Acts 8:30
New International Version
Then Philip ran up to the chariot and heard the man reading Isaiah the prophet. "Do you understand what you are reading?" Philip asked.

New Living Translation
Philip ran over and heard the man reading from the prophet Isaiah. Philip asked, "Do you understand what you are reading?"

English Standard Version
So Philip ran to him and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet and asked, “Do you understand what you are reading?”

Berean Study Bible
So Philip ran up and heard the man reading Isaiah the prophet. “Do you understand what you are reading?” Philip asked.

Berean Literal Bible
And Philip having run up, heard him reading Isaiah the prophet and said, "Do you then understand what you are reading?"

New American Standard Bible
Philip ran up and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet, and said, "Do you understand what you are reading?"

King James Bible
And Philip ran thither to him, and heard him read the prophet Esaias, and said, Understandest thou what thou readest?

Christian Standard Bible
When Philip ran up to it, he heard him reading the prophet Isaiah, and said, "Do you understand what you're reading?"

Contemporary English Version
Philip ran up close and heard the man reading aloud from the book of Isaiah. Philip asked him, "Do you understand what you are reading?"

Good News Translation
Philip ran over and heard him reading from the book of the prophet Isaiah. He asked him, "Do you understand what you are reading?"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Philip ran up to it, he heard him reading the prophet Isaiah, and said, "Do you understand what you're reading?""

International Standard Version
So Philip ran up to it and heard him reading the prophet Isaiah out loud. Philip asked, "Do you understand what you're reading?"

NET Bible
So Philip ran up to it and heard the man reading Isaiah the prophet. He asked him, "Do you understand what you're reading?"

New Heart English Bible
Philip ran to him, and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet, and said, "Do you understand what you are reading?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And as he approached, he heard what he read in Isaiah The Prophet and he said to him, “Do you understand what you are reading?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Philip ran to the carriage and could hear the official reading the prophet Isaiah out loud. Philip asked him, "Do you understand what you're reading?"

New American Standard 1977
And when Philip had run up, he heard him reading Isaiah the prophet, and said, “Do you understand what you are reading?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Philip ran there to him and heard him read the prophet Isaiah and said, Dost thou understand what thou readest?

King James 2000 Bible
And Philip ran to him, and heard him read the prophet Isaiah, and said, Do you understand what you read?

American King James Version
And Philip ran thither to him, and heard him read the prophet Esaias, and said, Understand you what you read?

American Standard Version
And Philip ran to him, and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet, and said, Understandest thou what thou readest?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Philip running thither, heard him reading the prophet Isaias. And he said: Thinkest thou that thou understandest what thou readest?

Darby Bible Translation
And Philip, running up, heard him reading the prophet Esaias, and said, Dost thou then know what thou art reading of?

English Revised Version
And Philip ran to him, and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet, and said, Understandest thou what thou readest?

Webster's Bible Translation
And Philip ran thither to him, and heard him reading the prophet Isaiah, and said, Understandest thou what thou readest?

Weymouth New Testament
So Philip ran up and heard the eunuch reading the Prophet Isaiah. "Do you understand what you are reading?" he asked.

World English Bible
Philip ran to him, and heard him reading Isaiah the prophet, and said, "Do you understand what you are reading?"

Young's Literal Translation
and Philip having run near, heard him reading the prophet Isaiah, and said, 'Dost thou then know what thou dost read?'
Study Bible
Philip and the Ethiopian
29The Spirit said to Philip, “Go over to that chariot and stay by it.” 30So Philip ran up and heard the man reading Isaiah the prophet. “Do you understand what you are reading?” Philip asked. 31“How can I,” he said, “unless someone guides me?” And he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.…
Cross References
Acts 8:5
Philip went down to a city in Samaria and proclaimed the Christ to them.

Acts 8:29
The Spirit said to Philip, "Go over to that chariot and stay by it."

Acts 8:31
"How can I," he said, "unless someone guides me?" And he invited Philip to come up and sit with him.

Treasury of Scripture

And Philip ran thither to him, and heard him read the prophet Esaias, and said, Understand you what you read?

ran thither.

Acts 8:27
And he arose and went: and, behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem for to worship,

Psalm 119:32
I will run the way of thy commandments, when thou shalt enlarge my heart.

Ecclesiastes 9:10
Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.

Understandest.

Matthew 13:19,23,51
When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side…

Matthew 15:10
And he called the multitude, and said unto them, Hear, and understand:

Matthew 24:15
When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)







Lexicon
[So]
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

Philip
Φίλιππος (Philippos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5376: From philos and hippos; fond of horses; Philippus, the name of four Israelites.

ran up
Προσδραμὼν (Prosdramōn)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4370: To run to. From pros and trecho; to run towards, i.e. Hasten to meet or join.

[and] heard
ἤκουσεν (ēkousen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 191: To hear, listen, comprehend by hearing; pass: is heard, reported. A primary verb; to hear.

[the man]
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

reading
ἀναγινώσκοντος (anaginōskontos)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 314: To read, know again, know certainly, recognize, discern. From ana and ginosko; to know again, i.e. to read.

Isaiah
Ἠσαΐαν (Ēsaian)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2268: Isaiah, the prophet. Of Hebrew origin; Hesaias, an Israelite.

the
τὸν (ton)
Article - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

prophet.
προφήτην (prophētēn)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4396: From a compound of pro and phemi; a foreteller; by analogy, an inspired speaker; by extension, a poet.

“Do you understand
γινώσκεις (ginōskeis)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1097: A prolonged form of a primary verb; to 'know' in a great variety of applications and with many implications.

what
(ha)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

you are reading?”
ἀναγινώσκεις (anaginōskeis)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 314: To read, know again, know certainly, recognize, discern. From ana and ginosko; to know again, i.e. to read.

[Philip] asked.
εἶπεν (eipen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2036: Answer, bid, bring word, command. A primary verb; to speak or say.
(30) Understandest thou what thou readest?--The Greek play upon the word for understand (Ginoskein) and read (Anaginoskein) cannot well be produced in English, but is worth noting as parallel to a like play in the well-known saying of the Emperor Julian (Anegnon; egnon; kategnon)--"I read; I understood; I condemned."

Verse 30. - Ran for ran thither, A.V.; reading-Isaiah the prophet for read the prophet Esaias, A.V. and T.R. Heard him. He was reading aloud. In Hebrew, the word for "to read" (קָרָא) means "to call," "to proclaim aloud." Hence the keri, that which is read, as distinguished from the cethib, that which is written. Reading Isaiah the prophet. The same providence which sent Philip to meet him in the desert doubtless directed his reading to the fifty-third chapter of the great evangelical prophet. 8:26-40 Philip was directed to go to a desert. Sometimes God opens a door of opportunity to his ministers in very unlikely places. We should study to do good to those we come into company with by travelling. We should not be so shy of all strangers as some affect to be. As to those of whom we know nothing else, we know this, that they have souls. It is wisdom for men of business to redeem time for holy duties; to fill up every minute with something which will turn to a good account. In reading the word of God, we should often pause, to inquire of whom and of what the sacred writers spake; but especially our thoughts should be employed about the Redeemer. The Ethiopian was convinced by the teaching of the Holy Spirit, of the exact fulfilment of the Scripture, was made to understand the nature of the Messiah's kingdom and salvation, and desired to be numbered among the disciples of Christ. Those who seek the truth, and employ their time in searching the Scriptures, will be sure to reap advantages. The avowal of the Ethiopian must be understood as expressing simple reliance on Christ for salvation, and unreserved devotion to Him. Let us not be satisfied till we get faith, as the Ethiopian did, by diligent study of the Holy Scriptures, and the teaching of the Spirit of God; let us not be satisfied till we get it fixed as a principle in our hearts. As soon as he was baptized, the Spirit of God took Philip from him, so that he saw him no more; but this tended to confirm his faith. When the inquirer after salvation becomes acquainted with Jesus and his gospel, he will go on his way rejoicing, and will fill up his station in society, and discharge his duties, from other motives, and in another manner than heretofore. Though baptized in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, with water, it is not enough without the baptism of the Holy Ghost. Lord, grant this to every one of us; then shall we go on our way rejoicing.
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