Isaiah 22:22
New International Version
I will place on his shoulder the key to the house of David; what he opens no one can shut, and what he shuts no one can open.

New Living Translation
I will give him the key to the house of David--the highest position in the royal court. When he opens doors, no one will be able to close them; when he closes doors, no one will be able to open them.

English Standard Version
And I will place on his shoulder the key of the house of David. He shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

Berean Study Bible
I will place on his shoulder the key of the house of David. What he opens, no one can shut; what he shuts, no one can open.

New American Standard Bible
"Then I will set the key of the house of David on his shoulder, When he opens no one will shut, When he shuts no one will open.

King James Bible
And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

Christian Standard Bible
I will place the key of the house of David on his shoulder; what he opens, no one can close; what he closes, no one can open.

Contemporary English Version
The LORD will put him in charge of the key that belongs to King David's family. No one will be able to unlock what he locks, and no one will be able to lock what he unlocks.

Good News Translation
I will give him complete authority under the king, the descendant of David. He will have the keys of office; what he opens, no one will shut, and what he shuts, no one will open.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I will place the key of the House of David on his shoulder; what he opens, no one can close; what he closes, no one can open.

International Standard Version
"I'll place on his shoulder the key to the house of David—what he opens, no one will shut, and what he shuts, no one will open.

NET Bible
I will place the key to the house of David on his shoulder. When he opens the door, no one can close it; when he closes the door, no one can open it.

New Heart English Bible
I will lay the key of the house of David on his shoulder. He will open, and no one will shut. He will shut, and no one will open.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I will place the key of the house of David around his neck. What he opens no one will shut. What he shuts no one will open.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; And he shall open, and none shall shut; And he shall shut, and none shall open.

New American Standard 1977
“Then I will set the key of the house of David on his shoulder, When he opens no one will shut, When he shuts no one will open.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the key of the house of David I will lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and no one shall shut; and he shall shut, and no one shall open.

King James 2000 Bible
And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

American King James Version
And the key of the house of David will I lay on his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

American Standard Version
And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; and he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And I will give him the glory of David; and he shall rule, and there shall be none to speak against him: and I will give him the key of the house of David upon his shoulder; and he shall open, and there shall be none to shut; and he shall shut, and there shall be none to open.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I will lay the key of the house of David upon his shoulder: and he shall open, and none shall shut: and he shall shut, and none shall open.

Darby Bible Translation
And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; and he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

English Revised Version
And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; and he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

World English Bible
I will lay the key of the house of David on his shoulder. He will open, and no one will shut. He will shut, and no one will open.

Young's Literal Translation
And I have placed the key Of the house of David on his shoulder, And he hath opened, and none is shutting, And hath shut, and none is opening.
Study Bible
A Message for Shebna
21I will clothe him with your robe and tie your sash around him. I will put your authority in his hand, and he will be a father to the dwellers of Jerusalem and to the house of Judah. 22I will place on his shoulder the key of the house of David. What he opens, no one can shut; what he shuts, no one can open. 23I will drive him like a peg into a firm place, and he will be a throne of glory for the house of his father.…
Cross References
Matthew 16:19
I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven."

Revelation 3:7
To the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: These are the words of the One who is holy and true, who holds the key of David. What He opens, no one will shut; and what He shuts, no one will open.

Job 12:14
What He tears down cannot be rebuilt; the man He imprisons cannot be released.

Isaiah 7:2
When it became known to the house of David that Aram was in league with Ephraim, the hearts of Ahaz and his people trembled like trees in the forest shaken by the wind.

Isaiah 7:13
Then Isaiah said, "Hear now, O house of David! Is it not enough to try the patience of men? Will you try the patience of my God as well?

Isaiah 9:6
For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given, and the government will be upon His shoulders. And He will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

Treasury of Scripture

And the key of the house of David will I lay on his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

and the key.

Matthew 16:18,19
And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it…

Revelation 1:18
I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

so he

Job 12:14
Behold, he breaketh down, and it cannot be built again: he shutteth up a man, and there can be no opening.

Matthew 18:18,19
Verily I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven…

Revelation 3:7
And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;







Lexicon
I will place
וְנָתַתִּ֛י (wə·nā·ṯat·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

his shoulder
שִׁכְמ֑וֹ (šiḵ·mōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7926: The neck, as the place of burdens, the spur of a, hill

the key
מַפְתֵּ֥חַ (map̄·tê·aḥ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4668: An opener, a key

of the house
בֵּית־ (bêṯ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1004: A house

of David.
דָּוִ֖ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

What he opens,
וּפָתַח֙ (ū·p̄ā·ṯaḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6605: To open wide, to loosen, begin, plough, carve

no
וְאֵ֣ין (wə·’ên)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

one can shut;
סֹגֵ֔ר (sō·ḡêr)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5462: To shut up, to surrender

what he shuts,
וְסָגַ֖ר (wə·sā·ḡar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5462: To shut up, to surrender

no
וְאֵ֥ין (wə·’ên)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

one can open.
פֹּתֵֽחַ׃ (pō·ṯê·aḥ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6605: To open wide, to loosen, begin, plough, carve
(22) And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder . . .--The key of the king's treasure-chambers and of the gates of the palace was the natural symbol of the chamberlain's or vizier's office, and, as in Isaiah 9:6, it was solemnly laid upon the shoulder of the new official, perhaps as representing the burden of the responsibilities of the duties of his office. In the "keys of the kingdom of heaven," in Matthew 16:19, and again in Revelation 3:7, as also in the custom of admitting a Rabbi to his office by giving him a key, we have a reproduction of the same emblem.

So he shall open, and none shall shut . . .--The words paint vividly the supremacy of the office to which Eliakim was to be called. He alone was to decide who was to be admitted into the king's chamber, and for whom the king's treasury was to be opened. In Revelation 3:7, the symbolism is reproduced in its higher application to the King of kings.

Verse 22. - The key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder. A key would seem to have been the special badge of the prefect's office, which included the control of the stores (ver. 15), and the general management of the household. It was, perhaps, a part of the form of investiture, that the key should be first laid on the prefect's shoulder and then delivered into his hand. Among the Greeks the priests of Ceres are said to have borne a key on their shoulder, permanently, as a badge of office (Callimach., 'Hymn. ad Cererem,' 1. 45). The reference to this passage in Revelation 3:7 is sufficient to show that Eliakim, the "servant of Jehovah" (ver. 20), is, to a certain extent, a type of Christ; perhaps also of his faithful ministers (Matthew 16:19; John 20:23). 22:15-25 This message to Shebna is a reproof of his pride, vanity, and security; what vanity is all earthly grandeur, which death will so soon end! What will it avail, whether we are laid in a magnificent tomb, or covered with the green sod? Those who, when in power, turn and toss others, will be justly turned and tossed themselves. Eliakim should be put into Shebna's place. Those called to places of trust and power, should seek to God for grace to enable them to do their duty. Eliakim's advancement is described. Our Lord Jesus describes his own power as Mediator, Re 3:7, that he has the key of David. His power in the kingdom of heaven, and in ordering all the affairs of that kingdom, is absolute. Rulers should be fathers to those under their government; and the honour men bring unto their families, by their piety and usefulness, is more to be valued than what they derive from them by their names and titles. The glory of this world gives a man no real worth or excellence; it is but hung upon him, and it will soon drop from him. Eliakim was compared to a nail in a sure place; all his family are said to depend upon him. In eastern houses, rows of large spikes were built up in the walls. Upon these the moveables and utensils were hung. Our Lord Jesus is as a nail in a sure place. That soul cannot perish, nor that concern fall to the ground, which is by faith hung upon Christ. He will set before the believer an open door, which no man can shut, and bring both body and soul to eternal glory. But those who neglect so great salvation will find, that when he shutteth none can open, whether it be shutting out from heaven, or shutting up in hell for ever.
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OT Prophets: Isaiah 22:22 I will lay the key (Isa Isi Is) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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