Song of Solomon 5:9
New International Version
How is your beloved better than others, most beautiful of women? How is your beloved better than others, that you so charge us?

New Living Translation
Why is your lover better than all others, O woman of rare beauty? What makes your lover so special that we must promise this?

English Standard Version
What is your beloved more than another beloved, O most beautiful among women? What is your beloved more than another beloved, that you thus adjure us?

Berean Study Bible
How is your beloved better than others, O most beautiful among women? How is your beloved better than another, that you charge us so?

New American Standard Bible
"What kind of beloved is your beloved, O most beautiful among women? What kind of beloved is your beloved, That thus you adjure us?"

King James Bible
What is thy beloved more than another beloved, O thou fairest among women? what is thy beloved more than another beloved, that thou dost so charge us?

Christian Standard Bible
What makes the one you love better than another, most beautiful of women? What makes him better than another, that you would give us this charge?

Contemporary English Version
Most beautiful of women, why is the one you love more special than others? Why do you ask us to tell him how you feel?

Good News Translation
Most beautiful of women, is your lover different from everyone else? What is there so wonderful about him that we should give you our promise?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
What makes the one you love better than another, most beautiful of women? What makes him better than another, that you would give us this charge? W

International Standard Version
What is so special about your beloved, most beautiful of women? What is so special about your beloved, that you charge us like this?

NET Bible
Why is your beloved better than others, O most beautiful of women? Why is your beloved better than others, that you would command us in this manner?

New Heart English Bible
How is your beloved better than another beloved, you fairest among women? How is your beloved better than another beloved, that you do so adjure us?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Most beautiful of women, what makes your beloved better than any other beloved? What makes your beloved better than any other beloved that you make us swear this way?

JPS Tanakh 1917
What is thy beloved more than another beloved, O thou fairest among women? What is thy beloved more than another beloved, That thou dost so adjure us?'

New American Standard 1977
“<,>What kind of beloved is your beloved, O most beautiful among women? What kind of beloved is your beloved, That thus you adjure us?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
What is thy beloved more than another beloved, O thou fairest among women? What is thy beloved more than another beloved that thou dost so charge us?

King James 2000 Bible
What is your beloved more than another beloved, O you fairest among women? what is your beloved more than another beloved, that you so charge us?

American King James Version
What is your beloved more than another beloved, O you fairest among women? what is your beloved more than another beloved, that you do so charge us?

American Standard Version
What is thy beloved more than another beloved, O thou fairest among women? What is thy beloved more than another beloved, That thou dost so adjure us?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
What is thy kinsman more than another kinsman, O thou beautiful among women? what is thy kinsman more than another kinsman, that thou hast so charged us?

Douay-Rheims Bible
What manner of one is thy beloved of the beloved, O thou most beautiful among women? what manner of one is thy beloved of the beloved, that thou hast so adjured us?

Darby Bible Translation
What is thy beloved more than [another] beloved, Thou fairest among women? What is thy beloved more than [another] beloved, That thou dost so charge us?

English Revised Version
What is thy beloved more than another beloved, O thou fairest among women? what is thy beloved more than another beloved, that thou dost so adjure us?

Webster's Bible Translation
What is thy beloved more than another beloved, O thou fairest among women? what is thy beloved more than another beloved, that thou dost so charge us?

World English Bible
How is your beloved better than another beloved, you fairest among women? How is your beloved better than another beloved, that you do so adjure us? Beloved

Young's Literal Translation
What is thy beloved above any beloved, O fair among women? What is thy beloved above any beloved, That thus thou hast adjured us?
Study Bible
The Bride and Her Beloved
8O daughters of Jerusalem, I adjure you, if you find my beloved, tell him I am sick with love. 9How is your beloved better than others, O most beautiful among women? How is your beloved better than another, that you charge us so? 10My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, outstanding among ten thousand.…
Cross References
Song of Solomon 1:8
If you do not know, O fairest of women, follow the tracks of the flock, and graze your young goats near the tents of the shepherds.

Song of Solomon 2:7
O daughters of Jerusalem, I adjure you by the gazelles and does of the field: Do not arouse or awaken love until the time is right.

Song of Solomon 6:1
Where has your beloved gone, O most beautiful among women? Which way has he turned? We will seek him with you.

Treasury of Scripture

What is your beloved more than another beloved, O you fairest among women? what is your beloved more than another beloved, that you do so charge us?

what is

Isaiah 53:2
For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.

Matthew 16:13-17
When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am? …

Matthew 21:10
And when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this?

o thou

Song of Solomon 1:8
If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.

Song of Solomon 6:1,9,10
Whither is thy beloved gone, O thou fairest among women? whither is thy beloved turned aside? that we may seek him with thee…

Psalm 45:13
The king's daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold.







Lexicon
How
מַה־ (mah-)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

[is] your beloved
דּוֹדֵ֣ךְ (dō·w·ḏêḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1730: To love, a love-token, lover, friend, an uncle

better than [others],
מִדּ֔וֹד (mid·dō·wḏ)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1730: To love, a love-token, lover, friend, an uncle

O most beautiful
הַיָּפָ֖ה (hay·yā·p̄āh)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3303: Fair, beautiful

among women?
בַּנָּשִׁ֑ים (ban·nā·šîm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 802: Woman, wife, female

How
מַה־ (mah-)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

[is] your beloved
דּוֹדֵ֣ךְ (dō·w·ḏêḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1730: To love, a love-token, lover, friend, an uncle

better than another,
מִדּ֔וֹד (mid·dō·wḏ)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1730: To love, a love-token, lover, friend, an uncle

that you
שֶׁכָּ֖כָה (šek·kā·ḵāh)
Pronoun - relative | Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3602: Just so

charge us so?
הִשְׁבַּעְתָּֽנוּ׃ (hiš·ba‘·tā·nū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - second person feminine singular | first person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 7650: To seven oneself, swear
(9) What is thy beloved?--This question, introducing the description of the bridegroom's person, raises almost into certainty the conjecture that the poem was actually sung, or presented as an epithalamium, by alternate choirs (or single voices) of maidens and young men, as in the Carmen Nuptiale of Catullus, vying the one in praise of the bridegroom, the other of the bride. Mere love-poems contain descriptions of the charms of the fair one to whom they are addressed, but not of the poet himself.

Verse 9. - What is thy beloved more than another beloved, O thou fairest among women? what is thy beloved more than another beloved, that thou dost so adjure us? This, of course, is poetic artifice in order to give the opportunity to the bride to enter upon a glowing description of the object of her love. She wishes to say that he is perfect, everything that he can be. 5:9-16 Even those who have little acquaintance with Christ, cannot but see amiable beauty in others who bear his image. There are hopes of those who begin to inquire concerning Christ and his perfections. Christians, who are well acquainted with Christ themselves, should do all they can to make others know something of him. Divine glory makes him truly lovely in the eyes of all who are enlightened to discern spiritual things. He is white in the spotless innocence of his life, ruddy in the bleeding sufferings he went through at his death. This description of the person of the Beloved, would form, in the figurative language of those times, a portrait of beauty of person and of grace of manners; but the aptness of some of the allusions may not appear to us. He shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all that believe. May his love constrain us to live to his glory.
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