2588. kardia
Strong's Concordance
kardia: heart
Original Word: καρδία, ας, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: kardia
Phonetic Spelling: (kar-dee'-ah)
Definition: heart
Usage: lit: the heart; mind, character, inner self, will, intention, center.
HELPS Word-studies

2588 kardíaheart; "the affective center of our being" and the capacity of moral preference (volitional desire, choice; see P. Hughs, 2 Cor, 354); "desire-producer that makes us tick" (G. Archer), i.e our "desire-decisions" that establish who we really are.

[Heart (2588 /kardía) is mentioned over 800 times in Scripture, but never referring to the literal physical pump that drives the blood. That is, "heart" is only used figuratively (both in the OT and NT.]

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. word
NASB Translation
heart (102), heart's (1), hearts (49), mind (2), minds (1), quick (1), spirit (1).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 2588: καρδία

καρδία, καρδίας, , poetic κραδία and καρδιη (in the latter form almost always in Homer (only at the beginning of a line in three places; everywhere else by metathesis κραδιη; Ebeling, Lex. Homer, under the word)) (from a root signifying to quiver or palpitate; cf. Cartius § 39; Vanicek, p. 1097 (Etym. Magn. 491, 56 παρά τό κραδαίνω, τό σείω. ἀεικινητος γάρ καρδία); allied with Latincor; English heart); the Sept. for לֵב and לֵבָב; the heart;

1. properly, that organ in the animal body which is the center of the circulation of the blood, and hence, was regarded as the seat of physical life: 2 Samuel 18:14; 2 Kings 9:24; Tobit 6:5 (4), 7f (6f), 17 (16). Hence,

2. universally, καρδία denotes the seat and center of all physical and spiritual life; and a. the vigor and sense of physical life (Psalm 101:5 (); στήρισον τήν καρδίαν σου ψωμῷ ἄρτου, Judges 19:5; to which add Psalm 103:15 ()): τρέφειν τάς καρδίας, James 5:5; ἐμπιπλῶν τάς καρδίας τροφῆς, Acts 14:17; βάρειν τῆς καρδίας κραιπάλῃ καί μέθη, Luke 21:34; (but see b. δ. below);

b. the center and seat of spiritual life, "the soul or mind, as it is the fountain and seat of the thoughts, passions, desires, appetites, affections, purposes, endeavors" (so in English heart, inner man, etc.); α. universally: Matthew 5:8; Matthew 6:21; Mark 7:19; Luke 1:51; Luke 2:51; Luke 8:12, 15; Acts 5:3; Romans 10:9; 1 Corinthians 14:25; 2 Corinthians 6:11; Ephesians 6:5; Colossians 3:22; 1 Peter 3:4, etc.; plural: Matthew 9:4; Mark 2:6, 8; Mark 4:16 (R L text Tr marginal reading); Luke 1:17; Luke 2:35; Luke 5:22; (Luke 24:38 R G L marginal reading; Acts 7:51 L T Tr WH text); Romans 2:15; Romans 16:18; 2 Corinthians 3:2; Galatians 4:6; Philippians 4:7; Ephesians 5:19 Lachmann; Hebrews 8:10 (T WH marginal reading singular); Hebrews 10:16, etc. καρδία is distinguished from τό στόμα or from τά χειλεα: Matthew 15:8, 18; Mark 7:6; 2 Corinthians 6:11; Romans 10:8f; from τό πρόσωπον: 2 Corinthians 5:12; 1 Thessalonians 2:17; περιτομή καρδίας, Romans 2:29; ἀπερίτμητοι τῇ καρδία, Acts 7:51 (L T Tr WH text καρδίαις, WH marginal reading genitive καρδίας, cf. Buttmann, 170 (148)). of things done from the heart i. e. cordially or sincerely, truly (without simulation or pretence) the following phrases are used: ἐκ καρδίας (Aristophanes nub. 86), Romans 6:17; and L T Tr WH in 1 Peter 1:22, where R G ἐκ καθαρᾶς καρδίας, as in 1 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 2:22; ἀπό τῶν καρδιῶν, Matthew 18:35 (ἀπό καρδίας εὐχάριστος τοῖς θεοῖς, Antoninus 2, 3); ἐν ὅλῃ τῇ καρδία and ἐξ ὅλης τῆς καρδίας, Matthew 22:37; Mark 12:30, 33; Luke 10:27, and Rec. in Acts 8:37 (Deuteronomy 6:5; Deuteronomy 26:16; Psalm 118:34 ()); μετ' ἀληθινῆς καρδίας, Hebrews 10:22. ἐρευναν τάς καρδίας, Romans 8:27; Revelation 2:23; δοκιμάζειν, 1 Thessalonians 2:4; γινώσκειν, Luke 16:15 (ἐτάζειν, Jeremiah 17:10; Psalm 7:10); διανοίγειν τήν καρδίαν (see διανοίγω, 2), Acts 16:14; ἦν καρδία καί ψυχή μία, there was perfect unanimity, agreement of heart and soul, Acts 4:32; τιθέναι τί ἐν τῇ καρδία (בְּלֵב and לֵב עַל שׂוּם, 1 Samuel 21:12; Malachi 2:2; Daniel 1:8; τιθέναι ἐν στηθεσσιν, ἐν φρεσίν, etc., in Homer), to lay a thing up in the heart to be considered more carefully and pondered, Luke 1:66; to fix in the heart i. e. to purpose, plan, to do something, Acts 5:4 (A. V. conceived in thy heart); also εἰς τήν καρδίαν (L T Tr WH ἐν τήν καρδίαν) followed by the infinitive, Luke 21:14; βάλλειν εἰς τήν καρδίαν τίνος, followed by ἵνα, to put into one's mind the design of doing a thing, John 13:2; also διδόναι followed by an infinitive, Revelation 17:17; ἀναβαίνει ἐπί τήν καρδίαν τίνος, followed by an infinitive, the purpose to do a thing comes into the mind, Acts 7:23; ἐν τῇ καρδία joined to verbs of thinking, reflecting upon, doubting, etc.: ἐνθυμεῖσθαι, διαλογίζεσθαι, Matthew 9:4; Mark 2:6, 8; Luke 3:15; Luke 5:22; λέγειν, εἰπεῖν (בְּלִבּו אָמַר), to think, consider with oneself, Matthew 24:48; Luke 12:45; Romans 10:6; Revelation 18:7 (Deuteronomy 8:17; Deuteronomy 9:4); συμβάλλειν, to revolve in mind, Luke 2:19; διακρίνεσθαι, to doubt, Mark 11:23; διαλογισμοί ἀναβαινουσι, of persons in doubt, Luke 24:38 (R G L marginal reading plural); ἀναβαίνει τί ἐπί καρδίαν, the thought of a thing enters the mind, 1 Corinthians 2:9. β. specifically, of the understanding, the faculty and seat of intelligence (often so in Homer also (cf. Nägelsbach, Homer. Theol., p. 319f; Zezschwitz, Profangräcität as above with, pp. 25f, 50); cor domicilium sapientiae, Lactantius, de opif. dei c. 10, cf. Cicero, Tusc. 1, 9; לֵב, 1 Kings 10:2; Job 12:3; Job 17:4, etc.; (cf. Meyer on Ephesians 1:18 and references)): Romans 1:21; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 1:18 (Rec. διανοίας); 2 Peter 1:19; συνιέναι τῇ καρδία, Matthew 13:15; Acts 28:27; νόειν τῇ καρδία, John 12:40. of the dullness of a mind incapable of perceiving and understanding divine things the following expressions occur: ἐπαχύνθη καρδία, Matthew 13:15; Acts 28:27, (from Isaiah 6:10); πωρουν τήν καρδίαν, John 12:40; πεπωρωμένη καρδία, Mark 6:52; Mark 8:17; πώρωσις τῆς καρδίας, Mark 3:5; Ephesians 4:18; βραδύς τῇ καρδία, slow of heart, Luke 24:25; κάλυμμα ἐπί τήν καρδίαν κεῖται, 2 Corinthians 3:15. γ. of the will and character: ἁγνίζειν καρδίας, James 4:8; καθαρίζειν τάς καρδίας, Acts 15:9 ῥερραντίσμενοι τάς καρδίας, Hebrews 10:22; καρδία εὐθεῖα (cf. Winer's Grammar, 32), Acts 8:21; πονηρά, Hebrews 3:12 (cf. 11. § 132, 24; Winer's Grammar, 194 (183)); ἀμετανόητος, Romans 2:5; γεγυμνασμενη πλεονεξίας, 2 Peter 2:14; στηρίζειν τάς καρδίας, 1 Thessalonians 3:13; βεβαιουν, in passive, Hebrews 13:9; σκληρύνειν, Hebrews 3:8; ἐπίνοια τῆς καρδίας, Acts 8:22; αἱ βουλαί τῶν καρδιῶν 1 Corinthians 4:5; προαιρεῖσθαι τῇ καρδία, 2 Corinthians 9:7; κρίνειν (to determine) and ἑδραῖος ἐν τῇ καρδία, 1 Corinthians 7:37. δ. "of the soul so far forth as it is affected and stirred in a bad way or good, or of the soul as the seat of the sensibilities, affections, emotions, desires, appetites, passions": καρδία καιομένη ἦν, of the soul as greatly and peculiarly moved, Luke 24:32; αἱ ἐπιθυμίαι τῶν καρδιῶν, Romans 1:24; στηρίζειν τάς καρδίας, of the cultivation of constancy and endurance, James 5:8. in reference to good-will and love: ἐήξειν τινα ἐν τῇ καρδία, to have one in one's heart, of constant remembrance and steadfast affection, Philippians 1:7 (`te tamen in toto pectore semper habet' Ovid. trist. 5, 4, 24); εἶναι ἐν τῇ καρδία τίνος, to be cherished in one's heart, to be loved by one perpetually and unalterably, 2 Corinthians 7:3; εὐδοκία τῆς καρδίας, Romans 10:1. in reference to joy and pleasure: ηὐφράνθη καρδία, Acts 2:26 (from Psalm 15:9 ()); χαρήσεται καρδία, John 16:22; ἀνήρ κατά τήν καρδίαν τοῦ Θεοῦ, i. e. in whom God delights, Acts 13:22; of the pleasure given by food, Acts 14:17 ((Winer's Grammar, 156 (148) note) see 2 a. above). in reference to grief, pain, anguish, etc.: λύπη πεπλήρωκε τήν καρδίαν, John 16:6; ὀδύνη τῇ καρδία μου, Romans 9:2; καρδία ταράσσεται, John 14:1, 27; συνοχή καρδίας, 2 Corinthians 2:4; βάρειν τῆς καρδίας μερίμναις βιωτικαῖς, Luke 21:34 (cf. 2 a. above); διαπρίομαι τῇ καρδία, Acts 7:54; συντετριμμένος τήν καρδίαν, Luke 4:18 R L brackets; κατενύγησαν τῇ καρδία, Acts 2:37 (L T Tr WH τήν καρδίαν); συνθρύπτειν τήν καρδίαν, Acts 21:13. ε. of a soul conscious of good or bad deeds (our conscience): 1 John 3:20f (Ecclesiastes 7:22; so לֵבָב, Job 27:6; καρδία πατασσει τινα, 1 Samuel 24:6; 2 Samuel 24:10).

3. used of the middle or central or inmost part of anything, even though inanimate: τῆς γῆς (which some understand of Hades, others of the sepulchre), Matthew 12:40 (τῆς θαλάσσης, Jonah 2:4 for לֵב; and for the same ἐν μέσῳ θαλάσσης, Exodus 15:8, 19; add Baruch 6: (Epistle Jer.) ; τῆς κλεψυδρας, Aristotle, probl. 16, 8 (others, κώδια)). Cf. Beck, Biblical Seelenlehre, chapter iii. § 20ff, p. 64ff; Delitzsch, Biblical Psychologie (Leipz. 1861) iv. § 12, p. 248ff (also in Herzog 2, vi. 57ff); Oehler in Herzog vi., p. 15ff (also in his O. T. Theol. (edited by Day) § 71); Wittichen in Schenkel iii. 71f.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
the heart, thoughts, feelings

Prolonged from a primary kar (Latin cor, "heart"); the heart, i.e. (figuratively) the thoughts or feelings (mind); also (by analogy) the middle -- (+ broken-)heart(-ed).

Forms and Transliterations
καρδια καρδία καρδίᾳ καρδιαι καρδίαι καρδιαις καρδίαις καρδιαν καρδίαν καρδιας καρδίας καρδιων καρδιών καρδιῶν του kardia kardía kardiai kardíai kardíāi kardiais kardíais kardian kardían kardias kardías kardion kardiôn kardiōn kardiō̂n
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Matthew 5:8 N-DFS
GRK: καθαροὶ τῇ καρδίᾳ ὅτι αὐτοὶ
NAS: are the pure in heart, for they shall see
KJV: [are] the pure in heart: for
INT: pure in heart for they

Matthew 5:28 N-DFS
GRK: ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτοῦ
NAS: committed adultery with her in his heart.
KJV: in his heart.
INT: in the heart of him

Matthew 6:21 N-NFS
GRK: καὶ ἡ καρδία σου
NAS: is, there your heart will be also.
KJV: will your heart be also.
INT: also the heart of you

Matthew 9:4 N-DFP
GRK: ἐν ταῖς καρδίαις ὑμῶν
NAS: are you thinking evil in your hearts?
KJV: in your hearts?
INT: in the hearts of you

Matthew 11:29 N-DFS
GRK: ταπεινὸς τῇ καρδίᾳ καὶ εὑρήσετε
NAS: and humble in heart, and YOU WILL FIND
KJV: and lowly in heart: and ye shall find
INT: humble [in] the heart and you will find

Matthew 12:34 N-GFS
GRK: περισσεύματος τῆς καρδίας τὸ στόμα
NAS: out of that which fills the heart.
KJV: the abundance of the heart the mouth
INT: abundance of the heart the mouth

Matthew 12:40 N-DFS
GRK: ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ τῆς γῆς
NAS: nights in the heart of the earth.
KJV: nights in the heart of the earth.
INT: in the heart of the earth

Matthew 13:15 N-NFS
GRK: γὰρ ἡ καρδία τοῦ λαοῦ
KJV: people's heart is waxed gross,
INT: indeed the heart people

Matthew 13:15 N-DFS
GRK: καὶ τῇ καρδίᾳ συνῶσιν καὶ
KJV: should understand with [their] heart, and
INT: and with the heart they should understand and

Matthew 13:19 N-DFS
GRK: ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτοῦ οὗτός
NAS: has been sown in his heart. This
KJV: in his heart. This is
INT: in the heart of him This

Matthew 15:8 N-NFS
GRK: ἡ δὲ καρδία αὐτῶν πόρρω
KJV: but their heart is far
INT: with the moreover heart of them far

Matthew 15:18 N-GFS
GRK: ἐκ τῆς καρδίας ἐξέρχεται κἀκεῖνα
NAS: come from the heart, and those
KJV: from the heart; and they
INT: out of the heart come forth and these

Matthew 15:19 N-GFS
GRK: γὰρ τῆς καρδίας ἐξέρχονται διαλογισμοὶ
NAS: For out of the heart come evil
KJV: For out of the heart proceed evil
INT: indeed the heart come forth thoughts

Matthew 18:35 N-GFP
GRK: ἀπὸ τῶν καρδιῶν ὑμῶν
NAS: his brother from your heart.
KJV: ye from your hearts forgive not
INT: from the heart of you

Matthew 22:37 N-DFS
GRK: ὅλῃ τῇ καρδίᾳ σου καὶ
KJV: all thy heart, and with
INT: all the heart of you and

Matthew 24:48 N-DFS
GRK: ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτοῦ Χρονίζει
NAS: says in his heart, My master
KJV: in his heart, My lord
INT: in the heart of him Delays

Mark 2:6 N-DFP
GRK: ἐν ταῖς καρδίαις αὐτῶν
NAS: there and reasoning in their hearts,
KJV: in their hearts,
INT: in the hearts of them

Mark 2:8 N-DFP
GRK: ἐν ταῖς καρδίαις ὑμῶν
NAS: about these things in your hearts?
KJV: in your hearts?
INT: in the hearts of you

Mark 3:5 N-GFS
GRK: πωρώσει τῆς καρδίας αὐτῶν λέγει
NAS: at their hardness of heart, He said
KJV: of their hearts, he saith
INT: hardness of the heart of them he says

Mark 6:52 N-NFS
GRK: αὐτῶν ἡ καρδία πεπωρωμένη
NAS: from the [incident of] the loaves, but their heart was hardened.
KJV: for their heart was hardened.
INT: of them the heart hardened

Mark 7:6 N-NFS
GRK: ἡ δὲ καρδία αὐτῶν πόρρω
KJV: but their heart is far
INT: but [the] heart of them far

Mark 7:19 N-AFS
GRK: εἰς τὴν καρδίαν ἀλλ' εἰς
NAS: it does not go into his heart, but into his stomach,
KJV: into his heart, but into
INT: into the heart but into

Mark 7:21 N-GFS
GRK: ἐκ τῆς καρδίας τῶν ἀνθρώπων
NAS: For from within, out of the heart of men,
KJV: out of the heart of men,
INT: out of the heart of men

Mark 8:17 N-AFS
GRK: ἔχετε τὴν καρδίαν ὑμῶν
NAS: Do you have a hardened heart?
KJV: have ye your heart yet hardened?
INT: have you the heart of you

Mark 11:23 N-DFS
GRK: ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτοῦ ἀλλὰ
NAS: and does not doubt in his heart, but believes
KJV: in his heart, but shall believe
INT: in the heart of him but

Strong's Greek 2588
158 Occurrences

καρδίᾳ — 54 Occ.
καρδίαι — 2 Occ.
καρδίαις — 21 Occ.
καρδίαν — 19 Occ.
καρδίας — 58 Occ.
καρδιῶν — 4 Occ.

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