Jeremiah 5:28
New International Version
and have grown fat and sleek. Their evil deeds have no limit; they do not seek justice. They do not promote the case of the fatherless; they do not defend the just cause of the poor.

New Living Translation
They are fat and sleek, and there is no limit to their wicked deeds. They refuse to provide justice to orphans and deny the rights of the poor.

English Standard Version
they have grown fat and sleek. They know no bounds in deeds of evil; they judge not with justice the cause of the fatherless, to make it prosper, and they do not defend the rights of the needy.

Berean Study Bible
They have grown fat and sleek, and have excelled in evil matters. They have not taken up the cause of the fatherless, so they might prosper, nor have they defended the rights of the needy.

New American Standard Bible
'They are fat, they are sleek, They also excel in deeds of wickedness; They do not plead the cause, The cause of the orphan, that they may prosper; And they do not defend the rights of the poor.

King James Bible
They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

Christian Standard Bible
They have become fat and sleek. They have also excelled in evil matters. They have not taken up cases, such as the case of the fatherless, so they might prosper, and they have not defended the rights of the needy.

Contemporary English Version
and prosperous, but you refuse to help the poor get the justice they deserve.

Good News Translation
why they are fat and well fed. There is no limit to their evil deeds. They do not give orphans their rights or show justice to the oppressed.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They have become fat and sleek. They have also excelled in evil matters. They have not taken up cases, such as the case of the fatherless, so they might prosper, and they have not defended the rights of the needy.

International Standard Version
and have grown fat and sleek. There is no limit to their evil deeds. They don't argue the case of the orphan to secure justice. They don't defend the rights of the poor.

NET Bible
That is how they have grown fat and sleek. There is no limit to the evil things they do. They do not plead the cause of the fatherless in such a way as to win it. They do not defend the rights of the poor.

New Heart English Bible
They have grown fat. They shine; yes, they excel in deeds of wickedness. They do not plead the cause, the cause of the fatherless, that they may prosper; and they do not judge the right of the needy.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They grow big and fat. Their evil deeds have no limits. They have no respect for the rights of others. They have no respect for the rights of orphans. But they still prosper. They don't defend the rights of the poor.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They are waxen fat, they are become sleek; Yea, they overpass in deeds of wickedness; They plead not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, That they might make it to prosper; And the right of the needy do they not judge.

New American Standard 1977
‘They are fat, they are sleek, They also excel in deeds of wickedness; They do not plead the cause, The cause of the orphan, that they may prosper; And they do not defend the rights of the poor.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They are become fat; they shine; yea, they overpass in deeds of wickedness; they did not judge the cause, the cause of the fatherless; with all this they made themselves prosperous; and they did not judge the cause of the poor.

King James 2000 Bible
They have grown fat, they shine: yea, they pass over the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not defend.

American King James Version
They are waxen fat, they shine: yes, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

American Standard Version
They are waxed fat, they shine: yea, they overpass in deeds of wickedness; they plead not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, that they may prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and they have transgressed the rule of judgment; they have not judged the cause of the orphan, nor have they judged the cause of the widow.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They are grown gross and fat: andhave most wickedly transgressed my words. They have not judged the cause of the widow, they have not managed the cause of the fatherless, they have not judged the judgement of the poor.

Darby Bible Translation
They are become fat, they shine, yea, they surpass in deeds of wickedness; they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, and they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not adjudge.

English Revised Version
They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass in deeds of wickedness: they plead not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, that they should prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

Webster's Bible Translation
They have become fat, they shine: yes, they surpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

World English Bible
They have grown fat. They shine; yes, they excell in deeds of wickedness. They don't plead the cause, the cause of the fatherless, that they may prosper; and they don't judge the right of the needy.

Young's Literal Translation
They have been fat, they have shone, Yea, they have overpassed the acts of the evil, Judgment they have not judged, The judgment of the fatherless -- and they prosper, And the judgment of the needy they have not judged.
Study Bible
Judgment Proclaimed
27Like cages full of birds, so their houses are full of deceit. Therefore they have become powerful and rich. 28They have grown fat and sleek, and have excelled in evil matters. They have not taken up the cause of the fatherless, so they might prosper, nor have they defended the rights of the needy. 29Should I not punish them for these things? declares the LORD. Should I not avenge Myself on such a nation as this?…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:15
But Jeshurun grew fat and kicked--becoming fat, bloated, and gorged. He abandoned the God who made him and scorned the Rock of his salvation.

Psalm 73:7
From their callous hearts proceeds iniquity; the imaginations of their hearts run wild.

Psalm 119:70
Their hearts are hard and callous, but I delight in Your law.

Isaiah 1:23
Your rulers are rebels, friends of thieves. They all love bribes and chasing after rewards. They do not defend the fatherless, and the plea of the widow never comes before them.

Jeremiah 7:6
if you no longer oppress the foreigner, the fatherless, and the widow, and no longer shed innocent blood in this place or follow other gods to your own harm,

Jeremiah 12:1
Righteous are You, O LORD, when I plead before You. Yet I wish to contend with You: Why does the way of the wicked prosper? Why do all the faithless live at ease?

Jeremiah 22:3
This is what the LORD says: Administer justice and righteousness. Rescue the victim of robbery from the hand of his oppressor. Do no wrong or violence to the foreigner, the fatherless, or the widow. Do not shed innocent blood in this place.

Zechariah 7:10
Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless, the foreigner or the poor. And do not plot evil in your hearts against one another.'

Treasury of Scripture

They are waxen fat, they shine: yes, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

waxen.

Deuteronomy 32:15
But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered with fatness; then he forsook God which made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.

Job 15:27,28
Because he covereth his face with his fatness, and maketh collops of fat on his flanks…

Job 21:23,24
One dieth in his full strength, being wholly at ease and quiet…

overpass.

Jeremiah 2:33
Why trimmest thou thy way to seek love? therefore hast thou also taught the wicked ones thy ways.

Ezekiel 5:6,7
And she hath changed my judgments into wickedness more than the nations, and my statutes more than the countries that are round about her: for they have refused my judgments and my statutes, they have not walked in them…

Ezekiel 16:47-52
Yet hast thou not walked after their ways, nor done after their abominations: but, as if that were a very little thing, thou wast corrupted more than they in all thy ways…

judge.

Jeremiah 22:15-19
Shalt thou reign, because thou closest thyself in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, and then it was well with him? …

Job 29:12-14
Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him…

Psalm 72:4
He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.

yet.

Jeremiah 12:1
Righteous art thou, O LORD, when I plead with thee: yet let me talk with thee of thy judgments: Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? wherefore are all they happy that deal very treacherously?

Job 12:6
The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God bringeth abundantly.

Psalm 73:12
Behold, these are the ungodly, who prosper in the world; they increase in riches.







Lexicon
They have grown fat
שָׁמְנ֣וּ (šā·mə·nū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 8080: To shine, be, oily, gross

and sleek,
עָשְׁת֗וּ (‘ā·šə·ṯū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 6245: To be sleek, glossy, to excogitate

and
גַּ֚ם (gam)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

have excelled
עָֽבְר֣וּ (‘ā·ḇə·rū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

in evil
רָ֔ע (rā‘)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

matters.
דִבְרֵי־ (ḏiḇ·rê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

They have not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

taken up the cause
דִּ֣ין (dîn)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1779: Judgement, strife

of the fatherless,
יָת֖וֹם (yā·ṯō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3490: A bereaved person

so they might prosper,
וְיַצְלִ֑יחוּ (wə·yaṣ·lî·ḥū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6743: To push forward

nor have they
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

defended
שָׁפָֽטוּ׃ (šā·p̄ā·ṭū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 8199: To judge, pronounce sentence, to vindicate, punish, to govern, to litigate

the rights
וּמִשְׁפַּ֥ט (ū·miš·paṭ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

of the needy.
אֶבְיוֹנִ֖ים (’eḇ·yō·w·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 34: In want, needy, poor
(28) They overpass the deeds of the wicked.--Better (the English being ambiguous), they exceed in deeds (literally, words or things) of wickedness. The prophet dwells not only on the prosperity of the wicked, but on their callous indifference to the well-being of the poor.

Yet they prosper.--Better, so that they (the fatherless) may prosper. They do not judge with a view to that result. The words admit, however, in Hebrew as in English, of the sense that they (the wicked themselves) may prosper. That was all they aimed at or cared for.

Verse 28. - They overpass the deeds of the wicked; rather, they overpass the common measure of wickedness (literally, the cases of wickedness); or, as others, they exceed in deeds of wickedness. Yet they prosper; rather, so that they (the fatherless) might prosper; or, that they (the rich) might make it to prosper. 5:19-31 Unhumbled hearts are ready to charge God with being unjust in their afflictions. But they may read their sin in their punishment. If men will inquire wherefore the Lord doeth hard things unto them, let them think of their sins. The restless waves obeyed the Divine decree, that they should not pass the sandy shores, which were as much a restraint as lofty mountains; but they burst all restraints of God's law, and were wholly gone into wickedness. Neither did they consider their interest. While the Lord, year after year, reserves to us the appointed weeks of harvest, men live on his bounty; yet they transgress against him. Sin deprives us of God's blessings; it makes the heaven as brass, and the earth as iron. Certainly the things of this world are not the best things; and we are not to think, that, because evil men prosper, God allows their practices. Though sentence against evil works is not executed speedily, it will be executed. Shall I not visit for these things? This speaks the certainty and the necessity of God's judgments. Let those who walk in bad ways consider that an end will come, and there will be bitterness in the latter end.
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Alphabetical: also and are case cause deeds defend do evil excel fat fatherless grown have in it limit may no not of orphan plead poor prosper rights sleek that the Their they to wickedness win

OT Prophets: Jeremiah 5:28 They are grew fat they shine: yes (Jer.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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