Romans 7:9
New International Version
Once I was alive apart from the law; but when the commandment came, sin sprang to life and I died.

New Living Translation
At one time I lived without understanding the law. But when I learned the command not to covet, for instance, the power of sin came to life,

English Standard Version
I was once alive apart from the law, but when the commandment came, sin came alive and I died.

Berean Study Bible
Once I was alive apart from the law; but when the commandment came, sin sprang to life and I died.

Berean Literal Bible
And I once was alive apart from Law; but the commandment having come, sin revived, and I died;

New American Standard Bible
I was once alive apart from the Law; but when the commandment came, sin became alive and I died;

King James Bible
For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.

Christian Standard Bible
Once I was alive apart from the law, but when the commandment came, sin sprang to life again

Contemporary English Version
Before I knew about the Law, I was alive. But as soon as I heard that command, sin came to life,

Good News Translation
I myself was once alive apart from law; but when the commandment came, sin sprang to life,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Once I was alive apart from the law, but when the commandment came, sin sprang to life

International Standard Version
At one time I was alive without any connection to the Law. But when the rule was revealed, sin sprang to life,

NET Bible
And I was once alive apart from the law, but with the coming of the commandment sin became alive

New Heart English Bible
I was alive apart from the law once, but when the commandment came, sin became alive, and I died.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But I was alive without The Written Law at first, but when the commandment came, sin lived, and I died.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
At one time I was alive without any laws. But when this commandment came, sin became alive

New American Standard 1977
And I was once alive apart from the Law; but when the commandment came, sin became alive, and I died;

Jubilee Bible 2000
So that without the law I lived for some time; but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.

King James 2000 Bible
For I was alive apart from the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.

American King James Version
For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.

American Standard Version
And I was alive apart from the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I lived some time without the law. But when the commandment came, sin revived,

Darby Bible Translation
But I was alive without law once; but the commandment having come, sin revived, but I died.

English Revised Version
And I was alive apart from the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died;

Webster's Bible Translation
For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.

Weymouth New Testament
Once, apart from Law, I was alive, but when the Commandment came, sin sprang into life, and I died;

World English Bible
I was alive apart from the law once, but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.

Young's Literal Translation
And I was alive apart from law once, and the command having come, the sin revived, and I died;
Study Bible
God's Law is Holy
8But sin, seizing its opportunity through the commandment, produced in me every kind of covetous desire. For apart from the law, sin is dead. 9Once I was alive apart from the Law; but when the commandment came, sin sprang to life and I died. 10So I discovered that the very commandment that was meant to bring life actually brought death.…
Cross References
Romans 7:8
But sin, seizing its opportunity through the commandment, produced in me every kind of covetous desire. For apart from the Law, sin is dead.

Romans 7:10
So I discovered that the very commandment that was meant to bring life actually brought death.

Treasury of Scripture

For I was alive without the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.

For I.

Matthew 19:20
The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet?

Luke 10:25-29
And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? …

Luke 15:29
And he answering said to his father, Lo, these many years do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any time thy commandment: and yet thou never gavest me a kid, that I might make merry with my friends:

without.

Matthew 5:21
Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment:

Matthew 15:4-6
For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death…

Mark 7:8-13
For laying aside the commandment of God, ye hold the tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do…

but.

Romans 3:19,20
Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God…

Romans 10:5
For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.

Psalm 40:12
For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth me.

sin.

Romans 7:21-23
I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me…

Romans 8:7
Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be.

and I died.

Romans 7:4,6
Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God…

Romans 7:11
For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me.

Romans 3:20
Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.







Lexicon
Once
ποτέ (pote)
Particle
Strong's Greek 4218: At one time or other, at some time, formerly. From the base of pou and te; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.

I
Ἐγὼ (Egō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Nominative 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

was alive
ἔζων (ezōn)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2198: To live, be alive. A primary verb; to live.

apart from
χωρὶς (chōris)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 5565: Apart from, separately from; without. Adverb from chora; at a space, i.e. Separately or apart from.

[the] Law;
νόμου (nomou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3551: From a primary nemo; law, genitive case, specially, (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively.

but [when]
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

the
τῆς (tēs)
Article - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

commandment
ἐντολῆς (entolēs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1785: An ordinance, injunction, command, law. From entellomai; injunction, i.e. An authoritative prescription.

came,
ἐλθούσης (elthousēs)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2064: To come, go.

sin
ἁμαρτία (hamartia)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 266: From hamartano; a sin.

sprang to life
ἀνέζησεν (anezēsen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 326: To come to life again, revive, regain life. To recover life.

and
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

I
ἐγὼ (egō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Nominative 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

died.
ἀπέθανον (apethanon)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 599: To be dying, be about to die, wither, decay. From apo and thnesko; to die off.
(9) I was alive.--The state of unconscious morality, uninstructed but as yet uncondemned, may, compared with that state of condemnation, be regarded as a state of "life."

Revived.--The English version well represents the meaning of the original, which is not that sin "came to life," but that it "came to life again." Sin is lurking in the heart from the first, but it is dormant until the Commandment comes; then it "revives."

I died.--Became subject to the doom of eternal death.

Verses 9-11. - For I was alive without (or, apart from) law once; but when the commandment came, sin revived (or, sprang into life), and I died. And the commandment, which was unto life, this I found to be unto death, For sin, taking occasion, through the commandment deceived me, and through it slew me. If, in saying, "I was alive once," the writer is at all remembering his own experience, the reference may be to the time of the innocence of childhood, before he had any distinct consciousness of the behests of law. Or it may be that he is only imagining a possible state without any consciousness of law, so as to bring out more forcibly the operation of law. On the general drift of ver. 9, Calvin says tersely, "Mors peccati vita est hominis: rursum vita peccati mors hominis." In ver. 11 the conception of sin's action is the same as in ver. 8; but the verb now used is ἐξηπάτησε, with obvious reference to Eve's temptation, which is regarded as representing ours (cf. 2 Corinthians 11:3). The view of the origin of human sin presented to us in Genesis is that man at first lived at peace with God; but that the commandment," Thou shalt not eat of it, lest thou die," was taken advantage of by the "serpent" (answering to personified ἁμαρτία in the passage before us), inspiring sinful lust; and that so the commandment (i.e. law), though in itself holy, became the occasion of sin, and of death as its consequence; and further, that all this came about through delusion (ἐξηπάτησε). The thing desired was not really good for man; but the ἐπιθυμία inspired by the tempter caused it to seem so. One great purpose of regenerating grace is to dispel this delusion; to bring us back to the true view of things as they are, and so to peace with God. Thus, in part, does the apostle teach us to regard the inscrutable mystery of sin, and the remedy for it in Christ. 7:7-13 There is no way of coming to that knowledge of sin, which is necessary to repentance, and therefore to peace and pardon, but by trying our hearts and lives by the law. In his own case the apostle would not have known the sinfulness of his thoughts, motives, and actions, but by the law. That perfect standard showed how wrong his heart and life were, proving his sins to be more numerous than he had before thought, but it did not contain any provision of mercy or grace for his relief. He is ignorant of human nature and the perverseness of his own heart, who does not perceive in himself a readiness to fancy there is something desirable in what is out of reach. We may perceive this in our children, though self-love makes us blind to it in ourselves. The more humble and spiritual any Christian is, the more clearly will he perceive that the apostle describes the true believer, from his first convictions of sin to his greatest progress in grace, during this present imperfect state. St. Paul was once a Pharisee, ignorant of the spirituality of the law, having some correctness of character, without knowing his inward depravity. When the commandment came to his conscience by the convictions of the Holy Spirit, and he saw what it demanded, he found his sinful mind rise against it. He felt at the same time the evil of sin, his own sinful state, that he was unable to fulfil the law, and was like a criminal when condemned. But though the evil principle in the human heart produces sinful motions, and the more by taking occasion of the commandment; yet the law is holy, and the commandment holy, just, and good. It is not favourable to sin, which it pursues into the heart, and discovers and reproves in the inward motions thereof. Nothing is so good but a corrupt and vicious nature will pervert it. The same heat that softens wax, hardens clay. Food or medicine when taken wrong, may cause death, though its nature is to nourish or to heal. The law may cause death through man's depravity, but sin is the poison that brings death. Not the law, but sin discovered by the law, was made death to the apostle. The ruinous nature of sin, and the sinfulness of the human heart, are here clearly shown.
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