Isaiah 5:14
New International Version
Therefore Death expands its jaws, opening wide its mouth; into it will descend their nobles and masses with all their brawlers and revelers.

New Living Translation
The grave is licking its lips in anticipation, opening its mouth wide. The great and the lowly and all the drunken mob will be swallowed up.

English Standard Version
Therefore Sheol has enlarged its appetite and opened its mouth beyond measure, and the nobility of Jerusalem and her multitude will go down, her revelers and he who exults in her.

Berean Study Bible
Therefore Sheol enlarges its throat and opens wide its enormous jaws, and down go Zion’s nobles and masses, her jubilant and carousers!

New American Standard Bible
Therefore Sheol has enlarged its throat and opened its mouth without measure; And Jerusalem's splendor, her multitude, her din of revelry and the jubilant within her, descend into it.

King James Bible
Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.

Christian Standard Bible
Therefore Sheol enlarges its throat and opens wide its enormous jaws, and down go Zion's dignitaries, her masses, her crowds, and those who celebrate in her!

Contemporary English Version
The world of the dead has opened its mouth wide and is eagerly waiting for the leaders of Jerusalem and for its noisy crowds, especially for those who take pride in that city.

Good News Translation
The world of the dead is hungry for them, and it opens its mouth wide. It gulps down the nobles of Jerusalem along with the noisy crowd of common people.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Therefore Sheol enlarges its throat and opens wide its enormous jaws, and down go Zion's dignitaries, her masses, her crowds, and those who carouse in her!

International Standard Version
Therefore Sheol's appetite has grown; it has opened its mouth beyond limit. Jerusalem's nobility and her multitudes will go there, along with her brawlers and whoever is reveling within her.

NET Bible
So Death will open up its throat, and open wide its mouth; Zion's dignitaries and masses will descend into it, including those who revel and celebrate within her.

New Heart English Bible
Therefore Sheol has enlarged its desire, and opened its mouth without measure; and their glory, their multitude, their pomp, and he who rejoices among them, descend into it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
That is why the grave's appetite increases. It opens its mouth very wide so that honored people and common people will go down into it. Those who are noisy and joyous will go down into it.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Therefore the nether-world hath enlarged her desire, And opened her mouth without measure; And down goeth their glory, and their tumult, and their uproar, And he that rejoiceth among them.

New American Standard 1977
Therefore Sheol has enlarged its throat and opened its mouth without measure; And Jerusalem’s splendor, her multitude, her din of revelry, and the jubilant within her, descend into it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore Sheol has enlarged himself and opened his mouth without measure; and their glory, and their multitude descended into it and their pomp and he that rejoiced in him.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore sheol has enlarged itself, and opened its mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that exults, shall descend into it.

American King James Version
Therefore hell has enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoices, shall descend into it.

American Standard Version
Therefore Sheol hath enlarged its desire, and opened its mouth without measure; and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth among them, descend into it .

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Therefore hell has enlarged its desire and opened its mouth without ceasing: and her glorious and great, and her rich and her pestilent men shall go down into it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore hath hell enlarged her soul, and opened her mouth without any bounds, and their strong ones, and their people, and their high and glorious ones shall go down into it.

Darby Bible Translation
Therefore doth Sheol enlarge its desire, and open its mouth without measure; and her splendour shall descend [into it], and her multitude, and her tumult, and [all] that is joyful within her.

English Revised Version
Therefore hell hath enlarged her desire, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth among them, descend into it.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.

World English Bible
Therefore Sheol has enlarged its desire, and opened its mouth without measure; and their glory, their multitude, their pomp, and he who rejoices among them, descend into it.

Young's Literal Translation
Therefore hath Sheol enlarged herself, And hath opened her mouth without limit. And gone down hath its honour, and its multitude, And its noise, and its exulting one -- into her.
Study Bible
Woes to the Wicked
13Therefore My people will go into exile for their lack of understanding; their dignitaries are starving, and their masses are parched with thirst. 14Therefore Sheol enlarges its throat and opens wide its enormous jaws, and down go Zion’s nobles and masses, her jubilant and carousers! 15So mankind will be brought low, and each man humbled; the arrogant will lower their eyes.…
Cross References
Proverbs 30:16
Sheol, the barren womb, land that is never satisfied with water, and fire that never says, "Enough!"

Isaiah 14:9
Sheol beneath is eager to meet you upon your arrival. It stirs the spirits of the dead to greet you--all the rulers of the earth. It makes all the kings of the nations rise from their thrones.

Isaiah 14:11
Your pomp has been brought down to Sheol, with the music of your harps. Maggots spread out beneath you, and worms cover you.

Isaiah 24:8
The joyful tambourines have ceased; the noise of revelers has stopped; the joyful harp is silent.

Ezekiel 7:12
The time has come; the day has arrived. Let the buyer not rejoice and the seller not mourn, for wrath is upon all their multitudes.

Habakkuk 2:5
furthermore, wine betrays; an arrogant man is never at rest. He enlarges his appetite like Sheol, and like Death, he is never satisfied. He gathers all nations to himself and collects all the peoples as his own.

Treasury of Scripture

Therefore hell has enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoices, shall descend into it.

hell

Isaiah 14:9
Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.

Isaiah 30:33
For Tophet is ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.

Psalm 49:14
Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling.

opened

Numbers 16:30-34
But if the LORD make a new thing, and the earth open her mouth, and swallow them up, with all that appertain unto them, and they go down quick into the pit; then ye shall understand that these men have provoked the LORD…

Proverbs 1:12
Let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit:

he that rejoiceth

Isaiah 21:4
My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the night of my pleasure hath he turned into fear unto me.

1 Samuel 25:36-38
And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light…

2 Samuel 13:28,29
Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant…







Lexicon
Therefore
לָכֵ֗ן (lā·ḵên)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3651: So -- thus

Sheol
שְּׁאוֹל֙ (šə·’ō·wl)
Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7585: Underworld (place to which people descend at death)

enlarges
הִרְחִ֤יבָה (hir·ḥî·ḇāh)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7337: To be or grow wide or large

its throat
נַפְשָׁ֔הּ (nap̄·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5315: A soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion

and opens
וּפָעֲרָ֥ה (ū·p̄ā·‘ă·rāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6473: To open wide (the mouth)

wide its enormous
לִבְלִי־ (liḇ·lî-)
Preposition-l | Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 1097: Failure, nothing, destruction, without, not yet, because not, as long as

jaws,
פִ֖יהָ (p̄î·hā)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6310: The mouth, edge, portion, side, according to

and down go
וְיָרַ֨ד (wə·yā·raḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3381: To come or go down, descend

[Zion’s] nobles
הֲדָרָ֧הּ (hă·ḏā·rāh)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1926: Magnificence, ornament, splendor

[and] masses,
וַהֲמוֹנָ֛הּ (wa·hă·mō·w·nāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1995: A noise, tumult, crowd, disquietude, wealth

her jubilant
וּשְׁאוֹנָ֖הּ (ū·šə·’ō·w·nāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7588: A roar (of waters, etcetera), din, crash, uproar

and carousers!
וְעָלֵ֥ז (wə·‘ā·lêz)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5938: Exultant, jubilant
(14) Therefore hell hath enlarged herself.--The Hebrew Sheol, or Hades, like "hell" itself in its original meaning, expressed not a place of torment, but the vast shadow ? world of death, thought of as being below the earth (Psalm 16:10; Psalm 49:14). Here, as elsewhere (Jonah 2:2; Proverbs 1:12; Proverbs 30:16), it is half-personified, as Hades and Death are in Revelation 6:8; Revelation 20:13-14. In that unseen world there were, in the later belief of Judaism, the two regions of Gehenna and of Eden or Paradise. What the prophet says is that all the pomp and glory of the rich oppressors are on their way to that inevitable doom. The word for "glory" (as in 1Samuel 4:22) is the same as that for "honourable men" in Isaiah 5:13, so that the original has all the emphasis of repetition.

Verse 14. - Therefore hell hath enlarged herself; rather, hath enlarged her desire (comp. Habakkuk 2:5). "Hell" here represents the underworld, into which souls descended at death, not yet perhaps recognized as comprehending two divisions, but regarded much as the Greeks regarded their Hades - as a general receptacle of the dead, dark and silent. Hades (Sheol), not viewed as a person, but personified by poetical license, "enlarges her desire" and "opens her mouth" to receive the crowd that is approaching the crowd of those who in captivity succumb to the hardships of their lot. Their glory; literally, her glory - the glory, i.e., of Jerusalem, which is especially in the prophet's thoughts. "Her glory, and her crowd, and her pomp, and he that is joyful in her, shall go down" into the sheol that gapes for them. 5:8-23 Here is a woe to those who set their hearts on the wealth of the world. Not that it is sinful for those who have a house and a field to purchase another; but the fault is, that they never know when they have enough. Covetousness is idolatry; and while many envy the prosperous, wretched man, the Lord denounces awful woes upon him. How applicable to many among us! God has many ways to empty the most populous cities. Those who set their hearts upon the world, will justly be disappointed. Here is woe to those who dote upon the pleasures and the delights of sense. The use of music is lawful; but when it draws away the heart from God, then it becomes a sin to us. God's judgments have seized them, but they will not disturb themselves in their pleasures. The judgments are declared. Let a man be ever so high, death will bring him low; ever so mean, death will bring him lower. The fruit of these judgments shall be, that God will be glorified as a God of power. Also, as a God that is holy; he shall be owned and declared to be so, in the righteous punishment of proud men. Those are in a woful condition who set up sin, and who exert themselves to gratify their base lusts. They are daring in sin, and walk after their own lusts; it is in scorn that they call God the Holy One of Israel. They confound and overthrow distinctions between good and evil. They prefer their own reasonings to Divine revelations; their own devices to the counsels and commands of God. They deem it prudent and politic to continue profitable sins, and to neglect self-denying duties. Also, how light soever men make of drunkenness, it is a sin which lays open to the wrath and curse of God. Their judges perverted justice. Every sin needs some other to conceal it.
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Alphabetical: all and appetite brawlers descend din enlarged enlarges grave has her into it its Jerusalem's jubilant limit masses measure mouth multitude nobles of opened opens revelers revelry Sheol splendor the their Therefore throat will with within without

OT Prophets: Isaiah 5:14 Therefore Sheol has enlarged its desire (Isa Isi Is) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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