Revelation 1:18
New International Version
I am the Living One; I was dead, and now look, I am alive for ever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades.

New Living Translation
I am the living one. I died, but look--I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and the grave.

English Standard Version
and the living one. I died, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.

Berean Study Bible
the Living One. I was dead, and behold, now I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of Death and of Hades.

Berean Literal Bible
and the Living One. And I was dead, and behold I am living to the ages of the ages, and I have the keys of Death and of Hades.

New American Standard Bible
and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

King James Bible
I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

Christian Standard Bible
and the Living One. I was dead, but look--I am alive forever and ever, and I hold the keys of death and Hades.

Contemporary English Version
and the living one. I died, but now I am alive forever, and I have the keys to death and the world of the dead.

Good News Translation
I am the living one! I was dead, but now I am alive forever and ever. I have authority over death and the world of the dead.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and the Living One. I was dead, but look--I am alive forever and ever, and I hold the keys of death and Hades.

International Standard Version
the living one. I was dead—but look!—I am alive forever and ever! I have the keys of Death and Hades.

NET Bible
and the one who lives! I was dead, but look, now I am alive--forever and ever--and I hold the keys of death and of Hades!

New Heart English Bible
and the Living one. I was dead, but look, I am alive forevermore. I have the keys of Death and of hell.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
I am he who lived and died, and behold, I am alive to the eternity of eternities, amen, and I have the key of Death and of Sheol.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
the living one. I was dead, but now I am alive forever. I have the keys of death and hell.

New American Standard 1977
and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and he that lives and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen, and have the keys of Hades and of death.

King James 2000 Bible
I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive forevermore, Amen; and have the keys of hades and of death.

American King James Version
I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever more, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

American Standard Version
and the Living one; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive for evermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And alive, and was dead, and behold I am living for ever and ever, and have the keys of death and of hell.

Darby Bible Translation
and the living one: and I became dead, and behold, I am living to the ages of ages, and have the keys of death and of hades.

English Revised Version
and the Living one; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive for evermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.

Webster's Bible Translation
I am he that liveth, and was dead; and behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

Weymouth New Testament
I died; but I am now alive until the Ages of the Ages, and I have the keys of the gates of Death and of Hades!

World English Bible
and the Living one. I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. I have the keys of Death and of Hades.

Young's Literal Translation
and he who is living, and I did become dead, and, lo, I am living to the ages of the ages. Amen! and I have the keys of the hades and of the death.
Study Bible
John's Vision on Patmos
17When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. But He placed His right hand on me and said, “Do not be afraid. I am the First and the Last, 18the Living One. I was dead, and behold, now I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of Death and of Hades. 19Therefore write down the things you have seen, and the things that are, and the things that will happen after this.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 2:6
The LORD brings death and gives life; some He brings down to Sheol, and others He raises up.

Job 38:17
Have the gates of death been revealed to you? Have you seen the gates of the shadow of death?

Matthew 11:23
And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted up to heaven? No, you will descend to Hades! For if the miracles that were performed in you had happened in Sodom, it would have remained to this day.

Matthew 16:19
I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven."

Luke 24:5
As the women bowed their faces to the ground in terror, the two men asked them, "Why do you look for the living among the dead?

John 11:25
Jesus said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me will live, even though he dies.

Romans 6:9
For we know that since Christ was raised from the dead, He cannot die again; death no longer has dominion over Him.

Romans 14:9
For this reason Christ died and returned to life, so that He might be the Lord of both the dead and the living.

Revelation 2:8
To the angel of the church in Smyrna write: These are the words of the First and the Last, who died and returned to life.

Revelation 3:7
To the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: These are the words of the One who is holy and true, who holds the key of David. What He opens, no one will shut; and what He shuts, no one will open.

Revelation 4:9
And whenever the living creatures give glory, honor, and thanks to the One seated on the throne who lives forever and ever,

Revelation 6:8
Then I looked and saw a pale horse. Its rider's name was Death, and Hades followed close behind. And they were given authority over a fourth of the earth, to kill by sword, by famine, by plague, and by the beasts of the earth.

Revelation 9:1
Then the fifth angel sounded his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from heaven to earth, and it was given the key to the pit of the Abyss.

Revelation 10:6
And he swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and everything in it, the earth and everything in it, and the sea and everything in it: "There will be no more delay!

Revelation 15:7
Then one of the four living creatures gave the seven angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God, who lives forever and ever.

Revelation 20:1
Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven with the key to the Abyss, holding in his hand a great chain.

Revelation 20:13
The sea gave up its dead, and Death and Hades gave up their dead, and each one was judged according to his deeds.

Revelation 20:14
Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death--the lake of fire.

Treasury of Scripture

I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever more, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

that liveth.

Job 19:25
For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth:

Psalm 18:46
The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and let the God of my salvation be exalted.

John 14:19
Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: because I live, ye shall live also.

was.

Romans 14:8,9
For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord's…

2 Corinthians 5:14,15
For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead: …

Hebrews 1:3
Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

I am alive.

Revelation 4:9
And when those beasts give glory and honour and thanks to him that sat on the throne, who liveth for ever and ever,

Revelation 5:14
And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.

Hebrews 7:16,25
Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life…

the keys.

Revelation 3:7
And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;

Revelation 9:1
And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.

Revelation 20:1,2,14
And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand…







Lexicon
the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Living [One].
Ζῶν (Zōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2198: To live, be alive. A primary verb; to live.

I was
ἐγενόμην (egenomēn)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Middle - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1096: A prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be, i.e. to become, used with great latitude.

dead,
νεκρὸς (nekros)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3498: (a) adj: dead, lifeless, subject to death, mortal, (b) noun: a dead body, a corpse. From an apparently primary nekus; dead.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

behold,
ἰδοὺ (idou)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2400: See! Lo! Behold! Look! Second person singular imperative middle voice of eido; used as imperative lo!

[now] I am
εἰμι (eimi)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

alive
ζῶν (zōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2198: To live, be alive. A primary verb; to live.

forever
αἰῶνας (aiōnas)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 165: From the same as aei; properly, an age; by extension, perpetuity; by implication, the world; specially a Messianic period.

[and]
τῶν (tōn)
Article - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

ever!
αἰώνων (aiōnōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 165: From the same as aei; properly, an age; by extension, perpetuity; by implication, the world; specially a Messianic period.

And
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

I hold
ἔχω (echō)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2192: To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; a primary verb; to hold.

the
τὰς (tas)
Article - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

keys
κλεῖς (kleis)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 2807: A key. From kleio; a key, literally or figuratively.

of
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Death
θανάτου (thanatou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2288: Death, physical or spiritual. From thnesko; death.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

of
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Hades.
ᾅδου (hadou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 86: Hades, the unseen world. Properly, unseen, i.e. 'Hades' or the place of departed souls.
(18) I am he that liveth, and was dead.--Better, and the living One (omit the words "I am"); and I became dead; and, behold, I am alive (or, I am living) unto the ages of ages (or, for evermore), "Amen" is omitted in the best MSS. This verse must be carefully kept in connection with the preceding, as the description should go on without pause. He is the living One--not merely one who once was alive, or is now alive--but the One who has "life in Himself, and the fountain and source of life to others, John 1:4; John 14:6; the One who hath immortality," 1Timothy 6:16 (Trench). Yet He became dead. There are two wonders here: the living One becomes dead, and the dead One is alive for evermore. It is another form of the glorious truth and paradox of which the Apostles were so fond (Philippians 2:8-9; Hebrews 2:9). Comp. Christ's words, Luke 9:24, and Luke 13:43, which contain promises which He only could make who could say, "I have the keys of death and of Hades." The order of these words has been transposed in our English version. The true order is the more appropriate order, "For Hades is the vast unseen realm into which men are ushered by death; dark and mysterious as that realm was, and dreaded as was its monarch, our risen Lord has both under His power. The keys are the emblems of His right and authority." (Comp. Revelation 3:7-8.) It is not of the second death that He speaks; our Lord is here seen as the conqueror of that clouded region, and that resistless foe which man dreaded. (Comp. John 11:25; Hebrews 2:15.) Comp. Henry Vaughan's quaint poem "An Easter Hymn"--

"Death and darkness get you packing,

Nothing now to man is lacking;

All your triumphs now are ended,

And what Adam marred is mended;

Graves are beds now for the weary,

Death a nap to wake more merry.

Christ had spoken before of the gates of hell (Matthew 16:18), and of the keys. (Comp. also 1Peter 3:19.) The key of the grave was one of the four keys which the Eternal King committed to no ministering angel, but reserved for himself (so Targum and Talmud). The whole verse affirms the undying power and inalienable authority of our Master, and is a fitting prelude to a book which is to show the inherent divine tenacity of Christianity. The Church lives on because Christ its Head lives on (John 14:19). The resurrection power which the Lord showed is to be reflected in the history of His Church. "The greatest honour is due to Christianity," says Goethe, "for continually proving its pure and noble origin by coming forth again, after the great aberrations into which human perversity has led it, more speedily than was expected, with its primitive special charm as a mission. . . . for the relief of human necessity"

Verse 18. - I am he that liveth. This should be joined with what precedes. "I am the First and the Last, and the Living One; and I became dead, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades." "Became" or "came to be" (ἐγενόμην), as in vers. 9 and 10, indicates an exceptional condition. The "Amen" has been improperly inserted after "forevermore" (see on "forever and ever," in ver. 6) from liturgical usage. Most English versions omit it. The keys, as so often, are the sign of authority (Revelation 3:7; Revelation 9:1; Revelation 20:1; Matthew 16:19). Christ, as the absolutely Living One, who "has life in himself" and is the Source of life in others, has control, not merely over the passage from this world to the other, but over the other world itself. He can recall departed souls from their resting place. The error of rendering Αιδης "hell" has often been pointed out; it is not a place of punishment, but the temporary home of the departed, who are awaiting the day of judgment. "Death," in all the best manuscripts and versions precedes "Hades;" and this is the logical order. 1:12-20 The churches receive their light from Christ and the gospel, and hold it forth to others. They are golden candlesticks; they should be precious and pure; not only the ministers, but the members of the churches; their light should so shine before men, as to engage others to give glory to God. And the apostle saw as though of the Lord Jesus Christ appeared in the midst of the golden candlesticks. He is with his churches always, to the end of the world, filling them with light, and life, and love. He was clothed with a robe down to the feet, perhaps representing his righteousness and priesthood, as Mediator. This vest was girt with a golden girdle, which may denote how precious are his love and affection for his people. His head and hairs white like wool and as snow, may signify his majesty, purity, and eternity. His eyes as a flame of fire, may represent his knowledge of the secrets of all hearts, and of the most distant events. His feet like fine brass burning in a furnace, may denote the firmness of his appointments, and the excellence of his proceedings. His voice as the sound of many waters, may represent the power of his word, to remove or to destroy. The seven stars were emblems of the ministers of the seven churches to which the apostle was ordered to write, and whom Christ upheld and directed. The sword represented his justice, and his word, piercing to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, Heb 4:12. His countenance was like the sun, when it shines clearly and powerfully; its strength too bright and dazzling for mortal eyes to behold. The apostle was overpowered with the greatness of the lustre and glory in which Christ appeared. We may well be contented to walk by faith, while here upon earth. The Lord Jesus spake words of comfort; Fear not. Words of instruction; telling who thus appeared. And his Divine nature; the First and the Last. His former sufferings; I was dead: the very same whom his disciples saw upon the cross. His resurrection and life; I have conquered death, and am partaker of endless life. His office and authority; sovereign dominion in and over the invisible world, as the Judge of all, from whose sentence there is no appeal. Let us listen to the voice of Christ, and receive the tokens of his love, for what can he withhold from those for whose sins he has died? May we then obey his word, and give up ourselves wholly to him who directs all things aright.
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NT Prophecy: Revelation 1:18 And the Living one (Rev. Re Apocalypse) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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