Hosea 4:2
New International Version
There is only cursing, lying and murder, stealing and adultery; they break all bounds, and bloodshed follows bloodshed.

New Living Translation
You make vows and break them; you kill and steal and commit adultery. There is violence everywhere— one murder after another.

English Standard Version
there is swearing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; they break all bounds, and bloodshed follows bloodshed.

Berean Study Bible
Cursing and lying, murder and stealing, and adultery are rampant; one act of bloodshed follows another.

King James Bible
By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.

New King James Version
By swearing and lying, Killing and stealing and committing adultery, They break all restraint, With bloodshed upon bloodshed.

New American Standard Bible
There is oath-taking, denial, murder, stealing, and adultery. They employ violence, so that bloodshed follows bloodshed.

NASB 1995
There is swearing, deception, murder, stealing and adultery. They employ violence, so that bloodshed follows bloodshed.

NASB 1977
There is swearing, deception, murder, stealing, and adultery. They employ violence, so that bloodshed follows bloodshed.

Amplified Bible
There is [false] swearing of oaths, deception (broken faith), murder, stealing, and adultery; They employ violence, so that one [act of] bloodshed follows closely on another.

Christian Standard Bible
Cursing, lying, murder, stealing, and adultery are rampant; one act of bloodshed follows another.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Cursing, lying, murder, stealing, and adultery are rampant; one act of bloodshed follows another.

American Standard Version
There is nought but swearing and breaking faith, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery; they break out, and blood toucheth blood.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A curse and lying and murder and theft and adultery have increased, and they have mixed blood with blood

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Cursing, and lying, and murder, and theft, and adultery abound in the land, and they mingle blood with blood.

Contemporary English Version
Cursing, dishonesty, murder, robbery, unfaithfulness--these happen all the time. Violence is everywhere.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Cursing, and lying, and killing, and theft, and adultery have overflowed, and blood hath touched blood.

English Revised Version
There is nought but swearing and breaking faith, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery; they break out, and blood toucheth blood.

Good News Translation
They make promises and break them; they lie, murder, steal, and commit adultery. Crimes increase, and there is one murder after another.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
There is cursing, lying, murdering, stealing, and adultery. People break [my laws], and there is one murder after another.

International Standard Version
Swearing, lying, murder, theft, and adultery are rampant, and blood mingles with blood.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Swearing and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery! They break all bounds, and blood toucheth blood.

Literal Standard Version
Swearing, and lying, and murdering, "" And stealing, and committing adultery—have increased, "" And blood has touched against blood.

NET Bible
There is only cursing, lying, murder, stealing, and adultery. They resort to violence and bloodshed.

New Heart English Bible
There is cursing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; they break boundaries, and bloodshed causes bloodshed.

World English Bible
There is cursing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; they break boundaries, and bloodshed causes bloodshed.

Young's Literal Translation
Swearing, and lying, and murdering, And stealing, and committing adultery -- have increased, And blood against blood hath touched.

Additional Translations ...
Context
God's Charges Against Israel
1Hear the word of the LORD, O children of Israel, for the LORD has a case against the people of the land: “There is no truth, no loving devotion, and no knowledge of God in the land! 2Cursing and lying, murder and stealing, and adultery are rampant; one act of bloodshed follows another. 3Therefore the land mourns, and all who dwell in it will waste away with the beasts of the field and the birds of the air; even the fish of the sea disappear.…

Cross References
Genesis 4:8
Then Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let us go out to the field." And while they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him.

Deuteronomy 5:11
You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not leave anyone unpunished who takes His name in vain.

Deuteronomy 5:18
You shall not commit adultery.

Deuteronomy 5:19
You shall not steal.

Isaiah 59:3
For your hands are stained with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, and your tongue mutters injustice.

Jeremiah 9:2
If only I had a traveler's lodge in the wilderness, I would abandon my people and depart from them, for they are all adulterers, a crowd of faithless people.

Jeremiah 23:10
For the land is full of adulterers--because of the curse, the land mourns and the pastures of the wilderness have dried up--their course is evil and their power is misused.

Jeremiah 51:5
For Israel and Judah have not been abandoned by their God, the LORD of Hosts, though their land is full of guilt before the Holy One of Israel."

Ezekiel 7:23
Forge the chain, for the land is full of crimes of bloodshed, and the city is full of violence.

Ezekiel 22:9
Among you are slanderous men bent on bloodshed; within you are those who eat on the mountain shrines and commit acts of indecency.

Hosea 5:2
The rebels are deep in slaughter; but I will chastise them all.

Hosea 6:8
Gilead is a city of evildoers, tracked with footprints of blood.

Hosea 6:9
Like raiders who lie in ambush, so does a band of priests; they murder on the way to Shechem; surely they have committed atrocities.

Hosea 7:1
When I heal Israel, the iniquity of Ephraim will be exposed, as well as the crimes of Samaria. For they practice deceit and thieves break in; bandits raid in the streets.

Hosea 7:3
They delight the king with their evil, and the princes with their lies.

Hosea 7:4
They are all adulterers, like an oven heated by a baker who needs not stoke the fire from the kneading to the rising of the dough.

Hosea 10:4
They speak mere words; with false oaths they make covenants. So judgment springs up like poisonous weeds in the furrows of a field.

Hosea 10:13
You have plowed wickedness and reaped injustice; you have eaten the fruit of lies. Because you have trusted in your own way and in the multitude of your mighty men,

Hosea 11:12
Ephraim surrounds Me with lies, the house of Israel with deceit; but Judah still walks with God and is faithful to the Holy One.

Hosea 12:14
Ephraim has provoked bitter anger, so his Lord will leave his bloodguilt upon him and repay him for his contempt.


Treasury of Scripture

By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood touches blood.

swearing.

Isaiah 24:5
The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.

Isaiah 48:1
Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness.

Isaiah 59:2-8,12-15
But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear…

blood.

Hosea 5:2
And the revolters are profound to make slaughter, though I have been a rebuker of them all.

Hosea 6:9
And as troops of robbers wait for a man, so the company of priests murder in the way by consent: for they commit lewdness.

Lamentations 4:13
For the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the midst of her,









(2) Blood toucheth blood--i.e., murder is added to murder with ghastly prevalence. References to false swearing and lying are repeated in terrible terms by Amos 2:6-8 and Micah 7:2-8; and the form of the charge suggests the Decalogue and pre-existing legislation (Exodus 20:13-15).

Verse 2. - Having given a picture of Israel negatively, he next presents the positive side. The absence of the virtues specified implies the presence of the opposite vices. In the most vivid and impressive manner the prophet, instead of enumerating prosaically the vices so prevalent at the time, expresses them more emphatically by a species of exclamation, using

(1) infinitives absolute instead of finite verbs; thus: "Swearing, and lying, and murdering, and stealing, and committing adultery." They may, however, be regarded as in the nominative as subjects to יֵשׁ. Instead of either supplying לְשָׁוְא, to allot, or closely connecting" allot" with the verb "to lie," which immediately follows, it is better to understand the two verbs separately, as expressing two different species of sin; that is, swearing and cursing, and lying. So the Septuagint renders them by the nouns ἀρὰ καὶ ψεῦδος, equivalent to "cursing and lying;" as also the Chaldee, "they swear falsely and lie." The commandments which the children of Israel thus violated were the third, the ninth, the sixth, the eighth, and the seventh.

(2) The construction, adopted in the LXX., Vulgate, and by Luther in his version, takes the infinitives (nounal expressions of habitual or continued actions) as nominatives to the verb paratsu; thus: "Cursing, and lying, and murder, and theft, and adultery abound (κέχυται or εκκέχυται) in the land;" "Maledictum, et mendacium, et homicidium, et furtum, et adulterium innndavernut;" and Luther translates, "Gotteslastern, Luger, Morder, Stehlen, and Ehebrechen hat uberhand genommen." The common mode

(3) of constructing the infinitives independently as above in

(1) or gerundively as in the Authorized Version, and in either ease understanding an indefinite subject to paratsu, is preferable on the whole; thus: "By swearing, etc., they break out." The allusion to the water overflowing its banks and spreading in all directions, implied in the Septuagint Version, is approved by Jerome in his Commentary: "He (the prophet) did not say est, but, to demonstrate the abundance of crimes, introduced inundaverunt (overflowed)." The common meaning of parats is to tear or break - break in upon, especially with violence, as robbers and murderers; so paritsim has the sense of murderers and robbers. It is better, therefore, to take the verb here as a present perfect connecting past and present, and to translate it" break through," or" in to," that is, as burglars into houses. So Kimchi, though figuratively: "They break through the wall which is the fence of the Law, and multiply transgressions." Similarly, De Wette has "Gewaltthat uber sie;" and Maurer likewise: "Jurare et mentiri et occidere et furari et adulterari! Violenter agunt et sanguines sanguines altingunt." The Massoretic accentuation favors (putting athnach at naopt) this construction; while the context, which speaks of bloodshed, is quite in keeping with acts of violence.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Cursing
אָלֹ֣ה (’ā·lōh)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 422: To adjure, imprecate

and lying,
וְכַחֵ֔שׁ (wə·ḵa·ḥêš)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 3584: To disappoint, deceive, fail, grow lean

murder
וְרָצֹ֥חַ (wə·rā·ṣō·aḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 7523: To dash in pieces, kill, to murder

and stealing,
וְגָנֹ֖ב (wə·ḡā·nōḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 1589: To thieve, to deceive

and adultery
וְנָאֹ֑ף (wə·nā·’ōp̄)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Infinitive absolute
Strong's 5003: To commit adultery, to apostatize

are rampant;
פָּרָ֕צוּ (pā·rā·ṣū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 6555: To break through

one act of bloodshed
וְדָמִ֥ים (wə·ḏā·mîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 1818: Blood, of man, an animal, the juice of the grape, bloodshed

follows another.
נָגָֽעוּ׃ (nā·ḡā·‘ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 5060: To touch, lay the hand upon, to reach, violently, to strike


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OT Prophets: Hosea 4:2 There is cursing lying murder stealing (Ho Hs Hos.)
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