Ephesians 2:5
New International Version
made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions--it is by grace you have been saved.

New Living Translation
that even though we were dead because of our sins, he gave us life when he raised Christ from the dead. (It is only by God’s grace that you have been saved!)

English Standard Version
even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ—by grace you have been saved—

Berean Study Bible
made us alive with Christ, even when we were dead in our trespasses. It is by grace you have been saved!

Berean Literal Bible
made us alive with Christ even we being dead in trespasses--by grace you are saved--

New American Standard Bible
even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved),

King James Bible
Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)

Christian Standard Bible
made us alive with Christ even though we were dead in trespasses. You are saved by grace!

Good News Translation
that while we were spiritually dead in our disobedience he brought us to life with Christ. It is by God's grace that you have been saved.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
made us alive with the Messiah even though we were dead in trespasses. You are saved by grace!

International Standard Version
even when we were dead because of our offenses, made us alive together with the Messiah (by grace you have been saved),

NET Bible
even though we were dead in transgressions, made us alive together with Christ--by grace you are saved!--

New Heart English Bible
even when we were dead through our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved),

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
When we were dead in our sins, he gave us life together with The Messiah, and by his grace he saved us.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
We were dead because of our failures, but he made us alive together with Christ. (It is God's kindness that saved you.)

New American Standard 1977
even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved),

Jubilee Bible 2000
even as we were dead in sins, he has made us alive together with the Christ (by whose grace ye are saved)

King James 2000 Bible
Even when we were dead in sins, has made us alive together with Christ, (by grace you are saved;)

American King James Version
Even when we were dead in sins, has quickened us together with Christ, (by grace you are saved;)

American Standard Version
even when we were dead through our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace have ye been saved),

Douay-Rheims Bible
Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together in Christ, (by whose grace you are saved,)

Darby Bible Translation
(we too being dead in offences,) has quickened us with the Christ, (ye are saved by grace,)

English Revised Version
even when we were dead through our trespasses, quickened us together with Christ (by grace have ye been saved),

Webster's Bible Translation
Even when we were dead in sins, hath made us alive together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)

Weymouth New Testament
caused us, dead though we were through our offences, to live with Christ--it is by grace that you have been saved--

World English Bible
even when we were dead through our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved),

Young's Literal Translation
even being dead in the trespasses, did make us to live together with the Christ, (by grace ye are having been saved,)
Study Bible
Alive with Christ
4But because of His great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, 5made us alive with Christ, even when we were dead in our trespasses. It is by grace you have been saved! 6And God raised us up with Christ and seated us with Him in the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus,…
Cross References
Luke 15:24
For this son of mine was dead and is alive again! He was lost and is found!' So they began to celebrate.

Acts 15:11
On the contrary, we believe it is through the grace of the Lord Jesus that we are saved, just as they are."

Ephesians 2:1
As for you, you were dead in your trespasses and sins,

Ephesians 2:8
For it is by grace you have been saved through faith, and this not from yourselves; it is the gift of God,

Colossians 2:13
When you were dead in your trespasses and in the uncircumcision of your sinful nature, God made you alive with Christ. He forgave us all our trespasses,

Treasury of Scripture

Even when we were dead in sins, has quickened us together with Christ, (by grace you are saved;)

dead.

Ephesians 2:1
And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins;

Romans 5:6,8,10
For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly…

quickened.

Ephesians 2:1
And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins;

Ephesians 5:14
Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.

John 5:21
For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.

grace ye.

Ephesians 2:8
For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

Acts 15:11
But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they.

Romans 3:24
Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:







Lexicon
made [us] alive with
συνεζωοποίησεν (synezōopoiēsen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4806: To make alive together with. From sun and zoopoieo; to reanimate.

Christ,
Χριστῷ (Christō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5547: Anointed One; the Messiah, the Christ. From chrio; Anointed One, i.e. The Messiah, an epithet of Jesus.

even when
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

we
ἡμᾶς (hēmas)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative 1st Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

were
ὄντας (ontas)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

dead
νεκροὺς (nekrous)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3498: (a) adj: dead, lifeless, subject to death, mortal, (b) noun: a dead body, a corpse. From an apparently primary nekus; dead.

in our
τοῖς (tois)
Article - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

trespasses.
παραπτώμασιν (paraptōmasin)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3900: A falling away, lapse, slip, false step, trespass, sin. From parapipto; a side-slip, i.e. error or transgression.

[It is] by grace
χάριτί (chariti)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5485: From chairo; graciousness, of manner or act.

you have been
ἐστε (este)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

saved!
σεσῳσμένοι (sesōsmenoi)
Verb - Perfect Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4982: To save, heal, preserve, rescue. From a primary sos; to save, i.e. Deliver or protect.
(5) Even when we were dead in sins.--These words should be connected, not with "loved us," but with "hath quickened," or rather, quickened. He brought life out of spiritual death.

(5, 6) The thought in these verses follows exactly the same course as in Ephesians 1:19-20. There the type and earnest of the working of God's mighty power are placed in the resurrection, the ascension, the glorification of Christ Himself in His human nature. Here what is there implied is worked out--(1) All Christians are declared to be quickened (or, risen again) to spiritual life with Christ, according to His promise, "Because I live, ye shall live also" (John 14:19). (See the exact parallel in Colossians 2:13.) But there is a promise even beyond this: "I am the life: whosoever liveth and believeth in Me shall never die" (John 11:25; comp. also John 5:24; John 17:2). Hence, even more emphatically, and in full accordance with this latter promise, we have in Colossians 3:4, "Christ who is our life;" as in 2Corinthians 4:10-11, "The life of Jesus is made manifest in us." What this "life eternal" is He Himself declares (John 17:3)--"to know the only true God and Jesus Christ, whom He has sent." (2) Next, this partaking of the life of Christ is brought out in two striking forms--as a partaking, not only of His resurrection (as in Romans 6:5; 1Corinthians 15:20-22; Philippians 3:11), but also (in a phase of thought peculiar to these Epistles) of His ascension "to the heavenly places." This is "in Christ Jesus," in virtue of a personal and individual union with Christ. It implies blessings, both present and future, or rather one blessing, of which we have the earnest now and the fulness hereafter--for the resurrection and ascension of Christ are even now the perfection and glorification of humanity in Him. (3) So far as we are really and vitally His members, such perfection and glorification are ours now, by His intercession (that is, His continued mediation for us in heaven) and by His indwelling in us by the Spirit on earth. The proof of partaking His resurrection is "newness of life," "death unto sin, and new birth unto righteousness" (Romans 6:5-11), which is in Colossians 3:12 expressly connected with the entrance upon unity with Christ in baptism. The proof of having "our life hid in Christ at the right hand of God," is "the setting our affection on things above" (Colossians 3:1), by which "in heart and mind we thither ascend, and with Him continually dwell." (4) These proofs are seen only in measure here. Through the change which we call death, we pass at once to a still higher stage of life, by fuller union with Christ (2Corinthians 5:6-8), and at the great day we shall have both in perfection--perfect newness of life in "likeness to Him" (1John 3:2), and perfect glorification in Him in that communion with God which is heaven (John 17:5; John 17:10; John 17:24). The one thing which St. Paul does not attribute to us is that which is His alone--the place "at the right hand of the Father."

Verse 5. - Even when we were dead in our sins. Repeated from ver. 1, in order to set in its true light the declaration that follows of what God did for us to make more emphatic the free and sovereign mercy of God. Though sin is the abominable thing which he hates, loathsome to him in the last degree, he did not turn from us when we were immersed in it; nor did he wait till we began to move towards him: he began to influence us even when we were dead. Made us alive together with Christ (συνεζωοποίησε τῷ Ξριστῷ). Made us alive with the life which is in Christ and which flows from Christ. A parallel is run between the way in which God's power operated on the body of Christ, and the way in which it operates on the souls of believers in him in respect of

(1) the quickening;

(2) the raising up from the grave;

(3) the seating of them in heavenly places.

The Father, having "given to the Son to have life in himself," and "the Son quickening whom he will" (John 6:21, 26), by God's decree we were first quickened by him, made partakers of Christ's life (John 11:25; comp. John 14:19; John 15:5; Colossians 3:4; Galatians 2:20, etc.). All the life we had lost was restored - the life forfeited by transgression, the life of a calm and well-ordered heart, the sublime life of fellowship with God. By grace have ye been saved. This is a parenthetical clause, more fully dwelt on in ver. 8, thrown in here abruptly by the apostle in the fullness of his heart, to throw light on this great wonder - that Christ should impart his own life to souls dead in sin. Grace in opposition to human merit is at the root of the whole arrangement; free, undeserved mercy. It is not anything that God is bound to by the necessity of his nature. It is the result of his will, not of his nature. Had it not been for his good pleasure, salvation had never been. "Saved" is the past participle (σεσωσμένοι), denoting, not the act of being saved, but the fact of having been saved. Salvation in a real sense is a present possession. When we are one with Christ we are justified freely by God's grace, our trespasses are all forgiven. The spirit of new moral life has been given to us; we are made alive to God. But while salvation is a present attainment in a real sense, its full realization is future, for that includes perfect holiness, and also the glorification of the body. In this sense salvation is to come (Romans 8:24; Romans 13:11). 2:1-10 Sin is the death of the soul. A man dead in trespasses and sins has no desire for spiritual pleasures. When we look upon a corpse, it gives an awful feeling. A never-dying spirit is now fled, and has left nothing but the ruins of a man. But if we viewed things aright, we should be far more affected by the thought of a dead soul, a lost, fallen spirit. A state of sin is a state of conformity to this world. Wicked men are slaves to Satan. Satan is the author of that proud, carnal disposition which there is in ungodly men; he rules in the hearts of men. From Scripture it is clear, that whether men have been most prone to sensual or to spiritual wickedness, all men, being naturally children of disobedience, are also by nature children of wrath. What reason have sinners, then, to seek earnestly for that grace which will make them, of children of wrath, children of God and heirs of glory! God's eternal love or good-will toward his creatures, is the fountain whence all his mercies flow to us; and that love of God is great love, and that mercy is rich mercy. And every converted sinner is a saved sinner; delivered from sin and wrath. The grace that saves is the free, undeserved goodness and favour of God; and he saves, not by the works of the law, but through faith in Christ Jesus. Grace in the soul is a new life in the soul. A regenerated sinner becomes a living soul; he lives a life of holiness, being born of God: he lives, being delivered from the guilt of sin, by pardoning and justifying grace. Sinners roll themselves in the dust; sanctified souls sit in heavenly places, are raised above this world, by Christ's grace. The goodness of God in converting and saving sinners heretofore, encourages others in after-time, to hope in his grace and mercy. Our faith, our conversion, and our eternal salvation, are not of works, lest any man should boast. These things are not brought to pass by any thing done by us, therefore all boasting is shut out. All is the free gift of God, and the effect of being quickened by his power. It was his purpose, to which he prepared us, by blessing us with the knowledge of his will, and his Holy Spirit producing such a change in us, that we should glorify God by our good conversation, and perseverance in holiness. None can from Scripture abuse this doctrine, or accuse it of any tendency to evil. All who do so, are without excuse.
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