Acts 7:39
New International Version
"But our ancestors refused to obey him. Instead, they rejected him and in their hearts turned back to Egypt.

New Living Translation
"But our ancestors refused to listen to Moses. They rejected him and wanted to return to Egypt.

English Standard Version
Our fathers refused to obey him, but thrust him aside, and in their hearts they turned to Egypt,

Berean Study Bible
But our fathers refused to obey him. Instead, they rejected him and in their hearts turned back to Egypt.

Berean Literal Bible
to whom our fathers were not willing to be obedient, but thrust away, and turned back in their hearts to Egypt,

New American Standard Bible
"Our fathers were unwilling to be obedient to him, but repudiated him and in their hearts turned back to Egypt,

King James Bible
To whom our fathers would not obey, but thrust him from them, and in their hearts turned back again into Egypt,

Christian Standard Bible
Our ancestors were unwilling to obey him. Instead, they pushed him aside, and in their hearts turned back to Egypt.

Contemporary English Version
But our ancestors refused to obey Moses. They rejected him and wanted to go back to Egypt.

Good News Translation
"But our ancestors refused to obey him; they pushed him aside and wished that they could go back to Egypt.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Our ancestors were unwilling to obey him, but pushed him away, and in their hearts turned back to Egypt.

International Standard Version
but our ancestors refused to obey him. Instead, they rejected him and wished to return to Egypt.

NET Bible
Our ancestors were unwilling to obey him, but pushed him aside and turned back to Egypt in their hearts,

New Heart English Bible
to whom our fathers would not be obedient, but rejected him, and turned back in their hearts to Egypt,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And our fathers chose not to obey him, but they forsook him and in their hearts they returned to Egypt,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
but our ancestors were not willing to obey him. Instead, they pushed him aside, and in their hearts they turned back to Egypt.

New American Standard 1977
“And our fathers were unwilling to be obedient to him, but repudiated him and in their hearts turned back to Egypt,

Jubilee Bible 2000
to whom our fathers would not obey, but thrust him from them, and in their hearts turned back again into Egypt,

King James 2000 Bible
Whom our fathers would not obey, but thrust him from them, and in their hearts turned back again into Egypt,

American King James Version
To whom our fathers would not obey, but thrust him from them, and in their hearts turned back again into Egypt,

American Standard Version
to whom our fathers would not be obedient, but thrust him from them, and turned back in their hearts unto Egypt,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whom our fathers would not obey; but thrust him away, and in their hearts turned back into Egypt,

Darby Bible Translation
to whom our fathers would not be subject, but thrust [him] from them, and in their hearts turned back to Egypt,

English Revised Version
to whom our fathers would not be obedient, but thrust him from them, and turned back in their hearts unto Egypt,

Webster's Bible Translation
Whom our fathers would not obey, but thrust him from them, and in their hearts turned back again into Egypt,

Weymouth New Testament
"Our forefathers, however, would not submit to him, but spurned his authority and in their hearts turned back to Egypt.

World English Bible
to whom our fathers wouldn't be obedient, but rejected him, and turned back in their hearts to Egypt,

Young's Literal Translation
to whom our fathers did not wish to become obedient, but did thrust away, and turned back in their hearts to Egypt,
Study Bible
Stephen's Address to the Sanhedrin
38He was in the assembly in the wilderness with the angel who spoke to him on Mount Sinai, and with our fathers. And he received living words to pass on to us. 39But our fathers refused to obey him. Instead, they rejected him and in their hearts turned back to Egypt. 40They said to Aaron, ‘Make us gods who will go before us! As for this Moses who led us out of Egypt, we do not know what has happened to him.’…
Cross References
Numbers 14:3
Why is the LORD bringing us into this land to fall by the sword? Our wives and children will become plunder. Would it not be better for us to go back to Egypt?"

1 Corinthians 14:32
The spirits of prophets are subject to prophets.

Treasury of Scripture

To whom our fathers would not obey, but thrust him from them, and in their hearts turned back again into Egypt,

whom.

Acts 7:51,52
Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye…

Nehemiah 9:16
But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to thy commandments,

Psalm 106:16,32,33
They envied Moses also in the camp, and Aaron the saint of the LORD…

but.

Acts 7:27
But he that did his neighbour wrong thrust him away, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge over us?

Judges 11:2
And Gilead's wife bare him sons; and his wife's sons grew up, and they thrust out Jephthah, and said unto him, Thou shalt not inherit in our father's house; for thou art the son of a strange woman.

1 Kings 2:27
So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil the word of the LORD, which he spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.

and in.

Exodus 14:11,12
And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt? …

Exodus 16:3
And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.

Exodus 17:3
And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?







Lexicon
[But] our
ἡμῶν (hēmōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 1st Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

fathers
πατέρες (pateres)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3962: Father, (Heavenly) Father, ancestor, elder, senior. Apparently a primary word; a 'father'.

refused
ἠθέλησαν (ēthelēsan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 2309: To will, wish, desire, be willing, intend, design.

to
γενέσθαι (genesthai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Middle
Strong's Greek 1096: A prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be, i.e. to become, used with great latitude.

obey
ὑπήκοοι (hypēkooi)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5255: Listening to, obedient, submissive. From hupakouo; attentively listening, i.e. submissive.

[him].
(hō)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

Instead,
ἀλλὰ (alla)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 235: But, except, however. Neuter plural of allos; properly, other things, i.e. contrariwise.

they rejected [him]
ἀπώσαντο (apōsanto)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 683: Or apothomai ap-o'-thom-ahee from apo and the middle voice of otheo or otho; to push off, figuratively, to reject.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

their
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

hearts
καρδίαις (kardiais)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 2588: Prolonged from a primary kar; the heart, i.e. the thoughts or feelings; also the middle.

turned back
ἐστράφησαν (estraphēsan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4762: Strengthened from the base of trope; to twist, i.e. Turn quite around or reverse.

to
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

Egypt.
Αἴγυπτον (Aigypton)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 125: Egypt. Of uncertain derivation.
(39) To whom our fathers would not obey.--The historical parallelism is continued. The people rejected Moses then (the same word is used as in Acts 7:27) as they were rejecting Christ now, even after He had shown Himself to be their redeemer from a worse than Egyptian bondage.

In their hearts turned back again into Egypt.--The sin was one often repeated, but the history referred to is probably that in Exodus 16:3. For a later example see Numbers 11:5.

Verse 39. - Obedient for obey, A.V.; turned back in their hearts unto Egypt for in their hearts turned back again into Egypt, A.V. Our fathers would not be obedient, though God had bestowed such signal marks of favor upon them. Turned back in their hearts. A striking instance of their rejection of God's chiefest mercies. 7:30-41 Men deceive themselves, if they think God cannot do what he sees to be good any where; he can bring his people into a wilderness, and there speak comfortably to them. He appeared to Moses in a flame of fire, yet the bush was not consumed; which represented the state of Israel in Egypt, where, though they were in the fire of affliction, yet they were not consumed. It may also be looked upon as a type of Christ's taking upon him the nature of man, and the union between the Divine and human nature. The death of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, cannot break the covenant relation between God and them. Our Saviour by this proves the future state, Mt 22:31. Abraham is dead, yet God is still his God, therefore Abraham is still alive. Now, this is that life and immortality which are brought to light by the gospel. Stephen here shows that Moses was an eminent type of Christ, as he was Israel's deliverer. God has compassion for the troubles of his church, and the groans of his persecuted people; and their deliverance takes rise from his pity. And that deliverance was typical of what Christ did, when, for us men, and for our salvation, he came down from heaven. This Jesus, whom they now refused, as their fathers did Moses, even this same has God advanced to be a Prince and Saviour. It does not at all take from the just honour of Moses to say, that he was but an instrument, and that he is infinitely outshone by Jesus. In asserting that Jesus should change the customs of the ceremonial law. Stephen was so far from blaspheming Moses, that really he honoured him, by showing how the prophecy of Moses was come to pass, which was so clear. God who gave them those customs by his servant Moses, might, no doubt, change the custom by his Son Jesus. But Israel thrust Moses from them, and would have returned to their bondage; so men in general will not obey Jesus, because they love this present evil world, and rejoice in their own works and devices.
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