Daniel 5:23
New International Version
Instead, you have set yourself up against the Lord of heaven. You had the goblets from his temple brought to you, and you and your nobles, your wives and your concubines drank wine from them. You praised the gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood and stone, which cannot see or hear or understand. But you did not honor the God who holds in his hand your life and all your ways.

New Living Translation
For you have proudly defied the Lord of heaven and have had these cups from his Temple brought before you. You and your nobles and your wives and concubines have been drinking wine from them while praising gods of silver, gold, bronze, iron, wood, and stone--gods that neither see nor hear nor know anything at all. But you have not honored the God who gives you the breath of life and controls your destiny!

English Standard Version
but you have lifted up yourself against the Lord of heaven. And the vessels of his house have been brought in before you, and you and your lords, your wives, and your concubines have drunk wine from them. And you have praised the gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood, and stone, which do not see or hear or know, but the God in whose hand is your breath, and whose are all your ways, you have not honored.

Berean Study Bible
Instead, you have exalted yourself against the Lord of heaven. The vessels from His house were brought to you, and as you drank wine from them with your nobles, wives, and concubines, you praised gods of silver and gold, bronze and iron, wood and stone, which cannot see or hear or understand. But you have failed to glorify the God who holds in His hand your very breath and all your ways.

New American Standard Bible
but you have exalted yourself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of His house before you, and you and your nobles, your wives and your concubines have been drinking wine from them; and you have praised the gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood and stone, which do not see, hear or understand. But the God in whose hand are your life-breath and your ways, you have not glorified.

King James Bible
But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:

Christian Standard Bible
Instead, you have exalted yourself against the Lord of the heavens. The vessels from his house were brought to you, and as you and your nobles, wives, and concubines drank wine from them, you praised the gods made of silver and gold, bronze, iron, wood, and stone, which do not see or hear or understand. But you have not glorified the God who holds your life-breath in his hand and who controls the whole course of your life.

Contemporary English Version
Instead, you turned against him and ordered the cups from his temple to be brought here, so that you and your wives and officials could drink wine from them. You praised idols made of silver, gold, bronze, iron, wood, and stone, even though they cannot see or hear or think. You refused to worship the God who gives you breath and controls everything you do.

Good News Translation
You acted against the Lord of heaven and brought in the cups and bowls taken from his Temple. You, your noblemen, your wives, and your concubines drank wine out of them and praised gods made of gold, silver, bronze, iron, wood, and stone--gods that cannot see or hear and that do not know anything. But you did not honor the God who determines whether you live or die and who controls everything you do.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Instead, you have exalted yourself against the Lord of heaven. The vessels from His house were brought to you, and as you and your nobles, wives, and concubines drank wine from them, you praised the gods made of silver and gold, bronze, iron, wood, and stone, which do not see or hear or understand. But you have not glorified the God who holds your life-breath in His hand and who controls the whole course of your life.

International Standard Version
"You've exalted yourself against the Lord of heaven. "You've had the vessels from his Temple brought into your presence. "And you, your officials, and your wives and mistresses drank wine from them. "You praised gods of silver, gold, bronze, iron, wood, and stone, which can't see, hear, or demonstrate knowledge. "But you didn't honor God, who holds in his power your very life and all your ways.

NET Bible
Instead, you have exalted yourself against the Lord of heaven. You brought before you the vessels from his temple, and you and your nobles, together with your wives and concubines, drank wine from them. You praised the gods of silver, gold, bronze, iron, wood, and stone--gods that cannot see or hear or comprehend! But you have not glorified the God who has in his control your very breath and all your ways!

New Heart English Bible
but have lifted up yourself against the Lord of heaven. And they have brought the vessels of his house before you, and you and your lords, your wives and your concubines, have drunk wine from them. And you have praised the gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood, and stone, which do not see, nor hear, nor know. And the God in whose hand your breath is, and whose are all your ways, you have not glorified.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But you made yourself greater than the Lord of heaven. You had the utensils from his temple brought to you. You, your nobles, wives, and concubines drank wine from them. You praised your gods made of silver, gold, bronze, iron, wood, or stone. These gods can't see, hear, or know anything. You didn't honor God, who has power over your life and everything you do.

JPS Tanakh 1917
but hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of His house before thee, and thou and thy lords, thy consorts and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know; and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified;

New American Standard 1977
but you have exalted yourself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of His house before you, and you and your nobles, your wives and your concubines have been drinking wine from them; and you have praised the gods of silver and gold, of bronze, iron, wood and stone, which do not see, hear or understand. But the God in whose hand are your life-breath and your ways, you have not glorified.

Jubilee Bible 2000
but hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou and thy princes, thy wives and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; furthermore, thou hast praised gods of silver and of gold, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone, which do not see, nor hear, nor know; and the God in whose hand is thy soul and whose are all thy ways, thou hast never honoured.

King James 2000 Bible
But have lifted up yourself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before you, and you, and your lords, your wives, and your concubines, have drunk wine in them; and you have praised the gods of silver, and gold, of bronze, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand your breath is, and whose are all your ways, have you not glorified:

American King James Version
But have lifted up yourself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before you, and you, and your lords, your wives, and your concubines, have drunk wine in them; and you have praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand your breath is, and whose are all your ways, have you not glorified:

American Standard Version
but hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou and thy lords, thy wives and thy concubines, have drunk wine from them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know; and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou has been exalted against the Lord God of heaven; and they have brought before thee the vessels of his house, and thou, and thy nobles, and thy mistresses, and thy concubines, have drunk wine out of them; and thou has praised the gods of gold, and silver, and brass, and iron, and wood, and stone, which see not, and which hear not, and know not: and the God in whose hand are thy breath, and all thy ways has thou not glorified.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But hast lifted thyself up against the Lord of heaven: and the vessels of his house have been brought before thee: and thou, and thy nobles, and thy wives, and thy concubines have drunk wine in them: and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and of gold, and of brass, of iron, and of wood, and of stone, that neither see, nor hear, nor feel: but the God who hath thy breath in his hand, and all thy ways, thou hast not glorified.

Darby Bible Translation
but hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of the heavens; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou and thy nobles, thy wives and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know; and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:

English Revised Version
but hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou and thy lords, thy wives and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:

Webster's Bible Translation
But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drank wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, thou hast not glorified.

World English Bible
but have lifted up yourself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before you, and you and your lords, your wives and your concubines, have drunk wine from them; and you have praised the gods of silver and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which don't see, nor hear, nor know; and the God in whose hand your breath is, and whose are all your ways, you have not glorified.

Young's Literal Translation
and against the Lord of the heavens thou hast lifted up thyself; and the vessels of His house they have brought in before thee, and thou, and thy great men, thy wives, and thy concubines, are drinking wine with them, and gods of silver, and of gold, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone, that are not seeing, nor hearing, nor knowing, thou hast praised: and the God in whose hand is thy breath, and all thy ways, Him thou hast not honoured.
Study Bible
Daniel Interprets the Handwriting
22But you his son, O Belshazzar, have not humbled your heart, even though you knew all this. 23Instead, you have exalted yourself against the Lord of heaven. The vessels from His house were brought to you, and as you drank wine from them with your nobles, wives, and concubines, you praised gods of silver and gold, bronze and iron, wood and stone, which cannot see or hear or understand. But you have failed to glorify the God who holds in His hand your very breath and all your ways. 24Therefore He sent the hand that wrote the inscription.…
Cross References
Acts 17:28
For in Him we live and move and have our being.' As some of your own poets have said, 'We are His offspring.'

Revelation 9:20
The rest of mankind who were not killed by these plagues still did not repent of the works of their hands. They did not stop worshiping demons and idols of gold, silver, bronze, stone, and wood, which cannot see or hear or walk.

2 Kings 14:10
You have indeed defeated Edom, and your heart has become proud. Glory in that and stay at home. Why should you stir up trouble so that you fall--you and Judah with you?"

Job 12:10
The life of every living thing is in His hand, as well as the breath of all mankind.

Job 31:4
Does He not see my ways and count my every step?

Proverbs 20:24
A man's steps are from the LORD, so how can anyone understand his own way?

Isaiah 2:12
For the Day of the LORD of Hosts will come against all the proud and lofty, against all that is exalted--it will be humbled--

Isaiah 13:11
I will punish the world for its evil, and the wicked for their iniquity. I will end the haughtiness of the arrogant and humiliate the pride of tyrants.

Isaiah 14:13
You said in your heart: "I will ascend to the heavens; I will raise my throne above the stars of God. I will sit on the mount of assembly, in the far reaches of the north.

Isaiah 37:19
They have cast their gods into the fire and destroyed them, for they were not gods, but only wood and stone--the work of human hands.

Isaiah 37:23
Whom have you taunted and blasphemed? Against whom have you raised your voice and lifted your eyes in pride? Against the Holy One of Israel!

Isaiah 42:5
Thus says God the LORD--He who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread out the earth and its offspring, who gives breath to the people on it and life to those who walk in it--

Jeremiah 10:23
I know, O LORD, that a man's way is not his own; no one who walks directs his own steps.

Jeremiah 48:26
Make him drunk, because he has magnified himself against the LORD; so Moab will wallow in his own vomit, and he will also become a laughingstock.

Jeremiah 50:29
Summon the archers against Babylon, all who string the bow. Encamp all around her; let no one escape. Repay her according to her deeds; do to her as she has done. For she has defied the LORD, the Holy One of Israel.

Daniel 4:37
Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and exalt and glorify the King of heaven, for all His works are true, and all His ways are just. And those who walk in pride He is able to humble.

Daniel 5:3
Thus they brought in the gold vessels that had been taken from the temple, the house of God in Jerusalem, and the king drank from them, along with his nobles, his wives, and his concubines.

Daniel 5:4
As they drank the wine, they praised their gods of gold and silver, bronze and iron, wood and stone.

Habakkuk 2:18
What use is an idol, that a craftsman should carve it--or an image, a teacher of lies? For its maker trusts in his own creation; he makes idols that cannot speak.

Habakkuk 2:19
Woe to him who says to wood, 'Awaken!' or to silent stone, 'Come alive!' Can it give guidance? Behold, it is overlaid with gold and silver, yet there is no breath in it at all.

Treasury of Scripture

But have lifted up yourself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before you, and you, and your lords, your wives, and your concubines, have drunk wine in them; and you have praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand your breath is, and whose are all your ways, have you not glorified:

lifted.

Daniel 5:3,4
Then they brought the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple of the house of God which was at Jerusalem; and the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, drank in them…

2 Kings 14:10
Thou hast indeed smitten Edom, and thine heart hath lifted thee up: glory of this, and tarry at home: for why shouldest thou meddle to thy hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?

Isaiah 2:12
For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; and he shall be brought low:

the Lord.

Daniel 4:37
Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven, all whose works are truth, and his ways judgment: and those that walk in pride he is able to abase.

Genesis 14:19
And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:

Psalm 115:16
The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD'S: but the earth hath he given to the children of men.

and they.

Daniel 5:2-4
Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink therein…

1 Samuel 5:1-9
And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it from Ebenezer unto Ashdod…

hath praised.

Judges 16:23
Then the lords of the Philistines gathered them together for to offer a great sacrifice unto Dagon their god, and to rejoice: for they said, Our god hath delivered Samson our enemy into our hand.

which.

Psalm 115:4-8
Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands…

Psalm 135:15-17
The idols of the heathen are silver and gold, the work of men's hands…

Isaiah 37:19
And have cast their gods into the fire: for they were no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them.

in whose.

Genesis 2:7
And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

Job 12:10
In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.







Lexicon
Instead, you have exalted
הִתְרוֹמַ֡מְתָּ (hiṯ·rō·w·mam·tā)
Verb - Hitpael - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7313: To be high, to rise, raise

yourself against
וְעַ֣ל (wə·‘al)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5922: Above, over, upon, against

the Lord
מָרֵֽא־ (mā·rê-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4756: Lord -- lord

of heaven.
שְׁמַיָּ֣א ׀ (šə·may·yā)
Noun - mdd
Strong's Hebrew 8065: The sky

The vessels
וּלְמָֽאנַיָּ֨א (ū·lə·mā·nay·yā)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural determinate
Strong's Hebrew 3984: Vessel, utensil

from
דִֽי־ (ḏî-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 1768: Who, which, that, because

His house
בַיְתֵ֜הּ (ḇay·ṯêh)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1005: A house

were brought
הַיְתִ֣יו (hay·ṯîw)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 858: To arrive

to you,
קָֽדָמָ֗ךְ (qā·ḏā·māḵ)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6925: Before

and as you
וְאַ֨נְתְּ (wə·’ant)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 607: You

drank
שָׁתַ֣יִן (šā·ṯa·yin)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8355: To imbibe

wine from them
חַמְרָא֮ (ḥam·rā)
Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 2562: Wine

with your nobles,
וְרַבְרְבָנָ֜ךְ‪‬ (wə·raḇ·rə·ḇā·nāḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7261: Lord, noble

wives,
שֵֽׁגְלָתָ֣ךְ (šê·ḡə·lā·ṯāḵ)
Noun - feminine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7695: (royal) consort

and concubines,
וּלְחֵנָתָךְ֮ (ū·lə·ḥê·nā·ṯāḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3904: A concubine

you praised
שַׁבַּ֑חְתָּ (šab·baḥ·tā)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7624: To adulate, adore

gods
וְלֵֽאלָהֵ֣י (wə·lê·lā·hê)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 426: God

of silver
כַסְפָּֽא־ (ḵas·pā-)
Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 3702: Silver, money

and gold,
וְ֠דַהֲבָא (wə·ḏa·hă·ḇā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 1722: Gold

bronze
נְחָשָׁ֨א (nə·ḥā·šā)
Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 5174: Copper, bronze

and iron,
פַרְזְלָ֜א (p̄ar·zə·lā)
Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 6523: Iron

wood
אָעָ֣א (’ā·‘ā)
Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 636: A tree, wood

and stone,
וְאַבְנָ֗א (wə·’aḇ·nā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 69: A stone

which
דִּ֠י (dî)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 1768: Who, which, that, because

cannot
לָֽא־ (lā-)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3809: Not, no

see
חָזַ֧יִן (ḥā·za·yin)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2370: To gaze upon, mentally to dream, be usual

or
וְלָא־ (wə·lā-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3809: Not, no

hear
שָׁמְעִ֛ין (šā·mə·‘în)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8086: To hear intelligently

or
וְלָ֥א (wə·lā)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3809: Not, no

understand.
יָדְעִ֖ין (yā·ḏə·‘în)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 3046: To know

But you have failed to
לָ֥א (lā)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3809: Not, no

glorify
הַדַּֽרְתָּ׃ (had·dar·tā)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1922: To glorify (God)

the God
וְלֵֽאלָהָ֞א (wə·lê·lā·hā)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular determinate
Strong's Hebrew 426: God

who [holds]
דִּֽי־ (dî-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 1768: Who, which, that, because

in His hand
בִּידֵ֛הּ (bî·ḏêh)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3028: A hand

your very breath
נִשְׁמְתָ֥ךְ (niš·mə·ṯāḵ)
Noun - feminine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5396: Vital breath

and all
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3606: The whole, all, any, every

your ways.
אֹרְחָתָ֥ךְ (’ō·rə·ḥā·ṯāḵ)
Noun - feminine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 735: A road
(23) Gods of silver . . .--Comp. Deuteronomy 4:28. Belshazzar had exceeded those limits of authority over Israel which he had by right of conquest. The Israelites were, indeed, his subjects, but he had no right to blaspheme their God. For similar instances of men exceeding the limits of their authority while acting as ministers of God's chastisement, see Isaiah 10:5-18; Jeremiah 51:20-25; Hosea 14, 5.

Not glorified--i.e., dishonoured.

5:18-31 Daniel reads Belshazzar's doom. He had not taken warning by the judgments upon Nebuchadnezzar. And he had insulted God. Sinners are pleased with gods that neither see, nor hear, nor know; but they will be judged by One to whom all things are open. Daniel reads the sentence written on the wall. All this may well be applied to the doom of every sinner. At death, the sinner's days are numbered and finished; after death is the judgment, when he will be weighed in the balance, and found wanting; and after judgment the sinner will be cut asunder, and given as a prey to the devil and his angels. While these things were passing in the palace, it is considered that the army of Cyrus entered the city; and when Belshazzar was slain, a general submission followed. Soon will every impenitent sinner find the writing of God's word brought to pass upon him, whether he is weighed in the balance of the law as a self-righteous Pharisee, or in that of the gospel as a painted hypocrite.
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Alphabetical: against all and are been before bronze brought But cannot concubines did do drank drinking exalted from glorified goblets God gods gold had hand have hear heaven his holds honor house in Instead iron life life-breath Lord nobles not of or praised see set silver stone temple the them they to understand up

OT Prophets: Daniel 5:23 But have lifted up yourself against (Dan. Da Dn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Daniel 5:22
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