Hosea 1:5
New International Version
In that day I will break Israel's bow in the Valley of Jezreel."

New Living Translation
I will break its military power in the Jezreel Valley."

English Standard Version
And on that day I will break the bow of Israel in the Valley of Jezreel.”

Berean Study Bible
And on that day I will break the bow of Israel in the Valley of Jezreel.”

New American Standard Bible
"On that day I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel."

King James Bible
And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.

Christian Standard Bible
On that day I will break the bow of Israel in the Valley of Jezreel.

Contemporary English Version
and in Jezreel Valley I will break the power of Israel."

Good News Translation
And in Jezreel Valley I will at that time destroy Israel's military power."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
On that day I will break the bow of Israel in the Valley of Jezreel.

International Standard Version
At that time I'll shatter the military strength of Israel in the Valley of Jezreel."

NET Bible
At that time, I will destroy the military power of Israel in the valley of Jezreel."

New Heart English Bible
It will happen in that day that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
On that day I will break Israel's bows and arrows in the valley of Jezreel."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.'

New American Standard 1977
“And it will come about on that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it shall come to pass in that day that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.

King James 2000 Bible
And it shall come to pass on that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.

American King James Version
And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel, in the valley of Jezreel.

American Standard Version
And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And it shall be, in that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezrael.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And in that day I will break in pieces the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezrahel.

Darby Bible Translation
And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jizreel.

English Revised Version
And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.

World English Bible
It will happen in that day that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel."

Young's Literal Translation
and it hath come to pass in that day that I have broken the bow of Israel, in the valley of Jezreel.'
Study Bible
Hosea's Wife and Children
4Then the LORD said to Hosea, “Name him Jezreel, for soon I will bring the bloodshed of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and I will put an end to the kingdom of Israel. 5And on that day I will break the bow of Israel in the Valley of Jezreel.” 6Gomer again conceived and gave birth to a daughter, and the LORD said to Hosea, “Name her Lo-ruhamah, for I will no longer have compassion on the house of Israel, that I should ever forgive them.…
Cross References
Joshua 17:16
"The hill country is not enough for us," they replied, "and all the Canaanites who live in the valley have iron chariots, both in Beth-shean with its towns and in the valley of Jezreel."

Judges 6:33
Then all the Midianites, Amalekites, and other people of the East gathered together, crossed over the Jordan, and camped in the Valley of Jezreel.

Jeremiah 49:35
This is what the LORD of Hosts says: "Behold, I will shatter Elam's bow, the mainstay of their might.

Ezekiel 39:3
Then I will strike the bow from your left hand and dash down the arrows from your right hand.

Treasury of Scripture

And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel, in the valley of Jezreel.

I will.

Hosea 2:18
And in that day will I make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven, and with the creeping things of the ground: and I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down safely.

Psalm 37:15
Their sword shall enter into their own heart, and their bows shall be broken.

Psalm 46:9
He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire.

in.

Joshua 17:16
And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both they who are of Bethshean and her towns, and they who are of the valley of Jezreel.

Judges 6:33
Then all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the children of the east were gathered together, and went over, and pitched in the valley of Jezreel.







Lexicon
And
וְהָיָ֖ה (wə·hā·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

on that
הַה֑וּא (ha·hū)
Article | Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

day
בַּיּ֣וֹם (bay·yō·wm)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

I will break
וְשָֽׁבַרְתִּי֙ (wə·šā·ḇar·tî)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7665: To break, break in pieces

the bow
קֶ֣שֶׁת (qe·šeṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7198: A bow, for, shooting, the iris

of Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

in the Valley
בְּעֵ֖מֶק (bə·‘ê·meq)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6010: A vale

of Jezreel.”
יִזְרְעֶֽאל׃ (yiz·rə·‘el)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3157: Jezreel -- 'God sows', two Israelites, also two cities in Israel, also a valley in Northern Israel
(5) I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.--Jehu was to be punished for the assassination of Ahab's descendants. Though the destruction of the house of Ahab was divinely appointed, its value was neutralised by Jehu's tolerance of the calf-worship.

Verse 5. - And it shall some to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel. Here we have a prediction of a most momentous event, with express statement of the place where it should occur, as also the time of its occurrence. The event itself was more than the downfall of a dynasty; it was the destruction of a kingdom. The date of that destruction is defined simply as the period when God would punish the sins of both the princes and people of Israel The close of Jehu's dynasty was at once the preparation for and the commencement of the cessation of the kingdom of Israel. The place of this calamity was the Valley of Jezreel. This famous valley was the cockpit of Palestine. There Israel conquered the host of King Jabin; there Gideon overthrew the Midianites; there Saul was defeated by the Philistines, when driven up the slopes of Gilbea "the beauty of Israel was slain in thy high places;" there a defeat equally sorrowful and not less disastrous was aggravated by the death of good King Josiah, and proved fatal to the kingdom of Judah; there, too, in later times, the last conflict took place between the Crusaders and the Moslems, in which victory crowned the arms of Saladin; there, also, was fought the battle, as we learn from this passage, which decided the fate of the kingdom of Israel. The situation of this valley was admirably suited for such scenes. This plain, or valley, broad as it is beautiful, begins where the maritime plain, interrupted by the ridge of Carmel, turns aside and extends across the center of the country from the Mediterranean Sea on the west to the Jordan valley on the east, and from the hills of Galilee on the north to those of Ephraim or Samaria on the south. The form of this plain is triangular; its eastern side or base is fifteen miles, reaching from Engannim, now Jenin, to the hills below Nazareth; the north side along the hills of Galilee is twelve miles; the southern, formed by the hills of Samaria, is eighteen miles; while the apex of this somewhat irregular triangle is a narrow pass through which the river Kishon - "that ancient river, the river Kishon" - with its winding stream makes its way to the sea. On the east there are three branches in the direction of the Jordan, which bear a remote resemblance to the fingers of a hand. The northern branch passes between Tabor and Little Hermon, or Jebel ed-Duhy; the central one, which is the Valley of Jezreel proper, runs between Shunem and Jezreel, now Zerin; the southern between Mount Gilboa and En-gannim, now Jenia - this branch, having no outlet, loses itself among the eastern hills. The name of this plain was derived from the city of Jezreel, situated near its eastern extremity on a spur of Mount Gilboa, which Ahab chose as a royal residence, and which remained so for three successive reigns, though in the time of Jeroboam II. Samaria had again, as in the days of Omri, become the royal city. In this great plain, called by the Greeks Esdraelon, the bow of Israel was to be broken. The bow (qesheth, tad. qashah, hard, stiff, unbending) was the warrior's weapon of offence and defense - strong and powerful; the breaking of his bow deprived him of his chief weapon, and left him at the mercy of the enemy to conquer or to kill; thus we read, "His bow abode in strength;" and again, "My glory was fresh in me, and my bow was renewed in my hand." But while such general references prove the bow to have been an emblem of strength and power, as Kimchi explains it, still there is something very special and suitable in the expression of the prophet here. "In one important respect," says the author of the 'Jewish Church,' "the ancient military glory of Israel was, if not confined to the northern kingdom yet regarded as eminently characteristic of it. Judah, with all its warlike qualities, had never been celebrated for its archery. The use of the bow was there a late acquisition (2 Samuel 1:18). But in Benjamin and Ephraim it had been an habitual weapon. The bow of Jonathan was known far and wide. The children of Ephraim were characterized as 'carrying bows.' And so the chief weapon of the captain of the host of Israel was his bow. The King of Israel had always his bow and arrows with him. The sign of the fall of the kingdom was the breaking of the bow of Israel." The language employed by the prophet was thus singularly appropriate. An historical basis, though denied by some and pronounced precarious by others, is, we have little doubt, found for this prediction in Hosea 10:14 of this very book. The bow, that is, the archery in which Israel excelled so much, was broken in the Valley of Jezreel, when Shalmon, identified with Shalman-ezer, King of Assyria by Pusey and Stanley, spoiled Beth-Arbel, or Arbela, the city between Sepphoris and Tiberias, and near the middle of the valley, and thus crushed Israel in an overwhelming defeat. If the identification be sustained, that day of battle was most calamitous to Israel, and as cruel as calamitous, for neither the helplessness of infancy nor the tenderness of womanhood was spared; the infants were dashed to death against the stones, and the mothers then hurled in mortal agony upon the dead bodies of their little ones. Kimchi explains it generally: "On that day when I shall visit the blood of Jezreel, I shall break the bow of Israel, that is to say, their might and power." 1:1-7 Israel was prosperous, yet then Hosea boldly tells them of their sins, and foretells their destruction. Men are not to be flattered in sinful ways because they prosper in the world; nor will it last long if they go on still in their trespasses. The prophet must show Israel their sin; show it to be exceedingly hateful. Their idolatry is the sin they are here charged with. Giving that glory to any creature which is due to God alone, is an injury and affront to God; such as for a wife to take a stranger, is to her husband. The Lord, doubtless, had good reasons for giving such a command to the prophet; it would form an affecting picture of the Lord's unmerited goodness and unwearied patience, and of the perverseness and ingratitude of Israel. We should be broken and wearied with half that perverseness from others, with which we try the patience and grieve the Spirit of our God. Let us also be ready to bear any cross the Lord appoints. The prophet must show the ruin of the people, in the names given to his children. He foretells the fall of the royal family in the name of his first child: call his name Jezreel, which signifies dispersion. He foretells God's abandoning the nation in the name of the second child; Lo-ruhamah, not beloved, or not having obtained mercy. God showed great mercy, but Israel abused his favours. Sin turns away the mercy of God, even from Israel, his own professing people. If pardoning mercy is denied, no other mercy can be expected. Though some, through unbelief, are broken off, yet God will have a church in this world till the end of time. Our salvation is owing to God's mercy, not to any merit of our own. That salvation is sure, of which he is the Author; and if he will work, none shall hinder.
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