Isaiah 5:10
New International Version
A ten-acre vineyard will produce only a bath of wine; a homer of seed will yield only an ephah of grain."

New Living Translation
Ten acres of vineyard will not produce even six gallons of wine. Ten baskets of seed will yield only one basket of grain.”

English Standard Version
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield but one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.”

Berean Study Bible
For ten acres of vineyard will yield but a bath of wine, and a homer of seed only an ephah of grain.”

King James Bible
Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

New King James Version
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, And a homer of seed shall yield one ephah.”

New American Standard Bible
“For ten acres of vineyard will yield only one bath of wine, And a homer of seed will yield only an ephah of grain.”

NASB 1995
"For ten acres of vineyard will yield only one bath of wine, And a homer of seed will yield but an ephah of grain."

NASB 1977
“For ten acres of vineyard will yield only one bath of wine, And a homer of seed will yield but an ephah of grain.”

Amplified Bible
“For ten acres of vineyard will yield [only] one bath of wine, And a homer (six bushels) of seed will produce [only] one ephah of grain.”

Christian Standard Bible
For a ten-acre vineyard will yield only six gallons of wine, and ten bushels of seed will yield only one bushel of grain.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For a ten-acre vineyard will yield only six gallons, and 10 bushels of seed will yield only one bushel.

American Standard Version
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because ten yokes of land of a vineyard shall make one bath(eight and a half gallons) and the seed of a cor – (eleven bushels) shall make a seah (three gallons)

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For where ten yoke of oxen plough the land shall yield one jar-full, and he that sows six homers shall produce three measures.

Contemporary English Version
Four hectares of grapevines will produce only 27 liters of juice, and 180 liters of seed will produce merely 18 liters of grain.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one little measure, and thirty bushels of seed shall yield three bushels.

English Revised Version
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.

Good News Translation
The grapevines growing on five acres of land will yield only five gallons of wine. Ten bushels of seed will produce only one bushel of grain."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A ten-acre vineyard will produce only six gallons of wine, and two quarts of seed will produce only four quarts of grain."

International Standard Version
For ten acres of vineyard will produce only one bath, and one omer of seed will produce only one ephah."

JPS Tanakh 1917
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, And the seed of a homer shall yield an ephah.

Literal Standard Version
For ten acres of vineyard yield one bath, "" And a homer of seed yields an ephah.

NET Bible
Indeed, a large vineyard will produce just a few gallons, and enough seed to yield several bushels will produce less than a bushel."

New Heart English Bible
Woe to those who rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; who stay late into the night, until wine inflames them.

World English Bible
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield an ephah."

Young's Literal Translation
For ten acres of vineyard do yield one bath, And an homer of seed yieldeth an ephah.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Woes to the Wicked
9I heard the LORD of Hosts declare: “Surely many houses will become desolate, great mansions left unoccupied. 10For ten acres of vineyard will yield but a bath of wine, and a homer of seed only an ephah of grain.” 11Woe to those who rise early in the morning in pursuit of strong drink, who linger into the evening, to be inflamed by wine.…

Cross References
Leviticus 26:26
When I cut off your supply of bread, ten women will bake your bread in a single oven and dole out your bread by weight, so that you will eat but not be satisfied.

Deuteronomy 28:38
You will sow much seed in the field but harvest little, because the locusts will consume it.

Deuteronomy 28:39
You will plant and cultivate vineyards, but will neither drink the wine nor gather the grapes, because worms will eat them.

Isaiah 7:23
And on that day, in every place that had a thousand vines worth a thousand shekels of silver, only briers and thorns will be found.

Isaiah 32:13
and for the land of my people, overgrown with thorns and briers--even for every house of merriment in this city of revelry.

Jeremiah 48:33
Joy and gladness are removed from the orchard and from the fields of Moab. I have stopped the flow of wine from the presses; no one treads them with shouts of joy; their shouts are not for joy.

Ezekiel 45:10
You must use honest scales, a just ephah, and a just bath.

Ezekiel 45:11
The ephah and the bath shall be the same quantity so that the bath will contain a tenth of a homer, and the ephah a tenth of a homer; the homer will be the standard measure for both.

Haggai 1:6
You have planted much but harvested little. You eat but never have enough. You drink but never have your fill. You put on clothes but never get warm. You earn wages to put into a bag pierced through."

Haggai 2:16
from that time, when one came expecting a heap of twenty ephahs of grain, there were but ten. When one came to the winepress to draw out fifty baths, there were but twenty.


Treasury of Scripture

Yes, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

one

Leviticus 27:16
And if a man shall sanctify unto the LORD some part of a field of his possession, then thy estimation shall be according to the seed thereof: an homer of barley seed shall be valued at fifty shekels of silver.

Ezekiel 45:10,11
Ye shall have just balances, and a just ephah, and a just bath…

Joel 1:17
The seed is rotten under their clods, the garners are laid desolate, the barns are broken down; for the corn is withered.









(10) Ten acres.--The disproportion was as great as that which we have seen in recent times in vine countries suffering from the Phylloxera or the oidium, or in the potato failures of Ireland. The bath was equal to seventy-two Roman sextarii (Jos. Ant. viii. 2-9), about seven and a half gallons, and this was to be the whole produce of ten acres, from which an average yield of 500 baths might have been expected. The Hebrew word for "acre" means primarily the ground that could be ploughed in a day by a yoke of oxen.

The seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.--Here also there is an all but total failure. The homer was a dry measure of thirty-two pecks, and the ephah was equal to one-tenth of a homer (Ezekiel 45:11; Exodus 16:36). This scanty crop--Ruth's gleanings for a single day (Ruth 2:17)--one-tenth of the seed sown, was to take the place of the "thirtyfold, sixty, and a hundredfold" (Genesis 26:12; Matthew 13:8) of average or prosperous years.

Verse 10. - Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath. The greed of adding field to field will he punished by the curse of barrenness, which God will send upon the laud. Dr. Kay-calculates that ten acres (Roman) of vineyard ought to yield upon the average five hundred baths (or four thousand gallons) instead of one bath (eight gallons). An homer... an ephah. The "ephah" was the tenth-part of a "homer" (Ezekiel 45:11). Corn lands should return only one-tenth part of the seed sown in them.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
For
כִּ֗י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

ten
עֲשֶׂ֙רֶת֙ (‘ă·śe·reṯ)
Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6235: Ten

acres
צִמְדֵּי־ (ṣim·dê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 6776: A couple, pair

of vineyard
כֶ֔רֶם (ḵe·rem)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3754: A garden, vineyard

will yield
יַעֲשׂ֖וּ (ya·‘ă·śū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 6213: To do, make

[but] a
אֶחָ֑ת (’e·ḥāṯ)
Number - feminine singular
Strong's 259: United, one, first

bath [of wine],
בַּ֣ת (baṯ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1324: A bath (a Hebrew measure)

and a homer
חֹ֖מֶר (ḥō·mer)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2563: A bubbling up, of water, a wave, of earth, mire, clay, a heap, a chomer, dry measure

of seed
וְזֶ֥רַע (wə·ze·ra‘)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2233: Seed, fruit, plant, sowing-time, posterity

[only]
יַעֲשֶׂ֥ה (ya·‘ă·śeh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

an ephah [of grain].”
אֵיפָֽה׃ (’ê·p̄āh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 374: Ephah -- an ephah (a measure of grain)


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OT Prophets: Isaiah 5:10 For ten acres of vineyard shall yield (Isa Isi Is)
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