Song of Solomon 4:14
New International Version
nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of incense tree, with myrrh and aloes and all the finest spices.

New Living Translation
nard and saffron, fragrant calamus and cinnamon, with all the trees of frankincense, myrrh, and aloes, and every other lovely spice.

English Standard Version
nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense, myrrh and aloes, with all choice spices—

Berean Study Bible
with nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of incense tree, with myrrh and aloes, with all the finest spices.

New American Standard Bible
Nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, With all the trees of frankincense, Myrrh and aloes, along with all the finest spices.

King James Bible
Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:

Christian Standard Bible
nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with all the trees of frankincense, myrrh and aloes, with all the best spices.

Contemporary English Version
saffron, calamus, cinnamon, frankincense, myrrh, and aloes--all the finest spices.

Good News Translation
of saffron, calamus, and cinnamon, or incense of every kind. Myrrh and aloes grow there with all the most fragrant perfumes.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with all the trees of frankincense, myrrh and aloes, with all the best spices.

International Standard Version
nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with all the trees of frankincense, along with myrrh and aloes, and all the finest spices.

NET Bible
nard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon with every kind of spice, myrrh and aloes with all the finest spices.

New Heart English Bible
spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of incense tree; myrrh and aloes, with all the best spices,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
nard and saffron, calamus, cinnamon, and all kinds of incense, myrrh, aloes, and all the best spices.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, With all trees of frankincense; Myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices.

New American Standard 1977
Nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, With all the trees of frankincense, Myrrh and aloes, along with all the finest spices.

Jubilee Bible 2000
spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:

King James 2000 Bible
Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:

American King James Version
Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:

American Standard Version
Spikenard and saffron, Calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; Myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Spikenard and saffron, sweet cane and cinnamon, with all the trees of Libanus, myrrh and aloes with all the chief perfumes.

Darby Bible Translation
Spikenard and saffron; Calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; Myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:

English Revised Version
Spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices.

Webster's Bible Translation
Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:

World English Bible
spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of incense tree; myrrh and aloes, with all the best spices,

Young's Literal Translation
Cypresses with nard -- nard and saffron, Cane and cinnamon, With all trees of frankincense, Myrrh and aloes, with all chief spices.
Study Bible
Solomon Admires His Bride
13Your branches are an orchard of pomegranates with the choicest of fruits, with henna and nard, 14with nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of incense tree, with myrrh and aloes, with all the finest spices. 15You are a garden spring, a well of flowing water streaming down from Lebanon.…
Cross References
John 19:39
Nicodemus, who had previously come to Jesus at night, also brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.

Exodus 30:23
"Take the finest spices: 500 shekels of liquid myrrh, half as much (250 shekels) of fragrant cinnamon, 250 shekels of fragrant cane,

Psalm 45:8
All your garments are fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia; from palaces of ivory the harps make you glad.

Song of Solomon 1:12
While the king was at his table, my perfume spread its fragrance.

Song of Solomon 3:6
Who is this coming up from the wilderness like a column of smoke, scented with myrrh and frankincense from all the spices of the merchant?

Song of Solomon 4:6
Before the day breaks and shadows flee, I will make my way to the mountain of myrrh and to the hill of frankincense.

Song of Solomon 5:1
I have come to my garden, my sister, my bride; I have gathered my myrrh with my spice. I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk. The Friends Eat, O friends, and drink; drink freely, O beloved.

Treasury of Scripture

Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:

calamus

Exodus 30:23 Take you also to you principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred …

Ezekiel 27:19 Dan also and Javan going to and fro occupied in your fairs: bright …

cinnamon

Proverbs 7:17 I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.

Revelation 18:13 And cinnamon, and odors, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, …

trees

Songs 4:6 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, I will get me to …

Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my …

Numbers 24:6 As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river's side, …

the chief

Songs 6:2 My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to …

Genesis 43:11 And their father Israel said to them, If it must be so now, do this; …

1 Kings 10:10 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and …

2 Chronicles 9:9 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and …

Mark 16:1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother …







Lexicon
with nard
נֵ֣רְדְּ ׀ (nê·rəd)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5373: Nard, an aromatic

and saffron,
וְכַרְכֹּ֗ם (wə·ḵar·kōm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3750: The crocus

calamus
קָנֶה֙ (qā·neh)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7070: A reed, a, rod, shaft, tube, stem, the radius, beam

and cinnamon,
וְקִנָּמ֔וֹן (wə·qin·nā·mō·wn)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7076: Cinnamon bark

with
עִ֖ם (‘im)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

every kind
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

of incense
לְבוֹנָ֑ה (lə·ḇō·w·nāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3828: Frankincense

tree,
עֲצֵ֣י (‘ă·ṣê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 6086: Tree, trees, wood

with myrrh
מֹ֚ר (mōr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4753: Myrrh

and aloes,
וַאֲהָל֔וֹת (wa·’ă·hā·lō·wṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 174: The aloe (a tree)

with
עִ֖ם (‘im)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5973: With, equally with

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

the finest
רָאשֵׁ֥י (rā·šê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 7218: The head

spices.
בְשָׂמִֽים׃ (ḇə·śā·mîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1314: Fragrance, spicery, the balsam plant
(14) Spikenard.--See Note, Song of Solomon 1:12. Saffron; Heb. carchom; only here. The Arabic name is still k�rk�m = Crocus sativus, a well-known bulb of the order Iridace?. The pistil and stigma. dried, form the saffron.

Calamus.--Heb. kaneh. (Comp. kaneh bosem = sweet calamus, Exodus 30:23; k. hottov--sweet cane, Jeremiah 6:20.) There are many sweet grasses in India and the East. Andropogon calamus aromaticus has been identified (Royle) with the "reed of fragrance" of Exodus, and Jeremiah's "good reed from a far country," but the identification is not to be implicitly accepted. (See Bible Educator, Vol. I., p. 245.)

Cinnamon.--Heb. kinnamon probably included Cinnamomum Zeylanicum (cinnamon) and Cinnamomum cassia (Cassia lignea). (See Bible Educator, Vol. I., p. 245.) The rind of the plant is the "cinnamon" in use. The plant belongs to the family of laurels, and grows in Ceylon, on the Malabar coast, and in East Indian Islands. It attains a height of from twenty to thirty feet, having numerous boughs, bearing leaves of a scarlet colour when young, but changing to a bright green, and white blossoms.

Aloes.--See Note, Numbers 24:6.

With all the chief spices.--"That in thy sweet all sweets encloses" (H. Constable).

4:8-15 Observe the gracious call Christ gives to the church. It is, 1. A precept; so this is Christ's call to his church to come off from the world. These hills seem pleasant, but there are in them lions' dens; they are mountains of the leopards. 2. As a promise; many shall be brought as members of the church, from every point. The church shall be delivered from her persecutors in due time, though now she dwells among lions, Ps 57:4. Christ's heart is upon his church; his treasure is therein; and he delights in the affection she has for him; its working in the heart, and its works in the life. The odours wherewith the spouse is perfumed, are as the gifts and graces of the Spirit. Love and obedience to God are more pleasing to Christ than sacrifice or incense. Christ having put upon his spouse the white raiment of his own righteousness, and the righteousness of saints, and perfumed it with holy joy and comfort, he is well pleased with it. And Christ walks in his garden unseen. A hedge of protection is made around, which all the powers of darkness cannot break through. The souls of believers are as gardens enclosed, where is a well of living water, Joh 4:14; 7:38, the influences of the Holy Spirit. The world knows not these wells of salvation, nor can any opposer corrupt this fountain. Saints in the church, and graces in the saints, are fitly compared to fruits and spices. They are planted, and do not grow of themselves. They are precious; they are the blessings of this earth. They will be kept to good purpose when flowers are withered. Grace, when ended in glory, will last for ever. Christ is the source which makes these gardens fruitful; even a well of living waters.
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