Isaiah 5:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield but one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.”

King James Bible
Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

American Standard Version
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one little measure, and thirty bushels of seed shall yield three bushels.

English Revised Version
For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and a homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.

Webster's Bible Translation
Yes, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of a homer shall yield an ephah.

Isaiah 5:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The song of the beloved who was so sorely deceived terminates here. The prophet recited it, not his beloved himself; but as they were both of one heart and one soul, the prophet proceeds thus in Isaiah 5:3 and Isaiah 5:4 : "And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, between me and my vineyard! What could have been done more to my vineyard that I have not done in it? Wherefore did I hope that it would bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes?" The fact that the prophet speaks as if he were the beloved himself, shows at once who the beloved must be. The beloved of the prophet and the lover of the prophet (yâdid and dōd) were Jehovah, with whom he was so united by a union mystica exalted above all earthly love, that, like the angel of Jehovah in the early histories, he could speak as if he were Jehovah Himself (see especially Zechariah 2:12-13). To any one with spiritual intuition, therefore, the parabolical meaning and object of the song would be at once apparent; and even the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the men of Judah (yoosheeb and iish are used collectively, as in Isaiah 8:14; Isaiah 9:8; Isaiah 22:21, cf., Isaiah 20:6) were not so stupefied by sin, that they could not perceive to what the prophet was leading. It was for them to decide where the guilt of this unnatural issue lay - that is to say, of this thorough contradiction between the "doing" of the vineyard and the "doing" of the Lord; that instead of the grapes he hoped for, it brought forth wild grapes. (On the expression "what could have been done," quid faciendum est, mah-la'asoth, see at Habakkuk 1:17, Ges. 132, Anm. 1.) Instead of למה (למּה) we have the more suitable term מדּוּע, the latter being used in relation to the actual cause (Causa efficiens), the former in relation to the object (Causa finalis). The parallel to the second part, viz., Isaiah 50:2, resembles the passage before us, not only in the use of this particular word, but also in the fact that there, as well as here, it relates to both clauses, and more especially to the latter of the two. We find the same paratactic construction in connection with other conjunctions (cf., Isaiah 12:1; Isaiah 65:12). They were called upon to decide and answer as to this what and wherefore; but they were silent, just because they could clearly see that they would have to condemn themselves (as David condemned himself in connection with Nathan's parable, 2 Samuel 12:5). The Lord of the vineyard, therefore, begins to speak. He, its accuser, will now also be its judge.

Isaiah 5:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

one

Leviticus 27:16 And if a man shall sanctify to the LORD some part of a field of his possession...

Ezekiel 45:10,11 You shall have just balances, and a just ephah, and a just bath...

Joel 1:17 The seed is rotten under their clods, the garners are laid desolate, the barns are broken down; for the corn is withered.

Haggai 1:9-11 You looked for much, and, see it came to little; and when you brought it home, I did blow on it. Why? said the LORD of hosts...

Cross References
Leviticus 26:26
When I break your supply of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in a single oven and shall dole out your bread again by weight, and you shall eat and not be satisfied.

Deuteronomy 28:38
You shall carry much seed into the field and shall gather in little, for the locust shall consume it.

Deuteronomy 28:39
You shall plant vineyards and dress them, but you shall neither drink of the wine nor gather the grapes, for the worm shall eat them.

Isaiah 7:23
In that day every place where there used to be a thousand vines, worth a thousand shekels of silver, will become briers and thorns.

Isaiah 32:13
for the soil of my people growing up in thorns and briers, yes, for all the joyous houses in the exultant city.

Jeremiah 48:33
Gladness and joy have been taken away from the fruitful land of Moab; I have made the wine cease from the winepresses; no one treads them with shouts of joy; the shouting is not the shout of joy.

Ezekiel 45:10
"You shall have just balances, a just ephah, and a just bath.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Isaiah 5:9
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