to Christ. The law, and the greatest efforts of one under the law, still in the flesh, under the power of corrupt principles, cannot set the heart right with regard to the love of God, overcome worldly lusts, or give truth and sincerity in the inward parts, or any thing that comes by the special sanctifying influences of the Holy Spirit. Nothing more than a formal obedience to the outward letter of any precept, can be performed by us, without the renewing, new-creating grace of the new covenant.
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