John 17:2
New International Version
For you granted him authority over all people that he might give eternal life to all those you have given him.

New Living Translation
For you have given him authority over everyone. He gives eternal life to each one you have given him.

English Standard Version
since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him.

Berean Study Bible
For You granted Him authority over all humanity, so that He may give eternal life to all those You have given Him.

Berean Literal Bible
As You gave Him authority over all flesh, so that all whom You have given Him, He may give to them eternal life.

New American Standard Bible
even as You gave Him authority over all flesh, that to all whom You have given Him, He may give eternal life.

King James Bible
As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.

Christian Standard Bible
since you gave him authority over all flesh, so that he may give eternal life to everyone you have given him.

Contemporary English Version
And you gave him power over all people, so he would give eternal life to everyone you give him.

Good News Translation
For you gave him authority over all people, so that he might give eternal life to all those you gave him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
for You gave Him authority over all flesh; so He may give eternal life to all You have given Him.

International Standard Version
For you have given him authority over all humanity so that he might give eternal life to all those you gave him.

NET Bible
just as you have given him authority over all humanity, so that he may give eternal life to everyone you have given him.

New Heart English Bible
even as you gave him authority over all flesh, he will give everlasting life to all whom you have given him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“Just as you have given him authority over all flesh, he will give eternal life to them, because you have given all things whatsoever unto him.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After all, you've given him authority over all humanity so that he can give eternal life to all those you gave to him.

New American Standard 1977
even as Thou gavest Him authority over all mankind, that to all whom Thou hast given Him, He may give eternal life.

Jubilee Bible 2000
as thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.

King James 2000 Bible
As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as you have given him.

American King James Version
As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as you have given him.

American Standard Version
even as thou gavest him authority over all flesh, that to all whom thou hast given him, he should give eternal life.

Douay-Rheims Bible
As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he may give eternal life to all whom thou hast given him.

Darby Bible Translation
as thou hast given him authority over all flesh, that [as to] all that thou hast given to him, he should give them life eternal.

English Revised Version
even as thou gavest him authority over all flesh, that whatsoever thou hast given him, to them he should give eternal life.

Webster's Bible Translation
As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.

Weymouth New Testament
even as Thou hast given Him authority over all mankind, so that on all whom Thou hast given Him He may bestow the Life of the Ages.

World English Bible
even as you gave him authority over all flesh, he will give eternal life to all whom you have given him.

Young's Literal Translation
according as Thou didst give to him authority over all flesh, that -- all that Thou hast given to him -- he may give to them life age-during;
Study Bible
Prayer for the Son
1When Jesus had spoken these things, He lifted up His eyes to heaven and said, “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son may glorify You. 2For You granted Him authority over all humanity, so that He may give eternal life to all those You have given Him. 3Now this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom You have sent.…
Cross References
Matthew 11:27
All things have been entrusted to Me by My Father. No one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal Him.

Matthew 25:46
And they will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life."

John 3:35
The Father loves the Son and has placed all things in His hands.

John 6:27
Do not work for food that perishes, but for food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you. For on Him God the Father has placed His seal of approval."

John 6:37
Everyone the Father gives Me will come to Me, and the one who comes to Me I will never drive away.

John 6:39
And this is the will of Him who sent Me, that I shall lose none of those He has given Me, but raise them up at the last day.

John 10:28
I give them eternal life, and they will never perish. No one can snatch them out of My hand.

John 17:6
I have revealed Your name to those You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours; You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word.

John 17:9
I ask on their behalf. I do not ask on behalf of the world, but on behalf of those You have given Me; for they are Yours.

John 17:24
Father, I want those You have given Me to be with Me where I am, that they may see the glory You gave Me because You loved Me before the foundation of the world.

Treasury of Scripture

As you have given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as you have given him.

As.

John 3:35
The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand.

John 5:21-29
For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will…

Psalm 2:6-12
Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion…

give.

John 17:24
Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.

John 4:14
But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.

John 6:27,54-57
Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed…

many.

John 6:37,39
All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out…

John 10:29
My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.







Lexicon
For
καθὼς (kathōs)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 2531: According to the manner in which, in the degree that, just as, as. From kata and hos; just as, that.

You granted
ἔδωκας (edōkas)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1325: To offer, give; I put, place. A prolonged form of a primary verb; to give.

Him
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

authority
ἐξουσίαν (exousian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1849: From exesti; privilege, i.e. force, capacity, competency, freedom, or mastery, delegated influence.

over all
πάσης (pasēs)
Adjective - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

humanity,
σαρκός (sarkos)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4561: Flesh, body, human nature, materiality; kindred.

so that
ἵνα (hina)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2443: In order that, so that. Probably from the same as the former part of heautou; in order that.

He may give
δώσῃ (dōsē)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1325: To offer, give; I put, place. A prolonged form of a primary verb; to give.

eternal
αἰώνιον (aiōnion)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 166: From aion; perpetual.

life
ζωὴν (zōēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2222: Life, both of physical (present) and of spiritual (particularly future) existence. From zao; life.

[to] all
πᾶν (pan)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3956: All, the whole, every kind of. Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.

those
(ho)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

You have given
δέδωκας (dedōkas)
Verb - Perfect Indicative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1325: To offer, give; I put, place. A prolonged form of a primary verb; to give.

Him.
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
(2) As thou hast given him power over all flesh.--Better, According as thou gavest Him . . . This is the ground on which the prayer in John 17:1 is based. (Comp. John 10:36; John 13:3.) The glory for which He asks is in accordance with the decree which appointed His Messianic work.

"All flesh" represents a Greek translation of a Hebrew phrase. It occurs again in Matthew 24:22; Mark 13:20; Luke 3:6; Acts 2:17; Romans 3:20; 1Corinthians 1:29; 1Corinthians 15:39; Galatians 2:16; 1Peter 1:24. St. John uses it in this place only. Its especial signification is humanity as such, considered in its weakness and imperfection.

That he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.--Literally, That all whom thou gavest Him, He may give to them eternal life. (Comp. John 17:6, and Note on John 6:37 et seq.) The word "all" is in the Greek a neuter singular, and signifies collectively the whole body of humanity given to Christ. The word for "to them" is masculine and plural, and signifies the individual reception on the part of those to whom eternal life is given. (Comp. Notes on John 6:39-40.)

Verse 2. - Even as thou gavest him authority - an indefeasible claim of influence and intimate organic relations with humanity - over all flesh. [This phrase answers to (col bosor) the Old Testament term for the whole of humanity, the entire race, and is one adopted by New Testament writers (Matthew 24:22; Luke 3:6; 1 Corinthians 1:29; Galatians 2:16).] This authority was implied in his incarnation and sacrifice, and in the recapitulation of all things in him. St. Paul says, "Because he tasted death for every man, God has highly exalted him, and given him the Name that is above every name," etc. These opening words reveal the universality and world-wide aspects of the mission and authority and saving power of the Son of God. He holds the keys of the kingdom and city of God. The government is upon his shoulder. Through him all the nations on earth are to be blessed. But the dependence of "all flesh" upon a Divine gift of eternal life through him is no less conspicuous; hence the hopelessness of human nature as it is and apart from grace. The end of this glorification of the Son in the Father is that, in the exercise of this authority, he may give eternal life to all whom thou hast given him. The construction is unusual, and literally rendered would be, that with reference to the whole of that which thou hast given him, to them he should give eternal life. The clause, πᾶν ὅ δέδωκας, may be a nominative or accusative absolute, which, by the defining αὐτοῖς, is subsequently resolved into individual elements. The redeemed humanity of all time has been given to the incarnate Son, and is undoubtedly different from the (πάσα σάρξ) "all flesh" of the previous clause, but it is further explained to mean the individual men and women who receive from him eternal life. The bestowment of eternal life on those thus given to him is the method in which he will glorify the Father (see notes on John 6:37, where the Father is said to draw men to himself by means of the unveiling of his own true character in the Son, and where this drawing is seen to be another way of describing the Father's gift to the Son). Those who are given to Christ are those who are drawn by the Father's grace to see his perfect self-revelation in the face of Jesus Christ, of whom Jesus says, "I will by no means cast them out" (John 6:37), and concerning whom he avers, "No one cometh unto the Father but by me" (John 14:6). Ζώη αἰώνιος, life eternal, is frequently described as his gift. From the first the evangelist has regarded ξώη as the inherent and inalienable prerogative of the "Logos," and the source of all the "light" which has lighted men. This "life," which is "light," came into the world in his birth, and became the head of a new humanity. It is clearly more than, and profoundly different from, the principle of unending existence. Life is more than perpetuity of being, and eternity is not endlessness, nor is "eternal life" a mere prolongation of duration; it refers rather to state and quality than to one condition of that state; it is the negation of time rather than indefinite or infinite prolongation of time. That which Christ gives to those who believe in him, receive him, is the life of God himself. It is strongly urged by many that this eternal life is a present realizable possession, that he that hath the Son hath life, and that we are to disregard the future in the conscious enjoyment of this blessedness; but we must not forget that our Lord obviously refers the life eternal to the future in Matthew 19:29; Mark 10:30; Luke 18:30; Matthew 25:46. Nor are these statements, as some have said, incompatible with the representations of this Gospel (see John 6:40, 54; John 11:25; John 12:25). The aionian blessedness may have a partial realization here and now, but not fill our vision is less clouded and our perils are less severe shall we fully apprehend it. Nor is this inconsistent with Ver. 3. 17:1-5 Our Lord prayed as a man, and as the Mediator of his people; yet he spoke with majesty and authority, as one with and equal to the Father. Eternal life could not be given to believers, unless Christ, their Surety, both glorified the Father, and was glorified of him. This is the sinner's way to eternal life, and when this knowledge shall be made perfect, holiness and happiness will be fully enjoyed. The holiness and happiness of the redeemed, are especially that glory of Christ, and of his Father, which was the joy set before him, for which he endured the cross and despised the shame; this glory was the end of the sorrow of his soul, and in obtaining it he was fully satisfied. Thus we are taught that our glorifying God is needed as an evidence of our interest in Christ, through whom eternal life is God's free gift.
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