Acts 8:31
New International Version
"How can I," he said, "unless someone explains it to me?" So he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.

New Living Translation
The man replied, "How can I, unless someone instructs me?" And he urged Philip to come up into the carriage and sit with him.

English Standard Version
And he said, “How can I, unless someone guides me?” And he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.

Berean Study Bible
“How can I,” he said, “unless someone guides me?” And he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.

Berean Literal Bible
And he said, "How indeed could I be able, unless someone will guide me?" And he invited Philip, having come up, to sit with him.

New American Standard Bible
And he said, "Well, how could I, unless someone guides me?" And he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.

King James Bible
And he said, How can I, except some man should guide me? And he desired Philip that he would come up and sit with him.

Christian Standard Bible
"How can I," he said, "unless someone guides me?" So he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.

Contemporary English Version
The official answered, "How can I understand unless someone helps me?" He then invited Philip to come up and sit beside him.

Good News Translation
The official replied, "How can I understand unless someone explains it to me?" And he invited Philip to climb up and sit in the carriage with him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
How can I," he said, "unless someone guides me?" So he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.

International Standard Version
The man replied, "How can I unless someone guides me?" So he invited Philip to get in and sit with him.

NET Bible
The man replied, "How in the world can I, unless someone guides me?" So he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.

New Heart English Bible
He said, "How can I, unless someone explains it to me?" He begged Philip to come up and sit with him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he said, “How can I understand unless a man will instruct me?” And he asked Philippus to come up and sit with him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The official answered, "How can I understand unless someone guides me?" So he invited Philip to sit with him in his carriage.

New American Standard 1977
And he said, “Well, how could I, unless someone guides me?” And he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he said, How can I, except someone should guide me? And he besought Philip to come up and sit with him.

King James 2000 Bible
And he said, How can I, except some man should guide me? And he desired Philip that he would come up and sit with him.

American King James Version
And he said, How can I, except some man should guide me? And he desired Philip that he would come up and sit with him.

American Standard Version
And he said, How can I, except some one shall guide me? And he besought Philip to come up and sit with him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who said: And how can I, unless some man shew me? And he desired Philip that he would come up and sit with him.

Darby Bible Translation
And he said, How should I then be able unless some one guide me? And he begged Philip to come up and sit with him.

English Revised Version
And he said, How can I, except some one shall guide me? And he besought Philip to come up and sit with him.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he said, How can I, except some man should guide me? And he desired Philip that he would come up, and sit with him.

Weymouth New Testament
"Why, how can I," replied the eunuch, "unless some one explains it to me?" And he earnestly invited Philip to come up and sit with him.

World English Bible
He said, "How can I, unless someone explains it to me?" He begged Philip to come up and sit with him.

Young's Literal Translation
and he said, 'Why, how am I able, if some one may not guide me?' he called Philip also, having come up, to sit with him.
Study Bible
Philip and the Ethiopian
30So Philip ran up and heard the man reading Isaiah the prophet. “Do you understand what you are reading?” Philip asked. 31“How can I,” he said, “unless someone guides me?” And he invited Philip to come up and sit with him. 32The eunuch was reading this passage of Scripture: “He was led like a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb before the shearer is silent, so He did not open His mouth.…
Cross References
Acts 8:30
So Philip ran up and heard the man reading Isaiah the prophet. "Do you understand what you are reading?" Philip asked.

Acts 8:32
The eunuch was reading this passage of Scripture: "He was led like a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb before the shearer is silent, so He did not open His mouth.

Romans 10:14
How then can they call on the One in whom they have not believed? And how can they believe in the One of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without someone to preach?

Treasury of Scripture

And he said, How can I, except some man should guide me? And he desired Philip that he would come up and sit with him.

How.

Psalm 25:8,9 Good and upright is the LORD: therefore will he teach sinners in the way…

Psalm 73:16,17,22 When I thought to know this, it was too painful for me…

Proverbs 30:2,3 Surely I am more brutish than any man, and have not the understanding …

Isaiah 29:18,19 And in that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book, and the …

Isaiah 35:8 And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called …

Matthew 18:3,4 And said, Truly I say to you, Except you be converted, and become …

Mark 10:15 Truly I say to you, Whoever shall not receive the kingdom of God …

Romans 10:14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and …

1 Corinthians 3:18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seems to be wise …

1 Corinthians 8:2 And if any man think that he knows any thing, he knows nothing yet …

1 Corinthians 14:36,37 What? came the word of God out from you? or came it to you only…

James 1:10,21 But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the …

1 Peter 2:1,2 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and …

And he.

2 Kings 5:9,26 So Naaman came with his horses and with his chariot, and stood at …

2 Kings 10:15,16 And when he was departed there, he lighted on Jehonadab the son of …







Lexicon
“How
Πῶς (Pōs)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 4459: Adverb from the base of pou; an interrogative particle of manner; in what way?; also as exclamation, how much!

can I,”
δυναίμην (dynaimēn)
Verb - Present Optative Middle or Passive - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1410: (a) I am powerful, have (the) power, (b) I am able, I can. Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.

he said,
εἶπεν (eipen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.

“unless
ἐὰν (ean)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1437: If. From ei and an; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.

someone
τις (tis)
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5100: Any one, some one, a certain one or thing. An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.

guides
ὁδηγήσει (hodēgēsei)
Verb - Future Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3594: To lead, guide; met: I instruct, teach. From hodegos; to show the way (teach).

me?”
με (me)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

And
τε (te)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 5037: And, both. A primary particle of connection or addition; both or also.

he invited
παρεκάλεσέν (parekalesen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3870: From para and kaleo; to call near, i.e. Invite, invoke.

Philip
Φίλιππον (Philippon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5376: From philos and hippos; fond of horses; Philippus, the name of four Israelites.

to come up
ἀναβάντα (anabanta)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 305: To go up, mount, ascend; of things: I rise, spring up, come up. From ana and the base of basis; to go up.

[and] sit
καθίσαι (kathisai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 2523: Another form for kathezomai; to seat down, i.e. Set; intransitively, to sit; figuratively, to settle.

with
σὺν (syn)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 4862: With. A primary preposition denoting union; with or together.

him.
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
(31) How can I, except some man should guide me?--The words of the inquirer imply, as has been said above, that the prophecy was new to him. It is as though, in turning over, or perhaps unrolling, the MS., this was the passage which, in its strange, touching portraiture of the Man of Sorrows, had riveted his attention, and on which he was consequently dwelling with the prayer that some authorised interpreter would unfold its meaning. The word for "guide" connects itself with the title of "a guide of the blind," which the Rabbis were fond of claiming (Matthew 15:14; Romans 2:19).

Verse 31. - One shall for man should, A.V. and T.R.; he besought Philip to come up and sit with him for he desired Philip that he would, etc., A.V. He besought, etc. Tim humility and thirst for instruction of this great courtier are very remarkable, and the instance of the joint use of the written Word and the living teacher is noteworthy. 8:26-40 Philip was directed to go to a desert. Sometimes God opens a door of opportunity to his ministers in very unlikely places. We should study to do good to those we come into company with by travelling. We should not be so shy of all strangers as some affect to be. As to those of whom we know nothing else, we know this, that they have souls. It is wisdom for men of business to redeem time for holy duties; to fill up every minute with something which will turn to a good account. In reading the word of God, we should often pause, to inquire of whom and of what the sacred writers spake; but especially our thoughts should be employed about the Redeemer. The Ethiopian was convinced by the teaching of the Holy Spirit, of the exact fulfilment of the Scripture, was made to understand the nature of the Messiah's kingdom and salvation, and desired to be numbered among the disciples of Christ. Those who seek the truth, and employ their time in searching the Scriptures, will be sure to reap advantages. The avowal of the Ethiopian must be understood as expressing simple reliance on Christ for salvation, and unreserved devotion to Him. Let us not be satisfied till we get faith, as the Ethiopian did, by diligent study of the Holy Scriptures, and the teaching of the Spirit of God; let us not be satisfied till we get it fixed as a principle in our hearts. As soon as he was baptized, the Spirit of God took Philip from him, so that he saw him no more; but this tended to confirm his faith. When the inquirer after salvation becomes acquainted with Jesus and his gospel, he will go on his way rejoicing, and will fill up his station in society, and discharge his duties, from other motives, and in another manner than heretofore. Though baptized in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, with water, it is not enough without the baptism of the Holy Ghost. Lord, grant this to every one of us; then shall we go on our way rejoicing.
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