Hosea 7:5
New International Version
On the day of the festival of our king the princes become inflamed with wine, and he joins hands with the mockers.

New Living Translation
On royal holidays, the princes get drunk with wine, carousing with those who mock them.

English Standard Version
On the day of our king, the princes became sick with the heat of wine; he stretched out his hand with mockers.

Berean Study Bible
The princes are inflamed with wine on the day of our king; so he joins hands with those who mock him.

New American Standard Bible
On the day of our king, the princes became sick with the heat of wine; He stretched out his hand with scoffers,

King James Bible
In the day of our king the princes have made him sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.

Christian Standard Bible
On the day of our king, the princes are sick with the heat of wine--there is a conspiracy with traitors.

Contemporary English Version
On the day their king was crowned, his officials got him drunk, and he joined in their foolishness.

Good News Translation
On the day of the king's celebration they made the king and his officials drunk and foolish with wine.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
On the day of our king, the princes are sick with the heat of wine-- there is a conspiracy with traitors.

International Standard Version
"On the king's festival day the princes got drunk from wine, so the king joined the mockers.

NET Bible
At the celebration of their king, his princes become inflamed with wine; they conspire with evildoers.

New Heart English Bible
On the day of our king, the princes made themselves sick with the heat of wine. He joined his hand with mockers.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
On the day of the king's celebration, the officials become drunk from wine, and the king joins mockers.

JPS Tanakh 1917
On the day of our king The princes make him sick with the heat of wine, He stretcheth out his hand with scorners.

New American Standard 1977
On the day of our king, the princes became sick with the heat of wine; He stretched out his hand with scoffers,

Jubilee Bible 2000
In the day of our king the princes have made him sick with a wineskin; he stretched out his hand with the scorners.

King James 2000 Bible
In the day of our king the princes have made him sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scoffers.

American King James Version
In the day of our king the princes have made him sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.

American Standard Version
On the day of our king the princes made themselves sick with the heat of wine; he stretched out his hand with scoffers.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
In the days of our kings, the princes began to be inflamed with wine: he stretched out his hand with pestilent fellows.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The day of our king, the princes began to be mad with wine: he stretched out his hand with scorners.

Darby Bible Translation
In the day of our king, the princes made themselves sick with the heat of wine: he stretched out his hand to scorners.

English Revised Version
On the day of our king the princes made themselves sick with the heat of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.

Webster's Bible Translation
In the day of our king the princes have made him sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.

World English Bible
On the day of our king, the princes made themselves sick with the heat of wine. He joined his hand with mockers.

Young's Literal Translation
A day of our king! Princes have polluted themselves with the poison of wine, He hath drawn out his hand with scorners.
Study Bible
Ephraim's Iniquity
4They are all adulterers, like an oven heated by a baker who needs not stoke the fire from the kneading to the rising of the dough. 5The princes are inflamed with wine on the day of our king; so he joins hands with those who mock him. 6For they prepare their heart like an oven, while they lie in wait; all night their anger smolders; in the morning it blazes like a flaming fire.…
Cross References
Isaiah 28:1
Woe to the majestic crown of Ephraim's drunkards, to the fading flower of his glorious splendor, set on the summit above the fertile valley, the pride of those overcome by wine.

Isaiah 28:7
These also stagger from wine and stumble from strong drink: Priests and prophets reel from strong drink and are befuddled by wine. They stumble because of strong drink, muddled in their visions and stumbling in their judgments.

Isaiah 28:14
Therefore hear the word of the LORD, O scoffers, who rule this people in Jerusalem.

Hosea 7:3
They delight the king with their evil, the princes with their lies.

Treasury of Scripture

In the day of our king the princes have made him sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.

the day.

Genesis 40:20
And it came to pass the third day, which was Pharaoh's birthday, that he made a feast unto all his servants: and he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants.

Daniel 5:1-4
Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand…

Matthew 14:6
But when Herod's birthday was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod.

made.

Proverbs 20:1
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

Isaiah 5:11,12,22,23
Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow strong drink; that continue until night, till wine inflame them! …

Isaiah 28:1,7,8
Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower, which are on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine! …

bottles of wine.

1 Kings 13:4
And it came to pass, when king Jeroboam heard the saying of the man of God, which had cried against the altar in Bethel, that he put forth his hand from the altar, saying, Lay hold on him. And his hand, which he put forth against him, dried up, so that he could not pull it in again to him.

with scorners.

Psalm 1:1
Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.

Psalm 69:12
They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards.

Proverbs 13:20
He that walketh with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.







Lexicon
The princes
שָׂרִ֖ים (śā·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

are inflamed
הֶחֱל֥וּ (he·ḥĕ·lū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 2470: To be weak or sick

with wine
מִיָּ֑יִן (mî·yā·yin)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3196: Wine, intoxication

on the day
י֣וֹם (yō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3117: A day

of our king;
מַלְכֵּ֔נוּ (mal·kê·nū)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

so he joins hands
מָשַׁ֥ךְ (mā·šaḵ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4900: To draw, drag

with
אֶת־ (’eṯ-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 854: Nearness, near, with, by, at, among

those who mock him.
לֹצְצִֽים׃ (lō·ṣə·ṣîm)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3945: To deride
(5) Following the hint of the LXX. and other versions, the rendering of which is based on a slightly different punctuation of the Hebrew, we prefer to translate, the day of our king the princes have begun with the glowing (or fever) of wine--i.e., the carousal of the princely retinue in celebration of the sovereign's coronation-day (or birthday) commences at an early hour, significant of monstrous excess. (Comp. Acts 2:15.) There is bitterness in the use of the pronoun "our" before "king." Otherwise we must render, have made themselves ill with the fever of wine (the Authorised version is here inaccurate). The last clause is obscure; probably it means "he (i.e., our king) hath made common cause with scorners," and is boon-companion of the dissolute and depraved. (Comp. Exodus 23:1.)

Verse 5. - A like diversity of exposition is found in connection with ver. 5, at least it, first clause.

1. There is

(1) the rendering already given; but

(2) Wunsche, taking החלו from חלל, to begin, as is done by the LXX., Syriac, Chaldee, and Jerome, translates:" The princes begin [i.e. open] the day of our king in the heat of wine." Consequently, yom is

(a) the object of this verb; while,

(b) according to the usual rendering, it is the accusative of time, equivalent to ביום; others again

(c) take the word as a nominative absolute, or translate the clause as an independent one; thus Simson: "It is the day of our king."

2. Again, חֲמַח st. construct of חֵמָה, from the root חמם or יחם, (for the construct state is used, not only for the genitive-relation, but also before prepositions, the relative pronoun, relative clauses, even ray copulative, etc.), is

(1) the accusative of the clause, equivalent to "in the heat (proceeding) from wine;" or

(2) be may be understood; or

(3) the preposition rain may be regarded as transposed, - Rashi explains it: "From the heat of the wine that burneth in them;" or

(4) בַּעֲלֵי may be supplied, as Wunsche suggests, equivalent to "possessors (bearers) of heat from wine."

3. לֵצ is a scoffer and worse than כְסִיל, a fool, or פְחִי, a simpleton; the last acts through inexperience, the second from unwisdom, the first, though possessing in some measure both wisdom and experience, acts in disregard of both. The meaning is given by Kimchi in the following comment: "The sense of חי מי is that the one came with his bottle full of wine, and the other with his bottle; and they made the king sick;" and to this there is an exact parallel in Habakkuk 2:15, "Woe unto him that giveth his neigh-hour drink, that puttest thy bottle to him, and makest him drunken also." In the second clause the expression, "drawing out the hand," is borrowed from drunken carousals, in which the hand is stretched out in asking, receiving, and handing the goblets; or, more simply, according to Pussy, who says, "Men in drink reach out their hands to any whom they meet, in token of their sottish would be friendliness." 7:1-7 A practical disbelief of God's government was at the bottom of all israel's wickedness; as if God could not see it or did not heed it. Their sins appear on every side of them. Their hearts were inflamed by evil desires, like a heated oven. In the midst of their troubles as a nation, the people never thought of seeking help from God. The actual wickedness of men's lives bears a very small proportion to what is in their hearts. But when lust is inwardly cherished, it will break forth into outward sin. Those who tempt others to drunkenness never can be their real friends, and often design their ruin. Thus men execute the Divine vengeance on each other. Those are not only heated with sin, but hardened in sin, who continue to live without prayer, even when in trouble and distress.
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