Hosea 5:11
New International Version
Ephraim is oppressed, trampled in judgment, intent on pursuing idols.

New Living Translation
The people of Israel will be crushed and broken by my judgment because they are determined to worship idols.

English Standard Version
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, because he was determined to go after filth.

Berean Study Bible
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, for he is determined to follow worthless idols.

New American Standard Bible
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, Because he was determined to follow man's command.

New King James Version
Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, Because he willingly walked by human precept.

King James Bible
Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

Christian Standard Bible
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, for he is determined to follow what is worthless.

Contemporary English Version
Israel was brutally crushed. They got what they deserved for worshiping useless idols.

Good News Translation
Israel is suffering oppression; she has lost land that was rightfully hers, because she insisted on going for help to those who had none to give.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, for he is determined to follow what is worthless.

International Standard Version
Ephraim is crushed, broken by judgment, because he willingly pursued idols.

NET Bible
Ephraim will be oppressed, crushed under judgment, because he was determined to pursue worthless idols.

New Heart English Bible
Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment; Because he is intent in his pursuit of idols.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Ephraim is oppressed-crushed by punishment, because its people are determined to chase idols.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Oppressed is Ephraim, crushed in his right; Because he willingly walked after filth.

New American Standard 1977
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, Because he was determined to follow man’s command.

King James 2000 Bible
Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after a human commandment.

American King James Version
Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

American Standard Version
Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment; because he was content to walk after man's command.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Ephraim altogether prevailed against his adversary, he trod judgment under foot, for he began to go after vanities.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Ephraim is under oppression, and broken in judgment: because he began to go after filthiness.

Darby Bible Translation
Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, because in selfwill he walked after the commandment [of man].

English Revised Version
Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment; because he was content to walk after the command.

Webster's Bible Translation
Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

World English Bible
Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment; Because he is intent in his pursuit of idols.

Young's Literal Translation
Oppressed is Ephraim, broken in judgment, When he pleased he went after the command.
Study Bible
God's Judgment on Israel and Judah
10The princes of Judah are like those who move boundary stones; I will pour out My fury upon them like water. 11Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, for he is determined to follow what is worthless. 12So I am like a moth to Ephraim, and like decay to the house of Judah.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:33
A people you do not know will eat the produce of your land and of all your toil. All your days you will be oppressed and crushed.

Hosea 9:16
Ephraim is struck down; their root is withered; they cannot bear fruit. Even if they bear children, I will slay the darlings of their wombs.

Micah 6:16
You have observed the statutes of Omri and all the practices of Ahab's house; you have followed their traditions. Therefore I will make you a desolation, and your inhabitants an object of contempt; you will bear the scorn of the nations."

Treasury of Scripture

Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment.

oppressed.

Deuteronomy 28:33
The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway:

2 Kings 15:16-20,29
Then Menahem smote Tiphsah, and all that were therein, and the coasts thereof from Tirzah: because they opened not to him, therefore he smote it; and all the women therein that were with child he ripped up…

Amos 5:11,12
Forasmuch therefore as your treading is upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them…

he willingly.

1 Kings 12:26-33
And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: …

Micah 6:16
For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab, and ye walk in their counsels; that I should make thee a desolation, and the inhabitants thereof an hissing: therefore ye shall bear the reproach of my people.









Lexicon
Ephraim
אֶפְרַ֖יִם (’ep̄·ra·yim)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 669: Ephraim -- a son of Joseph, also his descendants and their territory

is oppressed,
עָשׁ֥וּק (‘ā·šūq)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6217: Oppression, extortion

crushed
רְצ֣וּץ (rə·ṣūṣ)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7533: To crack in pieces

in judgment,
מִשְׁפָּ֑ט (miš·pāṭ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

for
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

he is determined
הוֹאִ֔יל (hō·w·’îl)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2974: To show willingness, be pleased, determine, undertake (to do anything)

to follow
הָלַ֖ךְ (hā·laḵ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

what is worthless.
צָֽו׃ (ṣāw)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6673: Perhaps command
(11) Broken in judgment.--The Authorised version is probably right in this rendering, the phrase having reference to rights pertaining to individuals. Interpreters differ as to the rare word tsav, translated "commandment." It only occurs in one other place (Isaiah 28:10; Isaiah 28:13). Ewald regards it as meaning "wooden post," i.e., their idol, but this has no basis in Old Testament usage, though etymologically ingenious. The majority of Jewish and modern commentators take it as meaning the evil ordinance of Jeroboam, who demanded the reverence of his subjects for the calf-symbol of Jehovah. The LXX. had another text (shav instead of tsav), which they render "vanities," and are followed by the Targum and Syriac version. This is worthy of attention.

Willingly--i.e., "waywardly."

Verse 11. - Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment. The expression retsuts mishpat is

(1) by some explained, "crushed by the judgment," that is, of God, according to which mishpat would be the genitive of the agent as mukkeh Elohim. But "crushed of judgment" or in judgment is justly preferred by others, the genitive taking the place of the accusative. Again, though the combination of 'ashuq with rutsuts is frequent, occurring as early as Deuteronomy 28:33, the latter is the stronger term. The oppression is

(2) not that which their own kings and princes practiced upon their subjects, according to Aben Ezra, "Their kings oppressed and cheated them;" nor the injustice practiced by the people of Ephraim among themselves, as implied by the LXX., "Ephraim altogether prevailed against his adversary, he trod judgment underfoot." The reference

(3) is rather to Ephraim being oppressed and crushed in judgment by the heathen nations around; thus Rashi explains, "Oppressed is Ephraim ever by the hand of the heathen - chastised with chastisements;" so also Kimchi, "By the hand of the heathen who oppressed and crushed them through hard judgments." The construction is asyndetous, like Song of Solomon 2:11, "The rain is over, is gone." Because he willingly walked after the commandment. This clause assigns the reason of Ephraim's oppression. They evinced ready willing-hood in following

(1) the commandments of men instead of the commandments of God. Tsav is thus understood by Aben Ezra, and in like manner Ewald explains it to mean an arbitrary or self-imposed precept. The LXX.

(2) seem to have read שָׁו, equivalent to שָׁוְא, vanity, translating, "for he began to go after vanities (τῶν ματαίων);" which the Chaldee and Syriac fellow. But

(3) it is rather the commandment of Jeroboam about the worship of the calves which lay at the root of the nation's sin. It is welt explained by Kimchi: "Although the word 'Jeroboam' is wanting, so that he makes no mention of it after tsar, such is the scriptural usage in certain places, i.e. to omit a word where the sense is plain. For it was a well-known fact that in that generation they walked not after the commandment, but after that of Jeroboam; therefore he has abbreviated the word to indicate the worthlessness, and used tsav instead of mitsvah." Perhaps it may have the concrete sense of the object of idolatrous worship.
Jump to Previous
Broken Command Commandment Content Crushed Determined Ephraim E'phraim Filth Follow Idols Intent Judges Judgment Oppressed Pleased Pleasure Pursuing Pursuit Right Trampled Troubled Vanity Walk Walked Willingly
Jump to Next
Broken Command Commandment Content Crushed Determined Ephraim E'phraim Filth Follow Idols Intent Judges Judgment Oppressed Pleased Pleasure Pursuing Pursuit Right Trampled Troubled Vanity Walk Walked Willingly
Links
Hosea 5:11 NIV
Hosea 5:11 NLT
Hosea 5:11 ESV
Hosea 5:11 NASB
Hosea 5:11 KJV

Hosea 5:11 Bible Apps
Hosea 5:11 Biblia Paralela
Hosea 5:11 Chinese Bible
Hosea 5:11 French Bible
Hosea 5:11 German Bible

Alphabetical: Because command crushed determined Ephraim follow he idols in intent is judgment man's on oppressed pursuing to trampled was

OT Prophets: Hosea 5:11 Ephraim is oppressed he is crushed (Ho Hs Hos.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Hosea 5:10
Top of Page
Top of Page