Song of Solomon 5:10
New International Version
My beloved is radiant and ruddy, outstanding among ten thousand.

New Living Translation
My lover is dark and dazzling, better than ten thousand others!

English Standard Version
My beloved is radiant and ruddy, distinguished among ten thousand.

Berean Study Bible
My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, outstanding among ten thousand.

New American Standard Bible
"My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, Outstanding among ten thousand.

King James Bible
My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.

Christian Standard Bible
My love is fit and strong, notable among ten thousand.

Contemporary English Version
He is handsome and healthy, the most outstanding among ten thousand.

Good News Translation
My lover is handsome and strong; he is one in ten thousand.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
My love is fit and strong, notable among ten thousand.

International Standard Version
My beloved is dazzling, with a dark and healthy complexion, outstanding among ten thousand.

NET Bible
My beloved is dazzling and ruddy; he stands out in comparison to all other men.

New Heart English Bible
My beloved is white and ruddy. The best among ten thousand.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
My beloved is dazzling yet ruddy. He stands out among 10,000 men.

JPS Tanakh 1917
My beloved is white and ruddy, Pre-eminent above ten thousand.

New American Standard 1977
“My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, Outstanding among ten thousand.

Jubilee Bible 2000
My beloved is white and ruddy; the standard-bearer among the ten thousands.

King James 2000 Bible
My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.

American King James Version
My beloved is white and ruddy, the most chief among ten thousand.

American Standard Version
My beloved is white and ruddy, The chiefest among ten thousand.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
My kinsman is white and ruddy, chosen out from myriads.

Douay-Rheims Bible
My beloved is white and ruddy, chosen out of thousands.

Darby Bible Translation
My beloved is white and ruddy, The chiefest among ten thousand.

English Revised Version
My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.

Webster's Bible Translation
My beloved is white and ruddy, the chief among ten thousand.

World English Bible
My beloved is white and ruddy. The best among ten thousand.

Young's Literal Translation
My beloved is clear and ruddy, Conspicuous above a myriad!
Study Bible
The Bride and Her Beloved
9How is your beloved better than others, O most beautiful among women? How is your beloved better than another, that you charge us so? 10My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, outstanding among ten thousand. 11His head is purest gold; his hair is wavy and black as a raven.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 16:12
So Jesse sent for his youngest son and brought him in. He was ruddy, with beautiful eyes and a handsome appearance. And the LORD said, "Rise and anoint him, for he is the one."

Psalm 45:2
You are the most handsome of men; grace has anointed your lips, since God has blessed you forever.

Treasury of Scripture

My beloved is white and ruddy, the most chief among ten thousand.

beloved

Song of Solomon 2:1
I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.

Deuteronomy 32:31
For their rock is not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves being judges.

Psalm 45:17
I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.

the chiefest or standard bearer

Isaiah 10:18
And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body: and they shall be as when a standardbearer fainteth.

Isaiah 59:19
So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him.

Romans 9:5
Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.







Lexicon
My beloved
דּוֹדִ֥י (dō·w·ḏî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1730: To love, a love-token, lover, friend, an uncle

is dazzling
צַח֙ (ṣaḥ)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6703: Dazzling, sunny, bright, evident

and ruddy,
וְאָד֔וֹם (wə·’ā·ḏō·wm)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 122: Rosy

outstanding
דָּג֖וּל (dā·ḡūl)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1713: To flaunt, raise a, flag, to be conspicuous

among ten thousand.
מֵרְבָבָֽה׃ (mê·rə·ḇā·ḇāh)
Preposition-m | Number - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7233: Multitude, myriad, ten thousand
(10) Chiefest.--Marg., a standard bearer; Heb. dag´┐Żl, participle of a word occurring in Psalm 20:5, where the Authorised Version gives "we will set up our banners."

Verse 10. - My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand. The mingling of colours in the countenance is a peculiar excellence. The word tsach, from the root tsahach (cf. Lamentations 4:7), means a bright, shining clearness; it is not the same as lavan, which would mean "dead white." So in Greek λαμπρὸς differs from λεῦκος. The red adhom, from the root dam, which means "to condense," is dark red (rouge puce), no doubt as betokening health and vigour. The pure, delicate white among the Caucasians denotes high rank, superior training, hereditary nobility, as among ourselves the "aristocratic paleness" (cf. Hom., 'I1,' 4:141, "ivory with purple;" Virg., 'AEn.,' 12:65; Ovid, 'Am.,' 2; ' Eleg.,' 5:39; Hor., Od., 1:13, etc.; Tibull., 'Eleg.,' ext. 4, etc.). The chiefest, that is, the distinguished one, the chosen (so the Greek versions, Syriac, Jerome, Luther). The LXX. has ἐκλελοξισμένος, e cohorte selectus. Another rendering is "bannered," furnished with a banner or pennon (דֶּגֶל) hence the word דָּגוּל as a past participle (so the Venetian σεσημαιωμένος). The numeral (revava) "ten thousand" is simply used to represent an innumerable multitude; "myriad" is so used among ourselves (cf. Ezekiel 16:7). 5:9-16 Even those who have little acquaintance with Christ, cannot but see amiable beauty in others who bear his image. There are hopes of those who begin to inquire concerning Christ and his perfections. Christians, who are well acquainted with Christ themselves, should do all they can to make others know something of him. Divine glory makes him truly lovely in the eyes of all who are enlightened to discern spiritual things. He is white in the spotless innocence of his life, ruddy in the bleeding sufferings he went through at his death. This description of the person of the Beloved, would form, in the figurative language of those times, a portrait of beauty of person and of grace of manners; but the aptness of some of the allusions may not appear to us. He shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all that believe. May his love constrain us to live to his glory.
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