Jeremiah 5:28
New International Version
and have grown fat and sleek. Their evil deeds have no limit; they do not seek justice. They do not promote the case of the fatherless; they do not defend the just cause of the poor.

New Living Translation
They are fat and sleek, and there is no limit to their wicked deeds. They refuse to provide justice to orphans and deny the rights of the poor.

English Standard Version
they have grown fat and sleek. They know no bounds in deeds of evil; they judge not with justice the cause of the fatherless, to make it prosper, and they do not defend the rights of the needy.

Berean Study Bible
They have grown fat and sleek, and have excelled in the deeds of the wicked. They have not taken up the cause of the fatherless, that they might prosper; nor have they defended the rights of the needy.

King James Bible
They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

New King James Version
They have grown fat, they are sleek; Yes, they surpass the deeds of the wicked; They do not plead the cause, The cause of the fatherless; Yet they prosper, And the right of the needy they do not defend.

New American Standard Bible
‘They are fat, they are sleek, They also excel in deeds of wickedness; They do not plead the cause, The cause of the orphan, so that they may be successful; And they do not defend the rights of the poor.

NASB 1995
'They are fat, they are sleek, They also excel in deeds of wickedness; They do not plead the cause, The cause of the orphan, that they may prosper; And they do not defend the rights of the poor.

NASB 1977
‘They are fat, they are sleek, They also excel in deeds of wickedness; They do not plead the cause, The cause of the orphan, that they may prosper; And they do not defend the rights of the poor.

Amplified Bible
‘They are fat and they are sleek (prosperous), They excel in acts of wickedness; They do not plead the cause, The cause of the orphan, so that they [the wicked] may prosper, And they do not defend the rights of the poor.

Christian Standard Bible
They have become fat and sleek. They have also excelled in evil matters. They have not taken up cases, such as the case of the fatherless, so they might prosper, and they have not defended the rights of the needy.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They have become fat and sleek. They have also excelled in evil matters. They have not taken up cases, such as the case of the fatherless, so they might prosper, and they have not defended the rights of the needy.

American Standard Version
They are waxed fat, they shine: yea, they overpass in deeds of wickedness; they plead not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, that they may prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because of this, they increased and they were rich and they passed judgment; they have not judged by justice, and the case of orphans they have not set right, and the case of the afflicted they have not judged

Brenton Septuagint Translation
and they have transgressed the rule of judgment; they have not judged the cause of the orphan, nor have they judged the cause of the widow.

Contemporary English Version
and prosperous, but you refuse to help the poor get the justice they deserve.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They are grown gross and fat: andhave most wickedly transgressed my words. They have not judged the cause of the widow, they have not managed the cause of the fatherless, they have not judged the judgement of the poor.

English Revised Version
They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass in deeds of wickedness: they plead not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, that they should prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

Good News Translation
why they are fat and well fed. There is no limit to their evil deeds. They do not give orphans their rights or show justice to the oppressed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They grow big and fat. Their evil deeds have no limits. They have no respect for the rights of others. They have no respect for the rights of orphans. But they still prosper. They don't defend the rights of the poor.

International Standard Version
and have grown fat and sleek. There is no limit to their evil deeds. They don't argue the case of the orphan to secure justice. They don't defend the rights of the poor.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They are waxen fat, they are become sleek; Yea, they overpass in deeds of wickedness; They plead not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, That they might make it to prosper; And the right of the needy do they not judge.

Literal Standard Version
They have been fat, they have shone, "" Indeed, they have surpassed the acts of the evil, "" They have not judged judgment, "" The judgment of the fatherless—and they prosper, "" And they have not judged the judgment of the needy.

NET Bible
That is how they have grown fat and sleek. There is no limit to the evil things they do. They do not plead the cause of the fatherless in such a way as to win it. They do not defend the rights of the poor.

New Heart English Bible
They have grown fat. They shine; yes, they excel in deeds of wickedness. They do not plead the cause, the cause of the fatherless, that they may prosper; and they do not judge the right of the needy.

World English Bible
They have grown fat. They shine; yes, they excell in deeds of wickedness. They don't plead the cause, the cause of the fatherless, that they may prosper; and they don't judge the right of the needy.

Young's Literal Translation
They have been fat, they have shone, Yea, they have overpassed the acts of the evil, Judgment they have not judged, The judgment of the fatherless -- and they prosper, And the judgment of the needy they have not judged.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Judgment Proclaimed
27Like cages full of birds, so their houses are full of deceit. Therefore they have become powerful and rich. 28They have grown fat and sleek, and have excelled in the deeds of the wicked. They have not taken up the cause of the fatherless, that they might prosper; nor have they defended the rights of the needy. 29Should I not punish them for these things?” declares the LORD. “Should I not avenge Myself on such a nation as this?…

Cross References
Deuteronomy 32:15
But Jeshurun grew fat and kicked--becoming fat, bloated, and gorged. He abandoned the God who made him and scorned the Rock of his salvation.

Psalm 73:7
From their prosperity proceeds iniquity; the imaginations of their hearts run wild.

Psalm 119:70
Their hearts are hard and callous, but I delight in Your law.

Isaiah 1:23
Your rulers are rebels, friends of thieves. They all love bribes and chasing after rewards. They do not defend the fatherless, and the plea of the widow never comes before them.

Jeremiah 7:6
if you no longer oppress the foreigner and the fatherless and the widow, and if you no longer shed innocent blood in this place or follow other gods to your own harm,

Jeremiah 12:1
Righteous are You, O LORD, when I plead before You. Yet about Your judgments I wish to contend with You: Why does the way of the wicked prosper? Why do all the faithless live at ease?

Jeremiah 22:3
This is what the LORD says: Administer justice and righteousness. Rescue the victim of robbery from the hand of his oppressor. Do no wrong or violence to the foreigner, the fatherless, or the widow. Do not shed innocent blood in this place.

Zechariah 7:10
Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless, the foreigner or the poor. And do not plot evil in your hearts against one another.'


Treasury of Scripture

They are waxen fat, they shine: yes, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.

waxen.

Deuteronomy 32:15
But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered with fatness; then he forsook God which made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.

Job 15:27,28
Because he covereth his face with his fatness, and maketh collops of fat on his flanks…

Job 21:23,24
One dieth in his full strength, being wholly at ease and quiet…

overpass.

Jeremiah 2:33
Why trimmest thou thy way to seek love? therefore hast thou also taught the wicked ones thy ways.

Ezekiel 5:6,7
And she hath changed my judgments into wickedness more than the nations, and my statutes more than the countries that are round about her: for they have refused my judgments and my statutes, they have not walked in them…

Ezekiel 16:47-52
Yet hast thou not walked after their ways, nor done after their abominations: but, as if that were a very little thing, thou wast corrupted more than they in all thy ways…

judge.

Jeremiah 22:15-19
Shalt thou reign, because thou closest thyself in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, and then it was well with him? …

Job 29:12-14
Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him…

Psalm 72:4
He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.

yet.

Jeremiah 12:1
Righteous art thou, O LORD, when I plead with thee: yet let me talk with thee of thy judgments: Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? wherefore are all they happy that deal very treacherously?

Job 12:6
The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God bringeth abundantly.

Psalm 73:12
Behold, these are the ungodly, who prosper in the world; they increase in riches.









(28) They overpass the deeds of the wicked.--Better (the English being ambiguous), they exceed in deeds (literally, words or things) of wickedness. The prophet dwells not only on the prosperity of the wicked, but on their callous indifference to the well-being of the poor.

Yet they prosper.--Better, so that they (the fatherless) may prosper. They do not judge with a view to that result. The words admit, however, in Hebrew as in English, of the sense that they (the wicked themselves) may prosper. That was all they aimed at or cared for.

Verse 28. - They overpass the deeds of the wicked; rather, they overpass the common measure of wickedness (literally, the cases of wickedness); or, as others, they exceed in deeds of wickedness. Yet they prosper; rather, so that they (the fatherless) might prosper; or, that they (the rich) might make it to prosper.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
They have grown fat
שָׁמְנ֣וּ (šā·mə·nū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 8080: To shine, be, oily, gross

and sleek,
עָשְׁת֗וּ (‘ā·šə·ṯū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 6245: To be sleek, glossy, to excogitate

and
גַּ֚ם (gam)
Conjunction
Strong's 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

have excelled
עָֽבְר֣וּ (‘ā·ḇə·rū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

in evil
רָ֔ע (rā‘)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 7451: Bad, evil

matters.
דִבְרֵי־ (ḏiḇ·rê-)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1697: A word, a matter, thing, a cause

They have not
לֹא־ (lō-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

taken up the cause
דִּ֣ין (dîn)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1779: Judgement, strife

of the fatherless,
יָת֖וֹם (yā·ṯō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3490: A bereaved person

so they might prosper,
וְיַצְלִ֑יחוּ (wə·yaṣ·lî·ḥū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Conjunctive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 6743: To push forward

nor have they
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

defended
שָׁפָֽטוּ׃ (šā·p̄ā·ṭū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 8199: To judge, pronounce sentence, to vindicate, punish, to govern, to litigate

the rights
וּמִשְׁפַּ֥ט (ū·miš·paṭ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

of the needy.
אֶבְיוֹנִ֖ים (’eḇ·yō·w·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 34: In want, needy, poor


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OT Prophets: Jeremiah 5:28 They are grew fat they shine: yes (Jer.)
Jeremiah 5:27
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