Hosea 6:8
New International Version
Gilead is a city of evildoers, stained with footprints of blood.

New Living Translation
“Gilead is a city of sinners, tracked with footprints of blood.

English Standard Version
Gilead is a city of evildoers, tracked with blood.

Berean Standard Bible
Gilead is a city of evildoers, tracked with footprints of blood.

King James Bible
Gilead is a city of them that work iniquity, and is polluted with blood.

New King James Version
Gilead is a city of evildoers And defiled with blood.

New American Standard Bible
Gilead is a city of wrongdoers, Tracked with bloody footprints.

NASB 1995
Gilead is a city of wrongdoers, Tracked with bloody footprints.

NASB 1977
Gilead is a city of wrongdoers, Tracked with bloody footprints.

Amplified Bible
Gilead is a city of wrongdoers; It is tracked with bloody footprints.

Christian Standard Bible
Gilead is a city of evildoers, tracked with bloody footprints.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Gilead is a city of evildoers, tracked with bloody footprints.

American Standard Version
Gilead is a city of them that work iniquity; it is stained with blood.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Gelad the city is she who works evil, she wallows in blood, and your strength is like that of a strongman robber

Brenton Septuagint Translation
there the city Galaad despised me, working vanity, troubling water.

Contemporary English Version
Everyone in Gilead is evil; your hands are stained with the blood of victims.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Galaad is a city of workers of idols, supplanted with blood.

Good News Translation
Gilead is a city full of evil people and murderers.

International Standard Version
Gilead is a lawless town; it is polluted by bloodshed.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Gilead is a city of them that work iniquity, It is covered with footprints of blood.

Literal Standard Version
Gilead [is] a city of workers of iniquity, Slippery from blood.

New American Bible
Gilead is a city of evildoers, tracked with blood.

NET Bible
Gilead is a city full of evildoers; its streets are stained with bloody footprints!

New Revised Standard Version
Gilead is a city of evildoers, tracked with blood.

New Heart English Bible
Gilead is a city of evildoers; it is stained with blood.

World English Bible
Gilead is a city of those who work iniquity; it is stained with blood.

Young's Literal Translation
Gilead is a city of workers of iniquity, Slippery from blood.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Israel and Judah are Unrepentant
7But they, like Adam, have transgressed the covenant; there they were unfaithful to Me. 8Gilead is a city of evildoers, tracked with footprints of blood. 9Like raiders who lie in ambush, so does a band of priests; they murder on the way to Shechem; surely they have committed atrocities.…

Cross References
Psalm 141:4
Do not let my heart be drawn to any evil thing or take part in works of wickedness with men who do iniquity; let me not feast on their delicacies.

Hosea 4:2
Cursing and lying, murder and stealing, and adultery are rampant; one act of bloodshed follows another.

Hosea 12:11
Is there iniquity in Gilead? They will surely come to nothing. Do they sacrifice bulls in Gilgal? Indeed, their altars will be heaps of stones in the furrows of the field.


Treasury of Scripture

Gilead is a city of them that work iniquity, and is polluted with blood.

Gilead.

Hosea 12:11
Is there iniquity in Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars are as heaps in the furrows of the fields.

Joshua 21:38
And out of the tribe of Gad, Ramoth in Gilead with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and Mahanaim with her suburbs,

polluted with blood.

Hosea 5:1
Hear ye this, O priests; and hearken, ye house of Israel; and give ye ear, O house of the king; for judgment is toward you, because ye have been a snare on Mizpah, and a net spread upon Tabor.

2 Samuel 3:27
And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.

2 Samuel 20:8
When they were at the great stone which is in Gibeon, Amasa went before them. And Joab's garment that he had put on was girded unto him, and upon it a girdle with a sword fastened upon his loins in the sheath thereof; and as he went forth it fell out.











(8) Polluted . . .--More accurately, betrodden (or foot-tracked) with blood. We infer from Judges 10:17 that there was a town called Gilead east of the Jordan distinct altogether from Mizpah (identified by many with the city of refuge Ramoth-Gilead), and this is confirmed by notices in Eusebius and Cyril. Murder in a "city of refuge" adds to the horror. On the murderous propensities of the Gileadites see 2Kings 15:25.

Verses 8, 9. - In these two verses the prophet adduces proof of that faithlessness with which he had just charged Israel. Gilead is a city of them that work iniquity, and is polluted with blood. The latter clause is more literally rendered, foot-printed or foot-tracked from blood. Two things require consideration here - the place and its pollution. Gilead is sometimes a mountain range, and sometimes the mountainous region east of the Jordan; it has Bashan on the north, the Arabian plateau on the east, and Moab on the south. It stretches from the south end of the Sea of Galilee to the north end of the Dead Sea - some sixty miles in length by twenty in breadth. The part of Gilead between the Hieromax and the Jabbok is now called Jebel Ajlun; while the section south of the Jabbok forms the province of Belka. In the New Testament it is spoken of under the name of Pertea, or beyond Jordan. Sometimes the whole trans-Jordanic territory belonging to Israel is called Gilead. In the passage before us it is the name of a city, though some take it to mean the whole land of Gilead. The men of Gilead and the Gileadites in general seem to have been fierce, wild mountaineers; and yet they are represented as still worse in this Scripture. They are nut only barbarous and wicked, but murderous and infamous for homicidal atrocities. As evidence in some sort of the justness of this dark picture, the murder of Pekahiah by Pekah with "fifty men of the Gileadites." as recorded in 2 Kings 15:25, may be specified. The word עְקַוּבָּה is taken

(1) by some as the feminine of the adjective עָקוב, crafty, cunning, wily; thus Rashi explains it: "Gilead is full of people who lie in wait for murder;" and Kimchi likewise has, "Gilead is a city of evil-doers, who are crafty to murder men." But

(2) it is rather the Qal Pual participle feminine from עָקַב, to seize the heel of any one, hold, tread in the footsteps, follow, go after; which is the right meaning, viz. "tracked," as given above. We retain the Authorized Version of the first clause of ver. 9, slightly modified, viz.

(1) As troops of robbers wait for a man, so is the company of priests; חַכֵּי equivalent to חַכֵּה, wait, being an anomalous form of the infinitive Piel for חַכּוה; thus Kimchi says, "The yod stands in the place of he, and the form is the infinitive." Both Aben Ezra and Kimchi translate the first clause as above; the former beg, "The sense is, As robber-troops wait for a man who is to pass along the way, that they may plunder him, so is (or so does) the company of the priests;" the latter explains, "As troops of robbers wait for a man passing along the way to plunder him, so is the company of priests, he means to say, as the priests of the high places who combine to plunder those who pass along the way. There is . . .

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Gilead
גִּלְעָ֕ד (gil·‘āḏ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1568: Gilead -- a region in Palestine, also the name of several Israelites

is a city
קִרְיַ֖ת (qir·yaṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 7151: A town, city

of evildoers,
פֹּ֣עֲלֵי (pō·‘ă·lê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's 6466: To do, make, to practise

tracked with footprints
עֲקֻבָּ֖ה (‘ă·qub·bāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's 6121: Insidious, deceitful, tracked by footprints

of blood.
מִדָּֽם׃ (mid·dām)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1818: Blood, of man, an animal, the juice of the grape, bloodshed


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